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Publication numberUS2621648 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 16, 1952
Filing dateApr 12, 1949
Priority dateApr 12, 1949
Publication numberUS 2621648 A, US 2621648A, US-A-2621648, US2621648 A, US2621648A
InventorsCarmen D Amico, Louis Carfano
Original AssigneeCarmen D Amico, Louis Carfano
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Defrosting device
US 2621648 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 16, 1952 CARFANQ r 2,621,648

DEFROSTING DEVICE Filed April 12, 1949 Louis Cmjfano 1% Carmen fl flmico INVENTOR 3 ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 16, 1952 DEFROSTING DEVICE Louis Carfano and Carmen DAmico, Bayonne, N. J.

Application April 12, 1949, Serial No. 86,902

8 Claims.

This invention relates to defrosting devices. It is particularly directed to a device for defrosting automobile locks- It is well known that automobile looks very often in freezing weather tend to ice up and prevent a key from being inserted .therein. Such iced or frozen locks have given motorists considerable trouble. Conditions are very adverse to heating said locks by an open flame to defrost.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a defroster of the character described, which will defrost an automobile lock or any other lock without applying an open flame and without hurting the lock.

Another object of this invention is to provide a device of the character described, comprising a container formed with an orifice or nozzle and being formed with a chamber containing water into which is inserted exothermic material which will heat the water and produce hot vapor or steam which issues from the orifice or nozzle and which will melt the ice on a look when the container is brought close to the lock, and the heated vapor can enter the key opening so as to melt any ice which is in the key cylinder.

Yet another object of this invention is to provide a device of the character described, wherein the front end of the container is in the form of a metal hot plate which may be placed against the look so that heat generated in the chamber will heat the hot plate and transmit heat therethrough to the look by direct contact.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a device of the character described, comprising a tubular container which may be readily held in the hand and beingformed at its front end with a chamber wherein exothermic material may be mixed with water, and being formed at its rear end with an additionaljchamber to hold an additional supply of exothermic material in the form of capsules or cartridges.

Yet a further object of thisinvention is to provide a device of the character described, comprising a tubular container made of metal, open at its front end, and said front end being closed by a cap formed with an opening, a removable washer being provided to close the opening and seal the container, so that a supply of water may be kept within said container, and a second tubular container made of synthetic plastic, removably attached to the rear end of the metal container and coaxial therewith, and adapted to contain one or more capsules or cartridges of exothermic material, the arrangement being such that when it is desired to defrost the lock, the rear container is detached from the front container, a capsule o cartridge of exothermic material is removed from the rear container, the cap at the front end of the metal container is detached, the washer is removed, the exothermic material is inserted into the front container, the cap is reattached and heat will be generated in the metal container to produce hot vapor or steam which issues through the uncovered opening in the cap to defrost the lock.

Yet another object of this invention is to provide a strong, rugged and durable defroster of the character described, which shall be relatively inexpensive to manufacture, easy to manipulate, and yet practical and efficient to a high degree in use.

Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious andin part hereinafter pointed out.

The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arrangement of parts, which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter described, and of which the scope of invention will be indicated in the following claims.

In the accompanying drawings in which is shown various illustrative embodiments of this invention,

Fig. 1 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the defroster embodying the invention;

Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the device embodying the invention with parts broken away and in cross-section and showing the heating chamber in use;

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of one of the cartridges or capsules of exothermic material;

Fig. 4-. is a top plan view of a sheet containing exothermic material which may be employed to make a capsule;

Fig. 5 is a top plan view of a capsule made from the structure shown in Fig. 4.

Referring now in detail to the drawing, It] designates a defroster embodying the invention. The same comprises a metal cylindrical container l2, comprising a cylindrical wall l3, andan end wall M at its rear end. The container I2 is open at its front end. It is formed adjacent its front end with an externally screw threaded portion 15, for the purpose hereinafter appearing.

At its rear end, it is formed with'an externally screw threaded portion lb of reduced diameter. Within the cylindrical member [2, is formed a generating chamber I'l. Said chamber isv closed by a washer l8 which may be made of heat resisting material and which is preferably formed with a central projection or stud l9 projecting into chamber ll when the defroster is not in use. The washer l8 contacts the front edge of the I cylindrical wall [3.

Screwed to the externally screw threaded portion I5 is a cap 20 likewise preferably made of metal. The cap 20 has a front wall 2! and a cylindrical internally screw threaded wall 22 extending rearwardly therefrom. The front wall 2| is formed with a central opening or nozzle 23, for the purpose hereinafter appearing.

