|Publication number||US2618391 A|
|Publication date||Nov 18, 1952|
|Filing date||Jun 22, 1949|
|Priority date||Jun 22, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2618391 A, US 2618391A, US-A-2618391, US2618391 A, US2618391A|
|Original Assignee||Artcraft Products Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (6), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 18, 1952 o. HASTINGS NECKTIE HANGER Filed June 22, 1949 IN VEN TOR. ,Dwzy Zfiasfz 95 Patented Nov. 18, 1952 UNITED NECKTIE HANGER Dwight Hastings, Marion, Iowa, assignor to Artcraft Products Company, Marion, Iowa, a copartnership Application June 22, 1949, Serial No. 100,653
2 Claims. 1
This invention relates to garment hangers and has special reference to a hanger for the type of neckties commonly termed Fourfin-I-Iand.
One important object of the invention is to provide a novel type of such a hanger so con structed and arranged that a series of neckties may be supported thereon without becon ing entangled with each other.
Another important object of this invention is to provide a novel form of necktie hanger having a novel tie supporting element movable between a position in which individual ties may be removed without disturbing the remaining ties and a position in which the supported ties are held against accidental disengagement.
A further important object of the invention is to provide an improved necktie hanger having an attaching element for fixedly attaching the device to a closet door or other object and a second element constituting a tie carrier normally depending from the attaching element and being so connected to the attaching element that the tie carrier may be swung to a horizontal position for the positioning or detachment of a selected tie.
With the above and other objects in View, as will be presently apparent, the invention consists in general of certain novel details of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings and particularly claimed.
In the drawings like characters of reference indicate like parts in the several views, and:
Figure l is a front elevation of this invention showing the tie supporting element in dependent position,
Figure 2 is a side elevation of the invention with the tie supporting element shown in full lines in dependent position and partially shown by broken lines in horizontal position,
Figure 3 is an enlarged detail section on the line 33 of Figure 1, and
Figure 4 is a perspective view of the end of the supporting element as formed for attachment to the element securing the device to a fixed object.
In the embodiment of the invention as here shown, there is provided an attaching element It for securing the device to a fixed object such as a closet or like place in which the supported ties will be conveniently accessible. Also there is provided a tie supporting element II normally perpendicularly dependent from the lower end zone of the element Ill.
The attaching element It has a fiat rectangular body I2 which may terminate in an ornamental upper end I3. This body has a front surface It and a rear surface I5 parallel thereto. The rear surface extends further downwardly than the front surface so that the bottom end surface of this element is inclined downwardly from the front to the back surface. About midway of this inclined bottom there opens a groove it of semicircular type and arcuate in cross-section and having an arcuate extent of slightly less than 270. The gap between the ends of the cylindrical surface of the groove I6 is less than the diameter of the groove I6 on account of the surface extending three-quarters of a circle. The bottom of the element Ill between the front surface It and the opening of the groove It forms an inclined plane IT. The surface I8 between the opening of the grOOVe I6 and the rear surface I5 is convexly arcuate between said groove and rear surface. Preferably a hole I9 is provided in the upper part of the element It! for the reception of a screw, or other securing means, for fastening the device to a door or wall the surface of which is indicated by the broken line D.
The member II has a front face 29 and a rear face 2| and is preferably of the same thickness and Width as the element It! so that the rear and front faces of both parts of the device lie in the same planes when the tie carrier is in its depending position. The front face 25! is preferably ornamented in any desired manner, one type of such ornamentation being shown in Figure 1. Extending through the element I i, from side edge to side edge thereof and projecting laterally from each side of the body, are dowel pins forming individual tie supports 22. These downel pins are spaced longitudinally and are perpendicular to the side edges. At its upper end the body 23 is provided with a segmental-cylindrical head 2e which is connected to the body 23 by a neck 25 having concave sides 26 extending from the surfaces 20 and 2| to the head 24. This head 2 fits revolubly in the groove It, being insertable therein from one side edge of the member It. This head 24 has a diameter very slightly less than the diameter of the groove 16 and consequently cannot pass through the opening of the groove I6 but must necessarily be inserted laterally of the member III. The faces formed by the curvature l8 and the rear curvature 25 are such as to allow the element II to depend perpendicularly from the element It when the latter is mounted on a door or the like. The neck 25 is, at its junction with the head 2 of the proper dimensions to allow the body 23 to swing through between perpendicular and horizontal positions. The head 24 has a transverse slot or recess 21 centrally between its ends and a pin or nail 28 extends from the rear face of the element I into the slot 21, thereby preventing the head 24 from slipping free of the groove l6 by longitudinal movement of the head in the direction of length of the head axis. The pin or nail 2% has a double function since it not only prevents the head 24 from slipping laterally of the member Ill, but it also acts as a limiting stop by engagement of the planar surface of the .groove 2? when the member is swung outwardly as in the dotted lines in Figure 2. At the free extremity of the body 23 there is provided an undercut lifting lip 29 so positioned that the body 23 may be swung outwardly from the door or the like to which the device is attached by the insertion of one or more of the users fingers beneath this lip.
