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Publication numberUS2623542 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 30, 1952
Filing dateMay 12, 1948
Priority dateMay 12, 1948
Publication numberUS 2623542 A, US 2623542A, US-A-2623542, US2623542 A, US2623542A
InventorsObermaier Frank E
Original AssigneeDole Valve Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pilot operated diaphragm valve
US 2623542 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 30, 1952 F. E. OBERMAIER 2,623,542

PILOT OPERATED DIAPHRAGM VALVE FRAN/f E. fRm/f/e Dec. 30, 1952 F. E. OBERMAIER 2,623,542

PILOT OPERATED DIAPHRAGM VALVE Filed may 12, 1948 z mmsmw 2 I'zg. 3

,a L e 2a I a 3 fr E 2, I i' Il.

Patented Dec. 30, 1952 PILOT OPERATED DIAPHRAGM VALVE Frank E. Obermaier, Oak Park, Ill., assigner to The Dole Valve Company, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Illinois Application May 12, 1948, Serial No. 26,616

Claims. (Cl. 137-665) This invention relates to a pilot controlled diaphragm type of valve and more particularly to a valve especially adapted for use in mixing valve systems, such as automatic washing machines, yand the like.

The valve of this invention is of the same type as that disclosed in the copending application of Leslie A. Kempton, Serial No. 680,421, filed on June 29, 1946, which issued as Patent No. 2,562,315 on July 31, 1951, and may be used, for example, in a mixing valve system of the same general type as that disclosed in the copending application of Leslie A. Kempton, Serial No. 719,827, filed January 2, 1947 which issued as Patent No. 2,560,293 on July 10, 1951.

An object of this invention is to provide a pilot controlled diaphragm valve especially useful in controlling the ilow of water and which inherently reduces to a minimum the amount of water hammer or chatter incident to the operation of the valve.

Another object of this invention is to provide a valve of the foregoing type in which the closing movement is opposite to the inlet ow of the fluid so as to be cushioned thereby.

Another object of this invention is to provide a pilot controlled valve diaphragm which lends itself to economical 'manufacture and yet which is rugged in use.

Yet another object of this invention is to provide a valve diaphragm generally of a resilient flexible construction and which embodies in itself bleeder and pilot openings as well as a by-passing passageway.

In accordance with the general features of this invention there is provided in a pilot controlled diaphragm type of valve, including a housing having an inlet and an outlet as well as a fluid receiving chamber. a flexible diaphragm secured in Said housing transversely of and adapted to seat on the inlet side of the housing to close the inlet directly against the pressure of the incoming iiuid, a diaphragm having a bleeder hole extending transversely therethrough from the inlet to the fluid chamber. a lateral passageway in communication with the outlet and a central pilot receiving opening on the side of the diaphragm opposite the inlet, connecting said chamber to said passageway and normally closed when the valve is shut, but upon opening by-passing nuid bled into said chamber to said outlet to cause pressure of the incoming fluid to unseat said diaphragm thereby placing the inlet in direct communication with the outlet.

Another feature of this invention relates to the 2 provision of flange means in the housing for limiting the deflection of the diaphragm, or, in other words, providing a shoulder against which a flexible portion or the diaphragm may rest when the diaphragm is forced to its seat in closed position.

Other objects and features of this invention will more fully appear from the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings which illustrate a single embodiment thereof and in which Figure 1 is a fragmentary cross sectional view through a pilot controlled diaphragm valve in open position embracing the features of this invention. with the pilot and solenoid for operating the same being more or less shown diagrammatically;

Figure 2 is a fragmentary sectional view similar tc Figure 1, but showingthe valve in closed position;

Figure 3 is a sectional view similar to Figure 1, showing the pilot in engagement with the diaphragm just prior to the movement of the diaphragm to its seated or closed position;

Figure 4 is a plan view of the diaphragm taken on substantially the line IV-IV of Figure 3, looking downwardly;

Figure 5 is a fragmentary vertical sectional View taken on substantially the line V--V of Figure 3, looking in the direction indicated by the arrows; and A Figure 6 is a fragmentary sectional view through the bleeder hole portion of the diaphragm.

As shown on the drawings:

In the accompanying drawings the reference character I0 designates generally a housing which may comprise a casting and which includes an inlet II and an outlet I2. The housing I0 also includes an upper part or cap I3 detachably secured to the housing I0 by any suitable means (not shown), such as bolts. cap screws or the like. In reality, the top part or cap I3 of the housing includes a flange I4 clamped to an annular flange I5 of the housing member I0 in a manner well known to those familiar with the dia phragm valve art.

