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Publication numberUS2621246 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 9, 1952
Filing dateJan 20, 1948
Priority dateJan 21, 1947
Publication numberUS 2621246 A, US 2621246A, US-A-2621246, US2621246 A, US2621246A
InventorsRonald Gibson William, Thomas Clayden Ronald
Original AssigneeEmi Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Television transmitting controllable marking system
US 2621246 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 9, 1952 R. T. CLAYDEN EI'AL 2,521,246

TELEVISION TRANSMITTING CONTROLLABLE MARKING SYSTEM Filed Jan. 20, 1948 FRAME PULSE GENERATOR rma/277m: RONALD THOMAS CLAYDE/V 6 WILLIAM RONALD GIBSON Gol dufifli;

Patented Dec. 9, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE TELEVISION TRANSMITTING CON- TR-OLLABLE MARKING SYSTEM Application January 20, 1948, Serial No. 3,338 In Great Britain January 21, 1947 4 Claims. (Cl. 178 5.8)

This invention relates to television transmitting controllable marking system.

In television broadcasts it is sometimes desirable to draw the attention of the audience receiving the broadcast to a feature of interest in the picture, especially during commentaries on outside broadcasts. The object of the present invention is to provide improved apparatus whereby this can be done simply and effectively.

According to the present invention there is provided television transmitting apparatus comprising means for generating marking signals independently of the picture signals, means for varying the timing of said marking signals, and means for causing said signals to modulate the picture signal carrier so that at a receiver the marking signals cause an indicator to appear in a desired position in the reconstituted picture.

Preferably, said means for generating said marking signals comprises means for generating signals at line frequency and further si nals at frame frequency, the timing of said marking signals being varied by va ying the timing of said signals at line and frame frequency.

In order that the invention may be clearly understood and readily carried into effect, it will now be more fully described with reference to the accompanying drawing, wherein one example of television apparatus in accordance with the invention is illustrated in block form.

Referring to the drawing, the apparatus illustrated comprises a television transmitter I which 'may be of any conventional design arranged to transmit picture signals interspersed with line and frame synchronising signals; and the transmitter embodies-a circuit for producing marking signals, the circuit comprising two sawtooth waveform generators 2 and 3, which are respectively arranged to generate sawtooth waveform oscillations of line frequency and frame frequency under the control of line synchronising signals and frame synchronising signals applied from the transmitter by conductors 4 and 5. Each of the sawtooth waveform generators 2 and 3 may for example be of a construction similar to that described with reference to Figures 4-26, page 188, in Ultra-High Frequency Techniques, by J. G. Brainard et al., published in 1942 by D. van Ncstrand Company, Inc. The sawtooth waveform produced by the generator 2 is applied to a pulse generator 5 which is caused to produce pulses at line frequency, while the sawtooth waveform produced by the generator 3 is ap- 2 The pulse generators 6 and I may comprise for example, blocking oscillators similar to the oscillator 19 described in United States Patent No. 2,101,520 or aperiodic multivibrators (that is, so-called flip-flops), similar to that described with reference to Figure 35, page 59, of Time Bases by O. S. Puckle, published in 1945 by Chapman and Hall Ltd, London. The sawtooth waveform potential applied to the pulse generator '5 has superimposed on it a potential applied from the tapping point of a potentiometer 8 while the sawtooth waveform potential applied to the pulse generator I has superimposed on it a potential applied from the tapping po nt of a potentiometer 9, the potentiometers 8 and 9 being connected in parallel across a suitable potential source It. The superimposed potentials applied to each generator serve in known manner to determine the firing time of the respective pulse generator; the pulse generator being arranged to fire when the applied potentials reach a predetermined amplitude, and by operating the pctentiometers 8 and 9, so as to vary the potentials applied therefrom to the pulse generators 6 and l, the firing time of the latter can be varied and hence the timing of the pulses can be varied with reference respectively to the line and frame synchronising signal applied to the sawt oth waveform oscillators 2 and 3. The pulse generators 6 and 1 are arranged so that the line pulses are each of about the same duration as one or more picture elements, while the frame pulses are each of about the same dura- At a receiver the pulses at line frequency will i cause a vertical line to appear in the reconstituted picture while the pulses at frame frequency will cause a horizontal line to appear in the picture, the lines forming an indication which can be used to mark a feature of interest at the intersection of the lines.

