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Publication numberUS2620648 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 9, 1952
Filing dateJul 29, 1946
Priority dateJul 29, 1946
Publication numberUS 2620648 A, US 2620648A, US-A-2620648, US2620648 A, US2620648A
InventorsHerbert Quigley
Original AssigneeNat Brass Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Operating connection for cylinder locks
US 2620648 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 9, 1952 QUIGLEY 2,620,648

OPERATING CONNECTION FOR CYLINDER LOCKS Filed July 29, 1946 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 I \Nvamog 25 HERBERT QUIGLEY Alums Dec. 9, 1952 H. QUlGLEY 2,620,648


Filed July 29, 1946 v 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 NVENTOR HERJBERT QUIGLEY QOM ATTORNEYS Dec. 9, 1952 H. QUIGLEY OPERATING CONNECTION FOR CYLINDER LOCKS 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed July 29, 1946 mm 3 4X.


Patented Dec. 9, 1952 OPERATING CONNECTION FOR CYLINDER LOCKS Herbert Quigley', Hastings, Mich., assigncr to National Brass Company, Grand Rapids, M1ch., a corporation of Michigan Application July 29, 1946, Serial No. 686,982

vl4 Claims.

1 The present invention is concerned with locks of the character or type generally designated as cylinder locks in which a bolt may be projected to a locked position or may be withdrawn to unlocked positionby a manual operation at the inner side of the door and similarly operated by key at the outerside of the door.

Heretofore, in general with locks of the character noted iii-which the bolt is mounted for movement in a tubular housin the locking of the door from-the outside necessitates turning the key a required number of degrees to move the bolt to its locking position and then the key must be reverselyturned back to the position which it started in order that itmay be removed. Similarly, to unlock the door the key is moved a like number of degrees in the opposite direction, thereby moving the bolt to its unlocked position and thenthe key must be returned to its starting position before it can be removed.

The returning of the key to the starting position is confusing to thebperator. Further, since no stops are provided to stop the key at the starting Y position, it has been necessary to locate this position by trial and error and by feeling, which is rather difiicult and in general an annoyance.

Further, care has been required during the installation of the cylinder lock as there is a fixed relation of the parts and during installation they must be put together in accordance with indicating arrows on directions thereon. Unless this fixed relation of parts is made during installation, the installed cylinder lock will not properly operate. The present invention relates to a novel structure by means of which the key may be turned in one direction for projecting the bolt or in the opposite direction for retractin the bolt but such rotation of the key is through a full circle or 360 and further, such rotation is stopped at the proper position in either direction to permit withdrawal of the key. Furthermore, with thepresent invention the manual means at the inner side of the door for operating the bolt may be manipulated in either of its directions without afiectin the key operated means. Installation is simplified as the need for indicating arrows on the parts is eliminated. The structure includes a novel escapement mechanism for effecting ease and certainty of operation, for moving the latch bolt both by manual operation at the inner side of the door and by key operation at the outer side.

It is a primary object and purpose of the present invention to provide a lock actuating structure efiecting the purposes and functions stated, which structure is readily manufactured and assembled, which is sure in use, sturdy and not liable to get out of order, and in which the assembly of the parts and the installation on the door is substantially foolproof, the workman not being required to carefullyabserve and follow certain steps of assembly and operation which, with other cylinder locks, have been necessary.

An understanding of the invention may be had from the following description, taken in connection with the drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a horizontal section through a fragmentary portion of a door and associated door casing showing the installation in conjunction with a cylinder lock in plan, with some parts in horizontal section.

Fig. 2 is an inner side view showing the case on which my invention is carried, the key operated bolt retracting and projecting means being shown in end elevation.

Fig. 3 is a vertical section substantially on the plane of line 3-3 of Fig. 2, the key operated structure of my invention being shown in side elevation.

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary vertical section through such key operated mechanism.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary horizontal section through the structure shown in Fig. 4, said section being at right angles thereto.

Figs. 6 to 11 inclusive are somewhat enlarged elevations of the key actuated mechanism, the end elevation in Fig. 6 being of the assembled unit, and in the successive figures to and including Fig. 11 said unit having successive. parts thereof removed.

Figs. 12 to 18 inclusive are transverse sections intermediate the front and rear sides of the key actuated unit, all of the sections being'atthe same plane, with the parts at the differentpositions which they take during key operation.

Fig. 19 is a fragmentary enlarged partial horizontal section and under plan view on a plane through the unit near the lower side thereof, and

barrel at a predetermined "position.

3 withdrawal by longitudinal movement thereof and when the door is closed, and the bolt pro- J'ected outwardly, it passes through a keeper into a recess in the door casing 5. The door at the opposite sides has openings 6 extending to the interior recess 2. At the inner side of the door a manually operable knob or thumb piece 1,. of conventional structure, is mounted, from which a short bar 8 extends into the interior of the housing 3. The thumb piece I and bar 8 permit manual operation, from the inner side. of the door, of the bolt 4 either to its outer locking posi-' tion or its withdrawn, unlocking position. It is to be understood that the knob or thumb piece I is turned in one direction to withdraw the bolt, and in the other to move it outwardly. The mechanism within the housing 3 actuated by the bar 8, and directly engaged by said bar, may be moved only through a half circle for such projection or retraction of the bolt. The structure thus far described comprises the environment with .which my inventionof the present application is used.

At the outer side of the -door-and covering the outer opening .at 6; is: a housingv 9. The housing-9: is ofa generally oval; form, andwat its ,central'portion has an outwardly projecting part In withinswhich a key operated lock ishoused. Saidlock includes-a. cylinder; or barrel H mounted-within-acasing It. The .zbarrel ll maybe turned about its longitudinalgaxis by akey l2 inserted-therein. From the-casing l3 a wing or vanes extends radially in an upper direction, as-shown. An upper post 15, through which a screwpasses, secures. the housing at the outer side of the door. A fiat plate 16; isplaced thereoverand, attached to said housing. Said plate has tongues H, at its lower edge,,struck and bent outwardlyzat opposite-sides ofthewmg M (Figure 8) for securing saidwing. and, casing I-3 vto said housing 9. It is to be understood that the lockitself', is an. old.and-.well known structure having the .usual tumblers which prevent any rotation of the barrel II when the key, is withdrawn, thekey moving them outward inrecesses made therefor through-the casing l3 and into the wing or vane llzwhen it is inserted in the A lower spacing post 18 is. integral with the housing, through which. aseccndscrew passes in connecting it with theqdoor.

Attthe inner end of the rotatablebarrel H, a plate I29- of a substantially circular form is secured. Theplate L9,, at its central portion and at its outer side, has a projection 20 of, circular outline which seats against theinner end of the barrel ll (Figs.;4=;and,5,). Screws, asshown in Fig. 5, .passthrough'saidiplate l;9- and are threadedinto the. barrel ll. ,Saidplate 19 at the lower. side thereof, asjshown in-Fig. 20, is recessed on two-sides of a downwardly extending, triangular camcr-projection 2|. Two shoulders, equally spaced, from said projection are provided at the outer-sides-of saidrecesses.

A;ring'22 of flat metal has a-central opening of such size that the ring may be placed over thepprojecting portion 20. Said ringis of circular outline except at its lower sidewhere it has a downward; projection. 23 provided with a shoulder ateach side thereof. 'Said ,projection is also formed. with ya vertical slot 2311.: the upper end of which communicates withthecentral open i-ng of marina-.22. A'ring member .24 of thin spring material ,is; provided to be located against theoutergsideof thering 22. Saidrinemember 22 (Fig. '7) and-the parti'25 thereofis located below the lower edge of the projection- 23.

Outwardly of the spring ring member 24, there is provided a plate 26 of fiat, relatively rigid metal. The plate 26 has a generally circular outline except at its upper end where it extends upwardly for a short distance and is formed with two: spaced tongues 21 bent at right angles tothe plane-thereof in an outward direction.

Also around-the periphery of the plate 26, shallow notches 28 are shown and the lower end portion of the plate has a downward extension 29 against the rear side of which the part 25 of the spring ring member 24 is seated. The plate 26 likewise has a central opening large enough indiameter" that the case I3- of thelock may pass through it (Fig. 4). At the lower side of said central opening a tongue 30 is bent inwardly to pass through the spring ringrnember 24 and seat, in the slot 23a of the ring, 22'. When the mechanism ,is installed and in use, the tongues 21 (Figs. 1 and 3) pass, one on each side of the fixed wing or vane l4. Therefore, in all turning'movements of thekey operated barrel ll, said plateZfi and the ring 22-are held against movement. Likewise the spring ring member 24 has no rotative movement but is held in a. fixed relation tov the ring 22 and plate 25 by structure hereinafter appearing.

Againstthe inner side of the circular plate 1-9, there bears a circular flange 3| of a cup member made from sheet metal. The cup'32 of; said member extends inwardly and at its bottom has .a diametrically located slot 33 (Figure 20). Two projections, wings or short tongues 34 extend from the flange 31 at diametrically opposed points and in substantial: alignment with the slot 33. Said cups32 of the cup'member. atone side and. a part. of its bottom,-.and. also 'an inner portion of the flange 3|,iscut away as .showniatflfi. This cut away 35' (Fig.' 5) in the mounting. of the assembled structure'at the inner end of the: barrel H, permits the screws which. are used, to-be passed through said opening at 35, one of them being first passed through andconnected with the barrel H and then the-cup turned through IBOdd'egrees for the passage of'the other-screw use l A flat bar 36, called-a tail piece, having a head 31 at its outer end passesthrough the slot '33, the head coming against the bottom of the cup. Saidbari36'is like thebar 8 in cross section. and is adapted'toenter the barrel3 at the opposite sideofj'bar 8.for engaging the mechanismthereinjfor retracting or projecting the latch bolt. The cup member 32.being,c,onneetedby thebar 36 withthelatch. thus becomes the actuating member therefor.

At the inner sideof-the-fiange 3|, there, is lo cated a.. coupling. member or a ring, 38 of flat rigid metal. At, its. lower side the ring 38 has an. outwardly extending. armor finger. 3,9. struck and bentto extend in an outward direction. The member 38 has a substantiallyellipticalperiphery (Figs. 10 and 11) with a major axis substantially at right angles to the plane of the finger 39, said finger being located substantially at one-endof the minor axis but extending downwardly ashort distance beyond what should be the end of the minor axis of a true ellipse.

The final member or element of structure used comprises a housing having an inner face 46 with housing sides 4| of a generally circular shape extending outwardly. The housing at its lower side is downwardly extended in the same manner that the plate 26 has its U-shaped, lower extension 29, and has sides 4Ia shaped to correspond. -The inner face 40 has a central opening for the cup 32 to pass through (Fig. 5). The member 33 has a central opening of large enough diameter that said member 38 is permitted a limited degree of floating movement. Four tongues 42 extend outwardly from the inner edges of the housing sides 4 I said tongues being spaced so that they may seat in the notches or recesses 28 of the plate 26. The central opening at the inner face 49 of the housing, at one side is notched at 43, so that the heads of the screws connecting the plate I9 to the barrel Il may be passed therethrough for purposes of assembly.

The several parts described, all of which are shown separated in Fig. 20, are assembled within the housing, last described, in direct contact relationship with each other at their adjacent sides, excepting the tail piece 36 which has no contact with any part except the bottom of the cup-shaped member described. When thus assembled, the tongues 42 are all bent inwardly toward each other and against the outer sides of the plate 26 (Figs. 1 and 6), and all of the parts are securely held together, making a compact unit. Such unit, as previously described, is secured by means of the screws shown in Fig. 5 to the inner end of the barrel I I. The lower part 25 of the spring ring member 24 (Fig. '7) is located between the downwardly extending angular sides 4Ia of the housing and is held against rotation.

It is evident that the plate I9 will turn with the barrel II about the longitudinal axis of said barrel upon key operation of the barrel and that said plate I9 is free to move with the barrel I I.

Operation With the parts in the position shown in Figs. 6 to 11 inclusive, and with particular reference to Figs. 8 and 9, the latch bolt has been retracted by turning the key in a counterclockwise direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 8. The rotary movement of the key is accompanied by a similar continuous movement of the plate I9 since this plate is permanently secured to the barrel I I which the key turns. A stop is provided by the finger 39 coming against a side of the projection 23 as shown, said finger being seated in a recess in the plate I9 at the left of the projection 2| as shown in Fig. 9. Therefore, when in the counterclockwise rotation of the plate I9 the plates engagement with the finger 39 moves the member 38, movement is positively stopped by the finger or arm 39 coming against one end or side of the projection at 23.

