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Publication numberUS2624908 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 13, 1953
Filing dateJun 30, 1950
Priority dateJun 30, 1950
Publication numberUS 2624908 A, US 2624908A, US-A-2624908, US2624908 A, US2624908A
InventorsIrelan Ellison S
Original AssigneeIllinois Watch Case Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hinge construction
US 2624908 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan 13, 1953 E. s. IRELAN HINGE CONSTRUCTION Filed June 30, 1950 Mg 2359.4.

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Patented Jan. 13, 1953 UNITED STATE PAINT OFFICE hINGE CONSTRUCTION Ellison S. Irelan, Elgin, 111., assignor to Illinois Watch Case 00., a corporation of Illinois it claims. 1

This invention relates to a hinge construction, and more particularly to a hinge construction having positive locking means but no hinge pin.

One feature of this invention is that it provides an improved hinge construction; another feature of the invention is that it provides a,

hinge construction having positive locking means but no hinge pin; a further feature of the invention is that it provides a hinge construction between one member having a socket comprising a pair of pockets positioned with their open ends facing each other, and another member having tongues which are received in said pockets to form a hinge between said members, said tongues having means thereon for preventing lateral movement between the members; yet another feature of the invention is that lugs are provided on the tongues, said lugs being adapted to be bent to engage the socket and lock the tongues in the pockets, while permitting pivotal movement between the two members; still a further feature of the invention is that the distance between the open ends of the pockets and the distance between the tongues is such that the hinge can be assembled without bending the tongues or slitting the socket; and still another feature of the invention is that the socket includes a downwardly bent channel connecting said pockets for receiving an elongated projecting portion connecting the tongues, said tongues and the edge of said elongated portion between said tongues being curved to provide complementary bearing surfaces when the hinge is assembled.

Other features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description and from the drawings in which:

Fig. l is a plan view of a powder compact incorporating the improved hinge construction, the case of the compact being open;

Fig. 2 is a section along the line 2-2 of Fig. i, the case being shown open in solid lines and closed in broken lines; and part of the open case being broken away;

Fig. 3 is a section along the line 3-3 of Fig. 1, a portion of the top of the case being broken away;

Fig. l is an enlarged fragmentary section along the line 44 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary section along the line 55 of Fig. 3;

Fig. 6 is a top elevational view of the cover member for the powder compartment, the center section'being broken away; and

Fig. 7 is a fragmentary perspective of a portion of said cover member.

Many compacts have a body member with a compartment for loose powder, which compartment may be closed by a hingedly mounted cover member designed to prevent loose powder from falling out of the powder compartment. In prior art constructions the cover which closes the powder compartment has been hinged to the back or to one side of the body member which provides the powder compartment by a hinge arrangement including alternate interleaved segments on the body member and on the cover member held together by a hinge pin extending through the segments. Getting the parts together in proper alignment and putting the pin in place is a timeconsuming manual operation which adds considerably to the cost of construction of said compacts. Other hinge constructions have been known wherein the hinge pin was eliminated by providing a slit socket in the body member for receiving tongues on the cover member. Such hinge constructions have never been used commercially in compacts, and such constructions do not provide a hinge which would positively hold the cover member against movement laterally of the body member. Consequently the cover member would not provide a good seal and powder could escape from the powder compartment when the cover was closed.

I have devised and am herewith disclosing and claiming a hinge construction in which the hinge pin is eliminated, and which is readily adapted for fast and efficient production line assembly, thereby decreasing the cost of manufacture of such compacts. Ihe hinge construction is sturdy and provides a self-locking arrangement which positively prevents lateral movement between the cover and the body member so that the cover properly closes the powder compartment opening. This construction includes a socket comprising spaced pockets on the body member and tongues on the cover member fitting into said pockets. A positive locking action against lateral movement is provided by lugs on the tongues which, when the parts are assembled, are bent into a position closely adjacent the socket to lock the cover member against lateral movementwith respect to the body member.

Referring now more particularly to the drawings, the compact illustrated comprises an outer case having a rectangular box-like bottom portion H) and a complementary top portion H which is hingedly mounted on the bottom portion along one edge by a hinge comprising alternate interleaved segments Illa on the bottom portion it! and Na on the top portion H, and a hinge pin l2 joining the portions together. A mirror l3 may be carried in the top portion 5 i as is conventional.

A compartment l5 for loose powder is formed as a well in the upper surface of a body member designated generally at I6. This body member is die stamped from metal or other suitable sheet material and is formed with a horizontal peripheral surface I! bounding the well which forms the powder compartment [5, and outer downwardly turned flanges [3 which provide a snug friction fit within the upturned walls of the outer case ID. A cover member designated generally at is provided to close the powder compartment. This cover member may have a well 21, as shown best in Figs. 3 and 4, for the reception of a powder puif.

