Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2618343 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 18, 1952
Filing dateSep 20, 1948
Priority dateSep 20, 1948
Publication numberUS 2618343 A, US 2618343A, US-A-2618343, US2618343 A, US2618343A
InventorsConrad Martin B
Original AssigneeBaker Oil Tools Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Gas pressure operated well apparatus
US 2618343 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

m. n. uwnnu GAS PRESSURE OPERATED WELL APPARATUS Avv'. nu, .vv-

2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 Filed. Sept. 20, 1948 S D u, mm M WW Cm m am W m M Nov. 18, 1952 M B! CONRAD GAS PRESSURE OPERATED WELL APPARATUS Filed Sept. 20, 1948 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 /ff (.1 V vrrff A n H H m IN VEN TOR.

"Illlll if 4 l am.: m4 gw @m2/VE $1 SA Patented Nov. 18, 1952 GAS PRESSURE OPERATED WELL APPARATUS Martin B. Conrad, Huntington Park, Calif., as-

signor to Baker Oil Tools, Inc., Vernon, Calif., a corporation of California Application September 20, 1948, Serial No. 50,084

7 Claims.

The present invention relates to well apparatus, and more particularly to sub-surface equipment useful in performing operations in oil, gas and similar well bores.

Gas under pressure, such as air, hydrogen, acetylene, products of combustion, and the like, have been proposed for use in operating sub-surface Well equipment. Certain of such equipment is best operated if the expansion of the gas is controlled or retarded to enable operational sequences of the equipment to occur in a predetermined order, rather than all substantially simultaneously.

Accordingly, an obj ect of the present invention is to prevent rapid expansion of the motivating gaseous medium as its pressure increases, in order to insure proper operation of the sub-surface well equipment.

Another object of the invention is to provide sub-surface well equipment operable by a motvating gaseous medium, in which the increasing force of the gaseous medium, as its pressure increases, is delayed inits action on the equipment, to allow sufcient time for the operational sequences on the equipment to occur in a predetermined order.

The motivating gaseous medium not only operates the well equipment, but may also effect release of the equipment, or part of it, from the well bore to enable its withdrawal to the surface. Heretofore, release of all or a portion of the equipment has permitted the gaseous medium to expand suddenly, which imposed severe shock loads on the apparatus and at times inflicted damage upon some of its parts.

Accordingly, a further object of the invention is to prevent damage to :duid or gas operated subsurface equipment upon release of the load imposed upon it.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide improved gas operated sub-surface well apparatus, in which sudden expansion of the gaseous motivating medium is prevented, upon release of a large portion of the load on the apparatus.

This invention possesses many other advantages, and has other objects which may be made more clearly apparent from a consideration of a form in which it may be embodied. This form is shown in the drawings accompanying and forming part of the present specification. It will now be described in detail, for the purpose of illustrating the general principles of the invention; but it is to be undersood that such detailed description is not to be taken in a limiting sense, since the scope of the invention is best defined by the appended claims.

Referring to the drawings:

Figures 1a, 1b, and 1c together constitute a longitudinal section through well apparatus positioned in a well casing, with the parts occupying their initial position for lowering the apparatus through the casing, Fig. 1c forming a lower continuation of Fig. 1b and the latter forming a lower continuation of Fig. la;

Figs. 2a, 2b and 2c are views similar to Figs. 1a, 1b and 1c, with part of the apparatus secured in a well casing, and another part released from the rst part for withdrawal from the well casing; and

Fig. 3 is a cross-section taken along the line 3-3 on Fig. 1c. Y y y In the form of the invention disclosed in the drawings, it is desired to run a well packer A to a desired location in a well casing B disposed within a bore hole. The packer is then anchored in packed-off condition against the well casing through use of a setting tool C connected to it. This setting tool is attached to the lower end of a running-in string, such as a wire line D, extendl ing to the top of the well bore.