The cap I3 defines a sealed fluid chamber I 8 in which extends a pilot element I1 having a conical point I8 at its lower end for cooperation with the diaphragm 20, to be hereinafter described.

The pilot element I1 normally tends to gravitate by its own weight to a lower position, which position it assumes in the closing of the valve. Any suitable means may be employed tor raising the pilot element I1 out of cooperation with the diaphragm, such, for example, as a solenoid I9, shown more or less diagrammatically in the drawing.

This invention is not concerned speciilcally with the means for raising the pilot but rather with the construction of the diaphragm element andits arrangement with respect to the inlet and outlet, II and I2, respectively.

The diaphragm 2t which for the most part is made of resilient material such as rubber-like material or a synthetic plastic material includes a marginal ilange portion 2I seated in an annular slot 2|' in the ilange I5 oi the housing member Il. It is anchored or clamped in position by the upper housing or cap member a I 2.

In addition, the diaphragm 2li includes an upwardly bowed annular ilexlble rib 22 which connects the ange 2I to a central or downwardly depending portion 23 of the diaphragm and which latter portion constitutes the valve closing portion of the diaphragm. This central portion 23 has a resilient lower face 24 adapted to seat on an annular edge 20 about the inlet I I in the closing of the valve. In addition, the central portion has laterally offset from its center a transverse bleeder opening 25 (Fig. 6) for allowing fluid to be bled from the inlet I I into the chamber Ii when the valve is in closed position. The bleeder hole or opening 25 is completely defined by a rubber or resilient tubular portion 25' formed integral with the diaphragm 20. This is advantageous in that it prevents high pressure water in inlet II and chamber I6 from working its way between the rubber and insert 26 and into unbalanced area 29.

Suitably imbedded in the central diaphragm portion 23 is a metallic insert 26. This insert is incorporated in the diaphragm at the time the diaphragm is molded. It includes a transverse or horizontal passageway 21 extending clear through the center portion 24 and is at all times in communication with the outlet I2. This passageway may be provided by boring the insert.

Located centrally oi the depending portion 24 is a central pilot receiving opening 28 in communication at its outer end with the chamber I6 and at its inner end with an intermediate portion of the passageway 21. This opening may likewise comprise a bored hole in the diaphragm. The outer end of this opening 21 is adapted to receive the top of the conical end I8 of the pilot element when the valve is in closed position or in the process of being closed, as shown in Figures 2 and 3.

The bleeder hole 25 is of an area not more than 90% of that oi opening 28 since iI it is more than that the diaphragm will not function properly or open.

It will be perceived that the housing member I2 has an annular passage 29 around the depending diaphragm portion 23 which is at all times in'communication with the outlet I2. One side of this passage 29 is defined by an annular flange 2| which, when the valve is closed, can serve as a support for limiting the deflection of the rib 22 toward the inlet II, as shown in Figure 2.

When the valve is in closed position, as shown in Figure 2, the weight of the pilot element I1 is applied to the central portion 23 of the diaphragm which portion is tightly seated about the inlet II for disconnecting the inlet completely from the outlet I2. In this position, fluid under pressure from the inlet is applied to the 4 portion of the underface 24 of the diaphragm exposed to the iluid in the inlet. Some ot this uid is bled through the passageway 25 into the chamber I6 where the pressure is effective over a much greater area ci the diaphragm than on the inlet side. As a consequence, the valve is maintained shut against the pressure of the incoming fluid by the pressure of the uid itself.

When it is desired to open the valve, the energizing oi' the solenoid I9 causes the pilot element I1 to be raised out of cooperation with the central hole 2l in the diaphragm (Fig. l). This immediately results in iluid in the chamber I6 ilowing through the opening 28 into the passageway 21 and from there into the outlet I2. Since the pressure on the diaphragm side is lessened to a point where it is below that acting on the surface 24 the central portion of the diaphragm is forced oiI its seat 30. thereby putting the inlet II in direct communication with the outlet I2, as shown in Figure l.

In Figure 3 the valve is shown in the process of being closed. The deenergizing of the solenoid I9 results in the pilot element I1 gravitating into engagement with the diaphragm with the point I8 of the element closing on the central opening 28. This results in the weight of the pilot element I1 being applied against thev diaphragm. It further results in fluid pressure being built up in the chamber I6 by reason of the iluid passing through the bleeder hole 25 into the chamber I8 where it is trapped.