The member 26 has an elongated portion 22 projecting along one edge, and tongues 23 and 24 extend longitudinally from each end of the projecting portion. As shown best in Figs. 6 and 7 the tongues are aligned and spaced from the edge of the cover 20 and are parallel thereto. As shown best in Fig. 7, the tongues and the edge 22a of the projecting portion between the tongues are arcuate in transverse section.

A socket is provided in one of the top flanges ll of the. body member I6, this socket comprising a spaced pair of pockets and 26 punched upwardly out of the sheet metal and positioned with their open ends facing each other. A channel 21 (Figs. 3 and 4) is bent downwardly in the sheet metal of the body member l6 and connects the pockets. The channel 2! is as long as the projecting portion 22 and one of the tongues, and the socket is circular in transverse section at the junctures of the channel and the pockets, as seen in Figs. 3 and 4. The radius of the arcuate tongues 23 and 24 and portion 22a is substantially equal to the radius. of the circular socket so that when. the members are assembled a large bearing surface is provided to permit pivotal movement of the cover with no looseness.

The projectingportion 22 and tongues 23 and 24 may be formed in the cover member in the same die stamping operation which forms the cover member; and similarly the socket may be formed in thebody member in the same die stamping operation in which the body member itself is formed.

Inasmuch as the distance between the open ends of the pockets 25 and 26 (or in other words the length of the channel 27) is equal to the length of the portion 22 plus one of the tongues, the cover and body member may readily be assembled merely by inserting one tongue (as the tongue 24) in the pocket 26 and pushing the cover member toward the pocket 26 as far as it will go so that the other tongue 23 may drop down into the channel 2'1. In this position, of course, the cover member will be ofi-center and the well 2| for the powder puff will not be centered in the well 15. The cover is then moved in the other direction to center it and to cause both tongues to lie within the respective pockets.

In order to prevent relative movement between the cover member and the body member in directions longitudinal of the elongated portion 22 and the tongues 23 and 24, means are provided on said tongues for preventing such movement. This means comprises lugs 28 and 29 shown best in Figs. 4, 5 and 7. During the stamping operation which forms the cover, the tongues are slit transversely of their longitudinal axis, as shown at 23a and 24a in Fig. '7. Of course, at this time the lugs are not bent outwardly. Fig. 7 shows the lug 29 in the position in which it is formed, while the lu 28 is shown as being bent outwardly better to illustrate the construction, although the lug 28 would not be bent until after the cover has been assembled on the body member as above described.

When the parts are assembled as above described, the body member is turned over and the lugs 28 and 29 are tapped sharply with a small tool to bend them from the position of the lug 29 in Fig. '7 to the position of the lug 28 in Fig. '7. The lugs are shown best in bent position in Fig. 5, and when they are bent in a direction transverse of the longitudinal axis of the tongues they lie in a position closely adjacent the socket at the junctures of the channel 21 and the pockets 25 and 2S, and lock the tongues 23 and 24 against longitudinal movement in the pockets, while permitting pivotal movement between the members 16 and 2-5 so that the cover may be opened to permit access to the powder compartment. Despite the fact that no hinge pin is utilized, a positive and efiicient lock for the hinge is provided so that the parts cannot move laterally with relation to each other. The construction is simple and efiicient and materially lowers the cost of assembly of compacts or other articles.

While I have shown and described certain embodiments of my invention, it is to be understood that it is capable of many modifications. Changes, therefore in the construction and arrangement may be made Without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as disclosed in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A hinge construction of the character described, comprising: a first member having a spaced pair of tongues extending longitudinally along one edge, said tongues being aligned and being spaced from said edge and paralle1 thereto; a second member having a socket comprising a pair of pockets positioned with their open ends facing each other, said open ends being spaced apart a distance substantially equal to the distance between the inner ends of said tongues plus the length of one of said tongues, said tongues being received in said pockets to form a hinge between said members; and means on said tongues for preventing relative movement between said members in d rections longitudinal of said tongues.

2. A hinge construction of the character described, comprising: a member having an edge of sheet material with an elongated portion projecting therealong and a tongue extending longitudinally from each end ofsaid projecting portion, said tongues being aligned and being spaced from said edge and parallel thereto; a second member having a side of sheet material with a socket therein comprising a pair of pockets punched out of said sheet material and positioned with their open ends facing each other, said open ends being spaced apart a distance greater than the length of said projecting portion, but less than the overall length of said projecting portion and tongues, said tongues being received in said pockets to form a hinge between said members; and means on said tongues for preventing relative movement between saidmembers in directions longitudinal of said projecting portion.

3. Apparatus of the character claimed in claim 2, wherein the open ends of said pockets are spaced apart a distance substantially equal to the length of said projecting portion and one of said tongues, and wherein the means for preventing longitudinal movement comprise lugs on said tongues adapted to be bent outwardly in a direction transverse of the longitudinal axis of said tongues and to extend beyond the portion of the sheet metal side intermediate said pockets to lock said tongues in said pockets, while permitting pivotal movement between said members.