The well packer A may assume any desired form. The one disclosed in the drawings includes 'a tubular main body I0 whose central passage II may be closed by a plug I2. A guide I3 is secured to the lower end of the body, to prevent hanging up of the tool in the casing bore or coupling spaces during its lowering in the well casing B.

The well packer can be anchored against downward movement in the well casing by a plurality of lower segmental slips I4 engaging the guide I3 and the lower abutment or ange I5 on the body. The inner surfaces I6 of these slips are tapered in a downward and inward direction for slidable engagement with a corresponding, or externally tapered, surface I'I on a frusto-conical expander I8 slidable on the body. This expander is connected to the lower end of a packing sleeve I9, of rubber or similar material, disposed around the body I0, the upper end ofthis packing sleeve being connected to an upper expander` 20 havingan upwardly and inwardly inclined externally tapering surface 2| engageable with corresponding tapered surfaces 22 on a plurality of upper se'gmental slips 23.

Initially, the slips I4, 23 and packing element I9 are retained in retracted positions with respect to the packing body I0. Shear screws 24, 25, or other suitalble frangible connecting elements, secure the upper and lower conical expanders 20, I8 to the body, with the intervening packing sleeve I9 held in retracted position. The upper and lower slips 23, I4 are also held in vre tracted positions by shear screws 25, 2l, attaching them to their associated upper and lower expanders 20, I8.

The shear screws 23 attaching the upper slips 23 to the upper expander 20 have a combined shearing strength which is substantially less than the shear value of the screws 2d holding the upper expander to the body Iii. These latter screws have a lesser shear value than the screws 25, 2l securing the lower expander I8 to the body, and the lower slips I4 to the lower expander. These relative shear values are selected to secure detachment, at rst, of the upper slips 23 from the upper expander 23, and the movement of the upper slips downwardly along the upper expander and radially outward into anchoring engagement with the casing wall. A subsequent upward strain or pull on the packer body I3 then shears the screws 24 holding the upper expander 26 to the body I3 and moves the lower expander i3 and slips lil with the body toward the upper expander 23 and slips, 23, in order to eiect compression of the packing I9 between the expanders and itsoutward expansion into. firm sealing engagement with the wall of the casing.

Thereafter, an increase in the upward pull or force on the packer body I3 substantially simultaneously shears the screws 25, 2l holding the lower. 'expander I8v to the body, and the lower slips I4 toV thelower expander, to cause the lower ange `and guide I3 on the body to shift the lower slips M upwardly along the lower expander and radially outward into anchoring engagement with the wall of the casing B. Asplit retractor ringd 28 may be disposed inthe expander 2li for engagementwith one of several buttressthread ratchet -teeth 29 formed on the exterior of the body I0, to lo-ck the latter against downward movement (see Fig. 2c).

In the form Vof invention dis-closed in the drawings, settingof the well packer A is dependent upon the development of a gas pressure within a setting tool C secured initially to the well packer. This gasrpressure is developed within the upper portion oi a cylinder 33 consisting of a generally cylindrical upper sleeve 3l, an -upperhead 32 threaded into the sleeve, and also an intermediate head 33 threaded into the sleeve. A lower cylinder sleeve 34 is threadedly secured on-.the intermediate Vhead 33, and is, inrturn, threaded onto a lower cylinder head 35.

The upperhead 32, upper-sleeve 3irand intermediate lhead 33 form an upper cylinder yportion a, whereas the intermediate head 33, lower cylindersleeve 34 and lower head 35 form a lower cylinder portion- 33h. These two cylinder portions 30a, 33h lare separated by the intermediate head 33,r but are communicable with each other through a centralpassage 36 formed through the intermediate head. Leakage from the cylinder through the several threaded connections may be Aprz-rvented-jby suitable side seals 31 in the heads 32, 33, 35 engaging the inner walls of the cylindersleeves3l, 34.

