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Publication numberUS2622916 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 23, 1952
Filing dateMay 31, 1949
Priority dateMay 31, 1949
Publication numberUS 2622916 A, US 2622916A, US-A-2622916, US2622916 A, US2622916A
InventorsEdward Spalding Joseph, Leslie Libin
Original AssigneeEdward Spalding Joseph, Leslie Libin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hoisting plug for drills
US 2622916 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1386- 1952 LIBIN ET AL HOISTING PLUG FOR DRILLS Filed May :51, 1949 [111121121111 LESLIE LIBIH. JusBPH. E SPBLDIHE'.

*W Hzi'i s.

Patented Dec. 23, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT QFFICE Leslie Libin and Joseph Edward Spalding, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Application May 31, 1949, Serial No. 96,298

9 Claims. 1

This invention relates to a device for use in raising and lowering flush-joint drill rods during drilling operations.

In earth drilling operations, particularly in drilling for oil or water, it is necessary as the drilling proceeds to add sections of drill rod. Similarly when raising the drill either for purposes of examining or repairing the drill head or when the drilling is completed it is necessary to disconnect sections of the drill rod as the same as raised.

Devices used in pulling operations generally consist of a solid piece of shaft, threaded at one end to fit the threads in the drill rod, and having a sail or loop on the other end for connection to the hoisting cable. Whenever it is desired for instance to remove a section of rod as the drill is being raised, this is done by unscrewing the device from the end of the uppermost section of rod, unscrewing the rod from the next section and screwing the device into the threads of the now uppermost section of rod. It is quite apparent that particularly where the drill hole is of considerable depth a large amount of time is consumed in screwing and unscrewing.

Our invention has as its principal object the provision of a device for raising and lowering drill rods of the flush-joint type which eliminates the necessity for screwing and unscrewing.

It is another object of our invention to provide a device of the type described which is simple in construction, rugged. and positive in its action. I Various other objects and advantages of our invention will appear as the description thereof proceeds.

A device according to the invention comprising generally a pulling rod having bail means secured to the upper end thereof and having a conical plug portion at the lower end thereof, depressible jaw means designed to seat around said pulling rod and anchor band means for retaining the upper end of the jaw means in seated position around pulling rod. The jaw means comprises a plurality of jaw members, each of which has a threaded portion on the outer side of the lower end thereof designed to mesh with the inside threads of a flush-joint drill rod. Each of said jaw members is further provided with a conical face on the inner side at the lower end thereof which is adapted to cooperate with the conical plug portion on said pulling rod. in such a manner that upward force applied to said pulling rod forces said jaw member outwardly into a secure engagement with the threads of the said drill rod, whereas radial pressure on said jaw member in the absence of upward force on the pulling rod causes downward displacement of said pulling rod allowing said jaw member to swing radially inwardly to disengage said threaded portion from the threads of said drill rod.

One embodiment of the present invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which- Figure l is a longitudinal cross-section of a device according to the invention the lower end thereof being situated at the right hand side of the drawing.

Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view of the device taken along a plane II--II of Figure 1, showing the assembly of the floating jaw and anchor jaw within the anchor band.

Figure 3 is a plan view of the bail plate.

Referring now more particularly to the drawings, in the embodiment shown, the device consists of a pulling rod l0 passing through the bail plate I l and secured thereto by the thrust nut l2 and lock nut 13. A thrust bearing [4 is provided between the thrust nut 52 and the bail plate H to relieve undue tortional stresses caused by turning of the drill rod. The bail I5 is secured to the bail plate H preferably by welding within the recesses l5 and I1 and is used for attachmerit of the hoisting cable. The pulling rod I!) is generally cylindrical in shape and is provided with the annular recess It for cooperation with the floating jaw and anchor jaw. The end of the rod is provided with a conical plug portion l9 and the major portion of the pulling rod between the recess [8 and the conical plug portion I9 may be of reduced diameter. The anchor jaw 20 and the floating jaw 21 which are generally complimentary in shape and are designed to fit over the pulling rod it are provided with shoulders 22 and 23 respectively which are designed to abut against the shoulder 24 which forms the lower end of the annular recess IS in the pulling rod ID. The anchor jaw and floating jaw are held in position about the pulling rod l0 by the anchor band which is secured to the anchor jaw 20 an anchor pin 26 on each side thereof. The anchor pins 25 are screw threaded both into the anchor band and into the anchor jaw. The floating jaw is secured in position by the lock pin which is screw threaded into the anchor band 25 only, and the recess 21a is slightly enlarged to permit the floating jaw to rock slightly during engagement and disengagement. The lower ends of the floating jaw and the anchor jaw are provided with conical faces 28 and 29 respectively which are adapted to cooperate with the conical portion if] of the pulling rod I while the outer faces of the floating jaw and anchor jaw are provided with the thrust threads 30 and 3| respectively which are designed to cooperate with the internal threads at the end of a flush joint drill rod section. The threads 30 and 3| are preferably square on the thrust face but bevelled to a circular radius as for instance at 32 on the trailing face thereof to facilitate engagement with the drill rod threads.

