US 2617633 A
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2 w. VAN DEN BOSCH 7 5 GASIFIER FOR HEAVY FUELS IN INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE S Filed Dec. 1, 1948 INVENTOR 36 4, WIEBE VAN DEN BOSCH mu; BY
37v I 3 3 ATTORNEY Patented Nov. 11, 1952 GASIFIER FOR HEAVY FUELS IN INTERNAL- COMBUSTION ENGINES Wiebe van den Bosch, Jenkintown, Pa., assignor to Ross- Washer, Cedarhurst, N., Y.
Application December 1, 1948, Serial No. 62,907
This invention relates to a device for preparing heavy (and relatively cheaper grades of) fuel for use in internal combustion engines.
In devices as. heretofore proposed for using heavy oils-in internal combustion, engines, various types of carburetors or Vaporizers have been suggested. These arrangements function mainly on .the principle of converting the liquid'fuel into a. vapor or mist. I have found that the unsatisfactory operation of such prior devices and their inability to handle the lower grade, less volatile oils is due to the fact that the combustible mixture. enters the cylinder in the form of a mist and not as a gas. It is true that the oil particles are extremely small, but they still are in liquid form, as distinguished from a true gas.
The prime object of my invention is to produce a device which will operate upon the vaporized oil particles, coming from the heavy fuel carburetor, and convert them into gaseous form tion therewith, the gasifier device being pare tially broken away to reveal internal structures; Fig. 2 is a front view of the engine block and gasifier, the latter being again partially broken away; 1 I Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section through one of the fuel-conveying ducts, more fully described in the specification; and d Fig. 4 is a cross-section taken on the line 4-4 of Fig.3.
The engine block is designated 9 and has an intake manifold ,8 connected to the individual cylinders by means of separate passages l; the engine block has an exhaust manifold l5, the individual passages thereto from the cylinders beingv designated 6, Fig. 1. Whereas the intake manifold 8, is of the customary size, the exhaust manifold I is made much larger for the purposes of this invention, as will be described subsequently. After the exhaust gases perform the r functions in the improved fuel conditions of this invention-as will be described-they leave exhaust manifold l5 through vent pipe 5, F1g. 1. Exhaust manifold |5 is made sufficiently larger to accommodate a plurality of what I term fuelconveying ducts generally designated 2|], which comprise a straight duct length 2| and return bends 22 at each end of exhaust manifold h I. havefound the arrangement shown in the draw ing as satisfactory for the purposes intended, namely, eight straight'lengths 2| arrangedin two vertical columns of four each, as best. seen in Fig. 1. Thereturn bends 22 are connected .to the lengths, 2| at each-end of the exhaust manifold IE to provide a. continuous'pass'age therethrough. 0ne end of the fuel-conveying passage 2|] is connected by the downwardly-directed pipe 23, through'a shut-off valve Z4,to,the heavy fuel carburetor 25. The other end of: fuel convey-ing passage is connected by the inverted U piping 28 to the intake manifold 8.
By reason of the extended passage through the straight ducts 2| and return bends 22 of; the fuel-conveying passage 20, all of which is disposed within the exhaust manifold |5, the va porized fuel from the heavy fuel carburetor is intensely heat-ed for a prolonged time as part of the improved method of conditioning such fuel for efficient operation in internal combustion engines; as explained above, an important aspect of this conditioning is thegasifying of the mistlike fuel vapors (from carburetor 25) into a true gas, or rather explosive air mix.
In each of the straight portions 2| of the fuel conveying ducts 20, are provided what I term inter-pass torpedoes generally designated'30. As best seen in the enlarged detail of Fig. .3, such inter-pass torpedoes comprise a straight duct portion 3| which is bent upwardly atone end--the left end, Fig. 3-at elbow 32 to present an opening .33 through the fuel-conveyor 21. At the other (right) end of torpedo duct 3| is a downwardly-directed lateral nipple 34 which pre-.
sents a second opening 35 through fuel-con,- veyor pipe 2|. The torpedo thus provides a rather extended leg-pass for the hot exhaust gases, through the fuel-conveyor pipe 2|, which exhaust gases enter through one of the openings 33, and exitthrough the other opening.
One of the'purposes of the inter-pass torp'edoes .30 is to promote the heating of the fuel mix,
which is very efiiciently achieved in the improved device'by reason of the circumstance that there is thus provided both a centripetal heat transfer (inwardly through the outer duct 2|) and a centrifugal heat transfer (outwardly through the inner duct 3|).
Another important purpose of the "torpedoes 30 is to provide means for imparting a scrubbingor whirling motion to' the explosive mix. This a into an annular formation (for a purpose soon apparent). It will be understood that the torpedoes 30 are arranged in alternate directions so that the pointed nose 36 thereof faces the approaching gases; for example, the pointed nose 36 is at the right end of torpedo 3| because the fuel mix is shown to flow, in outer duct 2|, from right to left, as shown by the arrow.
