US 2619648 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
. 2, 1952 H. HARDIE BAND FOR GARMENTs Filed April 15, -1950 FIG.1
Patented Dec. 2, 1952 STATE-s L.PAT @ENT oFF-ics BAND rovsomsnrs Hariy Hardie, Baltimore, Md., assignor .to The Nobelt Company, Baltimore, `Md., a corporation: of. Maryland ,ApplcationApril 15, 1950, Serial No. 156,185
1 Claim. 1
'This invention relates .to garment belts or bands, and more particularly to elastic garment 'belts ofthe type which vare sewn onto a `garment during manufacture and form an integral part of :the garment'.
l'Body openings of garments, such. as torso or leg openings, are often provided with an elastic band o rI belt sewn to the edge of the opening for holding thegarment in position `on the wearer. The elasticA band may extend either for only .a 'portion' of the length of the .opening or .may extend completely about the opening and have its ends united to form an endless 'band surrounding the waist or limb of the wearer.
vSuch elastic bands are sometimes .formed of a strip of thin, .elastic sheet-rubber covered with a textile sheath, the rubber and sheath .being united and 'held in place on the garment by parallel 4rows of stitching penetrating .the rubber strip.. v'Ihe garment band'v of the present invention .is of this type'.
In the form shown of the present invention, an outer strip or sheath of woven textile material covers the outer surface of the rubber strip, the longitudinal edges of the sheath being folded closely about the edges of the rubber strip. The inner side ofthe rubber strip (towards the body of the wearer) is covered by a knitted textile sheath, the inner' sheath being substantially coextensive with the outer sheath and the longitudinal edges of the inner sheath being folded inwardly upon themselves to form hems along `the top and bottom of the inner sheath. This band is assembled onto an edge ofthe garment, whichV 'is preferably of knitted material, during the manufacture thereof; the edge of the garment lmaterial being interposed between the inner sheath and the rubber kstrip and encompassing outer sheath. The band is united by three or more para'llel'rows of stitching extending longitudinally of the band.
Among the objects of the present invention are to provide an rimproved elastic garment band which iis kparticularly suited for a garment formed of knitted "material, which has a pleasing appearance, which is 'very comfortable to the wearer; and to generally improve garment vbands of the -type described.
Further objects, and objects relating to details and economies .of .manufacture and use, will vmore denitely appear in the detailed description to follow.
M y invention is clearly .defined .in the appended claim. -Where vparts are, ,for clarity andY convenience, referred to on the "basis of their oriented :position .shown in the accompanying drawing, no limitation as to positioning of the .entire structure is to be implied, since it vwill be understood that the .entire .structure may be used in any position depending on its mounting on the garment. Also, iin both the description ,and the claim, parts attime may 'be identified by specific names for clarity and convenience, but
such nomenclature is to be understood as having the broadest meaning consistent with the context and Awith the concept of my invention as distinguished from the pertinent prior art. The best form 'in which. I have contemplated applying my invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing forming part of this specification, in which:
Fig. 1 of the drawing Vis an elevation of the outside of' a garment having a band in accordance with the present invention, portions of vthe garment and band being broken away to show details of construction.
Fig. l2` is an enlarged, somewhat Adiagrammatic cross .section of vthe .garment and band taken on the line 2--2 of Fig. V1.
Fig. 3 is -a view similar to Fig. l of a second form of the invention, in which the outer sheath is formed of bias-.cut fabric.
'Referring now to the drawings, the elastic band II)v of. the present invention 4is particularly .adapted for use 4as an .elastic waistband for mens vknitted pajamas, .or shorts, in which 'instance it :is .applied .to the upper edge of .the knitted garment material :I1I. 1t :is well suited for use as .an endless .elastic band formed by permanently `joining the .ends lof the band, as in the so-called boxer shorts, sufficient stretch being provided in the band and .garment for `putting on and taking .olf the garment. The garment material yIrI Apreferably has a substantial stretch in the direction :of :the band I0 so r,as yto permit stretching of the band and yet not have any substantial shirring of the upper edge of the garment material when vthe band is inrelaxed vor unstretched acondition.
yThe elastic band IIll is formed of an outer textile sheath :I'2, an Vinner textile sheath I4, and a strip of thin, elastic sheet-rubber I5, which are assembled onto the edge of Vthe garment material II and .united by stitching as vwill be described. The outer textile sheath -I2 `is formed of Vwoven textile material. 1n the .garment band shown in Fig. :1, the outer .sheath I2 is square cut, while in the second form shown in Fig. :3, the outer sheath lis bias cut. the bands otherwise ibeing simi-lar. The outer sheath I2 covers the outer surface of the rubber strip 15.
