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Publication numberUS2624526 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 6, 1953
Filing dateJan 24, 1951
Priority dateJan 24, 1951
Publication numberUS 2624526 A, US 2624526A, US-A-2624526, US2624526 A, US2624526A
InventorsGreen Frank A
Original AssigneeChicago Steel And Wire Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wire package
US 2624526 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

F. A- GREEN Jan. 6, 1953 WIRE PACKAGE Filed Jan. 24, 1951 INVENTOR. 274272/6 (Z 5/6672,

Patented Jan. 6, 1953 WIRE PACKAGE Frank A. Green, Islip, N. Y., assignor to Chicago Steel and Wire Company, Chicago, 111., a corporation of Illinois Application January 24, 1951, Serial No. 207,477

Claims. 1

The present invention relates, generally, to the packaging of coils of wire, and it relates particularly to innovations and improvements in packaging coils of wire on disposable reels which are adapted to be mounted on permanent type reels while the wire is being consumed.

While the invention is broadly applicable to wire in coil form for any use, it has been developed particularly for coils of wire as used by printers and publishers for stitching purposes and for use by boxmakers in stapling paperboard containers.

Prior to the present invention it was customary to wind the wire for these purposes on permanent type reels or spools made from wood or metal and the spools of wire were then shipped to the customer who was invoiced for the spools as well as for the wire itself. After the coils of wire had been consumed, the spools were returned to the wire manufacturer and the customer was credited with the deposit value which had been applied thereto. It was early realized that it would be advantageous both to the wire manufacturer and to the customer to develop a way of packaging the wire in a disposable type container or reel which could be inserted as a filler or replacement on a permanent type reel continuously retained and used by the customer in connection with his stitching or stapling machines. If such a disposable package could be satisfactorily worked out, it would eliminate the duplicate handling of the permanent type spools back and forth between the manufacturer and customer, as well as the bookkeeping work which was connected therewith.

Accordingly, various proposals were made from time to time for packaging the coils of wire in a disposable type package or on a disposable type of reel or spool so that it could be inserted by the customer in his permanent type reels. The following patents pertain to this particular field of invention: 1,531,147, 1,384,572, 1,254,091, 1,420,094, 1,271,308, 1,264,918 and 1,361,250.

None of the various devices suggested by these patents or by other developments in the art proved to be adequately satisfactory from a practical standpoint and a high proportion of the wire users preferred to purchase their requirements of wire on permanent type spools even though it involved the above mentioned disadvantages in connection with the handling of the spools and the bookkeeping and paper work attendant thereto. The chief objection to the various substitutes that had been proposed for wind ing the wire on permanent type spools wasthe fact that in practice there was a tendency for the wire to tangle and get caught at the sides of the coil as it was being unwound after the packages were inserted or loaded onto a permanent typespool. Furthermore, difliculty was encountered in getting the machine operators to take the time and care to properly load the packages of wire into the permanent type reels.

An important object of the invention is a package of wire in coil form having a rectangular cross section with the packaging materials being of a disposable or expendable nature and including compressible side flanges and a hollow core terminating short of the outside faces of the side flanges at opposite ends so that when the package is mounted on a permanent type reel one of the sides of the reel may be tightened toward the other so as to place the compressible side flanges under compression and thereby prevent any turn of the wire from being caught in between the sides of the package as the coil of wire is unwound in use. 1

A further object of the invention is to tie the wire package by the use of a plurality of ties arranged around the reel and formed of a fiat or ribbon-like material such as pressure sensitive adhesive tape so that when the package is loaded into a permanent type reel and the flanges of the reel are tightened together the ties will not stand out or protrude and form pressure lines or points of localized pressure but, on the contrary, the ribbon-like ties will allow the pressure on the compressible side flanges of the package to be uniform throughout the circumference.

The objects of the invention are achieved by forming the disposable sides of the packages from an inexpensive compressible material such as paperboard and having the hollow disposable core of the package so dimensioned that the ends of this core terminate short of the whole width of the package or of the faces of the compressible side pieces, thereby allowing clearance for the paperboard side pieces to be compressed together when the package is loaded onto a permanent type reel wherein one of the side flanges is removable and may be screwed toward the other side flange after the reel has been loaded,

Certain other objects of the invention will, in part, be obvious and will, in part, appear hereinafter.

For a more complete understanding of the nature and scope of the invention, reference may now be had to the following detailed description thereof taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1 is a side elevational view, partly broken:

3 away, of a package of wire illustrating a preferred embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a side elevational view showing the package of wire of Fig. 1 loaded or mounted on a permanent type reel or spool having a removable flange; and

Fig. 4 is a sectional'view taken on line 44 of Fig. 3.

Referring to Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings, the package of wire shown therein comprises a hollow core member 5 on which the coil of wire' 6 is wound in between side flanges I and 8. The package is tied and maintained in assembledform by means of a plurality of ties III-I which are flat or strap-like so as to lie flatwise against the sides I and 8 without projecting substantially beyond the outer faces thereof. The ties I 0 may advantageously be formed from reinforced pressure sensitive adhesive tape.

The ties III are drawn taut so as to hold the side flanges or members I and 8 firmly against the opposite sides of the coil 6. The hollow core has a longitudinal dimension such that clearances II-I I are provided between the opposite ends of the core member 5 and the faces of the side pieces I and 8.

For functional purposes the side pieces I and 8 are preferably formed of a compressible material such as paperboard or the like and the hollow cores 5 may likewise be formed of paperboard since it is inexpensive and may be thrown away after the wire has been consumed. Paperboard is made in several different grades and types and includes materials referred to in the trade as kraft board, chip board, cardboard, waste board, etc. In this application the term paperboard is used in the generic sense to designate these and similar paper base materials.

The wire manufacturer puts up his wire in the form of the package shown in Figs. ,1 and 2 and this may then be shipped to the user who is provided with a permanent type spool or reel having one removable flange as shown in Figs. 3 and 4. The particular permanent type reel shown comprises a hub member I2 to which one side flange I3 may be permanently secured by means of a plurality of screws I I-44. The hub I2 is threaded as indicated at I5 on the end opposite the flange I3 so as to receive a removable side flange I6 having an internally threaded central opening.

In use, the removable flange I6 isunscrewed and lifted off from the hub I2 and one of the packages of wire shown in Figs. 1 and 2 is then slipped over the hub and the removable flange I8 is replaced. The flange I6 is then tightened up securely so as to compress the paperboard side flanges I and 8 in against the opposite sides of the rectangular coil 6. Such compression results in the reduction of the clearances I I to the clearances indicated at I'II'I in Fig. 4. The ties III are then cut at opposite sides of the coil 6. These ties are so thin and the side pieces 'I'and8 are of such compressibility that when the package is compressed between the reel side flanges I3 and I6 there are no pressure points or pressure lines underneath the ties I0 and the compression is spread uniformly around the circumference of the package.

As the wire is consumed, the compression on the paperboard side pieces I and 8 is gradually released in those areas where the wire is removed but the wire is continuously maintained under compression as it recedes to the hollow core member 5. Because of this compression which is continuously applied and maintained, no turn of wire can slip down along the side of the coil and become tangled or caught so as to cause a stoppage or breakage. After one of the coils 6 has been consumed on the permanent type reel, the removable flange I6 is unscrewed and the paperboard members I and 8 and the hollow core 5 are discarded and the reel is loaded with a new package.

Since certain m'mor changes of a design nature may be made in the embodiments of the invention described above in connection with the accompanying drawings, it will be understood that such embodiments are intended to be interpreted as illustrative of the invention and not in a limiting scope.

What is claimed as new is:

1. A package of wire adapted to be mounted on a reel having a removable non-compressible side flange which may be tightened toward an opposite non-compressible side flange, said wire package comprising a hollow core adapted to slip over the hub of said reel, two separateside flanges formed of a compressible material having center openings of slightly greater diameter than the outer diameter of said hollow core so as to allow said compressible side flanges to fit over said hollow core, coils of wire wound on said hollow core and filling the space between said compressible side flanges, and a plurality of ties looped through said hollow core and drawn taut around said compressible side flanges and said coils of wire, the total thicknesses of said-coils of wire and of said compressible side flanges being greater than the length of said hollow core so that there is a substantial longitudinal clearance between the opposite ends of said hollow core and the outer faces of said compressible side flanges, said clearance permitting said compressible side flanges to be compressed between the non-compressible side flanges of said reel by tightening,said-removable side flange thereof.

2. A package of wire adapted to be mounted on a permanent type reel having a removable noncompressible side flange which may be screwed toward an opposite non-compressible side flange, said wire package comprising a hollow paperboard core adapted to slip over the hub of said reel, two separate paperboard side flanges having centeropenings of slightly greater diameter than the outer diameter of said hollow core so as to allow them to fit over said hollow core, coils of wire wound on said hollow core and filling the space between said paperboard .side flanges, and a plurality of flat ties looped through said hollow core and drawn taut around saidpaperboard side flanges and said coils of wire, the total thicknesses of said coils and of said sidepaperboard side flanges being greater than the length of said hollow core so that there is a substantial longitudinal clearance between the opposite ends of said hollow core and the outer faces of said paperboard flanges to permit said latter flanges to be uniformly compressed between the non-compressible side flanges of said reel by screwing said removable flange toward the opposite reel flange thereof.

3. The package of wire called for in claim 2 wherein said flat ties are formed of pressure sensitive tape.

4. In combination a permanent type reel having a removable non-compressible side flange which may be tightened toward an opposite noncompressible side flange and a package of wire mounted on said reel and comprising a hollow core adapted to slip over the hub of said reel, two separate side flanges formed of'a compressible material having center openings of; slightly greater diameter than the outer diameter of said hollow core so as to allow said compressible side flanges to fit over said hollow core, coils of wire wound on said hollow core and filling the space between said compressible side flanges, and a plurality of ties looped through said hollow core and drawn taut around said compressible side flanges and said coils of wire, the total thicknesses of said coils of wire and of said compressible side flanges being greater than the length of said hollow core so that there is a substantial longitudinal clearance between the opposite ends of said hollow core and the outer faces of said compressible side flanges, said clearance permitting said compressible side flanges to be compressed between the non-compressible side flanges of said reel by tightening said removable side flange and said compressible side flanges being so compressed.

5. In combination a permanentgtype reel having a removable non-compressible side flange which may be screwed on the reeL-hub toward an opposite non-compressible side flange and a package of wire mounted on said reel and comprising a hollow paperboard core adapted to slip over the hub of said reel, two separate paperboard side flanges, and a plurality of flat ties looped through diameter than the outer diameter of said hollow core so as to allow them to fit over said hollow core, coils of wire wound on said hollow core and filling the space between said paperboard side flanges, and a plurality of flat ties looped through said hollow core and drawn taut around said paperboard side flanges and said coils of wire, the total thicknesses of said coils and of said side paperboard side flanges being greater than the length of said hollow core so that there is a substantial longitudinal clearance between the opposite ends of said hollow core and the outer faces of said paperboard flanges to permit said latter flanges to be uniformly compressed between the non-compressible side flanges of said reel by screwing said removable flange toward the opposite reel flange and said compressible side flanges being so compressed.

FRANK A. GREEN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 784,794 Kimball Mar. 14, 1905 1,254,091 Trudelle Jan. 22, 1918 1,420,094 Green June 20, 1922 1,451,131 Weber Apr. 10, 1923 1,918,109 Joyce July 11, 1933 1,949,378 Roehm Feb. 27, 1934 2,527,842 Mullaney Oct. 31, 1950

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US734794 *Jul 24, 1900Jul 28, 1903Singer Mfg CoButtonhole-sewing machine.
US1254091 *Jun 26, 1917Jan 22, 1918Toronto Type Foundry Company LtdWire-reel.
US1420094 *Dec 24, 1919Jun 20, 1922Chicago Steel And Wire CompanyReel
US1451131 *Jun 26, 1920Apr 10, 1923Henry WeberAdjustable reel
US1918109 *Sep 9, 1931Jul 11, 1933Lyndon W JoyceReel package
US1949378 *May 18, 1931Feb 27, 1934Smith Hood & Seal CorpWire spool holder
US2527842 *Feb 7, 1946Oct 31, 1950Acme Steel CoSpool for flexible binders
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2956312 *Aug 26, 1957Oct 18, 1960Naimer HubertProcess of manufacturing insulated magnet coils
US4895316 *Aug 15, 1988Jan 23, 1990Creative Techniques, Inc.Molded sectional reel
US5004179 *Sep 1, 1989Apr 2, 1991Creative Techniques, Inc.Molded sectional reel
US5078269 *Jun 7, 1990Jan 7, 1992Group Dekko International, Inc.Wire shipping and dispensing container
EP0881166A1 *May 29, 1998Dec 2, 1998Servicios Condumex S.A. De C.V.Packing and stowing system for electric automotive conductors
Classifications
U.S. Classification242/118.6, 206/397
International ClassificationB65H75/22, B65H75/18, B65D85/02, B65D85/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65H2701/5112, B65H75/22, B65D85/04
European ClassificationB65D85/04, B65H75/22