The lines will appear either black or white according to the relative polarities of the marking It will be evident that the lines canbe caused to move by an operator, for example a pulses and the picture signals when they are mixed together.

Modifications may of course be made to the example described so as to produce indications which have a different form. For example the pulse mixing device ll may comprise a switching circuit, for example a valve connected similarly to the valve 39 in Figure 14 of United States Patent No. 2,192,122, so that it yields a pulse at its output only at the instant when one of the pulses at line frequency occurs simultaneously with a pulse at frame frequency. If this output pulse is then mixed with the picture signals in the transmitter I and then caused to modulate the carrier, the indication in the reconstituted picture 'willbe in the form of a spot.

Alternatively the pulse mixing device I! comprises a further pulse generator circuit which-produces under control of the pulses applied from the generators 6 and 1, a train of pulses which are mixed with the picture signals and then modulated on to the carrier, the train of pulses being such as to produce an indication in the form of a pattern of spots, lines or other marks, or of a closed figure such as a square or circle in the reconstituted picture. The form of the indication may of course be modified by modifying said further pulse generator circuit so as to vary the train of pulses. If the device H comprises a further pulse generator, this may be of the kind utilizing a delay network such,- for example, as described in United States Patent No. 2,265,996.

The means for operating the potentiometers 8 and 9 comprises a control handle indicated diagrammatically at 13, which may be in the form of a joystick mechanically linked to the potentiometer tappings by means of a suitable transmission indicated by the dotted line H, whereby the horizontal component of any movement of the handle varies the potential applied to the pulse generator 6 which produces marking pulses at line frequency, and so varies the horizontal position of the indication in the reconstituted picture, while the vertical component of any movement varies thepotential applied to the pulse generator 1 which produces the marking pulses at frame frequency, and so varies the vertical position of the indication. The control handle l3 alternatively takes the form of a pointer connected to the said potentiometers and arranged so that it can be pointed by the operator at the picture of a picture monitor, movement of the pointer inhorizontal and verticaldirections respectively varying the potentials applied to the said pulse generators, as explained above.

In, a further modification of the example de scribed the means for controlling the timing of the pulse generators 6 and 1 takes the form of a device having a surface on which is projected the picture being transmitted from the transmitter l, the device being, such that when the surface is touched by the operator it causes potentials to be generated, proportional to the co-ordinates of the pointat which the surface is touched. A device of this kind is described in British patent specificationNo. 588,043 and it, gives a commentator much the same facilities as a lecturer pointing at a diagram or'the like.

In a further, example of the invention the marking signals are produced by an auxiliary television camera which is directed ata surface with a required indicating pattern marked or projected on it, the outputfrom this camera, comprising marking signals, being mixed with the picture signals and modulated on to the carrier as. Pr

marking signalsrmixed with said picture signals,

said latter means comprising a, thermionic valve pulse generator for generating pulses of line frequency, a separate thermionic valve pulse generator forgenerating pulses of frame frequency, adjustable biassing means for said first pulse generator for adjusting the timing of said pulses of line frequency with reference to said line synchronising signals, adjustable biassing means for said second pulse generator for separately adjusting the timing of said pulsesof frame frequency with, reference to said frame synchronising signals, means for producing a single train of marking signals with timing determined by the timing of said pulsesof line frequency and of said pulses of frame frequencjhand means for mixing said marking signals with said picture signals to produce an indication on a picture reconstituted from said picture signals in response to said marking signals, the, co-ordinates of said indication being adjustable by. the operation of said adjustable means.

2. A-television transmitting apparatus comprising means for transmitting picture signals interspersed with line synchronizing signals and frame synchronizing signals, and means for transmitting marking signals mixed with said picture signals, said latter means comprisin -a thermionic valve pulse generator for generating pulses of line frequency, a separate thermionic valve pulse generator means for-generating pulses of frame frequency, adjustablebiassing means for said first pulse generator for adjusting the timing of all said pulses of line frequency in a like sense with reference to saidline synchronizing signals, adjustable biassing means for said second pulse generator for separately adjusting the timing of all said pulses of frame frequency in a like sense with reference to said frame synchronizing signals, and means for mixing said pulses of line frequency and said pulses of frame frequency with said picture signals to produce marking signals interspersed with said picture signals, thereby to produce an indication ona picture reconstituted from said picturesignals in response to said marking si nals, the co-ordinate of said indication being adjustable by said adjustable means.