The overall length of the floating jaw and anchor jaw is such that when the shoulders 22 and 23 abut against the shoulder 24 on the pulling rod I ii the conical faces 28 and 29 will engage the conical portion it of the pulling rod [0 and the lower ends of the floating jaw and anchor jaw 2| will be maintained in an expanded position in which the threads 30 and 3! will engage the threads of a section of flush joint drill rod. As tension is applied to the bail for hoisting purposes the engagement between conical portion I9 and the lower faces 28 and 29 causes an outward pressure to be exerted by the threads 38 and SI, causing a very positive and secure engagement with the drill rod threads. When however the pulling rod slides downwardly with respect to the action jaw and floating jaw, the conical portion i9 no longer supports the conical faces 28 and 29 and the threads 30 and 3| may be disengaged from the threads in the drill rod by squeezing by hand the outside of the floating jaw and anchor jaw 21. Actually in operation in squeezing the floating jaw and anchor jaw together a cam-like action is caused between conical portion 59 and conical faces 28 and 29 pushing the pulling rod in a downwardly direction and disengaging the threads in one motion. It will be appreciated that instead of the two jaw members 20 and 2!, the device would be equally as effective if three or more jaw members were provided. In the case of three, for instance the jaw members would be designed to expand at an angle of 120 to each other. However, the device illustrated, comprising only two jaw members is to be preferred due to simplicity in construction and operation. The coil push spring 33 is provided to bias the threads and 3! in the engaged position and to ensure a proper meshing of the threads with the threads in the drill rod before hoisting pressure is exerted. This prevents the threads becoming damaged due to pressure being exerted on the threads before they are properly meshed.

It will be apparent from the foregoing that the connecting and disconnecting of the drill rod puller described is a very simple matter, merely involving squeezing the device and inserting it or squeezing it and disconnecting it, and the saving in time involved will be appreciated when it is considered that some drill holes may employ a very large number of sections of drill rod.

While the invention has been described in relation to one particular embodiment thereof it is not to be limited thereto and various modifications of the device are contemplated within the scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

1. A device for use in raising and lowering flush-joint drill rods comprising a pulling rod having bail means secured to the upper end thereof, and having a portion of a conical plug at the lower end thereof, the surface of said plug being inclined at a substantial angle to the axis of said rod, jaw means depressible by slight in ward pressure and having the upper end portions thereof seated around said pulling rod, and anchor band means encircling the upper end of said jaw means so as to retain said jaw means in seated position, said jaw means comprising a plurality of jaw members, each of said jaw members having a threaded portion on the outer side of the lower end thereof for meshing with the inside threads of a flush-joint drill rod, the inner side of the lower end portion of said jaw members having surfaces mating with said inclined surface of said plug whereby upward force on said pulling rod forces said jaw members outwardly into interlocking engagement with the threads of said drill rod, and an inward radial pressure on said jaw members in the absence of upward force on said pulling rod causes downward displacement of said pulling rod allowing said jaw members to swing radially inwardly to disengage said threaded portion from the threads of said drill rod.

2. A device as defined in claim 1 in which said jaw means comprises an anchor jaw rigidly secured to the anchor band and a pivotal jaw which is maintained in pivotable relation to said anchor band.

3. A device as defined in claim 1 and spring means mounted between said bail and jaw means continually urging said jaw means downwardly whereby, due to the engagement of said conical plug portion with said mating surfaces, said threaded portions are normally extended outwardly to the engaged position.

l. A device as defined in claim 1 in which said jaw means comprises an anchor jaw rigidly secured to the anchor band and a pivotal jaw which is maintained in pivotable relation to said anchor band, the said jaw means being continually urged in a downward direction by spring means connected between said bail and jaw means, whereby, due to the engagement of said conical plug portion with said mating surfaces, said threaded portions are normally extended outwardly to the engaged position.