A.motivating-gas under pressure is generated inthe upper cylinderportion 33a, and this force is transmitted through a suitable huid medium 33 tothe'lowercylinder portion 33h through the intermediatehead passage 36, for operation upon a'piston- SBslidably-mounted in the lower cylinder portion. This piston 33 has one or more ring grooves Vfill in its periphery for the accommodationof seal ,rings-lil, to prevent leakage between Vthe piston 39 an'd'lower cylinder sleeve-3l. As -disclosed,. these ,rings Il! may. consist .of.. rubber,

d round in cross-section, to guard against leakage in both directions.

The upper end of a piston rod l2 is threadedly connected to the piston 33, the rod extending downwardly through the lower cylinder head 35 to a point therebelow, where an anvil or cross piece i3 is mounted within a transverse slot 1li! in the rod. Leakage between the r-od 32 and lower cylinder head 35 is prevented by 'suitable rod packing d5, in the form of one or more round rubber or rubber-like seals engaging the peripher-y of the rod i2 and disposed within suitable ring grooves i3 in the head 33. The packing or seal rings #l5 prevent leakage of liquids from the well casing into the cylinder Slb below the piston insuring that air Linder atmospheric pressure is present below the piston when the apparatus is assembled and lowered in the well casing B.

-t desired to transfer the downward movement or", or force imposed upon, the piston 33 and. the piston rod l2 to the upper slips 23 of the packer A, and the relative upward movement of the cylinder 3o to the packer body il), in order to obtain the desired anchoring of the packer in the weil casing. To accomplish this purpose, a tubular actuating mandrel dl is threadedly con-- nected to the lower end of the lower cylinder head 35. The lower end of the mandrel ill is secured, through the agency ci a rangible connecting pin 33, to a sleeve e9 threaded into the upper end of the body As specifically disclosed, the lower end of the mandrel d? is of reduced diameter and is piloted within thesleeve d3, the pin Q3 extending. transversely through sleeve and piloted mandrel portion.

The piston rod l2 is movable downwardly within the bore so of the actuating mandrel di, the cross-piece i3 projecting in opposite directions from the rod through diametrically opposed longitudinally extending slots El formed through the mandrel wall. rlille cross-piece also extends into opposed slots 52 formed through a setting ring or sleeve 33 slidably mounted on the actuating mandrel di, to form a connection between the piston rod '32 and the setting ring 53. A setting sleeve or skirt Ed is adiustably threaded on the setting ring its lower end engaging the tops of the upper slips As indicated above, a force or pressure is imposed upon a liquid 3S, such as water, resting on top of the piston 39. This force moves the piston 3S and piston rod d2 downwardly and the cylinder 3S in a relative upward direction. The downward movement of the rod d2 is transmitted to the setting sleeve or skirt 53 through rthe anvil i3 and setting ring 53; whereas the upward movement of the cylinder Sil is transmitted to the packer body i3 through the actuating mandrel Il?, frangible pin do, and sleeve t3. Accordingly', it is apparent that the development oi sufficient pressure in the cylinder 33 acting upon the piston 3S will eventually shear the screw-s 253 holding the upper slips to the expander 23, and move the slips outwardly against the casing B. Thereafter, the cylinder 33 will move upwardly to pull the body i2 in the saine direction for the purpose expanding the sleeve i9 against the and the lower slips le against the the manner described above.

In order to obtain the desired operational sequence, a combustible fuel to may be contained within the upper end of the cylinder 3B. The combustion charge, such as a railway hare oi cylindrical or stick forni, is placed in the upper head end 32 of the cylinder within a combustion chamber 6I formed therein. This charge 68 is ignited by a blank cartridge 62 contained within a gun barrel 63 inserted within the upper end of the upper cylinder head 32. Leakage between the barrel and head is prevented by a suitable side seal 64 on the .barrel engagingthe wall of the head.

The barrel 63 is threaded into a firing head 65, which, in turn, is threadedly secured to the upper end of the cylinder head 32. The wire line running-in string D is suitably secured to the firing head, in a known manner, and has the lower end of its electrically conductive wire or core 66 connected electrically to a heating lament 61 contained within the cartridge.