'The rubber .strip iIi5 is a thin strip vof -elastic sheeterubber A(including .rubber-,like material) .preferably having a width when unstretched in .the xorder .of .an inch Yto .an inch and a half and suitable 4:tlfiiekness to provide the desired tension vof vfthe band vwhen position on the wearer, which tension .is varied depending .on the weight lcf the .garment :to be supported. The edges I3 of the outersheath -I.2 are folded over lthe top and -bottomedges .of the .rubber strip I5 so as to encompass and more or .less confine the rubber strip, as `will he explained.
The inner ltex,tile/sheath L4 yis preferably .formed of knitted textile material-.having a substantial stretch in the direction of the band I0 in order to provide for stretch of the band and still not be substantially shirred when the band is in unstretched condition. Thus, Vthere is no substantial shirring of the inner sheath when the garment is in position on the wearer and the soft, exible knitted material forms a comfortbottom rows I6 of stitching penetrate the outer sheath I2, the folded-over edges I3 of the outer sheath, the rubber strip I5, and the folded-over or hemmed portion of the inner sheath I4. The lower row of stitching also penetrates the edge of the garment material which is interposed between the lower folded-over edge I3 of the outer sheath, andthe rubber strip I5 on one side, and the inner sheath I4 on the other side. In addition, one or more rows I6 of stitching, preferably two in number, penetrate the outersheath I2, rubber strip I5, and inner sheath I4 between the top and bottom rows of stitching. Preferably, the garment material is penetrated by the next to the bottom, as well as the bottom, row I5 of stitching.
The band III is preferably assembled on the garment material I I at the `sewing point and then sewn while in stretched condition. The outer sheath I2, inner sheath I4, and rubber strip I 5 are fed to the garment in strip form through suitable guides and folders, the rubber strip,'inner sheath,
land edge of garment material being stretched a predetermined amount, and the outer `woven sheath not being substantially stretched, particularly if square out rather than bias cut.
After assembly at the sewing point, theb'and is sewn when in stretched condition by a multiple-needle machine so as to insert all the rows I6 of stitching Ysimultaneously and produce stitches which coincide (the needle penetrations of the band opposite one another), thus producing a uniform shirring of the band. Preferably, a
straight stitch is used, having a length when stretched of about ten stitches to the inch.
By sewing the band IB when in stretched condition, it is not necessary to use elastic or zig-zag folding the edges I3 of the outer sheath I2 about the rubber strip when it is in somewhat narrower stretched condition, the strip will expand laterally when relaxed so as to completely ll the folded-over edges of the outer sheath and stiften these edges to hold them against folding back against the face of the band along the top and bottom rows of stitching. This arrangement gives an outer sheath of improved appearance,
facilitates ironing of the garment if desired, and
stiffens the outer sheath so as to make, ironing thereof unnecessary.
In the second form off the` invention,'which is shown in Fig. 3, the outer sheath II is formed from a strip of woven material cut on the bias so that the entire band may expand and contract somewhat in width with the rubber strip I5 as tension on the band is varied. The other parts of the band of Fig. 3 are similar to the band of Fig. 1 and assembled in a similar manner.
If the outer sheath I2 is square cut from Woven material as in Fig. 1, there is no substantial lateral stretch of the sheath as it is relaxed from stretched condition, and the rubber strip I5 is inwardly arched to form a series of pad-like flexible corrugations. However, if the outer sheath is bias cut from woven material as in Fig. 3, the lateral stretch of the sheath (which is not substantially limited by the inner sheath of knit material) will permit the rubber strip I5 to remain flat, the outer sheath still comining the strip suiciently to reinforce the outer sheath, particularly the edges thereof. In the latter instance, the band I0 expands laterally somewhat when relaxed from stretched condition, the rubber strip remaining generally fiat rather than arching inwardly between the rows of stitching.
The woven outer sheaths I2 or II may be cut from material forming a pleasing contrast to the knit garment material I I. In addition, the shirring of the outer sheath by the stitches I6 gives a very pleasing appearance to the band. At the same time, the inner sheath I4 and the garment material are not substantially shirred and remain smooth and comfortable to the wearer.
An elastic band for a garment, comprising: a strip of thin elastic sheet-rubber, an outer woven textile sheath covering the outer surface of the rubber strip with the edgesof said sheath folded closely over the edges of the rubber strip and more or less confining the edges of the rubber strip against lateral expansion when the band is in unstretched condition, an inner textile sheath covering the inner surface of the rubber strip, the edges of the innersheath being folded inwardly to form hems, and the inner and outer sheaths being approximately coextensive, an edge of garment material interposed between the inner sheath and the assembly of rubber strip and outer sheath, and a plurality of parallel rows of sti-tching extending longitudinally of the band, such rows of stitching being sewn with the rubber strip in longitudinally stretched condition, said stitching including top and bottom rows of stitching passing through the outer edge portions of the outer sheath, the rubber'strip, the folded-over portions of the outer sheath, and the hems of the inner sheath, ther bottom row of stitching additionally passing through the garment material, and the stitching also including at least one intermediate'rowA of stitching passing through the outer sheath, the rubber strip, and the inner sheath.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS