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Publication numberUS2620949 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 9, 1952
Filing dateMar 30, 1950
Priority dateMar 30, 1950
Publication numberUS 2620949 A, US 2620949A, US-A-2620949, US2620949 A, US2620949A
InventorsCole Ned S
Original AssigneeCole Ned S
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Valvular closure and cap for collapsible tubes
US 2620949 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 9, 1952 N. s. COLE 2,520,949

' VALVULAR CLOSURE AND CAP FOR COLLAPSIBLE TUBES Filed March so, 1950 FIG. 2

JNVENTOR. NED 5. COLE Patented Dec. 9, 1952 UNITED STATES VALVULAR CLO SUREiAND GAP- FOR COLLAPSIBLE' TUBES:

Ned S. Cole, San Diego,- Cal if Application March 30, 1950, Serial No. 152,995

(Cl. ZZZ-+490) i'Claims.

My invention relates to an improved dispensing closure and-cap for containers of liquid or paste materials which areejected from the containers under pressure, particularly for use on and the improvementof the disposable collapsible container commonly referred to as a tube, and the objects-of my invention are:

First, to, provide a cap of this class which will protect the valvular closure and which may be usedto' cover the outlet opening of the valvular closure preliminary to'the disposition of the same in a certain location common to everyday use; and which may be; used to re-cap the valvular closure when the container must be packaged in luggage carried in the pocket, or in similar circumstances where it is desirable to secure the contents against unintentional expulsion;

Second, to provide a cap of this class which is of small cost and disposable when the container is first-opened for-use,,when the contents are to be used under ordinary circumstances;

Third, to provide a valvular closure of this class which is automatically opened by pressure exerted on material within the container, and which. automatically closes when such pressure is released, obviating the need of the cap under normal circumstances;

Fourth, to provide a valvular closure of this class, which, when it is used in connection with a tube, simplifies the manipulation required for use of. the contents of the tube, requiring only one hand to perform, this manipulation, leaving the other hand to hold a brush or apply the contents;

Fifth, to provide a valvular closure of this class which can be washed with hot water and soap, that is therefore more sanitary and more pleasant to use;

Sixth, to provide a closure of this class which may be secured, to an ordinary metallic tube or formed as an integral part of a container composed of a suitable synthetic material, thereby imparting to the whole the desirable qualitie of the chosen, synthetic;

Seventh, to provide a closure of this class which may be used on any container from which the contents are expelled under pressure, and which will act a a sanitary dispensing tip and prevent contamination of the contents; and

Eighth, to provide a valvular closure of this clas which is very simple and economical of construction, efficient in operation, and which will not readily deteriorate or get out of order.

With these and other objects in view, as will appear hereinafter, my invention consists of certain novel features ofuconstruction, combination and arrangement of parts: and portions, as will be hereinafter described in detail, and particularly set'forth inthe appended claims, reference being had tothe accompanying drawings and to the characters of reference thereon, forminga part of thisapplication, in which:

Fig; 1 is a side elevational view ofmy, valvular closure for. collapsible tubes, shown in connection with a conventional collapsible tube; Fig. 2 is an enlarged. fragmentary sectional view, taken from the line 22 of-Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is-a plan sectional view, taken from the line 3-.3 of Fig, 2; and Fig. 4 isa side elevational view of the cap for my valvular closure for collapsible tubes, showing-portionsthereof" broken away and in section to amplify the illustration.

Similar charactersof reference refer to similar parts and portions. throughout the several: views of the drawings.

The body-I of myvalvular closure. for. collapsible tubes may beiconnected to a conventional collapsible tubeA bymeans of the fitting 2, which is provided with an opening 2a extending through the center thereof, and is also provided with'a pair of annular opposed beads 2b and 20, which are crimped into annular recess portions la and lb, externally and internally, respectively, of the body I- of said valvular closure. The body I is provided with an enlarged central opening Ic, which is concentric of; the annular groove lb, and which communicates with the diametrically disposed slit, Id, shown in Figs. 2 and 3 of the drawi-ngs. This diametricallydisposed slit Id, at the outer extremity thereof, is maintained normally in closed position by-the resilience of the spheroid sections I e-and if of said body. l.

'the sections Ia and If: of the body I are externally spheroid andprcvided' with outside wall portions which diverge in thickness from the extremity or-the slit I-d'toward the base of the body I, which is secured to the collapsible tube A. At opposite ides of the slit Id the sections Ia and If are provided with Wall portions I 9: and Ih, re specti-vely, which diverge in thickness from the outer extremity of the slit Id inwardl-ytoward the base and tgward the enlarged opening Ic.

It Will, be noted that, discountingany elastic pressures, the portion of the slit at the outer extremity la, is in a collapsed condition.

When the valvular closure is formed the width of the slit Id will be proportionate to the viscosity of th material that it i intended to dispense through it. When the material is very thin or volatile, the width may be so reduced as t be imperceptible, the opening lcZ appearing as a constricted perforation as though made with a pin.