- To project the latch bolt to locking position, the parts are rotated in the opposite direction or clockwise as indicated by the arrows in Figs. 12 to 16 inclusive. With such movement in a clockwise direction, plate I9 is turned, moving its projection 2| from the position indicated in Fig. 9 to the left over said finger 39, thus, moving the finger 39 downwardly to the lower part of the pocket or lower extension at Ma of the housing sides 4!, as in Fig. 12. The plate I9 is thereupon freed for a continuation of movement clockwise with projection 39 lying in the right hand recess of plate I I9. Thereupon a continuous turning movement of the plate I9 clockwise, moves finger 39, and the member 38 to which it is connected, with said plate I9. Because the finger 39 rides against the inclined left hand side of the housing walls '4Ia, said member 38 is moved back allowing said finger 39 to move within the circular outline of the fixed guide or housing sides 4|, the initiation of which is shown in Fig. 14. I

The parts I9 and 38 may then be continued in movement in a clockwise direction until as shown in Fig. 15, said finger 39 comes against a side of a wing or projection 34 on the cup member 3|. Such contact occurs after the key and the parts connected directly therewith have moved through substantially of movement. Upon further movement from the position shown in Fig. 15 to that in Fig. 16 said finger 39 carries the projection 34 ahead of it until the finger 39 is brought against the opposite side of the stop at 23. During the latter half of such movement, inasmuch as the cup member is turned, the bar 36 is likewise turned and projects the latch bolt. At this stopping position, after the complete rotation of the key, the key may be removed from the lock. Also this stopping position, when the finger 39 has come against the part 23, at one side thereof, it rides over a rise or hump in the spring ring member 24 (Fig. 19) which hump tends to yieldingly hold said finger and the parts connected therewith against aimless or undesired rotative movement in the opposite or any dir'ection.- Said spring ring member holds finger 39 to allow camming of it by the projection 2 I, and the beveled ends of the projections 34 will engage therewith.

In Figs. 17 and 18, after the parts have reached the stopping position illustrated in Fig. 16, if the key is turned in the opposite direction or counterclockwise, the projection 2I will ride over and push the finger 39 into the lower extension M11 of the housing and out of contact with the stop member 23 thereupon. Except for the interposition of the stop provided by the bolt operating mechanism within the tubular housing 3, a continuation of movement in a clockwise direction as in Fig. 18 would be possible, as the finger 39 has been moved out of the position where it must engage with the stop 23. Such continuation of movement and rotation of the parts first through a complete rotation clockwise, a short reverse rotation counter-clockwise and then a continuous rotation clockwise until stopped permits an assembly of the parts I9, 38 and the cup member 32 and its flange 3I without reference to any exact positions in which they must be placed with respect to the other parts, the key operated mechanism, when disconnected frpm the bolt mechanism being turnable back and forth until the various parts housed between the plate 26 and the bottom 40 of the inner housing member take their. proper positions relative to each other. Furthermore, there is permitted absolute freedom of the operation of the bolt by the manually engageable member I at the inner side of the door in either direction required.

After the bolt has been moved outwardly to its locking position, shown in Fig. 1, and with the parts arranged as shown in Fig. 16, the bolt is retracted by turning the key in the opposite direction. During the first half circle of rotation no movement is imparted to the bolt. After the half circle of rotation the finger 39 engages the right hand side of the projection 34 and thereafter carries the cup member with it, operating the mechanism withinthe bolt housing 3 tov withdraw the bolt. This rotation continues until it is stoppedwby the finger 1 39 coming against the opposite side of projection-Nasshownin Fig. 8.