When the combustible fuel or power charge 68 is ignited, evolved gas under pressure is produced within the upper end of the upper cylinder portion 38a. This gaseous force acts downwardly upon an upper or floating piston 68 disposed initially adjacent the upper cylinder head 32. This piston carries suitable seal rings 69 in grooves 18 in its periphery engageable with the wall of the upper cylinder sleeve 3|, to prevent leakage around the piston 68 in both directions.

Originally, the piston 68 rests upon a fluid medium 38 which substantially entirely fills the cylinder space between the upper piston 68 and the lower piston 39, including the volume of the passage 36 through the intermediate head. This fluid medium is predominantly and almost entirely a liquid, such as water, but the upper end 1I of the medium is preferably air, which forms an intermediate cushion between the floating piston 68 and the water 38 therebelow. In the event of an increase in the temperature of the intervening water, its expansion is permissible without operating the equipment in view of the presence of the air mass 1I, which will merely be compressed to a certain extent.

For the purpose of delaying a transfer of the liquid medium 38 from the upper cylinder portion 38a into the lower cylinder portion 38h, as the oating piston 68 is forced downwardly by the gaseous pressure in the upper portion of the cylinder 38a, a flow restricting device 12, such as a bean or orifice, is threaded into the upper end of the passage 36 through the intermediate head 33. The cross-sectional area of the hole 13 through this bean or .orifice 12 is much less than the area of the passage 35 itself, the orice area being so chosen as to allow the fluid to flow from the upper cylinder portion 38a into the lower cylinder portion 38h at a slow or retarded rate, for a purpose to :be explained below.

The apparatus is lowered in the well bore with the parts in the position shown in Figs. la, 1b and 1c. When in this condition, the lower piston 39 is adjacent the intermediate cylinder head 33; while the upper or floating piston 68 is adjacent the upper cylinder head 32. The space between these pistons is substantially completely filled with water 38, or other suitable liquid, except for the small air space 1I on top of the liquid, which, as explained above, allows for thermal expansion and contraction of the liquid 38.

When the depth in the casing is reached at which the well packer A is to be set, the electrical circuit through the cartridge filament 61 is completed, which res the cartridge 62. The flame issuing therefrom ignites the upper end of the combustible charge 68, initiating its combustion. 'I'his charge contains its own source of oxygen to support combustion. Ascombustion proceeds, a gaseous pressure is developed within the upper portion of the cylinder 38a above the floating piston 68. As the pressure increases, vthe floating piston 68 is urged downwardly and the cylinder 38 relatively upwardly. The force imposed on this floating piston is transmitted through the fluid medium 38 to the lower piston 39, and from this piston through the rod 42, cross-piece 43, and setting ring 53 to the sleeve 54, which bears against the upper slips 23. Downward movement of the lower piston 39 takes place against the relatively slight resistance of the air 15 in the lower cylinder portion 38h below the piston 39, which is initially at atmospheric pressure, and also against the hydrostatic head of uid in the Wall casing acting upwardly across the cross-sectional area of the piston rod 42. When suiiicient pressure has been developed within the upper cylinder portion 38a by the gaseous medium, and has been transmitted through the floating piston 68, uid medium 38, lower piston 39, piston rod 42, cross-piece 43, setting ring 53, and sleeve 54 to the slips 23, to overcome the shear strength of the shear screws 26, and also the hydrostatic head of fluid acting upwardly on the piston rod 42, the slips 23 are released from the expander 28 and are pushed downwardly along the latter into outward engagement with the casing B.

As the combustible charge 68 continues to burn, the gas pressure within the upper cylinder portion 38a increases to a further extent, and this increased pressure or force'is transmitted to the lower piston 39 through the intervening fluid medium 38. Since the upper slips 23 are wedged against the casing B, the piston 39 cannot move downwardly to any further appreciable extent. Instead, the cylinder 38, actuating mandrel 41, sleeve 49, and packer body I8 are urged in an upward direction. When the pressure and force within the cylinder 38 has increased sufliciently to overcome the shear strength of the screws 24 holding the upper expander 20 to the body, such screws are disrupted and the packer body I8 is moved upwardly within the upper expander 28 to compress the rubber packer sleeve I9 between the upper and lower expanders 20, I8, forcing it into rm sealing engagement with the casing wall.

Further increase in the cylinder gas pressure, as a result of the continued combustion of the charge 68, effects shearing of the screws 25, 21 attaching the lower expander I8 to the body I8 and the lower slips I4 to the lower expander, allowing the cylinder 38 to move upwardly and carry the body I8 and lower slips I4 in an up' ward direction to shift the latter radially outward into engagement with the casing B.

The pressure in the cylinder 38 continues to increase, as combustion of the charge 68 proceeds, and all of the packer elements are engaged more rmly with the casing B. When the pressure exceeds the shear strength of the connector pin 48 securing the lower end of the actuating mandrel 41 to the sleeve 49, this pin is sheared to release automatically the setting tool C from the well packer A. vAll of the mechanism, with the exception of the packer A, may now be removed from the well casing B.

AS was above indicated, a, predetermined sequence of steps is preferred to insure proper setting of the well packer A in packed-off condition within the well casing. Thus, the screws 28 holding the upper slips 23 to the upper expander 28 are first sheared, to engage the upper slips with the casing B. Next, the screws 24 attaching' the upper expander 2o to the bodyV It are disrupted, to obtain expansion of the packing sleeve I9 against the casing. Thereafter, the screws holding the lower expanderv i8 to the body It and the screws 2l holding the lower slips It to the lower expander are Sheared, to obtain anchoring engagement of the lower slips with the casing wall. When all of this has occurred, the connector pin #38 is sheared, to obtain disconnection of the setting tool C from the well packer A.

It isA preferred that a definite time interval elapse between each of the above-described operational sequences, to give the parts an opportunity to be shifted to their proper setting vpositions. rIhe rate at which the combustion charge 60 burns may vary for different charges, and a pressure may be built up in the cylinder Sta above the lfloating piston E58 at an accelerated pace, which is greater than desired. This increase in pressure, however, is not transmitted directly to the lower piston 3d, but indirectly through the intervening liquid medium 33, which must pass through the now restricting orifice 1:?. Accordingly, relative downward movement of the lower piston 39 in the cylinder Elib proceeds at a slower rate than would be the case if the products of combustion acted directly upon the lower piston, since the only way in which the lower piston 39 can move relatively downward is through transferring of the intervening liquid 38 under pressure from the upper cylinder portion eta, through the flow restricting orinee l2, to the lower cylinder portion 3th containing the lower piston 39. Y

Accordingly, downward movement of the floating piston 68 in the cylinder 39a is retarded, which is also true of the relative downward movement of the lower piston 3Q in the cylinder 3th, which necessarily retards the rate at which the products of combustion can undertake an expansicn in the upper cylinder portion Sta as its gaseous pressure increases. The operational sequences take place in a predetermined and ordered manner, to obtain shearing of the various screws at the proper time, and with sufficient time intervals between their disruptions to insure shifting of the parts of the apparatus to their proper operational positions.

At the time that the connector pin le is sheared, to release the setting tool C from the well packer A, the lower piston 39 has not been moved downwardly to its fullest extent within the lower cylinder sleeve 3d. Shearing of the pin d8 releases the load on the lower piston 39. If the gas under pressure in the cylinder were acting directly upon the lower piston, it would partake of a sudden expansion, upon release of the load, to shift the lower piston relatively downward almost instantaneously to the extent limited by its engagement with the lower cylinder head 35i. This sudden expansion and movement would cause the piston 39 to strike a tremendous blow on the lower cylinder head S5, since the device is operable at comparatively high unit pressures, the reaction of the blow and the sudden movement of the cylinder 3d and piston 39 introducing a recoil, or shock` load, on all of the equipment in the well bore, which might result in damage to some of its parts.

However, in the form of invention illustrated in the drawings, the gaseous pressure medium does not act directly upon the lower piston 3Q, but urges the latter relatively downward through the intervening fluid or liquid medium 33. When the connector pin d8 is sheared, the load on the cylinder 39 and lower piston 39 is released suddenly, but such sudden release almost immediately causes relative downward movement of the lower piston 39 in the cylinder Stb to a slight eX- tent, which relieves the liquid 3B between the lower piston 39 and the orifice 'i2 of substantially all pressure, and removes any forces on the lower piston 3Q seeking to drive it relatively downward in the cylinder at a high rate of speed. Instead, the lower piston 39 is caused to move through the lower cylinder portion 30h in a downward direction at a relatively low rate, inasmuch as release of the load on the equipment still results in a gradual lowering of the floating piston S8 in the cylinder 3a, and a gradual expansion of the gaseous medium thereabove. Such gradual lowering can only occur since the floating piston SS must force the liquid in the upper cylinder portion 39a through the flow restricting orifice l2. The flow through the oriiice can only take place at a relatively slow rate because of the comparatively small cross-sectional area of its bore i3. As a consequence of restricting or retarding the nowing of the intervening liquid 33 through the orince, the lower piston 39 is moved downwardly relatively to the cylinder 3@ in a gradual manner, until it comes to rest against the lower cylinder head 35, without striking any sharp blows on the latter.

The inventor claims:

l. In well apparatus: a well device having a body and slips for anchoring said body in a well bore; iiuid actuated means for setting said device in said welll bore comprising a lower cylinder, releasable means connecting said lower cylinder to said lower body, a lower piston means in said lower cylinder operatively engaging said slips, an upper cylinder secured to said lower cylinder, an upper piston in said upper cylinder, means providing a fluid passage between said cylinders for an intervening fluid medium adapted to be contained in both cylinders and passage, said passage having a now restricting choke orice, means supplying a gas under pressure in said upper cylinder to shift said upper piston relatively downward in said upper cylinder and cause said upper piston to force the fluid medium in said upper cylinder through said choke oriflce into said lower cylinder to shift said lower piston means relatively downward in said lower cylinder to anchor said slips and cause said lower cylinder to thereafter move upwardly and correspondingly move said body upwardly, said releasable means being released when a predetermined force is exerted by said lower cylinder on said body, the area of the passage through said choke orice being comparatively small to greatly retard the rate at which the fluid medium in said upper cylinder can be forced into said lower cylinder.

2. In well apparatus: a well tool having a body and slips for anchoring said body in a well bore; fluid actuated means for setting said tool in said well bore comprising a lower cylinder device, a lower piston device in said lower cylinder device, one of said devices operatively engaging said slips, means releasably connecting the other of said devices to said body, an upper cylinder secured to one of said lower devices, an upper piston in said upper cylinder, means providing a fluid passage between said upper Cylinder and lower cylinder device for an intervening fluid medium adapted to be contained in said upper cylinder, cylinder vdevice and passage, said pasasians sage having a flow restricting choke orice, means supplying a gas under pressure in said upper cylinder to shift said upper piston relatively downward in said upper cylinder and cause said upper piston to force the fluid medium in said upper cylinder through said choke orice into said lower cylinder device to shift said one of said devices relatively downward of the other of said devices to anchor said slips and cause said other of said devices to thereafter move upwardly and correspondingly move said body upwardly, said releasable means being released when a predetermined force is exerted by said other of said device on said body, the area of the passage through said choke orice being comparatively small to greatly retard the rate at which the fluid medium in said upper cylinder can be forced into said lower cylinder device.