It will be noted that the areas IR: and Im, intermediate the outer spheroid walls of the sections la and If and the walls lg and lb, respectively, are areas of elastic pressure, and are represented as void spaces, and may be filled with a compressible fluid for increasing the compressive force of the sections le and If, tending to force the walls lg and lit at the outer extremity of the slit ld together.

It will be noted that the slit Id, as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings, diverges inwardly to the opening la, and forms a transition with the circular in cross-section opening lc near the annular groove lb. It is to be here noted, however, that the base connection of the body may be varied, as desired, for adapting the same to various containers or collapsible tubes, and that the void sections lie and l m may be provided with a compressible solid, if desired.

When pressure on the tube is released, there is no longer any force applied to hold the slit ld in distended position, and elastic pressure contained within the areas lm and ll: will be sulficient to then impel the walls lit and lg toward each other with sufficient force to expel all residual material from enough of the outer extremity of the slit ld to allow contact of the walls in that area, thereby assuring a good closure.

The body is provided with a cover 3, which is provided with an annular bead 3a, engageable with the annular recess l7. Thus, the cover 3 prevents inadvertent dispensation of the contents from the slit ld during packaging or transportation.

Though I have shown and described a particular construction, combination and arrangement of parts and portions, I do not wish to be limited to this particular construction, combination and arrangement, but desire to include in the scope of my invention the construction, combination and arrangement substantially as set forth in the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In a valvular closure of the class described, a body member having asubstantially spheroid outer surface, provided with a diametrically disposed slit therein, extending from the middle thereof a short distance in opposite directions, substantially less than the radius of said body member, said body member of resilient material, said slit extending therethrough, said body member having a base portion, and a collapsible tube secured to said base portion having its interior communicating with said slit, said body member provided with wall portions on each side of said slit, said body provided with void spaces intermediate said wall portions and the outer spheroid portions thereof said Wall portions and said outer spheroid portions composed of resilient material integral with each other and disposed externally of said tube.

2. In a valve and closure of the class described, a body member having a substantially spheroid outer surface, provided with a diametrically disposed slit therein, extending from the middle thereof a short distance in opposite directions, substantially less than the radius of said body member, said body member of resilient material, said slit extending therethrough, said body member having a base portion, and a collapsible tube secured to said base portion having its interior communicating with said slit, said body member provided with wall portions on each side of said slit, said body provided with void spaces intermediate said Wall portions and the outer spheroid portions thereof, said wall portions on opposite sides of said slit and the outer spheroid Wall portions of said body member diverging in thickness away from said slit at its outer extremity toward said base said wall portions and said outer spheroid portions composed of resilient material integral with each other and disposed externally of said tube.

3. In a valve and closure of the class described. a body member having a substantially spheroid outer surface, provided with a diametrically disposed slit therein, extending from the middle thereof a short distance in opposite directions, substantially less than the radius of said body member, said body member of resilient material, said slit extending therethrough, said body member having a base portion, and a collapsible tube secured to said base portion having its interior communicating with said slit, said body member provided with wall portions on each side of said slit, said body provided with void spaces intermediate said wall portions and the outer spheroid portions thereof externally of said tube, said wall portions on opposite sides of said slit and the outer spheroid wall portions of said body member diverging in thickness away from said slit at its outer extremity toward said base, said body member having an annular groove in its outer surface near said base and a cap of conforming shape to the outer surface of said body member having an annular bead resiliently engageable with said annular groove.

4. In a valve and closure of the class described, a body member having an external spheroid portion and a base portion, a container securedtosaid base portion, said body having a slit extending from the outer spheroid surface thereof through said body member and communicatin with the interior of said container, said body member of resilient material having inner wall portions at opposite sides of said slit tending to intimately engage each other, said body member having outer spheroid inner wall portions spaced from and integral with said walls at opposite sides of said slit, providing voids therein, said voids adapted to be inflated to a pressure greater than atmospheric.

NED S. COLE.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,825,553 Smith Sept. 29, 1931 1,859,382 Cruze May 24, 1932 2,272,653 Andrews Feb. 10, 1942

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1825553 *Nov 15, 1926Sep 29, 1931Arthur E SmithContainer closure
US1859382 *Apr 28, 1931May 24, 1932Cruze George RStopper and retracting device for collapsible tubes
US2272653 *Jun 10, 1940Feb 10, 1942Andrews Alton MSelf-sealing cap
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3072304 *Nov 15, 1960Jan 8, 1963Mian M JunaidAutomatic valve cap for collapsible tubes
US3301443 *Feb 1, 1965Jan 31, 1967United States Steel CorpFeeding mechanism and valve used therein
US4946062 *Feb 3, 1989Aug 7, 1990Peter CoyValved container closure
DE1231981B *Apr 13, 1959Jan 5, 1967Monsanto CoDichtungsvorrichtung
WO2015052211A1 *Oct 8, 2014Apr 16, 2015Courtin KarineDevice for dispensing and protecting a fluid, comprising a slit stopper
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/490
International ClassificationB65D47/04, B65D47/20
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/2031
European ClassificationB65D47/20E2