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Publication numberUS2618281 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 18, 1952
Filing dateDec 13, 1945
Priority dateMay 26, 1944
Publication numberUS 2618281 A, US 2618281A, US-A-2618281, US2618281 A, US2618281A
InventorsOrnas Hans Erik Sebastian Hior
Original AssigneeOrnas Hans Erik Sebastian Hior
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dishwashing device operable by variable pressure steam
US 2618281 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. l8, 1952 H. E. s. HIORT AF ORNiiS 2,618,281

DISK-{WASHING DEVICE OPERABLE BY VARIABLE PRESSURE STEAM Filed Dec. 13, 1945 s Sheets-Sheet 1 1952 H. E. s. HIORT AF oRNAs 2,618,281

3 Shets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 13, 1945 1952 v H. E. s. HIQRT AF oRNAs 2,618,281

DISHWASHING DEVICE OPERABLE BY VARIABLE PRESSURE STEAM Filed Dec. 13, 1945 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 36 0| In as Patented Nov. 18, 1952 UNIT'ED' STATES PATENT OFFICE Hans Erik Sebastian Hirt afOrna's, Stockholm, Sweden Application December 13, 1945, Serial No. 634,641. In Sweden May 26, 1944 30laims. 1

The. present invention relates' to' a'di'sh' washer with a steam generator connected therewith, the sai'd'stcam generator causing the washin liquid to repeatedly sprinkle dishes in a washingoham= her;

The invention is substantiallycharacterised by tnefact that means havebeen provided to regulate the processes by variations in the steampr'essure of the steam generator.

The washing processes arepre'ferably regulated by nice-ms or a valve; which is adapted to be opened atacertain-steam pressure and be closed at alowei steam pressure, whereby the action oi the: steam upon the washing liquid is" regulated.

According to the invention the steam is also ils'ed ttisuc'c'essively heat the washing liquid.

A suitableembodiment of the valve consists of a valve body, a valve head carried by a stem, the free end of the said valve stem being fixed to a diaphragm, piston, bellows or the like, which ispreferahly' located atright angles to the stem and which divides a room into two separate chambers; which through ducts or openings are actuated" by the steam pressure so that, when the pressure in the chamber which i's remotefrom the valve head, is caused to quickly drop, the pressure in the nearest chamber presses the dia'p ag'm' with theval ve head away from the seat of" 'e velveteen so" that the valve is opened, but when the" pressure" is caused to rise in the remote chamber; th valve head i'scaused to successively movetewardsthe seat, close it and rest thereon.

This valve is" further provided with bellows or the" like,- one endof which is fixed and the other is displaceabl'e. The said bellows communicate with the: steam space of'the steam generator and tnemovane end of thebellows is adapted to actuate a valve controlling an exhaust openingin the" remote chamber so that, when the bellows have expanded a certain distance at a certain pressure, the valve opens the exhaust opening, but when the'bellows-have contracted a certain distance at reduced pressure, the" control valve closes thezexhaust opening.

According to the invention the steam space 0 the steam generator'is; viathe valve; connection with a pressure device,- preferably inthe form of" a pressure chamber forthe washing liqon so" that the steam pressure can directly or indirectlypress the said liquid through pipelines tU-tl'iewashingchamber.

Further; the water space of the steam generator is connected with the washing chamber by'meansor pipe lines; a valve being adapted,

when the water has reached a certain low" level a in the generator, to lead the water orthe. steam generator through the said pipe lines to the washing chamber. This valve is connected with a float or the like which is provided in the water space of the generator and which opens the valve at a certain low water level in the generator:

An embodiment of the dish washer according to the invention is illustrated in the accompany ir'ig drawings.

Figure 1 is a" verticaI section of the Washing chamber and or the pressure chamber but with the associated parts in side elevation. Figure 2 is a vertical section of the generator on a larger scale. Figure. 3 is a vertical section of the valve device, also on a larger scale.

As shown in the drawings; 2 designates the washing chamber and 3' supports for the" dishes. The sprinkling device consists of turnably mounted pipes 6 which are provided with apertures 5 and made to rotate due to the" liquid pressure.

1 designates a steam generator, which. is filled with water through a funnel 8. The pipe line 9 extending from the funnel to the steam generator is adapted to be shut by means of'a cock Iii. Washing liquid is fed into the apparatus through a front opening (not shown) in thew'ashing chamber, from where the liquid flows down to a pressure chamber l3 through an opening II" and a pipe I2. The opening [I is'controlled by a ball valve l4-,- which may be lighter than the washing liquid and which is pressed against the edges of the opening by the washing liquid and by the steam pressure. The pipe I! opens into the lower part of'thepressure chamber. The pipes" 6. which are arranged as arms extending from a turnably mounted pipe or shaft 14a located centrally in the washing chamber, are placed in the upper and lower partof the washing chamber. At the lower end of the pipe [do there are inlets I 5 for the washing liquid and in the roof" of the pressure chamber there" is a packing box Mb.

