US 2618039 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 18, 1952 w. HYRE FORM FOR CASTING CONCRETE WALLS 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 17, 1947 WARREN BYRE FIG.5
Nov. 18, 1952 W. HYRE FORM FOR CASTING CONCRETE WALLS 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Fil ed Oct. 17, 1947 FIG. l6
500 l. I n 'o FIG. 12 '71 m w m w r// m I \9 \3 E R R A 7 \w m m. O 52 4 7 F. O F lgmwnx q 3 Patented Nov. 18, 1952 FQBMF R CASTI G O R T ALLS Warren Hyre, Chattanooga, Tenn.
Applicatilmflctcber 17, 1947 Serial No. 7,811,340.)
be placed side by side and in contact with ea h other sothat they-may beassembled into suitably sizedareas-to form sides of walls to be cast. At least one; side of each panel may be cut away or offset at both top and bottom. Extending back at a right angle from theface. plates of the panels maybe a reinforcingframe of angle members or walls which may be integral withthe face plate or maybe fastened thereto by any suitable means. Hie-position of-the peripheral walls or angles may follow-the contour of" the periphery of the face plate including the cutaway or offset, portions. Theperipheral walls orangles may be perforated atsuitable intervals, which preferably will be uni,- form; sothat the perforations mayengage pins or--the like for suitably positioning the units or panels or for properly joining themtogether;
Positioning members or aligner clamps may be provided:forarrangingonthe footing or otherbase on i which awall is to be cast; These positioning membersmay be fixed in place by havingtheir ends turned over the sides of the base or they may: be spiked thereto or-to stakes drivenin the ground adjacent the base. The positioning membersor aligner clamps may engage the panel members by suitable means including pegs orpins which mayengagein the holes in.the-periph-- eral walls or angles of units or panels to hold their bottom-.edges-properly in place; Connecting or-tie rods or bars may be provided for holding the panel units in proper position and at proper distance from each other to produce the Wall desired. These tie rods may rest in the offset portion of the units and may have perforations registering with perforations .in adjacent peripheral angles or walls sothat a single pin may engage the connecting-bar and the units .on each side of it; The
tie rods maybe taperedso asto be more readily Which maywalso'carry an open socket which may 1 be tapered at the opening to engage the contact-- ine p ip er le o l s f ad e t t so as to, hold them in contactand-so-producea substantially unbroken surfacefor the formz When a solid Wa1lis'to-becast, panels orunitsmay be placed on eachside, of it; but'when-a-h-ollow wall is to be castyit' may be desirable; that between the panels tofgrrn-theouter surfaces'of" thewail there be placedaninner seriesof panels" to form or outline the; hollow and these may beclosed or-shutofi attheirends-to prevent'concrete entering the space between-them.
A member forming a temporary-top tie maybeprovided to be arranged; at the --topof the forms,
having aplate-mountedthereon, carryingdownwardly projecting pins-toholdand-position the twp innerrows of panels orb-nits forming thehollow, and'the body of" the tie spanningthe-hole" low and designed to hold andposi-tion the outer panels or units, and toproduce a socket or seat in the top ofboth parallel walls-when cast, so-
that when the member is removed it may be e eplaced bya corresponding member, or-permanent top tiehaving a plate mounted thereupon; carry hollow form for) an upward extensionor-por-tion of the wall to be cast.
A removable tieora tie designed to break off backof theouter wallssurfacemay be used--ad--- jaoent to the top of thepermanentltieto holdandposition the bottom of the two outer rows ofpanels or units constituting a form-for :an upward extension or portion of the wall to be cast.
Special form-members maybe-provided for the outward angle and for' the-inward angle of turns-- or corners in thewall whether it be solid orhollowat the turn.
These andother purposes and details of-the invention will appear from the following description andthe accompanying drawings illustrating specific embodiments of the invention which is not confined to the specific details ofthe showing made.
view-ofa clamp. Fig. 31s a side clevation'bfone end of one-type-of connecting bar ortierod. Fig:
4 is a side elevation of the device of Fig; 3; Fig:
5 is aside elevation of a tapering tie rod. Fig. -6'- is-a side elevation of awe dge for loosening the' bar of Fig. 5. Fig. 'I isa fragmentary-vertical sec tion on the line 1- of Fig. 1-. Fig. Bis-a plan view of an assembly of panels to form a wall partially solid and partially hollow. Fig. 9 is a side elevation of an optional form of removable tie rod. Fig. 10 is a side elevation of a form of tie rod to replace the tie rod of Fig. 9. Fig. 11 is a plan view of a cast hollow wall with the tie rod of Fig. 10 in place therein. Fig. 12 is a plan view of one form of aligner which may be employed to position form units. Fig. 13 is a vertical section on the line |3l3 of Fig. 12. Fig. 14 is a side elevation of another form of aligner. Fig. 15 is a fragmentary plan View of the aligner of Fig. 14. Fig. 16 is a fagmentary sectional view showing the tie rod of Fig. 9 in place. Fig. 17 is a fragmentary sectional view showing the spacer tie of Fig. 11 in place and positioning frames for upper parts of walls.