3; A television transmitting apparatus comprising means for transmitting picture signals interspersed with line synchronizing signals and frame synchronizing signals, and means for transmitting marking signals mixed with said picture signals, said latter means comprising a thermionic valve pulse generator for generating pulses of line frequency, a separate thermionic valve pulse generator for generating pulses of frame frequency, adjustable biassing means for said first pulse generator for adjusting the timing of all said pulses of line frequency in alike sense with reference to said line synchronizing signals, adjustable biassing means forsaid second pulse generator for separately adjusting the timing of all said pulses of frame frequency in a like sense with reference.

to said frame synchronizing signals, means for applying said line frequency pulses and said 1 frame frequency. pulses to a further pulse' generating circuit to produce a train of marking signals with timing determined by said line frequency pulses and said frame frequency pulses,

and means for mixing said markin signals with said picture signals to produce an indication on a picture reconstituted from said picture signals in response to said marking signals, the co-ordinates of said indication being adjustable by said adjustable means.

4. Television transmitting apparatus compristials to said first and second pulsegenerators to determine the timing of the generated pulses of line frequency and frame frequency .with reference to the respective sawtooth waveform potentials, manually operable means for separately adjusting said bias potentials to vary the timin of said generated pulses, means for producing a single train of marking signals with timing determined by the timing of said generated pulses, and means for mixing said marking signals with said picture signals.

RONALD THOMAS CLAYDEN. WILLIAM RONALD GIBSON.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

marking signals mixed with said picture signals,

said latter means comprising means for generating a sawtooth waveform of line frequency synchro-- nised with said line synchronising signals, means for separately generating a sawtooth waveform of frame frequency synchronised with said frame synchronising signals, a first thermionic valve,

pulse generator for generating pulses of line fre quency controlled by said sawtooth waveform of line frequency, a second thermionic valve pulse,

frame frequency, means for applying bias poten- UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,240,420 Schnitzer Apr. 29, 1941 2,284,873 Kemp June 6, 1942 2,298,476 Goldsmith Oct. 13, 1942 2,403,975 Graham July 16, 1946 2,481,410 Goldsmith Sept. 6, 1949 2,487,641 Denk Nov. 8, 1949 OTHER REFERENCES R. C. A. Review, December 1946, pages 612 to 632.

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2784247 *Apr 10, 1951Mar 5, 1957Gen ElectricIndicator for television images
US2847661 *Sep 28, 1953Aug 12, 1958Charles F AlthouseRectangular coordinate point data display
US2930844 *Sep 10, 1953Mar 29, 1960Soc Nouvelle Outil Rbv RadioShort range navigational and landing system
US2986596 *Aug 31, 1953May 30, 1961Hammond Jr Wardlaw MTelevision writing pick-up systems
US3435136 *Oct 22, 1965Mar 25, 1969Fernseh GmbhArrangements for indicating the state of adjustment of optical components in a television camera
US3718757 *Dec 29, 1970Feb 27, 1973IbmTemperature monitoring
US3728480 *Mar 22, 1971Apr 17, 1973Sanders Associates IncTelevision gaming and training apparatus
US4188627 *Mar 28, 1972Feb 12, 1980Elliott Brothers (London) LimitedDisplay apparatus
US4541013 *Jul 19, 1982Sep 10, 1985Alpert Sidney AFootball signaling system
USRE32282 *Jun 27, 1977Nov 11, 1986Sanders Associates, Inc.Television gaming apparatus
DE1190498B *Feb 19, 1964Apr 8, 1965Thomson Houston Comp FrancaiseSchaltungsanordnung zur Kontrolle des Farbgleichgewichtes fuer das Farbfernsehen
DE1274830B *Oct 3, 1962Aug 8, 1968Raytheon CoSchriftzeichengenerator fuer Bildroehrenanzeigegeraete
EP0060220A1 *Mar 2, 1982Sep 15, 1982Farco S.A.Device for generating a pattern on the screen of a video monitor
Classifications
U.S. Classification348/601, 348/E05.6, 348/724
International ClassificationH04N5/278
Cooperative ClassificationH04N5/278
European ClassificationH04N5/278