The bar or tail piece35= by its connection with the bolt -operatesJsaid' bolt either moving to locked orunlockedposition. It isconnected with the cup member 32, which cup member-has the flange 31: and projections 34g-andtherefore moves with it. Theplate 19 is directly connected-to the locking; cylinder which is rotated by the key. The key turns. through 'a-complete revolution and simultaneously therewith the plate I9 is moved through a: full revolutionor 360 It is so designed that the bar ortail: piece 3B,,at times,tis ireen-toi rotate: independently of the; plate: I 9; at other: times, the. plate: i9 may be rotated-without turning; the cup member or the. bar-36 connected therewith; and at. other times said; plate t9 an'd cup-member will be connected together so that they; will turn simultaneously; The escapement mechanism, provides for such movements so that the'bar 36 is rotated about its-axis not more than 180, while the key and the parts directly connected with it; turn through a complete'rotation for bringing thekey: back to the, position at which it: was inserted, stopping: it at suchposition'and thereby providing for its ready removal. The finger39' carried by the ring '38, connects the rotating plate: I 9 with-the look bolt operating-ibar 36* when said: finger isin proper position'to engage the projections 34 and, thusgbecomes "a coupling; member between the driving 1pl-ate'I-9 and; the cup 32. -Howev-er,'-when the'finger3'9-is movedoutwardly of said projections; that'is; into thelateral enlargementA l a of the housingA I the lock bolt operating-barr36 is disconnecte'd'from the plate 19.

In. the operation,,said finger 39 is automaticall-y shifted in positionzwith. the shifting of the ring .38: This shifting of the ring '38 iscontroliedzby the inclined sides of the projection at.'2'l bythe curvature atthe sideedgesor first cams-and-iinnenportions. of the downwardpro-jeotion:23 of the ring 22 above: the stop shoulder,one'ati'eacrredge thereof,..andzi'bythe' inclined sides or cam'surfaces'at'. theendsoflthe projections 34.

- .The bolt'is either fully .projected or fully retracted upon a. turning through of. approximately 180 of movement oi thebolt operating' ban'fl; and" by means of the structureallowing approximately 180 degrees escapement'a. complete-rotation-of the key is provided. -But after-such movement is madein either direction, it is'necessary that "means be provided to force-"outwardly" the finger 39 to disengage the'proj'ections' and bar 39 Should; these be: left in an operatively'connected position to each other, it would be impossible. to rotate the manual lock bolt operating member-"I at'the'inside of the door, because such rotation would be i stopped by. the. locking. action oiQthelockatthe outside of. the-door... Therefore,

toaccomplish thisvthe; plate. l9 has the triangular projection- 2 I The apex of the; projection. .2 l

outwardly into the: enlarged portion-4 l a of the housing 4|.

After the lock has been operated, for example, by the key at the outside,'the finger 39-w-i1l come to rest against the stop at;23 (Fig-1 6,) Immediately before it' comes to this s-t0p,, there is a partial movement outwardly of -the finger. -39 caused by the fingers riding over the rounded or concave side edge 1 of theprojection 23 prion-to coming to the stop. -'A'completion-of this outward forcing of the finger-39 is further accomplished bye; beveled edge of a projection-34 on the flange 3| of: the cap member. This is required in order that the lock bolt may be'operated from the inside of the door. Undersuchcondition the flange 3-l--of the cup member is' turned, and not" the plate l9,: but in: either case, thereis this necessary movement of the floating ring memb'er 38 to force or'cam out the finger '39 to the position shown in Fig. 17.

There is thus provided a mechanism permitting independent movement of the manuallyoperable thumb'member I at the inside of the door, except when the key is inserted in the look at the outside; and" with-a key at the-outsidetherer is: allowed'a; complete rotation through :360wdegrees with an 'escapement. or: lost motion of 180. degrees of its-movement, duringxwhich movement of the lock bolt does not occur. Such mechanism. further providesi'for disengagement after thelBO degrees of effective movement'for'actuatingthelock bolt has. taken; place, *whether done by the manually'o'perab'le; thumbmember I at the insideor by the key on the outside; And further, *such constr-uotion prov-ides forcertainty of" proper installation; not requiring asset relation betweenlcomponenti parts- There is 1 eliminated any need for indicatingtarrows 'or" other? indicia' in the=structure for information to the installer.

With the construction described, the assembly ofithe parts isisimple. and: easy. Furthermore," the installation on the door may be made byany carpenter whether or' not he is 'fami'l'rar'with the lock structure aridits operation- If he turns the housing plate In upside down from the position shown in Fig. 2 it signifies nothing so far as the operation is-concerned, except the key isinserted in -thev barrel H- reversed: from the" position: at which; it would be inserted with the escutcheon and "tumbler loch-right side up. *Ifthe parts house'd'within thehousing wall at'4 t have, for any reasommoved. relative-to-each other;-key manipulation-will take'care oi it withoutany jamming of the parts: and with an automatic" positioning of: them where they should bein. relation to' each other. No indicating: directions Onsthe mechanism are re'quireti 'forl installer to: follow which, if present,manyitiineslare-n'ot seen, and are ignored with present structures used; whereby attempting to attain: operationiof a night lock when the -old structures when wrongly installed results in jamming ihoperativeness upon attempted :key operationi The inventiorriszdefined in the appended cla'ims and isito be.considered comprehensive:ofall forms of structure coming-within their scene.