Screwed to the externally screw threaded portion I6 of container I2 is a container 25 preferably made of a synthetic plastic material or any other suitable non-metallic material. The container 25 comprises a cylindrical wall 26 which may have the same external diameter as the cylindrical wall I3. It is formed at its front end with a counterbored internally screw threaded portion 21 screwed to the externally screw threaded portion 16. At the rear end of member 25 is an end wall 28 which may have a tapered projection 29 formed with a through opening 30 to receive a chain 3| on which a key 32 may be hung. Within member 25 is a chamber 34 which may store a plurality of capsules 35 of exothermic material.

Capsules 35 may comprise an outer wrapper of porous paper or perforated paper and may contain any suitable exothermic material. Attached to the capsule is a string 36 having a free end so as to facilitate removing the capsule from the chamber 34 and also to remove the same from the chamber I1.

Any suitable exothermic material may be used.

One mixture may comprise the following:

OZ. Manganese chloride 3.3 Sodium acetate 94.0 Ethylene glycol 2.?

Another mixture may comprise the following:

Oz. Aluminum powder 1.5 Potassium chlorate 2.0 Copper sulphate 1.0 Fullers earth 4.0

Another mixture which might be used is:

Parts Potassium permanganate Silicon 2 Iron 83 Carbon 317 An addition of a small amount of water .to the above mixtures will generate heat.

Another mixture which might be used is the following:

Oz. Potassium chlorate f. .90 Aluminum powder 1.30 Anhydrous sulphate of copper .15 Kaolin 2.00 Pumice 2.00

Another mixture which might be used is:

Powdered iron oz 17 Manganese hydroxide oz 1 Graphitic carbon gr 30 Ferric chloride gr 30 Ferrous sulphate gr 30 Another mixture which will produce heat upon While some samples of exothermic materials have been given, applicants are not limited to any one mixture, as any suitable mixture may be employed.

Another form of capsule for exothermic material is illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5. In Fig. 4 there is shown a sheet 50 of absorbent material, such as paper. Covering the upper surface of the sheet 50 is an exothermic material 51 which may be in powdered form and adhered to the sheet 50 by adhesive or in any suitable manner. A string 52 may have one end glued to the sheet 50. The sheet 50 may then be rolled into a cylindrical capsule 53 formed with a central opening 54. The central opening 54 may be formed by wrapping the sheet 50 about an arbor.

Fig. 1 illustrates the device when not in use. Preferably a small quantity of water is retained in the chamber l1 and since the chamber is closed and sealed by the washer, the water should not evaporate. When it is desired to defrost the lock of an automobile or anything else, container 25 is first unscrewed and one of the capsules 35 removed, after which the container 35 may be rescrewed in place. The cap 20 is then unscrewed from the container [2, and the washer l8 pulled out. Capsule 35 is then inserted into the chamher I! and the cap 20 rescrewed into place without the washer. The water in the chamber ll reacting with the exothermic material in the capsule 35 will start and exothermic reaction which produces heat and changes the water into vapor or steam which issues through the opening 23. Either capsule 35 or 53 may be used or any other suitable exothermic material in any suitable form may be used.

It will be noted that the cap 20 being made of metal is heated and forms a hot plate so that if the cap is held against the lock, heat will pass by conduction to the lock. Furthermore, hot vapor or steam will enter the key opening in the lock and therefore will penetrate the key cylinder and de-ice the latter.

The plastic container 25 serves as a handle and since plastic is not a good conductor of heat, the device may be comfortably held in the hand even with the exothermic reaction taking place.

It will thus be seen that there is provided a device in which the several objects of this invention are achieved and which is well adapted to meet the conditions of pratical use.

As various possible embodiments might be made of the above invention, and as various changes might be made in the embodiment above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompanying drawings is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limitin sense.

Having thus described our invention, we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of of the United States:

1. In a heating device of the character described, a casing open at its forward end and adapted to contain a supply of water and to receive exothermic material, an apertured metallic cap removably secured on the open forward end of the casing, and adapted to be heated by the heat generated in said casing when the water and exothermic material intermix, the vapors produced by such action in the casing being emitted through the aperture in the cap and a removable seal interposed between the apertured cap and the open forward end of the casing to prevent the discharge of water through the aperture when the device is not in use.

2. In a heating device of the character described, a casing open at its forward end and adapted to contain a supply of water and to receive exothermic material, an apertured metallic cap removably secured on the open forward end of the casing, and adapted to be heated by the heat generated in said casing when the water and exothermic material intermix, the vapors produced by such action in the casing being emitted through the aperture in the cap and a removable seal interposed between the apertured cap and the open forward end of the casing to prevent the discharge of the water through the aperture when the device is not in use and a handle carried by the rear end of the casing.