The annular formation resulting from the presence of the centrally-disposed torpedo 3| and eased by the pointed nose 36 is given a whirling motion by a plurality of radial blades 31a, 37b, 31c, and 31d. For facility in illlustration, four radial blades are, shown, longitudinally spaced along the length of duct 3| and angularly disposed 90 from one another. It is clear that a greater or lesser number of radial blades may be provided set angularly at other than 90. Such radial blades, 31a, 316, etc. impart a whirling or scrubbing motion to the gases which effectively promote their conditioning (gasifying) enabling low-grade fuels to be used in internal combustion engines.
The heavy fuel is brought to the carburetor 25 through a pipe 26 which has a length 2'! thereof, see Fig. 1, which passes through the wall of the exhaust manifold 15, more particularly, through an enlarged boss I1, Fig. 1, provided for that purpose. The liquid fuel is pre-heated to enhance vaporization in carburetor 25. However, the liquid fuel cannot be brought to too high a temperature; for this reason, preheating is achieved by placing the pipe 21 in the (outer) wall of the exhaust manifold and not directly in the path of the exhaust gases.
1. In a heat exchange device, a casing having an inlet in its top portion for receiving exhaust flames and gases from an internal combustion engine, and an outlet for said exhaust products in the bottom thereof, a fuel conveyor duct arranged horizontally in said casing and having a fuel inlet at one end and a fuel outlet at its other end, a hollow torpedo unit arranged in the fuel conveyor duct and spaced from the inner wall thereof, the forward end of the unit being closed and pointed, the rear end of the unit being open and terminating in a laterally disposed elbow that extends through an opening in the top of the fuel duct, a laterally extending nipple formed adjacent the closed pointed end of the unit and extending through an opening formed in the bottom of the fuel duct, said elbow and nipple providing means to permit the circulation of the exhaust products in the easing into and out of the hollow unit, and radially extending blades arranged on the exterior of the unit at spaced intervals, coacting with the pointed nose of the unit for effecting a whirling action to be imparted to the fuel entering the duct,
2. In a heat exchange device, an elongated casing, having an inlet in its top portion for receiving exhaust flames and gases from an internal combustion engine, and an outlet for said exhaust products in the bottom thereof, a fuel conveying duct arranged in the casing and comprising a series of horizontally disposed vertically spaced pipes connected together in communicating relation at their respective ends, and adapted to be heated by the exhaust flames and gases in, the casing, a fuel supply connected to the lowermost pipe, a fuel discharge connected to the uppermost pipe, a tube arranged in each pipe and spaced from the inner wall thereof, the leading end of each tube being closed and pointed, the other end of the tube being open and disposed laterally and extending through the top'wall of the respective pipe, a nipple extending laterally from the bottom of each tube and extending through an opening in the bottom wall of the respective pipe whereby the exhaust flames and gases in the casing may circulate into and out of the respective tubes, and fins extending radially from the outer wall of each tube and coacting with the pointed nose of each tube for dispersing and effecting a whirling action to be imparted to the fuel entering the pipes.
3. In a heat exchange device, an elongated casing having an inlet in its top portion for receiving exhaust flames and gases from an internal combustion engine, and an outlet for said exhaust products in the bottom thereof, a fuel conveying duct arranged in the casing and comprising a plurality of horizontally disposed vertically spaced ipes, the adjacent pipes being connected together in communicating relation at their respective ends, a fuel supply connected to the end of the lowermost pipe, a gaseous fuel discharge extending from one end of the uppermost pipe of the fuel conveying duct, said pipes adapted to be heated exteriorly by the exhaust flames and gases passing through the casing, an elongated tube arranged in each pipe and spaced from the inner wall thereof and from the ends of each pipe, the leading end of each tube being closed and pointed, the other end of each tube being open and extending laterally through the top wall of the respective pipe, a nipple extending laterally from the bottom of each tube and extending through the bottom wall of the respective pipe, whereby the exhaust flames and gases in the casing may circulate into and out of the respective tubes for additionally heating the fuel passing through the pipes during the upward-flow of the fuel through the pipes.
4. In a heat exchange device of the character described in claim 3 wherein blades extend radiw ally from the outer wall of each tube and are arranged at spaced intervals and coacting with the pointed nose of each tube for dispersing and effecting a whirling action to be imparted to the fuel entering and passing through the pipes.
' WIEBE VAN DEN BOSCH.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,060,042 Wales Apr. 29, 1913 1,157,101 Halliday Oct. 19, 1915 1,234,116 Barcus et al. July 24, 1917 1,344,698 Knight June 29, 1920 1,474,359 Grant Nov. 20, 1923 1,565,896 Bolinger Dec. 15, 1925 1,723,056 Moore Aug. 6, 1929 1,903,446 Firth Apr. 11, 1933 1,980,496 Musselwhite Nov. 13, 1934 2,033,575 Hochreither et al. Mar. 10, 1936 2,070,189 Webster Feb. 9, 1937 2,073,608 Carroll Mar. 16, 1937 2,448,315 Kunzog Aug. 31, 1948 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 42,241 France Mar. 21, 1933