I claim: 7

' In a structureas "described, housing of sub- 'stanti-ally cylindrical form laterallyofis'et at one side; the ends (if said-housing beingspaced apart and "having 4 openings 'therethrough, a key operated lockhaving 'arot'atable ba'rrel' extending through one 1 end {of J the housing, 'a 'circular plate connected at the inner end of thebarrel ata side thereoiihavingrspaced recesses out therein "with a pointed projection having inclined sides between the recesses, a cup member having an angular flange with diametrically opposite projections extending from said flange located against said circular plate and free to move rotatably relative thereto, a bar connected with the cup member extending through the other end of the housing, and a floating member having a central opening located over the cup member and against the inner side of last mentioned end of the housing having a finger at one side extending longitudinally of the housing, said floating member being movable bodily in the housing to enter said laterally projecting portion of the housing or in another position extending into a notch of said plate connected to the barrel, and come against the projections extending from the flange of the cup member, substantially as and for the purposes described.

2. A construction as defined in claim 1, said plate, at the side thereof located against said barrel, having a circular projection, a ring located over said projection, at a side thereof having a radially extending portion, the outer edges of which are inwardly curved toward each other for a short distance, and outwardly of said inwardly curved portions provided with stop shoulders, and means for securing said ring against movement.

3. A construction as defined in claim 1, said plate at the side thereof to which it is attached to the end of the barrel having a centrally disposed projection of circular form, a ring-cf fiat metal located over said projection, at one side thereof having an outwardly extending radial a portion the'edges of which are curved inwardly toward each other for a short distance, and said portion beyond said curved edges being formed with opposite stop shoulders, said projection having a recess therein extending from the central opening in the ring partially through said projection, and a tongue connected with the first mentioned end of the housing extending inwardly into said projection to hold the ring against movement.

4. In a structure as described, a housing member of substantially cup form having a bottom with an opening therethrough and substantially cylindrical sides, at one portion thereof ofiset outwardly, a floating member having an opening therethrough located against the bottom of the housing and provided with a finger extend ing therefrom substantially parallel to the axes of the housing, a cup member having a circular annular flange therearound and diametrically opposed projections extending from the flange, said cup member extending through said opening in the floating member and the opening in the bottom of the housing, the opening in the floating member being greater in area than the cross section of said cup member, a bar connected with said cup member extending through the floating member and the bottom of said housing member, a circular plate located against the flange of said cup member and formed at one side with two spaced recesses and a triangular projection pointed at its outer end between said recesses, a ring located against the opposite side of said plate, said plate having means for mounting of the ring thereon, and said ring at one side having an outwardly extending radial portion having concaved edges at the inner part thereof and shoulders at the outer part thereof at each side edge, and said projection having a slot therein, a member of spring material of ring-like form located at the outer side of said ring and provided at one side with a laterally projecting portion connected with but distorted from the plane of the remainder of the member and adapted to be received in said laterally extending portion of the housing, a housing end plate located against the outer side of the spring member having a central opening therethrough and a tongue extending therefrom through the spring member into the slot of the said ring member, said end plate and first housing member being permanently secured together.

5. A construction as defined in claim 4, and a key operated barrel lock having an outer housing and a barrel rotatably mounted therein, said barrel extending through said opening in said housing end member, through said spring member to the circular plate, means for permanently connecting said rotatable barrel to the plate, and means carried by said housing end member for maintaining it against movement.

6. In an actuating structure for a key operated lock having a rotatable barrel and a reciprocable bolt, the combination comprising: a driving member fixed to said barrel and rotatable therewith; an actuating member connected to said bolt for reciprocating same; a coupling member; a first lost motion connection between said driving member and said coupling member; a second lost motion connection between said coupling member and said actuating member, said first lost motion connection and said second lost motion connection together being adapted to permit of lost motion between the driving mem-' ber and the actuating member when the driving member is rotated 360; a fixed stop for engaging said coupling member; cams adapted to engage said coupling member and to release said coupling member from said stop.