The steam spaceof the steam generator 1 can be put in connection with the pressure chamber !3 by means of a pipe line 15 and a pipeline I? which extend from the pressure chamber. These pipe lines are connectedwith a valve casing [8, containing a valve head [9 and a' seat 20; The valvehead is guided by astem 2| which is'slid able in the valvec'asing'. The free" end oft'he stem 2| is fixed to a diaphragm 22', which preferably is arranged at right angles to the stern and" divides a easing into two separate chambers 23 3 and 24. Of these chambers the one 23 located next to the valve casing I8 communicates with the valve casing and with the steam space of the generator by means of ducts 25. Also the other chamber 24 communicates with the steam space of the generator but via the chamber 23 through a duct 26 in the wall of the casing. The duct 26 is provided with a throttling device 21. The displacement of the stem 2| takes place against the action of a spring 28 in the chamber 24. In the wall of the chamber 24 there is anexhaust opening 29 which is controlled by a valve 30. This valve is guided by a stem 3| which is slidable in a U-shaped holder 32 fixed to bellows 33, the other end of which is fixed to a support 34 secured to the chamber 24 so that a rigid system is obtained. The stem 3| is provided with two stops 35 and 36 which are adjustable on the stem 3|. The reference numeral 3|a designates a spring which is provided on the stem 3| between the stop 35 and the chamber 24 and which tends .to close the valve 35. The bellows communicate by means of a pipe 3'! with the steam space of the generator, the said pipe being connected to the pipe It.

The exhaust opening 25 can communicate with the washing chamber through a pipe 38 or with the atmosphere. This whole valve device is designated by 39 in Figure 1.

The generator 1 shown in Figure 2 is provided with an outlet I from the steam space to the valve casing I8 and with an outlet 45 from the water space of the generator, the said water space thus communicating through a pipe line 4| with a pipe 42 which is located in the upper part of the washing chamber and has downwardly directed perforations. A double armed lever is turnably mounted by a pivot 44 on a bracket 43 in the generator. One arm 45 of the lever carries a float 45. A link 48, which controls the outlet 40 by means of a valve 49, is fixed to the other arm 41 of the lever. Electric heating elements located in tubes are diagrammatically designated by 56. A link 5| is movably fixed to the lever arm 45. The said link can through an opening 52 in a piece 53, provided in the wall of the generator, actuate a mercury switch 54 of known construction. Bellows 55 are fluid-tightly fixed around the mouth of the opening 52 in the piece 53. The other end of the said bellows is fluid-tightly fixed to a piece 56; which by means of a member 57 can actuate the mercury switch 54. In order to prevent the expansion of the bellows beyond a certain limit, a tubular holder 5'|a is fixed to the piece 56, the free ends of the said holder being provided with a stop 58 for a spring 59. A casing 8|] which surrounds the bellows 55 and has an inwardly directed stop 5| for the spring 59 extends from the piece 53. The stop 51 can be screwed into the piece 56 so that its end facing the link 5| will be located ,at a larger or smaller distance from the link 5| whereby the switch is caused to break the current to the heating elements at a higher or lower water level in the generator 63 is a safety valve.

, The operation of the dish washer described is as follows:

Water is fed into the generator I to the desired height and the washing liquid is fed into the pressure chamber I3. When the float 46 is raised bythe water, also the link 5| will be raised so that the mercury switch actuated by the link closes the current to the heating elements. When steam is begun to be generated in the generator the said steam is led through the pipe line I6 to the valve casing I8, and to the valve H! which is kept closed due to the spring pressure of the spring 28. Steam is led through the ducts 25 to the chamber 23 and also through the duct 26 to the chamber 24, consequently both chambers will be under the same pressure. Steam also passes through the pipe line 31 to the bellows 33, which at rising steam pressure is extended, the U-shaped holder 32 moving in relation to the stem 3| until it meets the stop 35. The holder now moves, against the action of the spring 3| a, the stem 3| with the head 35 downwards so that the exhaust opening 29 is set free, whereby steam in the chamber 24 rushes out through the pipe 38, preferably into the washing chamber, and the pressure drops in the chamber 24 because the steam supply to same is restricted by means of the throttling device 21. The steam pressure in the chamber 23 now presses the diaphragm 22, which has a larger area than the valve head I9, the stem 2| and the valve head l9 upwards against the action of the spring 23 so that'the steam rushes through the pipe line I! into the pressure chamber l3. The steam pressure and the washing liquid now move the ball |4 towards the edge of the opening II and therefore the washing liquid is forced by the steam pressure through the openings l5 into the shaft |4a and through the arms 6 and out of the apertures 5 for sprinkling the dishes. The steam pressure in the generator begins to drop as soon as the valve l9 opens because of the admitted heat quantity not being sufficient to raise enough steam to maintain the pressure. When the pressure has dropped so must that the bellows 33 have contracted so far that the holder 32 by means of the stop 35 closes the valve 30, the steam pressure on the upper side of the diaphragm is again built up so that the steam pressure becomes equal on both sides thereof, whereby the valve head I9 is pressed down against the valve seat partly by the force of the spring 28 partly by the steam pressure on the valve head Hi. When the valve has thus been closed, the steam ceases to press upon the washing liquid, the ball valve |4 falls down and the washing liquid flows from'the washing chamber back to the pressure chamber l3. The air and steam in the pressure chamber escapes through a hole 52 in the pipe |4a which communicates with the apertures 5. Meanwhile the pressure again rises in the steam generator, the valve opens again and so on. Theprocess above described continues a certain number of times, the Washing liquid being successively heated by the steam until so much generator water has been boiled off that the float 45 will sink so far that the valve 49 is lifted from its seat. Due to the steam pressure the hot generator water now rushes along the pipe line 4| into thewashing chamber and rinses the dishes with clear water of about C. The link 5| actuates the stop 51 which actuates the mercury switch 54 so that the current to the heating elements is broken.

The used washing liquid is drawn oiT through a suitable cock not shown inthe bottom of the pressure chamber.

The invention is. not limited to the above described embodiment, but its details may be varied Within the scope of the appended claims. Any heating medium can be used. Any steam-driven device can be used for pumping the washing liquid with steam pressure to the washing chamber. Any valve device which opens and closes-at varying steam pressure, can be used. y v

Having now described my invention, what I 5 claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A dish washer of the type wherein a pressure device is employed for forcing the wash water over the dishes to be washed, which comprises, in combination, a washing chamber including spray pipes for supplying washing liquid to the dishes to be washed, a pressure chamber in which said washing liquid collects, a pipe line extending between a point near the bottom of said pressure chamber and said washing chamber and placing said spray pipes of said washing chambers in communication with said pressure chamber, a separate steam generator comprising a water space and a steam space, and including a direct connection from said water space of said steam generator to said washing chamber through a pipe line, Valve means in said line for controlling flow therethrough, said valve means being so adapted as to open and permit flow of water from said steam generator through said pipe line directly to said washing chamber under the action of the steam pressure in said steam generator when the water in said steam generator has dropped below a predetermined level therein, thereby sprinkling said dishes in said Washing chamber with said water, said dishes being rinsed thereby.

2. A dish washer as defined in claim 1, in which there is included a float controlling said last named valve means and positioned in said steam generator, said float being adapted to open said valve, whereby rinse water is forced by the pressure of steam therein to said washing chamber when said float drops to a predetermined level as the water drops in said steam generator.

3. A dish washer as defined in' claim 2, including means to which said float in said steam generator is also connected to shut off the supply of said heating medium to said steam generator when the water in said steam generator has dropped below a predetermined level.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:


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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2772683 *Jul 18, 1952Dec 4, 1956Harry SzczepanskiMask-cleaning machine
US2777453 *Nov 19, 1954Jan 15, 1957Harry SzczepanskiMask-washing machine
US3034519 *Oct 31, 1960May 15, 1962Gen Motors CorpDishwasher
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US6997196 *Jun 28, 2004Feb 14, 2006Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete GmbhDishwasher for receiving articles disposed in a washing receptacle for cleaning
US7931033 *Sep 5, 2006Apr 26, 2011Lg Electronics Inc.Dish washer
US8317936 *Sep 19, 2008Nov 27, 2012Lg Electronics Inc.Steam dish washer
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EP1800589A2 *Nov 28, 2006Jun 27, 2007LG Electronics Inc.Dishwasher and method of supplying water to the dishwasher
U.S. Classification134/57.00D, 134/103.2, 134/198, 134/106, 134/179, 134/99.1
International ClassificationA47L15/00, A47L15/10
Cooperative ClassificationA47L15/10
European ClassificationA47L15/10