Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2623855 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 30, 1952
Filing dateNov 27, 1948
Priority dateDec 2, 1947
Publication numberUS 2623855 A, US 2623855A, US-A-2623855, US2623855 A, US2623855A
InventorsGarner Philip James
Original AssigneeShell Dev
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lubricating compositions
US 2623855 A
Abstract  available in
Images(6)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Dec. 30, 1952 LUBRIOATING COMPOSITIONS Philip James Garner, Hooton, Wirral, England, assignor to Shell Development Company, San Francisco, Calif., a corporation of Delaware No Drawing. Application November 27, 1948, Se-

rial No. 62,426. In Great Britain December 2,

Claims.

This invention relates to lubricating compositions, which are especially suitable for use in heavy duty engines. More particularly, this invention pertains to lubricating compositions containing a combination of oil additives which produce improved heavy duty lubricants, particularly suitable for automobile, truck, bus and tractor engines, as well as all types of diesel engines, and the like.

Hydrocarbon oils such as mineral lubricating oils and the like, as well as synthetic oils, are generally unsuited for heavy duty lubrication due to the extreme pressures, heavy loads and high temperatures developed in above engines under operating conditions. Oils, when subjected to such conditions, rapidly deteriorate and break down, forming sludges, varnish and lacquer coatings, corrosive acidic materials which attack and damage alloyed metals, and other contaminants which cause wear, scratching, scuffing and scoring of engine parts as well as ring sticking and seizure.

Other conditions which accentuate and accelerate deterioration of base lubricants and which account at least in part for their rapid oxidation, include the presence of small amounts of moisture formed or present in the lubricant, or blow-by vapors from fuels which enter the lubricating system and form harmful deterioration products and the like. Also the close tolerances to which engine parts are machined as well as the restricted clearances between various engine parts aggravate this situation and aid in breaking-down the lubricant. This is due to the fact that varnish and/or lacquer coatings on various engine parts such as rings, valves, pistons and cylinder walls, caused by deterioration, diminish side clearances and act as heat insulators, both conditions causing an increase in oil temperature and resulting in further breakdown. Lacquer formations are attributed to oxidation of oils and are hard resinous materials having a tendency to adhere to metal surfaces and form thereon a hard deposit which blisters and chips, thereby acting as an abrasive capable of scratching surfaces and blocking oil passages.

Ring and piston sticking, clogging and fouling of an engine are also caused by sludge resulting from oxidation of oils at high loads and elevated temperatures. sludges are extremely harmful for in addition to causing wear and corrosion they coat and clog up the circulating systems of engines thereby decreasing their efficiency.

Oil oxidation and decomposition products are highly corrosive especially to alloys such as copper-lead, cadmium-silver and lead-bronze-steel bearings, and the like. Other factors can account for corrosion and they are complex in nature and varied in origin. For example, acids found or formed in oil or fuel may attack al- 10y bearings. Again, the effect on modern bear ings at high temperatures of sulfur derived from certain of its compounds or even found free in the oil or fuel, may be very serious. Thus, the presence of certain sulfur compounds may induce pitting of bearing surfaces such as exhaust valve stem guides, etc. These conditions which are generally encountered in heavy duty lubrication of engines not only result in damage to an engine but frequently in its complete failure.

Heavy duty lubricants often must have socalled extreme pressure properties so as to withstand wear and protect bearing surfaces under stringent conditions. It has been found, however, that such additives generally increase engine deposits and are highly corrosive. The problem of compounding a lubricant for heavy duty purposes, having satisfactory anti-oxidant. detergent, anti-wear, anti-corrosion and extreme pressure properties has not been solved up to the present time to the best knowledge of applicant.