In using the device the attaching device H3 is attached to any suitable support in such manner that the element ll will depend perpendicularly, it being understood that the arcuate face i8 be adjacent the face to which the device is secured, thus permitting the body 23 to swing outwardly away from the supporting surface. Then, to apply ties thereto, this element H is swung outwardly to the horizontal position of Figure 2 and the loop zone of ties T are hung individually on the members 22 with the fold zones depending.
The loaded element I I is then lowered or allowed to drop whereupon the ties assume the positions shown at T in which the tie parts other than the loop portions directly on members 22, all lie in rear of members 22 and between these and the supporting surface, body 23 and such members 22 thus preventing any outward swing of tie ends; in addition, each tie engages one or more of the ties below it and is engaged by one or more of the ties above it so that the ties on each side of the body 23 are frictionally engaged as a single mass through mutual contact which prevents tie movements relative to each other and to their respective tie supports 22, and cannot readily be removed individually from the members '22. However, if the body 23 be swung to the horizontal position the ties will depend in spaced relation independently of each other and any tie may be removed without disturbing any other.
As indicated in Figure 3, the slot or recess 27 is of semi-cylindrical contour on a cross-section of the head 2 with the bottom of the slot planar, such slot bottom extending angular when the carrier II is in its vertically depending position, the depth of the slot on a radius of the head extending normal to the plane of the slot bottom preferably being slightly greater than the length of such radius, the slot being practically in the rear portion of the head when the carrier is in such position. The pin 28 is inserted into the slot by being entered through the rear face of the attaching device after the head has been positioned in groove l6 by movement of the head endwise into the groove; the slot permits swinging of the carrier within the groove and about the axis of the head with the swinging movement having a length limit such as willpermit the carrier to swing from its vertically depending position to horizontal position and with the thin neck zone moving arcuately through the open side of the groove.
Hence, in this position of the carrier-the vertically depending position-the groove l6'is concealed (as is the slot 21) by the exposed face of the head which is arcuate in appearance; and
since the length of the head is equal to the width of the connected elements, the facial appearance of the front exposed face of the assembly presents this connecting zone as simply an ornament zone; in addition, since the head practically fits the groove, dust, etc., cannot enter the slot 2? while the carrier is in this position, so that freedom of hinging action will not be affected, especially as this is practically the normal position of the carrier, it being moved from that position only occasionally and then temporarily-during the latter period the lower portion of slot 27 will be-exposed, but since the exposure is of short length, no damage will result.
As will be understood, the ties, when the carrier is in its vertically depending position, will be in the mutually contacting position referred to above, the contact preventing movement of the ties relative to each other and to their respective supports v22, this condition being maintained while the carrier is in such position. The advantage of the assembly in this respect flows from the fact that the ties are individually positioned on their individual supports while the carrier is raised to its horizontal position, with the loop zone of the tie simply resting on its individual support and with the fold zones depending downward and in spaced relation, a position in which the tie can be freely adjusted on its support.
During lowering of the carrier from such position, the fold zones retain their depending positions with the two fold zones of a tie retaining their spacing, but the spacing between adjacent ties decreases as the angularity of the carrier changes during carrier lowering. Before reaching the end of the lowering movement, this decrease in spacing between adjacent ties will bring adjacent ties into contact, but by this time the free end of the carrier will be closely approaching its nadir position, a position in which movement in a vertical direction has practically ended; hence, when this contact begins, the remaining travel would not materially affect the positioned tie if such movement took place, however, since the changein angularity is affecting all of the tie supports, it is apparent that when tie contact becomes manifest for one of the fold zones of a tie, the other fold zone is being similarly affected by the adjacent tie, so that no tie-drawing pressure is being developed.