As noted before, the Eectlve area of the pressure surface at the top of the diaphragm 20 is much greater than the area of the lower diaphragm surface 24. As a consequence, when the pressure of the weight of the pilot element I1 on the diaphragm together with the built up uid pressureiacting on the top of the diaphragm exceeds the pressure of the fluid acting on the surface 24. the diaphragm will move downwardly into engagement with its seat 30, thus closing the valve.

The downward or closing movement of the diaphragm 20 is against the pressure of the incoming fluid so that this pressure acts to cushion the closing movement of the diaphragm thereby substantially reducing so called water chatter or hammer to a minimum.

It will be appreciated that while my diaphragm valve is particularly adapted for use in controlling the ilow of water it may be used with equal advantage in commotion with other types of fluids.

The diaphragm 20 when assembled in the valves is not in its free position. That is to say, the seat portion 24 on the diaphragm is raised closer to the face of the ceiling bead. As a result. there is an initial downward thrust which enables the valves to seal at very low pressures. If the diaphragm was assembled in its free position, it would be necessary to install a spring on the top of the diaphragm in order to obtain this initial tension.

I claim as my invention:

1. In a pilot controlled diaphragm type valve including a housing having an inlet. an outlet and a uid receiving chamber, a flexible diaphragm secured in said housing transversely of and adapted to seat on the inlet side of the housing to -close the inlet against the pressure of incoming iiuid, said diaphragm having a bleeder hole extending transversely therethrough from the inlet to said chamber, a lateral passageway in communication with the outlet and a central pilot receiving opening opposite the valve seat in communication with said passageway to said chamber, a pilot in axial alignment with said opening and mounted for'movement into engagement with said opening to close the same and to act on said diaphragm in a valve closing direction, said opening being normally closed when the valve is shut and upon opening, bypassing fluid bled into said chamber to said outlet to enable the pressure of the incoming fluid to move said diaphragm of! its seat placing said inlet and outlet in direct communication, and means for unseating said pilot.

2. In a pilot controlled diaphragm type valve including a housing having an inlet, an outlet and a fluid receiving chamber, a ilexible diaphragm secured ln said housing transversely of and adapted to seat on the inlet side of' the housing to close the inlet against the pressure of incoming uid, said diaphragm having a bleeder hole extending transversely therethrough from the inlet to said chamber, a lateral passageway in communication with the outlet and a central pilot receiving opening opposite the valve seat in communication with said passageway to said chamber, normally closed when the valve is shut and upon opening, by-passing fluid bled into said chamber to said outlet to enable the pressure of the incoming fluid to move said diaphragm of! its seat placing said inlet and outlet in direct communication, and an externally controlled pilot element extending through said chamber and formed to extend into and seat on the edge of said diaphragm opening when the valve is closed and upon unseating placing said chamber in communication with the outlet through said passageway the closing force of said pilot acting on said diaphragm being eilective to urge said diaphragm toward a closed position.

3. In combination a diaphragm for a pilot controlled valve including a housing having an inlet, an outlet and a iluid receiving chamber, said diaphragm comprising a peripheral portion adapted to be clamped in the housing, a central portion formed to sealingly seat on the inlet side of the housing to ydisconnect the inlet from the outlet and directly against the pressure of the incoming fluid and an annular ilexible rib portion connecting the central portion to the peripheral portion, said central portion having a bleeder hole extending transversely therethrough from the inlet side and communicating with the chamber, a lateral passageway in communication with the outlet and a central pilot receiving opening on the side of the diaphragm opposite its seat connecting said passageway to said chamber, a pilot in axial alignment with said opening and mounted for movement into engagement with said opening for closing the same and urging said diaphragm toward valve closing position, said opening being normally closed when the valve is shut and upon opening by-passing iluid bled into said chamber to said outlet to cause said central portion to be iiexibly moved away from said seat vby the pressure of the incoming iluid in said inlet thus opening the valve, and means for unseating said pilot.

4. In a pilot controlled diaphragm type valve, a housing having an inlet, an outlet, and a fluid receiving chamber, and a resiliently flexible diaphragm having a peripheral portion anchored in the housing. a central valve controlling portion and an annular resilient humped rib connecting the central portion to the peripheral portion, said central portion being formed on one side to seat on the inlet side of the housing to close the inlet directly against the pressure of the incoming iluid, said central portion also having a bleeder hole extending transversely therethrough from the inlet to said chamber, a lateral passageway in communication with the outlet, a central pilot receiving opening opposite the inlet side or the diaphragm and connecting said passageway to said chamber, a pilot in axial alignment with said opening and mounted for movement into engagement with said opening for closing the same and urging said diaphragm toward valve closing position, said pilot opening being normally closed when the valve is shut and upon opening by-passing iluid bled into said chamber to said outlet to cause pressure of said incoming iiuid to move said diaphragm central portion oil' its seat placing said inlet and outlet in direct communication with each other, and means for unseating said pilot.

