US 2624392 A
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Jan. 6, 1953 w, J, BARGEN 2,624,392
SCHOOL DESK Filed Dec. 23, 1949 7 Sheets-Sheet l VVz'ZZz'am Jfiaryen W. J. BARGEN SCHOOL DESK Jan. 6, 1953 7 Sheets-Sheet 2 VVz'ZZz'amJBa r9 en Filed Dec. 25, 1949 W. J. BARG EN Jan. 6, 1953 SCHOOL DESK 7 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Dec. 25, 1949 Jan. 6, 1953 w. J. BARGEN 2,624,392
SCHOOL DESK Filed Dec. 23, 1949 7 Sheets-Sheet 4 74- 75 66 6 I I? I I I I. (D I 0 93 't/ myi- VViZZz'm J Baryen Gum/Mags Jan. 6, 1953 w. J. BARGEN 2,624,392
SCHOOL DESK Filed Dec. 25, 1949 '7 Sheets-Sheet 5 I 1 Q & Y a? a l w h A m Qt n n l N.
N zzazzqqg T i w a x T Vzllzamifiaryen k, J Q
Jan. 6, 1953 w, J, BARGEN 2,624,392
SCHOOL DESK 7 Sheets-Sheet 7 Filed Dec. 25, .1949
I ZZi'FIZlZ-fi w/ 57 76 W 96 m2 INVENTOR. F 7 VI ZZZ Jfiarge n Patented Jan. 6, 1953 UNITED STATES FA'E'ENT OFFICE SCHOOL DESK William James Bargen, Waukcgan, Ill.
Application December 23, 1949, Serial No. 134,721
This invention relates to school desks.
An object of this invention is to provide a school desk embodying a balanced pedestal and base structure, with the latter formed of fabricated andstamped out sheet metal and including Where the pedestal and base structure is used for school desks, the baseis weighted to the desired amount to provide the necessary balance,
' whereas where the structure is used for chairs, the weight in the base may be left off or reduced.
A further object of this invention is to provide a desk structure which tends to cushion the user while'sitting in the desk or while working on the top of the book box,
A further object of this invention is to provide a desk assembly wherein the base and pedestal may be formed out of one kind of metal, such as steel, and the remaining metal structure may be formed out of cast metal of a different characteristic, such as magnesium, aluminum or the like;
With the above and other objects in view, my invention consists in the arrangement, combination and details of construction disclosed in the drawings and specification, and then more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
In the drawings,
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a desk constructed according to an embodiment of this invention.
Figure 2'is a fragmentary side elevation of the book box, r
Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Figure 2,
Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Figure 1,
Figure 5 is a top plan View of the book box,
Figure 6 is a rear elevation of the book box,
Figure 7 is a fragmentary bottom plan of the seat and support, taken on the line 'l-i of Fig- Y ure 8,
Figure 8 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 88 of Figure '7, a Figure 9 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 99 of Figure 3, i
Figure 10 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line lfl-lli of either Figure 1 or Figure 14,
Figure 11 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line I lll of Figure 10,
Figure 12 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line l2l 2 of Figure 10,
Figure 13 is a fragmentary vertical section on an enlarged scale, of the seat adjusting means,
Figure 14 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line I l-44 of Figure 10,
Figure 15 is a top plan view of the base and seat supporting standard,
Figure 16 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line Iii-4 6 of Figure 14,
Figure 17 is a detail side elevation of the inner portion of the seat supporting standard,
Figure 18 is a top plan view of the standard shown in Figure 17,
Figure 19 is a fragmentary perspective view, partly in section, of the base and standard,
Figure 20 is a fragmentary top plan of the bottom plate for the base,
Figure 21 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 2 l2l of Figure 20,
Figure 22 is a fragmentary sectional view showing a modified form of base structure,
Figure 23 is a bottom plan partly in section of the base structure showing in detail the construction of the rubber shoe,
Figure 24 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 2424 of Figure 23,
Figure 25 is a sectional view taken on the line 25-25 of Figure 23.
Referring to the drawings and first to Figures 10 to 21 inclusive, the numeral 25 designates generally a base member which is of hollow construction and is formed of a substantially inverted V-shaped top Wall 26 formed with ribs 21. The base 25 is preferably stamped out of sheet metal of substantial thickness and the front and rear portions of the base 25 are formed on a concave curvature as indicated at 28 and 29 respectively. I v
The front and rear portions of the base 25 are downturned to provide downwardly extending flanges 30 and 3| respectively, to which a bottom plate 32 is adapted to be secured as bywelding or other suitable fastening means Preferably the plate 32 is Welded solid to thebase 25 in the area outwardly from the dot and dash lines AA (Figure 15) whereas plate 32 is tack welded at spaced intervals to base 25 between the" dot and dash lines AA so as to provide resiliency or springiness in the base. The plate 32 constitutes a weight means and may be of any desired thickness to provide the necessary balance weight for the base 25, depending on the size of the seat and/or desk which is disposed above the base 25. Balance plate 32, as shown in Figures 10, l i and 22, is upwardly dished or ofiset as indicated at 96 to provide for distribution of the weight to the outer portions of plate 32 and assure a noticeable resiliency in the base 25.