7. In .an actuating structure for a key operated lock having a rotatable barrel and a reciprocable bolt, the combination comprising: a driving member fixed to said barrel and rotatable therewith; an actuating member connected to said bolt for reciprocating same; a coupling member; first cams for disengaging said coupling member from said actuating member when said actuating member is rotated with respect to said driving member; a first lost motion connection between said driving member and said coupling member; a second lost motion connection between said coupling member and said actuating member, said first lost "motion connection and.

said second lost motion connection together being adapted to permit 180 of lost motion between the driving member and the actuating member when the driving member is rotated 360; a fixed stop for engaging said coupling member; a second cam adapted to engage said coupling member and to release said coupling member from said stop.

8. In an actuating structure for a key operated lock having a rotatable barrel and a reciprocable bolt, the combination comprising: a driving member fixed to said barrel and rotatable therewith; an actuating member connected to said bolt for reciprocating the same; a lost motion connection between said driving member and said actuating member, including a coupling member having an arm thereon, a pair of shoulders on said driving member and a pair of oppositely spaced wings on said actuating'member, said arm being adapted to engage said shoulders and saidwings; a fixed stop for engaging said arm; a cam on said driving member adapted to release said arm from said stop.

9. In an actuating structure for a key operated 1. lock having a rotatable barrel and-a reciprocable bolt, the combination"comprising: a driving 'm'em' ber 'fixe dto said'barrel and rotatable therewith; an actuating -member*connected"to "said' bolt for reciprocating the same; -a lost motion-connection between said driving member and said actuating member including a coupling member 'adapted for-rotationiand for radial movement, a 'fixed guide adapted' to -restrain said-"coupling member against radial movement and to permitradial movement thereof at onepositionin-"saidcoupling members "rotation; said-coupling member having an arm thereon; a ypairiof shoulders on said driving member anda pairrofoppositely spacedwings on said actuating member; afixed stop for-engaging said'arm'said' one position of "saidcouplingj member; :a cam orr'said' tdriving member adapted to? release said arm -from'sai-d stop;

10. In an actuating gstructure for adreyoperated look as definediinclaims wherein a-resilient element is provided; said-"resilient element enaging said. coupling memberiin its-said one-po sition of :rotation andpadaptedito' restrain -rota= tion. of said coupling member wheniengaged iby said-cam;

11. In anactuating-structurefor 'a"key 'oper-: ated lock having a rotatable barrel 'and :a recip rocable bolt, the combinationcomprising? a :driv ing m'ember 'fiXEEditO'. said barrel and" rotatable therewith; :a rotatable actuating *member con-1 nected to said bolt forreciprocatingsame-:ra coupling; member having" an arm' thereon, said arm being 1311901113 means for :transmittingfmotionbetween said driving member andsaid actu ating'member; said coupling member "adapted :for rotary and radial movements; a= fixed guide adapted .to restrain said coupling memberagainst radial movement; a. radially 'extendingppcket on said fixed guide adapted to-permitradi'al movement of said coupling member whensaid arm:is aligned therewith; a fiXedstop aligned with said pocket; a pair of opposed wings on said actuating member having cam surfaces .on the outwardends thereof; a cam surfaceon each .side *ofLsaidxstop adapted .to urge said arm .radiallyputwardly into radial alignmentwith the cam surfaces on said wings; a pair of spaced shoulders onv said driving.

member. for "engaging said arm; a radially .,projecting cam between said shoulders, said projecting cam adapted to disengage 'said:arm from both said step and either of 'saidwings when one of said wings and said arm are both aligned with said pocket. 7