3. In Well apparatus: a well tool having a body and slips for anchoring said body in a well bore; fluid actuated means for setting said tool in said well bore comprising a lower cylinder device, a lower piston device in said lower cylinder device, one of said devices operatively engaging said slips, means releasably connecting the other of said devices to said body, an upper cylinder secured to one of said lower devices, an upper piston in said upper cylinder, means providing a fluid passage between said upper cylinder and lower cylinder device for an intervening uid medium adapted to be contained in said upper cylinder, cylinder device and passage, said passage having a flow restricting choke orifice, means supplying a fluid under pressure in said upper cylinder to shift said upper piston relatively in said upper cylinder and cause said upper piston to force the fluid medium in said upper cylinder through said choke orifice into said lower cylinder device to shift said one of y said deviecs relatively downward of the other of said devices to anchor said slips andv cause said other of said devices to thereafter move upwardly and correspondingly move said body upwardlyy said releasable means being released when said other of said devices has moved said body to a predetermined degree, the area of the passage through said choke orice being comparatively small to greatly retard the rate at which the fluid medium in said upper cylinder can be forced into said lower cylinder device.

4. In well apparatus: a well tool having a body and normally retracted means on said body; fluid actuated means for setting said tool in said well bore comprising a lower cylinder, releasable means connecting said lower cylinder to said body, a lower piston means in said lower cylinder operatively engaging said normally retracted means, an upper cylinder secured to said lower cylinder, an upper piston in said upper cylinder, means providing a iluid passage between said cylinders for an intervening fluid medium adapted to be contained in both cylinders and passage, said passage having a ilow restricting choke orice, means supplying a gas under pressure in said upper cylinder to shift said upper piston relatively downward in said upper cylinder and cause said upper piston to force the fluid medium in said upper cylinder through said choke orifice into said lower cylinder to shift said lower piston means relatively downward in said lower cylinder to expand said normally retracted means and cause said lower cylinder to thereafter move upwardly and correspondingly move said body upwardly, said releasable means being released when a predetermined force is exerted by said i0 lower cylinder on said body, the area of the passage through said choke orifice being comparatively small to greatly retard the rate at which the fluid medium in said upper cylinder can be forced into said lower cylinder.

5.y In well apparatus: a well tool having a body and normally retracted means on said body; fluid actuated means for setting said tool in said well bore comprising a lower cylinder device, a lower piston device in said lower cylinder device, one of said devices operatively engaging said normally retracted means, means releasably connecting the other of said devices to said body, an upper cylinder secured to one of said lower devices, an upper piston in said upper cylinder, means providing a uid passage between said upper cylinder and lower cylinder device fo'r an intervening fluid medium adapted to be contained in said upper cylinder, cylinder device and passage, said passage having a flow restricting choke orice, means supplying a gas under pressure in said upper cylinder to shift said upper piston relatively downward in said upper cylinder and cause said upper piston to force the fluid medium in said upper cylinder through said choke orice into said lower cylinder device to shift said one of said devices relatively downward of the other of said devices to expand said normally retracted means and cause said other of said devices to thereafter move upwardly and correspondingly move said body upwardly, said releasable means being released when a predetermined force is exerted by said other of said devices on said body, the area of the passage through said choke orifice being comparatively small to greatly retard the rate at which the fluid medium in said upper cylinder can be forced into said lower cylinder device.

6. In well apparatus: a well tool having a body and normally retracted means on said body; fluid actuated means for setting said tool in said well bore comprising a lower cylinder device, a lower piston device in said lower cylinder device, one of said devices operatively engaging said normally retracted means, means releasably con necting the other of said devices to said body, an upper cylinder, an upper piston in said upper cylinder, means providing a fluid passage between said upper cylinder and lower cylinder device for an intervening iluid medium adapted to be contained in said upper cylinder, cylinder device and passage, said passage having a flow restricting choke orice, means supplying a fluid under pressure in said upper cylinder to shift said upper piston relatively in said upper cylinder and cause said upper piston to force the fluid medium in said upper cylinder through said choke orifice into said lower cylinder device to shift said one of said devices relatively in one direction with respect to the other of said devices to expand said normally retracted means and cause said other of said devices to thereafter move relatively in the opposite direction and correspondingly move said body in said opposite direction, said releasable means being released when said other of said devices has moved said body to a predetermined degree, the area of the passage through said choke orifice being comparatively small to greatly retard the rate at which the fluid medium in said upper cylinder can be forced into said lower cylinder device.