The base is formed with concave opposite side portions 33 and 34, and the base 25 on the opposite sides thereof is extended vertically downward, as indicated at 35 and 36. A rubber or resilient shoe 3'! may be secured to the bottom plate 32 and the shoe 3! at the points of the base structure is secured to the downwardly otlset buttons or gliders 33 by means of screws 16' or the like.
The base 25 has extending upwardly therefrom a tubular standard generally designated. as 33. The standard 39 is of fabricated sheet metal construction and includesv a lower tubular member il which is struck upwardly from the base 25. The tubular member 40 is. polygonal, in cross section, and an inn-er tubularmember 4' l is fixedly secured within the tubular member dB and extends upwardly therefrom.
The inner tubularv member 6!, as shown in Figures 1'7 and 18,, is. provided with a pair of wings d2, extending from. the front and rear sides thereof, and is also provided with a laterally projecting wing 63. A vertically disposed wing M also extends downwardly from the tubular member ii and the several Wings42 and 43 are disposed beneath the top wall 2'6 and are welded thereto. Vertical wing; 4'5" is disposed in face abutting relation to the side wall 35.1 Wing" 4 is adapted to. be spotlweld'ed or the. like. Wing 33 is disposed at the ridge or peak of the V- shaped top wall 26 and extends laterally therebeneath, as'shown in Figure 10. One side wall 45 of" the tubular member 46 is formed withinwardly oilset and vertically spaced apart'teeth 46, the purpose for which will be hereinafter described. An outer tubular member 47 is. disposed about that portion of the inner tubular member 4% which projects upwardly from the tubular member 49 .and is spot Welded or otherwise firmly secured to the inner tubular'member 4|.-
A seat structure generally designated as 48 is adjustably secured to the standard or upright 39 and comprises a U-shaped member 49 which has depending from the bight 50: thereof a tubular member 5|. The tubular member 5! is formed with a vertically disposed slot;52' in one side thereof, and the lower end of the tubular member. 5| is-formed' with teeth 53 which are engageable with selected ones of the teeth 45'.
A T-shaped clamping member 55 is loosely disposed in the tubular member 5|, havingthe stem or shank portion 56 thereof projecting through the slot 52. Apair of clamping bolts 5! are threaded into the clamping member 55 so that the tubular member 5| maybevertically adjusted. As shown in Figure 10,- the tubular member 5| is substantiallysmaller than the distance between the front and rear walls ofthe standard 39 so that the tubular member 5| will be tilted a slight degree out of the vertical and secured in this position by means of 'a set screw 58. In order to vertically adjust the tubular member 5|, clamp 55 is loosened and member 5i may then be raised or lowered, teeth 53 engaging1 gvith selected ones of the. teeth 16 of standar 5..
A. seat. 59 is: disposed above the -U-shaped seat spaced forwardly from the rear thereof, to an angle member 61!. The angle member Gil is secured by fastening members 6| to the rear leg 62 of the U-member 49 and the end portions of the angle members 60 are secured by fastening means 63 to the bottom of the seat 59.
A relatively heavy front bar 64 is secured by fastening members 65 to the other or forward leg 66 of the U-member 49. The bar 64 is also secured by fastening means 61 to the lower side of the seat 59, adjacent the forward portion of the latter. The U-member 49 is provided on the outer side of the bight 50 thereof with a pair of laterally projecting cars 68 to which a book box supporting member generally designated as 69 is secured, by fastening members 70. The book box supporting member 69 includes a bar H having a substantially T-shaped forward portion 12 which is secured by fastening means 13 to an extended portion of the bar 64. The book box supporting member 59 includes anupwardly and forward inclined member 74 of tubular construction.
The stem 71 is;clamped Within the tubular member 'Hlby means of a clamping bar 18 which is engaged by clamping bolts 19 in the samemanher as the stem or shank 5! of the seat supporting member 48 is secured in the standard 39. The shank IT is formed integral with a book box generally designated as 89. The box has a substantial amount of resiliency which results from a thin ribbed bottom 8| having a hand hole 8m, to which front and rear Walls 82 and 83 respectively, and opposite side walls 84 and 85 respectively are secured. The front wall 32 is disposed on an acute angle with respect to the bottom wall 81 and the rear wall 83 is inclined on an obtuse angle with: respect to the bottom 81. The rear wall 83, at a .point between the upper and lower edges thereof, is: formed with a rearwardly extending offset 86 which forms a groove or channel 81 within which pencils or the like are adapted to be positioned. The-offsetting of the upper portion of the rear wall 83 not only serves the function of producing the pencil groove 81, but also offsets the lower portion of the rear wall forwardly so as to produce true'comfort for the student through the provision of ample seating space.
A top- 88 is.-hinged1y secured tothe side walls 3 1 and 85 and is. adapted to lift'upwardly from the rear thereof. The top 88 is formed of a substantially rectangular body 89-which is, rovided with a rearwardly-projectingintegral. arm 90. A groove or depression: 9t isformedin the top 88 for receiving pencils or other articles.
As shown in-Figure 6, the oifset wall. member 36 is formed with a cut-out 9 2'tofacilitate the placement. orremoval of-books or other articles within the. b02180. The; provision of the. grilled opening em in the bottom 8| provides ,a means whereby the interior of the-box may be cleaned, and opening am also provides a means: whereby the desk may; be. moved. by grasping the box in the hole 8 la.
Referring now tozliigure 22,.there is disclosed a slightly modified form o-fbase structureawherein the base. 25a is, providedon the outer margins thereof with-a dependingfiange 30m anda horizontally and outwardly extendingfiange 93 extends from a flange 3011.: The, bottom member 32a is welded or otherwise secured to the horizontal flange93" in the samemanner as bottom member 32 is secured jtozbase' 25.. Glider buttons 38a arestruck..downwardlyzirom the-bottom plate 32a adjacent each corner-thereof;
The seat 59 has formed integral therewith a back member 94 which extends upwardly therefrom and is longitudinally curved in a manner to conform to the curvature of the spine so that when a person is seated on the seat 59, the persons back may rest against the back 94. The connection between the seat 59 and the back 94 is a curved connection 95 integral with the seat and back which forms a resilient connection between the seat and back so that these two members may have relative movement with respect to each other. The connection of the seat supporting member 48 is forwardly of the rear portion of the seat 58 so that the seat 59 is free from the support at the rear thereof.
The shoe 31, shown in greater detail in Fi ures 23 to 25, is formed of a metal frame comprising outer substantially triangular plates 91 having inwardly projecting tongues 98. Longitudinally curved links 99 are secured at the opposite ends thereof by fastening means I00 to tongues 98. Plates 91 are embedded in a rubber covering I9 I, and links 99 are embedded in a rubber covering 192. In certain instances the shoes 31 may be omitted, and in such instances the gliders 38 will contact the floor.
In the use and operation of this seat structure, the seat member comprising the seat 59 and the back 94, with the book box attached thereto, may be vertically adjusted by loosening the fastening members 51 and clamping member 55. The stem 51 may then be either raised or lowered by rocking this stem forward and backward to provide for engagement of the teeth 53 with the desired teeth 46 of the lower stem or column 39. The book box 80 may also be vertically adjusted in the same manner as the seat structure, by loosening the clamping member 78. The book box with the supporting means therefor is preferably formed out of cast material, whereas the base with the supporting standard is preferably formed out of pressed sheet metal.
The seat supporting standard 39 is disposed at one side of the base 25 so that a child in an adj acent seat may place its feet on the base. Furthermore, the provision of the support for the book boxat one side of the seat provides a convenient means whereby a child may readily move into and out of the seat from one side thereof.
I do not mean to confine myself to the exact details of construction, herein disclosed, but claim all variations falling within the purview of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1. In a school desk having a seat, a book box disposed above said seat, and supporting means for said box, said box being formed of front and rear walls, opposite end walls, a bottom wall, said rear wall including a rearwardly offset portion forming an article receiving channel between the upper and lower edges thereof said offset portion having an elongated cut-out to form an entrance to the box.
2. In a school desk a book box comprising a pair of vertical end walls, front and rear walls disposed on a downward and forward inclination, said rear wall including a forwardly offset lower portion, an upper portion and a transversely curved connecting member between said upper and lower portions forming a pencil groove, a depending supporting shank carried by said box adjacent a rear corner thereof, and a resilient bottom integral with said end, front and rear walls, said bottom including crossed reinforcing ribs.
3. A book box for disposing beneath a desk top comprising a member formed with vertical opposite end walls, a bottom wall, front and rear walls disposed on a downward and forward inclination, and a downwardly and rearwardly inclined supporting arm projecting from one of said side walls, said rear wall having a rearwardly offset upper portion parallel with the lower portion thereof and forming an article receiving channel between said upper and lower portions, said offset upper portion of said rear wall having a relatively long horizontal cutout extending downwardly from the upper edge thereof to thereby provide a means whereby articles may be placed in or removed from said channel with the top in normal operative position.
WILLIAM JAMES BARGEN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 162,097 Park Apr. 13, 1875 310,626 Vogel Jan. 13, 1885 749,640 Sutherland Jan. 12, 1904 1,413,745 Leonard Apr. 25, 1922 1,915,272 Duncan June 27, 1933 1,970,874 Yawman Aug. 21, 1934 1,988,037 Furrer Jan. 15, 1935 2,016,132 Bergslien Oct. 1, 1935 2,023,761 Drummey Dec. 10, 1935 2,228,382 Bargen Jan. 14, 1941 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 18,304 Great Britain of 1908 47,298 Sweden July 7, 1920