Forms for concrete may be made of assembled panels 20 made up of face plates 2| which may be of square or rectangular or any other suitable form. They are shown as square. The panel face plates are preferably cut out at at lea-st one edge at top and bottom as shown at 22 for a purpose to be explained. Preferably, the face plates are backed and reinforced by angle bars 23 which may extend about their entire peripheries and also at suitable intermediate points, if desired. The peripheral angle bars are bent and formed as at 24 to hollow the contour of the out out portions 22. Perforations 25 are provided in the upstanding Wings of the peripheral angle irons. A perforation is in the bent portion 24 and they are distributed. preferably at regular intervals throughout so that when adjacent panels are brought into side by side contact the perforations may register and be used for positioning and fastening together panels. As shown in Fig. 1, a smooth or uncut edge of one panel may be brought into contact with a cut edge of an adjacent panel so that the portions 24 may form seats or sockets for connecting rods 26 in the ends of which are perforations 21 so positioned that when they are brought into register with the perforations in the panels they may position the panels the proper distance apart to form a wall of the desired thickness when concrete is poured into the form. In Fig. 1 the tops of adjacent panels are shown as level but obviously they need not be. A top hole in the side of one panel may be put in register with a lower hole on an adjacent panel. The panels and connecting rods may be held in proper relative position by any suitable means, such as pins, passing through the holes. Such a pin 28 is shown as mounted on a rod or bar 29 acting as a handle and carrying a clamp 30 which may enclose and hold together peripheral angle bars 23 of adjacent panels 20. The outer edge of the clamp 30 may be slightly tapered or turned out, as at 3|, as indicated in Fig. 2, so as to facilitate installation on the angle bars 23.
Various forms of tie rods may be used. As shown in Fig. 3, portions may be cut out on one or both sides as at 32 to weaken the rod so that after the panels are removed from the cast wall, the tie rods may be broken off within the wall so as to leave cleared surfaces. As indicated in Figs. 3 and 4, the portions 33 cut out at 32 may be retained and turned in the same or opposite directions so as to engage and seat firmly in the poured concrete. 7 This may facilitate the breaking off of the protruding ends by forming a sturdy seat for the body of the tie to resist the breaking action when the protrudin ends are struck the breaking blow. A blow of a hammer on the protruding ends of the tie bars may break them off. When desired, a tapering tie rod 34 may be employed, having a slot 35 at its larger protruding end. About the slotted end may be placed a washer 36 resting against the angle bars 23 of the panels (see Fig. 8). After the concrete is cast, a wedge 31 may be driven into the slot 35 and exert pressure against the washer or buffer 36 and loosen the rod 34 so that it may be withdrawn and used again if desired.
In order to position properly the panels of the forms on the base or footing 41 for the wall, there may be provided an aligner 38 provided with holes 39 on one or both ends through which may be driven a spike 40 into the base 41 to hold it in the desired position. The aligner may be provided with upwardly extending pins 42 to engage perforation-s 25 in the bottoms of panels 26 to hold them in proper position for the desired wall thickness. The pins 32 shown in Figs. 14 and 15 may be placed the proper distance apart to engage end holes 25 in the bottoms of adjacent panels 20 so as to bring the edges of their faces and angle bars 23 into close contact to receive the clamp 30 and present an unbroken face to the concrete to be poured. Instead of using pins on the aligner there may be provided a strip 43 with struck up portions 34 suitably spaced to engage and grasp the sides of the angle bars 23 so as to hold the panels in proper desired position. When the ends of adjacent panels are inserted between the same pair of portions 44 (e. g. the two at the left of Fig. 13), the panels will be positioned to present a smooth surface to the poured concrete. If it is not desired to employ perforations to position the aligner, there may be used to seat 45 provided with a perforation 46 for a dowel or spike to fix it to the base. Clips t! struck up from 45 may be provided and after the strip is adjusted transversely to 45 to the proper position, the clips 41 may be hammered down to clasp and rigidly hold the strip. The aligners are shown adapted to position four rows of panels, but they may have some of the pins 42 or struck up portions 44 omitted or be used for only two rows of panels.