Actually, no material pressure is being applied to the fold zones until the tie supports. have advanced to a position where the two fold zones of a tie are being moved into contact with each other, a condition which is reached when the carrier is practically in the nadir zone. Prior to that time, while there may be contact between the fold zones of adjacent ties, spacin remains between the fold zones of individual ties permitting the contacting tie fold zone of adjacent ties to yield; when the latter spacing is also closed, the tie supports and the tie loop zones mounted thereon are. positioned outside of the depending fold zones, so that the remaining lowering travel simply moves the ties toward the supporting surface on which the assembly is mounted, thus producing the pressure on the ties. which presents the friction effect, and this without relative movement between ties or of a tie on its individual tie support, since the vertical movement within the nadir zone is so slight as to be practically negligible.
While there is herein shown and described the preferred embodiment of the invention, it is nevertheless to be understood that minor changes may be made therein, such as will come within the scope of the invention as claimed.
What is claimed is:
1. In a necktie hanger, an attaching device adapted to secure the hanger to a door or the like, said device having an inclined lower face and a groove extending from side to side of the hanger and opening through said lower face, said groove being segmental-cylindrical in cross section and having a cylindrical surface of substantially 270 whereby the space between the ends of said surface at the inclined surface is less than the diameter of the cylindrical surface. a tie carrier of elongated form provided with a tapered end forming a neck and carrying a segmental-cylindrical head of slightly less diameter than the diameter of the groove in the attaching device and a single means restraining said head from movement laterally of the attaching device and also restraining the tie carrier from swinging beyond a desired limit.
2. In a necktie hanger, an attaching device adapted to secure the hanger to a door or the like, said device having an inclined lower face and a groove extending from side to side of the hanger and opening through said lower face, said groove being segmental-cylindrical in cross section and having a cylindrical surface of substantially 270 whereby the space :between the ends of said surface at the inclined surface is less than the diameter of the cylindrical surface, a tie carrier of elongated form provided with a tapered end forming a neck and carrying a segmentalcylindrical head of slightly less diameter than the diameter of the groove in the attaching device and a single means restraining said head from movement laterally of the attaching device and also restraining the tie carrier from swinging beyond a desired limit, said means including a pin projecting from the rear of the attaching device into the groove, said head having a transverse groove extending slightly more than half way through the head and having a planar bottom, said pin extending into the groove in the head.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 409,809 Studley Aug. 27, 1889 898,360 Hawley Sept. 8, 1908 1,132,601 Moynihan Mar. 24, 1915 1,717,981 Kirshner June 18, 1929 1,788,166 Marden Jan. 6, 1931 2,199,102 Hough Apr. 30, 1940 2,316,096 Metzger Apr. 6, 1943 2,428,454 Fowler Oct. 7, 1947
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US409809 *||Oct 6, 1888||Aug 27, 1889||Clothes-drier|
|US898360 *||Nov 25, 1907||Sep 8, 1908||Ralph P Hawley||Hinge.|
|US1132601 *||Sep 8, 1914||Mar 23, 1915||Blackstone Mfg Company||Hinge.|
|US1717981 *||Feb 4, 1928||Jun 18, 1929||Kirshner Abraham S||Folding rack|
|US1788166 *||Feb 4, 1928||Jan 6, 1931||Samuel Marden Clarence||Towel rack|
|US2199102 *||Aug 10, 1938||Apr 30, 1940||Weber Knapp Co||Hinge|
|US2316096 *||Mar 13, 1940||Apr 6, 1943||Metzger Reinhardt F||Eyeglass|
|US2428454 *||May 6, 1944||Oct 7, 1947||Fowler Herman J||Tie rack|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5178287 *||Jan 11, 1991||Jan 12, 1993||Lynk, Inc.||Collapsible support rack|
|US8720818 *||Sep 1, 2009||May 13, 2014||Airbus Operations Sas||Thrust reverser and nacelle for aircraft equipped with at least one such reverser|
|US20050194334 *||Mar 7, 2005||Sep 8, 2005||Tammy Johnson||Hair accessory holder|
|US20090250417 *||Apr 7, 2008||Oct 8, 2009||Mcniff Eric J||Tie rack|
|US20100164339 *||Aug 21, 2008||Jul 1, 2010||Jenkins Andrew M||Wardrobe Storage System|
|DE29512233U1 *||Jul 28, 1995||Sep 28, 1995||Mueller Tilman||Krawattenhalter|
|U.S. Classification||211/99, 211/104|
|International Classification||A47G25/00, A47G25/74|