It is known that the addition of certain types of organic and organo-metallic compounds to lubricating oils improves various properties of the oils including the ability to maintain a clean engine during operation. Among these additives certain types of organo-metallic compounds have found wide application in the production of lubricating oils which are capable of maintaining clean engine conditions. The organometallic compounds frequently tend to cause corrosion of metal alloy bearings and other parts used in automotive engines, and in addition they tend to give rise to depositis on piston crowns, on the combustion chamber walls and on valve parts which come into contact with engine combustion products. Furthermore, metal-containing additives may give rise to oil insoluble degradation products or they may be removed from the lubricating oil. when an oil circulatory system comprising certain types of filter is employed. This has resulted in a demand for lubricants free from metal-containing additives, especially for engines operating at high speeds and high temperatures in which some or all of the foregoing defects of metal containing additives are accentuated.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide improved mineral lubricating oils which, while free from metal-containing additives, have the ability to maintain clean engine conditions with a substantial reduction or elimination of the lacquer and sludge deposits, of the tendency of piston rings to stick and of the choking of oil holes generally encountered with mineral oil lubricants consisting solely of refined petroleum products. It is a further object of the invention to provide such improved lubricating oils which are in addition free from any tendency to corrode metal alloys which may be present in the engine. It is also an object of this invention to provide a heavy duty lubrieating composition suitable for use in engines operating at extremely high temperatures and under heavy loads. It is another object of this invention to provide a non-corrosive lubricating composition suitable for heavy duty lubrication. These and other objects of this invention will be apparent from the following description and the appended claims.

Broadly stated this invention comprises a lubricant containing minor amounts of two particular types of additives, the combination of which produces a synergistic action in determining the properties of the resulting composition, resulting in a composition of outstanding stability and lubricity.

Specifically, it has been found that certain sulfurized (wl'uch includes in addition to sulfur and sulfur compounds the seleno and telluro analogs) unsaturated hydrocarbons such as olefins and the like when in the presence of certain types of phenolic compounds are remarkably effective additives for the production of lubricating compositions and are particularly valuable as crank case lubricants in engines operating at high. speeds and high temperatures. compounded lubricants of this invention can be used in various engines over long periods without giving rise to any lacquer or sludge deposits or to the sticking of piston rings, the choking of oil holes or lines or to general engine fouling.

The unsaturated material or materials which are treated witha sulfurizing agent should contain at least 10 carbon atoms in the molecule. The unsaturated materials are preferably unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons and may be pure or substantially pure monoalkylenes such as decylene, undecylene, dodecylene, tridecylene, tetradecylene, pentadecylene, cetene, cerotene, melene and the like. lvfixtures of said unsaturated compounds may also be used as well as unsaturated hydrocarbons containing more than one double bond such as di-isoprene, tributadiene and the like, or acetylenic compounds such as dodecyne, decyne, and the higher alkynes.

Instead of using pure compounds of the above type, unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons may be obtained from petroleum hydrocarbon stock. Thus monoalkenes boiling above about 306 F. such as obtained by cracking paraiiin wax or by dehalogenation and/or dehydrohalogenation of halogenated paraifins and alkyl halides. Olefins may also be obtained by dehydration of long chain fatty alcohols containing at least 10 or more carbon atoms such as lauryl or stearyl alcohols, or by decarbonylation of oleyl alcohol or such unsaturated alcohols as are obtained by carboxyl reduction of sperm oil, etc. Of this class of alkenes, the mixture of monoalkenes containing 10 to 25, preferably 10 to 18 carbon atoms in the molecule derived from parafiin waxes by cracking is a particularly preferred material for sulfurizing.

The sulfurizing agents and analogous materials which are used may be the following materials and their mixtures: sulfur, sulfur monoand dichloride, sodium polysulfides, e. g. sodium tetraand pentasulfide, ammonium polysulfides, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen selenide, hydrogen telluride, ammonium hydrosulfide-Has mixture, P285, P483, P487, Pzses, PzTes, etc., and mixtures thereof.

In carrying out the reaction, conditions are so controlled that only the sulfur, selenium and/or tellurium atoms remain tightly bonded to the unsaturated compound. Thus, in cases where, for example, P285 is used, as the sulfurizing agent, the reaction is carried out at an elevated temperature of above 160 C. so that any phosphorus entering the reaction finally splits out as sludge and is substantially removed. Any phosphorus remaining as a component of the sulfurized material is present as entrained matter in amounts not exceeding 0.2%. The simplest of the methods available for effecting such sulfurization, and the one preferred, comprises heating the unsaturated hydrocarbon with sulfur so that a complex reaction sets in, the mechanism of which is not yet elucidated. At temperatures above the melting point of sulfur it is believed that the sulfur may attach itself at the points of unsaturation in, for example, one of the following manners:

wherein R and R are alkyl groups. Products of this invention are not limited to the foregoing types alone, or to any specific set of types since knowledge of the mechanism of the sulfurization treatment is by no means sufiicient to permit such precision on the matter of chemical configuration. Under certain conditions, it is believed that polymeric forms of the above adducts of sulfur with unsaturated hydrocarbons may be obtained. In addition products containing sulfur bridges linking two or more hydrocarbon residues may be obtained by the foregoing procedure. However, other methods of sulfurization may be employed to give compounds of equal effectiveness for use in this invention.

The following examples describe specific conditions for preparing the sulfurized products of this invention.

Example I with a li ht petroleum hydrocarbon solvent boiling between 164 F. and 233 F., and the solvent thereafter removed by suitable means such as evaporation. The final reaction product contained 13.9% by weight of sulfur.

Example II Following the above procedure the two materials as indicated above and in the same proportions were reacted for 24 hours and on analysis the final product contained 13.7% sulfur by weight.

Example III Following the procedure described in Example I about one mol of Stanlow cracked wax olefin of CmC1a was reacted with about one-half mol of sulfur for 6 hours and on analysis the final product contained 9.1% sulfur by weight.

Example IV About one mol of cracked wax olefin from Balik Papan (averaging approximately C16 with an average molecular weight of about 220, and containing substantially only terminal double bonds and an average of about 0.75 double bonds per molecule) was reacted with about one mol of sulfur for about 24 hours in the manner described above and on analysis the recovered product contained 9.9% sulfur by weight.

It might be of interest to point out that from the above examples it can be seen that the degree of sulfurization varies directly with the amount of sulfur employed, at least up to one atom of sulfur per double bond, and it is rela' tively independent of the time of reaction.

These sulfurized additives or mixtures thereof may be used in amounts varying from 0.01 to 20% and preferably are used in amounts varying from 1% to about 5% by weight. 7

The second additive used in lubricating compositions of this invention may be a polar substituted aromaticcompound represented by the general formula:

wherein Ar is a mono or poly nuclear aromatic represents alkyl and/or The alkyl phenols should preferably contain no additional water-solubilizing groups. The alkyl phenols can be made by alkylation of a phenol by any known suitable means. Alkenes and their mixtures containing from 10 to 18 carbon atoms in the molecule can be used as the alkylating materiall Here again mixtures of alkenes derived from parailin Waxes by cracking or from higher fatty alcohols by dehydration are valuable and easily accessible starting materials.

Thus, a mixture of alkyl phenols made by the alkylation of phenol or lower alkyl phenols such til as the cresols and xylenols, or alpha or betanaphthol with a mixture of alkenes containing from 10 to 18 carbon atoms in the molecule and obtained by the above-mentioned procedures can be employed. More than one alkyl group may be present in the phenol as in the case of compounds made by the dior tri-alkylation of phenols with alkenes or alkyl halides or alcohols or ethers or of compounds made by the monoalkylation of, for example, a cresol, xylenol, or carvacrol. Other nuclear substituents may be present provided they do not increase substantially the water solubility of the product. Thus, halogen, alkoxy, alkyl mercapto, and alkyl amino groups may be present in the phenol. Moreover dior polyhydric phenols such as catechol, resorcinol, pyrogallol, and the dihydroxy naphthalenes'may be alkylated to produce water-insoluble and oilsoluble phenols useful for the purposes of this invention.

Specific compounds which are represented by the above general formula and which can be used in compositions of this invention are:

2,4-dimethyl-6-tertiary octyl phenol. 2,4-dibutyl-6-tertiary octyl phenol. 2,4-dioctyl-6-methyl phenol.

2-ethyl-4-octyl phenol. l,4-dihydroxy-2(2-octyl) benzene. 2,4-dimethyl-6-tertiary octyl alpha naphthol. 2,4-dioctyl-6-butyl alpha naphthol. 2,4-dioctyl alpha naphthol. 2,4-dimethyl-6-tert.-octyl thiophenol. I 2,4-dimethyl-6-tert.-octyl seleno-phenol.. 1,4-dimercapto-2(2-octyl) benzene. 1-mercapto-4-hydroxy-2-octyl benzenef 2-ethyl-4-octyl thiophenol. 2,4-dioctyl-6-methyl alpha thionaphthol. ZA-dimethyl-G-octyl alpha thionaphthol. 2,4-dimethyl-6-tert.-octyl telluro phenol. C14alkylated cardanol.