7. In well apparatus: a well tool having a body member and a normally retracted member on said body member; fluid actuated means for setting said tool in said well bore comprising a lower 11- cyl-inder device, a lower piston device in said lower cylinder device, one of said devices operatively engaging said normally retracted member andthe other of said devices operatively engaging said body member, means releasably connecting one device to one of said members, an upper cylinder, an upper piston in'said upper cylinder, means providing a uid passage between said upper cylinder and lower cylinder device for an intervening fluid medium adapted to'be contained in said upper cylinder, cylinder device and passage, said passage having a ow restricting choke orice, means supplying a fluid under pressure in said upper cylinder to shift said upper piston relativelyl in said upper cylinder and cause said upper piston to force the fluid medium in said upper cylinder through said choke orifice into said lower cylinder device to shift said one of said devices in one longitudinal direction with respect to the other of said devices to expand said normally retracted member and cause said other of said devices to thereafter move in the opposite longitudinal direction and correspondingly move said body member in said opposite longitudinal direction, said releasable means being released when said other of said devices has moved one of said members to a predetermined degree, the area of the passage through said choke oriiice being comparatively small to greatly retard the rate at which the uid medium in said upper cylinder can be forced into said lower cylinder device.

MARTIN B. CONRAD,

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,093,486 Schoepf et al Sept. 21, 1937 2,373,006 Baker Apr. 3, 1945 2,381,929 Schlumberger Aug. 14, 1945

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2093486 *Jan 10, 1935Sep 21, 1937Cincinnati Traction Building CMeans of maintaining railway cars in a horizontal plane
US2373006 *Dec 15, 1942Apr 3, 1945Baker Oil Tools IncMeans for operating well apparatus
US2381929 *Aug 1, 1941Aug 14, 1945Marcel SchlumbergerWell conditioning apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2701614 *Aug 19, 1949Feb 8, 1955Baker Oil Tools IncGas pressure operated well apparatus
US2712355 *Dec 20, 1949Jul 5, 1955Standard Oil CoHydraulic fracturing of earth formations
US2799343 *Jun 20, 1955Jul 16, 1957Baker Oil Tools IncAutomatically vented fluid pressure operated apparatus
US2815816 *Jun 20, 1955Dec 10, 1957Baker Oil Tools IncAutomatically relieved gas pressure well apparatus
US2917280 *Oct 4, 1952Dec 15, 1959Pgac Dev CompanySample taking apparatus
US2944603 *Jan 30, 1956Jul 12, 1960Baker Oil Tools IncSubsurface electric current generating apparatus
US3002559 *Jul 22, 1957Oct 3, 1961Aerojet General CoPropellant set bridging plug
US3024843 *Jul 22, 1957Mar 13, 1962Aerojet General CoSetting tool-propellant operated
US3029872 *Jul 22, 1957Apr 17, 1962Aerojet General CoTelescopic bridging plug-pressure set
US3029873 *Jul 22, 1957Apr 17, 1962Aerojet General CoCombination bridging plug and combustion chamber
US4535842 *Jul 1, 1983Aug 20, 1985Baker Oil Tools, Inc.To apply a force to a tool disposed at a sub-surface location in a well bore
US5396951 *Oct 16, 1992Mar 14, 1995Baker Hughes IncorporatedFor use in a wellbore to operate a downhole tool
US7017672Apr 28, 2004Mar 28, 2006Go Ii Oil Tools, Inc.Self-set bridge plug
US8474533Dec 7, 2010Jul 2, 2013Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Gas generator for pressurizing downhole samples
US8839871Jan 15, 2010Sep 23, 2014Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.Well tools operable via thermal expansion resulting from reactive materials
Classifications
U.S. Classification166/63, 166/123, 166/120
International ClassificationE21B23/06, E21B23/00
Cooperative ClassificationE21B23/065
European ClassificationE21B23/06D