5. In a pilot controlled diaphragm type valve, a housing having an inlet, an outlet, and a iiuid receiving chamber, and a resiliently flexible diaphragm having a peripheral portion anchored in the housing, a central valve controlling portion and an annular resilient humped rib connecting the central portion to the peripheral portion, said central portion being formed on one side to seat on the inlet side of the housing to close the inlet directly against the pressure of the incoming fluid, said central portion also having a bleeder hole extending transversely therethrough from the inlet to said chamber, a lateral passageway in communication with the outlet, a central pilot receiving opening opposite the inlet side or the diaphragm and connecting said passageway to said chamber, a pilot in axial alignment with said opening and mounted for movement into engagement-with said opening for closing the same and urging said diaphragm toward valve closing position. said pilot opening being normally closed when the valve is shut and upon opening by-passing iluid bled into said chamber to said outlet to cause pressure of said incoming iluid to move said diaphragm central portion oif its seat placing said inlet and outlet in direct communication with each other. means for unseating said pilot and said housing having flange means projecting toward said central diaphragm portion in close proximity to said rib for limiting the deflection of the rib upon movement of the diaphragm central portion into seated position.

FRANK E. OBERMAIER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,390,851 Winckler Sept. 13, 1921 1,474,472 Gulick Nov. 20, 1923 1,925,301 Campbell Sept. 5, 1933 2,084,030 Hoppe June 15, 1937 2,212,607 Langdon Aug. 2.7, 1940 2,216,571 Mikalsen Oct. 1, 1940 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 64,639 Sweden Feb. 21, 1938

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1390851 *Dec 9, 1919Sep 13, 1921Winckler Henry JFlush-valve
US1474472 *Nov 1, 1918Nov 20, 1923Gulick David EWater-flushing device
US1925301 *Jul 2, 1929Sep 5, 1933 Valve
US2084030 *May 14, 1936Jun 15, 1937E C Atkins And CompanyCombined electrically and hydraulically controlled valve
US2212607 *Oct 18, 1937Aug 27, 1940Langdon Jesse DDiaphragm and pressure operated valve
US2216571 *Jul 13, 1939Oct 1, 1940Mikalsen Randolf AFlush valve
SE64639A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2708092 *Jun 10, 1950May 10, 1955Maytag CoControl for fluid mixing valve
US3022039 *Dec 22, 1958Feb 20, 1962Gates Rubber CoDiaphragm for valve
US3067771 *May 19, 1958Dec 11, 1962Dole Valve CoPneumatic fluid control valve
US3076630 *Apr 6, 1959Feb 5, 1963Hammond John SPilot operated valve
US3974849 *Sep 4, 1974Aug 17, 1976Dawson Peter LDiaphragm valves
US4488702 *Sep 29, 1983Dec 18, 1984Lapeyre James MRolling diaphragm metering valve
US4987920 *Apr 25, 1990Jan 29, 1991Eaton CorporationDiaphragm actuated valve assembly
US6467750 *Sep 7, 2001Oct 22, 2002Zurn Industries, Inc.Diaphragm orifice for flushometer
US7201187Jul 23, 2004Apr 10, 2007Rain Bird CorporationLow-flow valve
US7503348Nov 28, 2006Mar 17, 2009Rain Bird CorporationLow-flow valve
US20060016494 *Jul 23, 2004Jan 26, 2006Rain Bird CorporationLow-flow valve
US20070075284 *Nov 2, 2004Apr 5, 2007Ckd CorporationDiaphragm valve
US20070158602 *Jan 9, 2006Jul 12, 2007Hydrotek CorporationValve disc for a faucet or a flusher
US20070199600 *Nov 28, 2006Aug 30, 2007Rain Bird CorporationLow-Flow Valve
USRE32880 *Oct 15, 1985Feb 28, 1989The Laitram CorporationRolling diaphragm metering valve
Classifications
U.S. Classification251/38, 251/30.3, 251/46
International ClassificationF16K31/36, F16K31/40
Cooperative ClassificationF16K31/404
European ClassificationF16K31/40A2