C14alkylated thiocardanol.

Paratertiary octyl phenol.

Paratertiary nonyl phenol.

Ortho dodecyl phenol.

Para. dodecyl phenol.

' The alkyl phenols and mixtures thereof :can be" used in amounts varying from 0.01 to about 20% and preferably to about 5% by Weight.

The base lubricant can be selected from a'wide variety of natural, and synthetic lubricants. Mineral oils and their mixtures varying in viscosity from to 200 SUS at 100? C. can be used, said mineral oils being obtained from various petroleum crudes, such as paraffinic or asphaltic and if desired may be refined'by any of the well known processes, such as treatment with sulfuric acid, solvent extraction; .or solventdewaxing. Mixtures of mineral oils and fixed oils such as castor oil, lard oil, and the like can be used as well as synthetic oils and mixtures of synthetic oils with mineral and/or fixed oils and their derivatives.

Synthetic lubricants which can be used in compositions of this invention are:

I. Synthetic lubricants produced by the Fischer- Tropsch, Synthol, Synthine and related processes, e. g.

A. Polymerization of olefins such as ethylene, butylene, and the like, and their mixtures in the presence of 'a Friedel- Crafts or other type catalyst at elevated temperatures and pressures.

- B. Polymerization of unsaturated hydrocar bone in presence of a catalyst and then condensing said polymerized product with an aromatic hydrocarbon such as xylol, benzol, naphthalene, etc.

C. Oxidation of polymerized olefins of lubricating range as noted under A and B.

D. Process of converting natural gas to carbon monoxide and hydrogen, followed by catalytic reaction under elevated temperature and pressure to produce hydrocarbons of lubricating range (Synthol Process).

II. Bergius Process for producing synthetic lubricants, e. g.

A. Hydrogenation of coal, peat, and related carbonaceous materials under pressure and at elevated temperature in presence of a catalyst.

B. Hydrogenation of asphalts, petroleum residues and the like.

III. Voltolization Process for producing syntheic lubricants, e. g.

A. Voltolization of fatty materials such as fatty oils.

B. Voltolization of mixtures of fatty oils and petroleum hydrocarbons.

C. Voltolization of unsaturated hydrocarbons, their mixtures, and the like.

IV. Organic Synthetic lubricants A. Alkyl esters of organic acids, e. g.

Alkyl lactates Alkyl oxalates Alkyl sebacates (Z-ethylhexyl sebacate) Alkyl adipates Alkyl phthalates (dioctyl phthalates) Alkyl ricinoleates (ethyl ricinoleate) Alkyl benzoates B. Alkyl, alkylaryl esters of inorganic acids,

e. g. Trixylenyl phosphate Tributyl phosphate Triethyl phosphate V. Synthetic lubricants made by polymerization of alkylene oxides and glycols at elevated temperatures in the presence of catalysts such as iodine, hydriodic acid, etc.

A. Polymers of alkylene glycols:

Trimethyl glycol Propylene glycol Tetramethylene glycol Hexamethylene glycol Pentamethylen ly ol B. Copolymer of Trimethylene glycol and triethylene glycol Trimethylene glycol and hexamethylene glycol Trimethylene glycol and B-methyltrimethylene glycol Trimethylene glycol and diethylene glycol C. Copolymers prepared from certain. peroxides at elevated temperatures and in presence of KOH or BFa-ether catalyst, e. g.

Ethylene oxide and propylene oxide Isobutylene oxide and propylene oxide Epichlorohydrin and propylene oxide 13. Sulfur-containin polymers obtainedbytreating allyl alcohol, divinyl ether. di-o allyl ether, 'diallyl sulfide, dimethylallyl ether, glycols, with H28 in presence of a catalyst such as toluene sulfonic acid, peroxides, ultraviolet light,

Dihydroxy dipropyl sulfide Trimethylene glycol and dihydroxyl dipropyl sulfide Trimethylene glycol and dihyclroxy diethyl sulfide,

VI. Polymers obtained from oxygen-containing heterocyclic compounds, e. g.

Polymerization of tetrahydrofuran in the presence of a catalyst.