12. ,In an actauting,structureior a. keyuoperated lock having a rotatable barrel ;and a reciprocable bolt," the-combination comprising: a driving tmember fixed to said: barrel and rotatable therewith; a rotatable actuating member .con-

nected to said .bolt for'reciprocatingsame;\a

coupling member having an arm thereon; said arm being the only means "for transmitting motion between said driving'member'and said actuating member; said coup'lingmember adapted for rotary and radial movements; a fixed guide adapted to restrain said coupling member againstradial movement; a-radially extending pocket on saidfixed guide adapted to permit radial movementofsaid coupling member-when: 'said arm is aligned therewith; a pair oi -opposed: wings -on saidactuating member; said wings having'parallel edges adjacent 'said actuating member-and bevelled edges remote from said actuating-member? a pai-rof can! surfaces having 'a fixed-stop therebetween and alig'ned'w-ith saidpocket; said cam surfaces adapted to urge said arm radiall v into said "pocket and out of driving-engagement with said parallel edges of said wings; whereby said bevelled'edges "on 'saidwings-may urge said arm further radially --outw-ardl'y; .a-=-cam" 'on said driving member adapted to *urge said-arm radially into said; pocket and out of engagement withsaid fixed 'stop; means on said driving member 'fo'r engaging and drivingxsaid arm "upon rotation. of said idriving member in either direction.

13. In :an :actuating structure ior az'key 0pe1= ated lock having a rotatable lbarreliand aerecip rocable bolt, the combination comprising: aedriving :member fixedt'to said barrel and rotatable therewith; a rotatable" actuating .zmember-wcon nectedsto said bolt .ifor reciprocating zsam'eg a coupling member having an :arm: thereon; means on said ldrliving member 'for engaging said arm in either direction of rotation of "driving mem v ber; means on said actuating member for engag ingsaid arm in .eitherrdirection of rotation of the arm; a cam at one position in the path otCrota tion of said :coupling:membernadapted: to .disengage said arm from said means on saidaactuating member :whereby said iactuatingamemb'ercrmay be rotated independently 'of saidi-couplingr'rmember andsaiddriving member.

14.. In :anactuatingcstructure for: aakey oper-+ ated flOCk shaving a rotatable barrel :and a rrecip-z rocable bolt, "the :combination comprising: a :dr'iv-i ingv :member fixed .to "said': barrel :and. rotatable therewith; a rotatableeactuatingwmember 2 connectedito said1bolt forrreeiprocatingrsame; 'a cou pling member having an arm: ithereon :mean's said driving member for engaging said arm in either direction of rotation :of lth'e driving mem ber; opposed projections on saidactuati'ngamem ber for engaging said arm; said projections-haw ing, parallel sides adjacentsaid actuating member and bevelled sides :remote-v from'i=actuflting member; 'appair'- of ".fixedtcamsrhaving "a* stop therebetween; said cams :adapted:;to :disengage saidiiarm-tfromxthe parallel edges sof -:' projec tions.;on said :actuatmg member and'saidbevellededges of said:':projections adapted to disengage said arm from said projections W-hereb'y :said antuating': member: may berrotated .Vindepende'ntls of :said coupling member and: :said'ldi iving member; a cam on said driving membersadapted itd disengage said ,armirom said stop;


The following references are of frecordinthe file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS 7 Number Name Date 1,053;527 Miller- Feb. 18; 1913 1,523,346 Murmann Jan: 13;.1925 2,'001;329' Lyonset-fal May 14; 1935'-

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1053527 *Mar 20, 1912Feb 18, 1913Franklin C MillerLock for automobile-boxes, &c.
US1523346 *Feb 8, 1923Jan 13, 1925Eugene O MurmannLock-bolt-operating mechanism
US2001329 *Sep 22, 1932May 14, 1935Dent Hardware CompanyLock mechanism
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2710732 *Jun 16, 1949Jun 14, 1955Leo PetersLock support for containers
US3012430 *Aug 27, 1959Dec 12, 1961Spork Erwin EdwardSliding door lock
US3404549 *Apr 14, 1966Oct 8, 1968Best Lock CorpLock cylinder
US4802352 *Jun 8, 1987Feb 7, 1989Iseo Serrrature SpaDouble-throw bar lock having independently operable cylinders
US5233851 *Mar 30, 1992Aug 10, 1993Florian David WHousing and adaptor for interchangeable core and insert cylinders
US7357010 *Nov 21, 2006Apr 15, 2008Taiwan Fu Hsing Industrial Co., Ltd.Plug assembly for a door lock
U.S. Classification70/379.00R, 70/134
International ClassificationE05B17/04
Cooperative ClassificationE05B17/04
European ClassificationE05B17/04