US 2622285 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 23, 1952 c 005 v 2,622,285
PROTECTING MEANS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH WINDOWS Filed June 29, 1951 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 Fig.1. 3.
Charles J? 006" INVENTOR BY 7 1 5 I ATTORNEYS C. J. ROOS Dec. 23, 1952 PROTECTING MEANS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH WINDOWS Filed Jun 29, 1951 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 Clio/7 228 Jfloas INVENTOR/ ATTORNEYS.
Patented Dec. 23, 1952 PROTECTING 'MEANS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH WINDOWS Charles J Roos, Muskegon, Mich.
Application June 29, 1951, Serial No. 234,369
This invention relates to protecting means for use in connection with Windows, the primary object of the invention being to provide a storm pane which may be readily and easily installed on window frames to protect the windows against pressure directed thereto, incident to the exploding ofv an atomic bomb, rockets, guided missles, and other defense apparatus.
An important object of the invention is to provide a protecting window which will :direct cushion the movements of the outer storm or protecting pane with respect to the window pane to further reduce window pane vibrations and consequently reduce window pane breakage.
With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention consists of certain novel details of construction and combinations of parts, hereinafter more fully described and pointed out in the claim, it being understood that changes may be made in the construction and arrangement of parts without departing from the spirit of the invention as claimed.
Referring to the drawings:
Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view through a window equipped with a protecting pane, constructed in accordance with the invention.
Fig. 2 is a fragmental front elevational view thereof.
Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view through a modified form of the invention. v
Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view through a further modified form of the invention.
Fig.5 is a horizontal sectional view of a still further form of the invention.
Referring to the drawing in detail, the reference character 5 indicates a window frame which is of a conventional structure and includes the window pane 6 held within the window frame 5 g "the upper and lower edges thereof, as .well as at apoint intermediate the ends of the protect.-
Secured to the outer surface of the window frame 5, are rings III which provide supportsfor the bars II, th bars being constructed of :ma- .terial such as plastic tubing, asbestos covered steel, transparent glass, or the like, which will be sufficiently strong to withstand severe pressures thereagainst.
These .bars are spaced from the protectin pane 8, there being provided pads I2 disposed between the bars II and pane 8 to hold the bars I I with respect to the pane 8 to eliminate vibrations, but at the same time permit a certain amount of movement of the protecting pane to allow for expansion of the protecting pane, due to heat which would be directed thereto, as the result of an exploding bomb in proximity thereto.
Plates I3 are connected with the rings II) to hold the rings in position.
In the form of the invention as shown by Fig. 3 of the drawings, the frame of th window to be protected is indicated by the reference character I4, and in this form of the invention spaced protecting panes I5 and I6 are provided, the pane I6 being the pane nearest to the window pane I1, and this pane is held in spaced relation therewith by means of the sponge rubber members I8. Of course, this rubber will be preferably silicon plastics which are now used in jet engines for absorbing vibrations.
The protecting pane I5 is spaced from the adjacent protecting pane l6 by means of the strips of sponge rubber I9 arranged at the upper and lower edges thereof, as well as transversely of the protecting pane I5, at its center.
Bars 20 have their ends fitted in ring members 2| that are secured to the frame of the window, the bars providing means to prevent the protecting panes I5 and I6 from becoming displaced, and at the same time allow for expansion of the protecting panes l5 and I6 under intense heat.
As shown by Fig. 4 of the drawings the principle of the invention has been carried out in a divided window structure, in which case pairs of protecting pane indicated at 22, are disposed on the inner sides of the window 23 and are held in spaced relation with each other by the sponge rubber strips 24, the innermost protecting pane 22 being spaced from the window pane 23 by the sponge rubber strips 25.
The opposite or outer sides of the pane sections 23 will be protected by the protecting pane 26 which is held spaced from the window pane 23 by sponge rubber strips 21.
The bars 28 which secure the protecting panes in position may be constructed of suitable plastic material, with theends of the bars held within the rings 29 secured to the window frame. Cushioning members 30 are disposed between the bars and outermost protecting pane 22 to permit of expansion of the protecting panes.
As shown by Fig. 5 of the drawings, an auxiliary frame 30 is provided, .the auxiliary frame 30' being recessed to receive the edges of the protecting pane 3| which is held spaced from the window pane 32 by means of the sponge rubber strips 33. This auxiliary frame is also mounted in sponge rubber so that the frame can shift or move as heat expands the shield.
From the foregoing it will be seen that due to the construction shown and described, I have provided a protecting means for windows of buildings to absorb shock which would otherwise be directed to the windows, due to pressure directed thereagainst by the explosion of atomic bombs, rockets, and other offense appartus and incendiaries, as well as a means to stop fire and damage by the elements.
It will also be seen that the protecting device may be readily and easily mounted on a window and will not in any way interfere with the utility of the'window with which the protecting means is used.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is:
The combination with the window pane and sash in which the window pane is mounted said sash having side stiles, a window pane protecting device comprising a protecting pane fitted within the window sash over said window pane in spaced relation therewith, cushioning strips secured to the inner surface of the protecting pane in parallel spaced relation with each other, said cushioning strips resting against the outer surface of said window pane, securing plates secured to the inner surface of the side stiles of the window sash, rings extending inwardly from the securing plates, securing bars having their ends removably held within the securing rings, and cushioning pads held between said bars and protecting pane in contact therewith, pressing said protecting pane towards the window pane protected.
CHARLES J. ROOS.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 810,604 Baier Jan. 23, 1906 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 53,503 Norway .1934 374,576 Great Britain 1931