VII. Silicon polymers, e. g.

Polyalkyl siloxane and silicate polymers Alkylaryl siloxane and silicate polymers Dimethyl siloxane and silicatepolymers, etc.

In addition to. the two essential additives de-- scribed hereinabove which constitute. components of lubricating compositions of this invention, other additives such as oxidation and corrosion inhibitors, sludge dispersers, oiliness agents, extreme pressure agents, antiwear agents and the like may be used and will be hereinafter fully discussed.

Compositions of the invention may be formulated as follows:

Broad Preferred range range Sulfurizcd unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbon having at least 10 carbon atoms in the molc- Percent Percent cule (e. g. Sulfurizcd Wax olcilns of Gin-C25) 0. 01-20 l-5 Alkyl phenol containing at least one alkyl group of at least 8 carbon atoms e. g. alkylatcd C o-C phenol 0. 01-20 1 Base lubricant (natural and/or synthetic oil). Balance Balance A specific composition of this invention may be illustrated by the following example:

Percent Clo-C18 alkyl phenol 1.0

Sulfurized mixture of alkenes containing 19 1.2

to 25 carbon atoms in the molecule.

High VI parafiinic solvent refined oil balance The following table further. illustrates lubricating compositions of this invention.

Sulfurized cracked paraifin wax x Sulfurized higher alkynes containing Clo-O25 7.. Sulfurized diisoprcna. Sulfurized ceteue. Sulfurized polymeric diisobutylene Paratertiary octyl phenol. Paradodecyl phenol Paratertiary octyl resorcinol.

' Paranonyl thiophenol 2. 4-ditertiary butyl-6phenol Octyl naohthol In {Mineral lubricating oil". Dioctyl sebacate To illustrate the pronounced improvement obtained with compositions of this invention, a series of engine tests were made by running a Petter engine for over 50 hours with the following lubricating compositions and thereafter observing the cleanliness conditions of the engine;

Composition Condition of the eugiue after test run Base lubricant sulfurized additive Phenolic additive 'Undoped high VI parafiinic Poor.

solvent refined oil.

D +12% by weight of a sulfur Do.

treated mixture of alkenes coutaiuing Ommolecules.

+l.2% by weight of a sulfur treated mixture of alkenes containing 0194325 molecules.

+Suliurized ethylene +1? Clo-Cm alkylatgd phenol.

-l Butyl phenol Do dc Poor (worse than uudoped oil).

Very good (engine clean).

Poor.

The present additives may be incorporatedadvantageously in extreme pressure lubricants, cutting oils, rolling oils, wire drawing lubricants,

greases, hypoid gear lubricants, and especially these polymers, may be employed in lubricants for bearings, in particular modern alloy bearings such as cadmium-silver, cadmium-nickel, copperlead, high lead alloys as well as Babbitt metal. and the like. They may also be used to impart antiwear and/or antioxidant properties to lubricants not necessarily subject to high pressure. The above additive mixtures may be incorporated advantageously in organic substances not intended for use as lubricants at all, such as gasoline, kerosene, spray oil, medicinal oil, transformer or electrical insulating oil, cleaning fluid, synthetic or natural rubber, resins, Waxes, diesel fuel.

The present additives may also be advantageously used in connection with other additives in lubricating media, for example, detergents formed from the oil-soluble salts of various bases with detergent forming acids. Such bases include metallic as well as organic bases. Metallic bases include those of the alkali metal, as well as Cu, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Zn, Cd, Al, Sn, Pb, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, 00, etc. Organic bases include various nitrogen bases as primary secondary, tertiary and quaternary amines, including heterocyclic nitrogenous basic substances such as pyridine and pyrrolidine.