For a solid wall two rows of panels, as indicated in Fig. 1, may be suflicient. An arrangement for a hollow wall or a partially hollow wall is indicated in Fig. 8. Outer rows 48, 49 of panels.
may be associated with inner rows 5U, 51. The face plates 2| of row 50 may face those of row 48 and those of row 49 face those of row 5|, thus leaving space between the backs of the rows 50 and 5| free of concrete and leaving hollows in the wall for pipes, cables, etc. At the ends of the rows 58 and 5| may be provided solid blocking strips 52 to prevent concrete from entering between the rows 50 and 5|. The strips 52 may have edges perforated to cooperate with the perforations of the peripheral angle bars of the panels of rows 50 and 5! for holding them in position, or may have a plate attached at right angle to top with perforations registering with two of pins 51 in tie 54. Where the wall turns there may be provided angle panels 29a formed at the desired angle of the wall turn. At the outer, side of the wall turn these special panels 20a may not be needed but angle bars 53 may be used having both wings perforated to register and cooperate with the adjacent panels for positioning and holding in position.
In this hollow wall arrangement the aligner strips may be employedprovided as shown in Figs. 12 to 15 with mechanism for receiving the fourg courses of panels and: are. used only with At its center, the bar t may be provided with an overlying plate carrying depending pins or with perforations for inserting pins .51 to engage the holes in the panels of the inner rows 50 and 5!. Lugs orarms 58 extend laterally from the bar 54. After the concrete is cast, the bar 54 may be knocked upwardly. It will leave in the concrete a recess, being an impression of it and its lugs 58. The inner rows of panels or units 5.0;;and 5| are then removed. A correspondingly formed but shorter tie bar 59 has at its ends lugs vor arms. 60 positioned to enter the recesses formed by the arms 58. The bar 59 also carries a plate 6| but provided with upwardly extending pins 52 so as to engage panels 55a and 5m and hold them directly above the position occu-- pied by the panels of the inner rows 50 and 5! previously removed. Thus, when the wall is carried to a greater height, as shown in Fig. 17, the bars 59 will insure the sides of the hollow in the wall being straight and smooth up and down. The bars 59 will be covered with concrete and may be left in the walls and, since their area is relatively small, they may not unduly block or impede the hollow space in the finished wall, while at the same time permanently tying the two walls together as a single unit.
In Fig. 2 is'shown a hole 10 in the rod or bar 29. When the clamp 30 is in the position shown in Fig. 1 the hole 29 will be in register with holes 25 so that a nail or the like may be passed through the holes to lock or hold the clamp in place.
The specific sizes, shapes and details of the structures illustrated may be varied within wide limits since they form no part of the invention which may be embodied in other structures.
I claim as my invention:
1. In a form for casting concrete walls to be erected on a base, a plurality of panels arranged in two rows for the outer surface of the walls, the panels of the rows being disposed in register and each comprising a face plate having cut-out portions at top and bottom of one side edge thereof, and perforated angle bars on the outer side of each face plate and along its periphery, aligners on the base onto which the wall is to be cast, upwardly extending pins in the aligners engaging perforations in the angle bars at the bottoms of adjacent panels to hold them in contact and in proper position for desired wall widths, perforated tie rods extending through the registering cut-out portions of the panels, pins extending through registering perforations in tie rods and angle bars, handles for the pins, clamps on the handles enclosing and holding togather the angle bars of contiguous panels in each row, angle bars at the outer corners of the panel rows having perforations registering with the perforations of the angle bars of contiguous panels, pins through the perforations of the corner angle bars and the panel angle bars, and clamps engaging the corner angles and the panel angles and holding the corners rigid.
2. In a form for a concrete Wall to be cast on a base, inner and outer rows of panels, peripheral walls on the panels having spaced perforae,
tions, an aligner device extending transversely; between the rows of panels and being perforated: for fixing in a. predetermined position on the footing or base for the wall, and spaced pairs of upwardly extending projections on thealignerdee vice engaging in appropriate perforations. in the bottom peripheral walls of the panels of both rows, thereby to secure the panels of the rows.
in properly spaced relation and again-stspreade ing forces, the projections of the pairs being;
spaced from one another and engaging in -ap-: propriate perforations in the bottom peripheral walls of adjacent panels to lock the adjacent;
panels of the rows together.