5. A device as defined in claim 1 in which said jaw means comprises an anchor jaw rigidly secured to the anchor band and a pivotal jaw which is maintained in pivotable relation to said anchor band, the upper end of the said jaw means having radially inwardly projecting shoulders being seated within an annular recess provided on said pulling rod, said jaw means being capable of limited longitudinal movement within said recess.

6. A device as defined in claim 1 in which said bail means comprises a bail and a bail plate having a central opening therein receiving the upper end of said pulling rod, the upper end of said pulling rod having a radially outwardly projecting shoulder butting against said bail plate, and means for securing said pulling rod in butting position on said ball plate.

'7. A device as defined in claim 1, a shoulder on the upper end of said pulling rod, said bail means comprises a bail and bail plate bored centrally to receive the upper end of said pulling rod and abut against said shoulder thereof, and means for securing said pulling rod in position on said bail plate by securing means, thrust bearing means being provided between said bail plate and said securing means whereby to cushion tortional stresses in said pulling rod.

8. A device as defined in claim 1 in Which said jaw means comprises an anchor jaw rigidly secured to the anchor band and a pivotal jaw which is maintained in pivotable relation to said anchor band, a shoulder on the upper end of said pulling rod, said bail means comprising a bail and bail plate having a central opening therein to receive the upper end of said pulling rod and abut against said shoulder, and lock nut means for securing said pulling rod on said bail plate, thrust bearing means located between said bail plate and said lock nut means whereby to cushion tortional stresses in said pulling rod.

9. A device for use in raising and lowering flush-joint drill rods comprising a pulling rod having bail means secured to the upper end thereof, and having a portion of a conical plug at the lower end thereof, the surface of said plug being inclined at a substantial angle to the axis of said rod, jaw means depressible by slight inward pressure and having the upper end portions thereof seated around said pulling rod, said jaw means being always slidable on said pulling rod, and anchor band means encircling the upper end of said jaw means so as to retain said jaw means in seated position, said jaw means comprising a plurality of jaw members, each of said jaw members having a threaded portion on the outer side of the lower end thereof for meshing with the inside threads of a flush-joint drill rod, said jaw members having an exposed portion above said threaded portion for application of depressing pressure, the inner side of the lower end portion of said jaw members having surfaces mating REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,130,881 Blanchard Mar. 9, 1915 1,580,352 Ventresca Apr. 13, 1926 1,696,200 Haifiey Dec. 25, 1928 1,815,425 Walkup et a1 July 21, 1931 1,839,652 Crippen Jan. 5, 1932 1,897,561 Manucci et al Feb. 14, 1933 2,149,938 Hickman Mar. 7, 1939 2,211,973 Gauthier Aug. 20, 1940 2,594,429 Handley Apr. 29, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1130881 *Feb 10, 1914Mar 9, 1915Benjamin Franklin BlanchardFishing-tool.
US1580352 *Jul 6, 1925Apr 13, 1926Ventresca ErcoleWell-fishing tool
US1696200 *Sep 22, 1927Dec 25, 1928George BernardFishing tool
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US2149938 *Mar 19, 1936Mar 7, 1939Carson Machine & Supply CoElevator
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US2594429 *Oct 17, 1949Apr 29, 1952Century Geophysical CorpPipe-lifting device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5850877 *Aug 23, 1996Dec 22, 1998Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.For compensating for the weight
US6000472 *Dec 26, 1997Dec 14, 1999Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Wellbore tubular compensator system
US6056060 *May 12, 1998May 2, 2000Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Compensator system for wellbore tubulars
US7546882Jan 10, 2007Jun 16, 2009Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Stand compensator
US7665531Nov 15, 2006Feb 23, 2010Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Apparatus for facilitating the connection of tubulars using a top drive
US8162045Jun 15, 2009Apr 24, 2012Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Stand compensator
EP0171144A1 *Jun 10, 1985Feb 12, 1986WEATHERFORD U.S. Inc.Device for handling well casings
Classifications
U.S. Classification294/86.25, 294/95, 294/96
International ClassificationE21B19/06, E21B19/00
Cooperative ClassificationE21B19/06
European ClassificationE21B19/06