Examples of detergent-forming acids are the various fatty acids of, say, to carbon atoms, wool fat acids, paraflrln wax acids (produced by oxidation of paraifin wax), chlorinated fatty acids, aromatic carboxylic acids including aryl fatty acids, aryl hydroxy fatty acids, paraflln wax benzoic acids, various alkyl salicylic acids, phthalic acid monoesters, aromatic keto acids, aromatic ether acids; diphenols as di(alkyl phenol) sulfides and disulfides, methylene bis alkyl phenols; sulfonic acids such as may be produced by treatment of alkyl aromatic hydrocarbons or high boiling petroleum oils with sulfuric acid; sulfuric acid mono esters; phosphoric acid mono and di-esters, including the corresponding thicphosphoric acids; phosphonic and arsonic acids, etc.

Non-metallic detergents include compounds such as the phosphatides (e. g, lecithin), certain fatty oils as rapeseed oils, voltolized fatty or mineral oils.

Other detergents are the alkaline earth phosphate di-esters, including the thiophosphate diesters; the alkaline earth diphenolates, specifically the calcium and barium salts of diphenol mono and poly sulfides, etc.

:salts of reaction products offormaldehyde and octyl phenol which may be represented by-the general formula wherein n is a small integer such as 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 or the product is a mixture of such polymers.

Other agents such as corrosion inhibitors may also be present such as dicarboxylic acids of 16 and more carbon atoms, alkali metal and alkaline earth salts of sulfonic acids and fatty acids, monocarboxylic acids containing a minimum of about 12 carbon atoms and having a nitro, nitroso, nitrile, mercapto, or aryl sulfonyl group attached to the alpha or beta carbon atom etc.

Likewise, other additives may be present in a lubricating oil composition of this invention such as blooming agents, anti-foaming agents, other viscosity index improvers, pour point depressants, etc. The auxiliary additives are generally used in amounts ranging from 0.1% to 2% by weight.

I claim as my invention:

1. A mineral lubricating oil composition having incorporated therein from 0.01% to 5% by weight of an alkyl phenol having the formula ROH wherein R is an alkaryl hydrocarbon radical containing an alkyl group having from 8 to 18 carbon atoms and as the only sulfur containing compound wherein sulfur is present as a sulfide about 0.01% to 5% by Weight of a sulfurized cracked wax olefin, said cracked wax olefin having an average molecular weight of about 185, containing from 10 to 18 carbon atoms per molecule, containing substantially only terminal double bonds and having an average of about 0.9 double bond per molecule.

2. A mineral lubricating oil composition having incorporated therein from 0.01% to 5% by weight of an alkyl phenol having the formula ROH wherein R is an alkaryl hydrocarbon radical contaming an alkyl group having from 8 to 18 carbon atoms and as the only sulfur containing compound wherein sulfur is present as a sulfide about 0.01% to 5% by weight of a sulfurized cracked wax olefin, said cracked wax olefin having an average molecular weight of about 220, consisting 11 substantially of molecules containing 16 carbon atoms, containing substantially only terminal double bonds and having an average ofv about 0.75 double bond per molecule.

3. A mineral lubricatin oil composition having. incorporated therein from 0.01% to 5% by weight of 010-18 alkyl phenol and as the only sulfur containing compound wherein sulfur is present as a sulfide from 0.01% to 5% of a sulfurized cracked wax olefin, said cracked wax olefin consisting. substantially of a, mixture of monoalkenes containing from 19 to 25 carbon atoms per molecule and containing substantially only terminal. double bonds.

4. A mineral lubricating oil composition having incorporated therein about 1% by weight of C1o 1s alkylphenol and as the only sulfur containing compound wherein sulfur is present as a sulfide about 1.2% by weight of a sulfurized cracked wax olefin, said cracked wax olefin consisting substantially of a, mixture of monoalkenes containing from 19 to 25 carbon atoms per molecule and containing substantially only terminal double bonds.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are ofrecord in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,404,871 Van Ess July 30, 1946 20 2,439,610 Morris et a1 Apr. 13, 1948 2,440,530 Yates Apr. 2'7, 1948 2,463,429 Roberts Mar. 1, 1949