3. In a heating device of the character described, a metal casing open at its forward end and adapted to contain a supply of water and to receive exothermic material, an apertured metallic cap removably secured on the open forward end of the casing, and adapted to be heated by the heat generated in said casing when the water and exothermic material intermix, the vapors produced by such action in the casing being emitted through the aperture in the cap and a removableseal interposed between the apertured cap and the open forward end of the casing to prevent the discharge of the water through the aperture when the device is not in use and a handle carried by the rear end of the casing, said handle being tubular and forming a housing for storing the exothermic material to be placed in the casing.

4. In a heating {device of the character described, a casing .open at its forward end and adapted to containlla supply of water and to receive exothermic material, an apertured metallic cap removably secured on the open forward end of the casing, and adapted to be heated by the heat generated in said casing when the water and exothermic material intermix, the vapors produced by such action in the casing being emitted through the aperture in the cap and a removable seal interposed between the apertured cap and the open forward end of the casing to prevent the discharge of the water through the aperture when the device is not in use and a handle carried by the rear end of the casing, said handle being formed of plastic material and being of substantially the same outer dimensions as the casing.

5. In a heating device of the character described, a metal casing open at its forward end and adapted to contain a supply of water and to receive exothermic material, an apertured metallic cap removably secured on the open forward end of the casing, and adapted to be heated by the heat generated in said casing when the water and exothermic material intermix, the vapors produced by such action in the casing being emitted through the aperture in the cap and a removable seal interposed between the apertured cap and the open forward end of the casing to prevent the discharge of the water through the aperture when the device is not in use, and a handle having its forward end detachably attached to the rear end of the casing, said handle being formed of plastic material and hollow and providing a storage chamber for the exothermic mate'rialbefore the latter is placed in the casing.

6. In a heating device of the character described, a metal casing open at its forward end and adapted to contain a supply of water and to receive exothermic material, an apertured metallic cap removably secured on the open forward end of the casing, and adapted to be heated by th heat generated in said casing when the water and exothermic material intermix, the vapors produced by such action in the casing being emitted through the aperture in the cap and a removable seal interposed between the apertured cap'and the open forward end of the casing to prevent the discharge of the water through the aperture when the device is not in use, the rear end of the casing being reduced and externally threaded, and a handle having its forward end internally threaded for detachable engagement with the threaded rear end of the casing, said handle being hollow and providing a storage chamber for the exothermic material before the latter is placed in the casing, said handle being elongated and of substantially the same outer dimensions as the casing and formed of insulating material.

7. In a heating device of the character described, a metal casing open at its forward end and adapted to contain a supply of water and to receive exothermic material, an apertured metallic cap removably secured on the open forward end of the casing, and adapted to be heated by the heat generated in said casing when the water and exothermic material intermix, the vapors produced by such action in the casing being emitted through the aperture in the cap, the rear end of the casing being reduced and externally threaded, and a handle having its forward end internally threaded for detachable engagement with the threaded rear end of the easing, said handle being hollow and providing a storage chamber for the exothermic material before the latter is placed in the casing, said handle being elongated and of substantially the same outer dimensions as the casing and formed of insulating material.

8. In a heating device of the character described, a metal casing open at its forward end and adapted to contain a supply of water and to receive exothermic material, an apertured metallic cap removably secured on the open forward end of the casing, and adapted to be heated by the heat generated in said casing when the water and exothermic material intermix, the vapors produced by such action in the casing being emitted through the aperture in the cap, and a handle having its forward end detachably attached to the rear end of the casing, said handle being formed of plastic material and hollow and providing a storage chamber for the exothermic material before the latter is placed in the casing.

LOUIS CARFANO. CARMEN DAMICO.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 197,542 Carman Nov. 27, 1877 382,191 Redington May 1, 1888 769,615 Kosansvich Sept. 6, 1904 929,842 Eckart Aug. 3, 1909 1,624,327 Friedman Apr. 12, 1927 1,774,505 Deppeler Sept. 2, 1930 2,051,063 Winkel Aug. 18, 1936 2,077,703 Little Apr. 20, 1937 2,289,425 Hogan July 14, 1942 2,352,951 Geria July 4, 1944 2,381,207 Coleman Aug. 7, 1945 2,488,611 Stallings Nov. 22, 1949

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3023748 *Jul 6, 1959Mar 6, 1962Eli BruskinLock deicer
US3776775 *Dec 14, 1971Dec 4, 1973Aeroseal CorpRemoval of ice by a self-heating mixture
US4895133 *Oct 2, 1986Jan 23, 1990Shell Oil CompanyCapsule containing heat generating agent which reacts exothermically with water
Classifications
U.S. Classification126/263.1, 70/431
International ClassificationF24J1/00, E05B17/00, C09K5/16, C09K5/00
Cooperative ClassificationC09K5/16, E05B17/0016, F24J1/00
European ClassificationF24J1/00, E05B17/00D, C09K5/16