3. In a form for a concrete wall tozbe cantonv a base, rows of adjacent panels, peripheralv walls.-
on the panels having spaced perforations,
aligner device extending between the rows and perforated for fixing in a predetermined posi:
tion on the footing or base for the wall, and: spaced pairs of upwardly extending pins on the aligner device engaging in appropriate perforae tions in the bottomperipheral walls of the panels.- of both rows, thereby to secure the panels. of -ther rows in properly spaced relationship and against spreading forces, the pins of the pairs being spaced from one another and engaging-in appropriate perforations in the bottom peripheral walls of adjacent panels to lockthe adjacent;
panels of the rows together;
4. In a concrete hollow wall formcornprising outer and intermediate series of'panels each com? posed of a plurality of contiguous panels having aligned seats at their tops in all series for tie rods, a removable tie rod in the seats at the tops of the panels, lugs perpendicular to therod in the spaces between the outer panels andtthe intermediate panels, to form seats in the top of the cast concrete, and a permanent tie roden-..
gaging the seats, and pins on the permanentxtie rod extending upwardly engaging and positioning contiguous panels of forms for walls to be cast thereabove.
5. In a form for casting concrete walls to be erected on a base, a plurality of panels arranged in two rows for the outer surface of the walls, the panels of the rows being disposed in facing relationand each comprising a face plate having a cut-out in a top corner portion thereof and perforated angle bars on the outer side of each face plate extending along its periphery, means cooperating with the perforated angle bars for securing the bottoms of the facing panels of the rows in properly spaced relation and for securing the bottoms of adjacent panels of each row in proper alignment, and rectangular tie bars arranged on edge and extending between the tops of the facing panels, said tie bars each having a body portion which is adapted to be embedded in the concrete wall being cast, and perforated end portions seating in the cut-outs in the top corner portions of the panels, securing pins extending through registering perforations in the end portions of the tie bars and the side angle bars of adjacent panels for similarly securing the tops of the panels properly spaced and aligned,
said tie bars each having weakened vertical sections in its body portion which are disposed inwardly from the inner faces of the panels, whereby upon removal of the panels from the cast Wall the end portions of the bars may be broken away from the embedded body portions thereof inwardly of the surfaces of the cast wall.
6. In a form for casting concrete walls to be erected on a base, a plurality of panels arranged in two rows for the outer surface of the walls, the panels of the rows being disposed in facing relation and each comprising a face plate having a cut-out in a top corner portion thereof and perforated angle bars on the outer side of each face plate extending along its periphery, means cooperating with the perforated angle bars for securing the bottoms of the facing panels of the rows in properly spaced relation and for securing the bottoms of adjacent panels of each row in proper alignment, and rectangular tie bars arranged on edge and extending between the tops of the facing panels, said tie bars each having a body portion which is adapted to be embedded in the concrete wall being cast, and perforated end portions seating in the out-outs in the top corner portions of the panels, securing pins extending through registering perforations in the end portions of the tie bars and the side angle bars of adjacent panels for similarly securing the tops of the panels properly spaced and aligned, the body portion of each side bar inwardly of its end portions having vertically disposed aligned cuts extending towards one another from the upper and under edges of the bar, and integral triangular wings extending at an angle to the bar and being disposed inwardly of said vertical cuts, said wings being formed by triangular areas of the bar defined by said vertical cuts and the upper and under edges of said bar, respectively, said cuts providing weakened vertical sections in the bar disposed inwardly from the inner faces of the panels whereby, 1
having a body portion and co-planar end portions adapted to be cooperated with adjacent form members, the body portion of said bar inwardly of said end portions having vertically disposed, aligned cuts extending towards one another from the upper and under edges of the bar, and integral triangular wing portions extending at an angle to the body portion and being disposed inwardly from the vertical cuts, so as to increase the rigidity of said body portion, said wings being formed by triangular areas of the bar defined on two sides by the vertical cuts and the upper and under edges of the bar, respectively, the construction and arrangement being such that upon removal of the form members said end portions can be broken away from the body portion by a vertical blow applied either to the upper or under edges of said end portions.
8. A tie bar for concrete wall forms as set forth in claim 7, wherein the triangular wings are disposed approximately at right angles to the body of the bar and extend from opposite sides thereof.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 845,635 Ham Feb. 26, 1907 1,126,318 Tuohy Jan. 26, 1915 1,129,144 Venable Feb. 23, 1915 1,142,887 Keenan June 15, 1915 1,344,623 Eastman June 29, 1920 1,545,260 Jury July '7, 1925 1,864,444 Kronen June 21, 1932 1,919,645 Willard July 25, 1933 2,017,553 Troiel Oct. 15, 1935 2,020,912 Schenk Nov. 12, 1935 2,102,717 Jennings Dec. 21, 1937