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2404871 *Jul 28, 1943Jul 30, 1946Shell DevLubricating compositions
US2439610 *Sep 26, 1944Apr 13, 1948Shell DevStabilized organic composition
US2440530 *Nov 4, 1944Apr 27, 1948Shell DevStabilized organic compositions
US2463429 *Dec 30, 1944Mar 1, 1949Standard Oil CoLubricant
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3274258 *Sep 1, 1960Sep 20, 1966Ethyl CorpHydroxybenzyl thioethers and method of preparation
US3492234 *Jan 15, 1969Jan 27, 1970Mobil Oil CorpOrganic compositions containing polyalkylated naphthol
US4147643 *Jun 17, 1976Apr 3, 1979The Lubrizol CorporationOrganic compositions useful as additives for fuels and lubricants
US4221673 *Jan 20, 1978Sep 9, 1980Exxon Research & Engineering Co.Metal phenates
US4446039 *May 13, 1981May 1, 1984The Lubrizol CorporationOrganic compositions containing hydroxy-aromatic compounds useful as additives for fuels and lubricants
US5108634 *Jan 25, 1989Apr 28, 1992Idemitsu Kosan Company LimitedLubricating oil composition comprising a specified base oil and an alkyl substituted phenol
US6583092Sep 12, 2001Jun 24, 2003The Lubrizol CorporationLubricating oil composition
DE2243981A1 *Sep 7, 1972Mar 15, 1973Lubrizol CorpSchwefelhaltige schmiermittelzusaetze, verfahren zu ihrer herstellung und ihre verwendung in schmiermitteln
EP0045209A1 *Jul 27, 1981Feb 3, 1982Exxon Research And Engineering CompanyGear and axle oil composition
WO2003022963A1 *Aug 21, 2002Mar 20, 2003Lubrizol CorpLubricating oil composition
Classifications
U.S. Classification508/342, 44/304, 252/404, 252/406
International ClassificationC10L1/18, C10L1/24, C10L1/14
Cooperative ClassificationC10M2219/089, C10M2229/05, C10M2203/00, C10L1/1832, C10M2227/08, C10N2240/407, C10M2219/022, C10M2215/225, C10M2225/04, C10M2207/025, C10M2207/285, C10M2207/142, C10M2203/108, C10M2215/204, C10M2207/284, C10M2207/144, C10M2223/04, C10M2205/026, C10N2240/402, C10M2211/042, C10M2219/042, C10M2207/141, C10M2203/10, C10M2211/06, C10N2240/56, C10N2240/58, C10M2207/026, C10M2203/102, C10M2215/226, C10N2210/00, C10M2221/00, C10N2210/03, C10N2240/401, C10M2219/044, C10M2207/283, C10M2223/063, C10M2229/041, C10M2207/023, C10L1/2493, C10N2240/54, C10M2207/282, C10M2205/16, C10M2219/086, C10N2240/00, C10M2207/027, C10M2209/00, C10M2207/22, C10N2240/044, C10M2223/041, C10M2209/02, C10M2207/404, C10M2215/20, C10M2219/085, C10M2219/087, C10M2215/22, C10N2210/05, C10N2210/08, C10N2240/50, C10M2219/082, C10M2215/202, C10M2223/065, C10N2260/04, C10M2209/10, C10M2207/286, C10M2221/043, C10N2230/12, C10N2240/404, C10M2203/104, C10N2240/046, C10M2229/044, C10M2209/101, C10N2240/22, C10M2223/042, C10M2205/00, C10M2215/02, C10N2210/04, C10M2209/107, C10M2215/062, C10M2203/106, C10M2207/34, C10M2207/281, C10M2207/123, C10M2207/402, C10M2207/129, C10M2223/047, C10N2240/408, C10N2240/403, C10M2207/146, C10M2229/043, C10M2209/103, C10N2210/02, C10M2223/043, C10M1/08, C10M2223/045, C10N2240/66, C10M2209/082, C10M2215/221, C10N2210/06, C10M2229/02, C10N2240/60, C10M2209/105, C10N2210/01, C10M2209/106, C10M2223/10, C10M2223/12, C10N2240/201, C10N2240/52, C10M2205/14, C10M2211/044, C10N2240/409, C10N2240/042, C10M2205/022, C10M2207/40, C10N2240/202, C10L1/14, C10N2240/406, C10M2229/04, C10N2240/04, C10M2207/287, C10N2240/30, C10M2215/16, C10M2215/30, C10M2207/14, C10N2240/405, C10M2207/125, C10M2221/02
European ClassificationC10M1/08, C10L1/14