4. Apparatus of the character claimed in claim 2, wherein said socket is generally arcuate in transverse section, and wherein said tongues and projecting portion are arcuate in transverse section, said tongues each having a radius slightly smaller than that of the corresponding pocket and fitting snugly therein with a pivotal relationship thereto.

5. A hinge construction of the character described, comprising: a member having an edge of sheet material with an elongated portion projecting therealong and a tongue extending longitudinally from each end of said projecting portion, said tongues being aligned and being spaced from said edge and parallel thereto, and said tongues and the edge of said projecting portion between said tongues being arcuate in transverse section; a second member having a side of sheet material with a socket therein comprising a spaced pair of pockets punched upwardly out of said sheet material and positioned with their open ends facing each other, and a channel bent downwardly in said sheet material and connecting said pockets, said channel being at least as long as said projecting portion and one of said tongues, and said socket being arcuate in transverse section, the arcuate edge of said projecting portion being received in said channel and said tongues entering said pockets to form a hinge between said members; and means on said tongues engaging said socket at the junctures of said channel and pockets to lock said tongues against longitudinal movement in said pockets while permitting pivotal movement between said members.

6. Apparatus of the character claimed in claim 5, wherein said locking means comprise lugs on said tongues adapted to be bent outwardly in a direction transverse of the longitudinal axis of said tongues and to extend beyond the portion of the sheet metal side intermediate said pockets.

7. Apparatus of the character claimed in claim 5, wherein the radius of the arcuate tongues and projecting portion is slightly less than the radius of the arcuate socket so as to fit snugly therein and have a pivotal relationship thereto.

'8. A hinge construction of the character described, comprising: a sheet metal member having an elongated portion projecting along one edge and a tongue extending longitudinally from each end of said projecting portion, said tongues being aligned and being spaced from said edge and parallel thereto, and said tongues and the edge of said projecting portion between said tongues being arcuate in transverse section; a second sheet metal member having a portion providing an opening adapted to be closed by said first mentioned member and having a socket adjacent said opening comprising a spaced pair of pockets punched upwardly out of said sheet metal and positioned with their open ends facing each other, and a channel bent downwardly in said sheet metal and connecting said pockets, said channel being as long as said projecting portion and one of said tongues, and said socket being arcuate in transverse section at the junctures of said channel and pockets, the curved edge of said projecting portion being received in said channel and said tongues entering said pockets to form a hinge between said members; and lugs on said tongues adapted to be bent in a direction transverse of the longitudinal axis of said tongues and to extend beyond the portion of the sheet metal side intermediate said pockets to lock said tongues against longitudinal movement in said pockets while permitting pivotal movement between said members.

9. A hinge construction Of the character described, comprising: a member having an elongated portion projecting along one edge thereof and a pair of aligned tongues projecting from opposite ends or said elongated portion and spaced from said edge; a second member having a side portion including a pair of spaced pockets each open at one side and one end with the open ends facing each other, the tongues being held in said pockets; and means on at least one of said tongues and engaging an adjecent part of said side portion of the second member for preventing relative movement between said members in directions longitudinal of said elongated projecting portion.

10. A hinge construction of the character described, comprising: a member having an elongated portion projecting along one edge thereof and a pair of aligned tongues projecting from opposite ends of said elongated portion and spaced from said edge; a second member having a side portion including a pair of spaced pockets each open at one side and one end with the open ends facing each other, the tongues being held in said pockets; and a lug on each tongue projecting beyond the part of said second member between the pockets and bearing thereagainst for preventing relative movement between said members in directions longitudinal of said elongated projecting portion.

ELLISON S. IRELAN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file or" this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,235,640 Berry Aug. 7, 191'! 1,317,420 Berry Sept. 30, 1919 1,691,468 Cooper et a1 Nov. 13, 1923 1,771,239 Cooper et al July 22, 1930 1,877,035 Partiot Sept. 13, 1932 1,881,473 Geske et al Oct. 11, 1932 1,883,793 Johnson Oct. 18, 1932 2,138,514. Shoemaker Nov. 29', 1938 2,195,593 Kreisler Apr. 2, 1940

Patent Citations
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US1235640 *Jun 4, 1917Aug 7, 1917Wireless Hinge Mfg Company LtdHinging of sheet-metal receptacles.
US1317420 *May 11, 1917Sep 30, 1919The wireless Hinge Manufacturing Company Limitedberry
US1691468 *Nov 2, 1926Nov 13, 1928Bilney Alwyn Alfred HopeHinged joint
US1771289 *Jan 28, 1928Jul 22, 1930James Cooper AlbertHinged joint
US1877039 *Apr 26, 1930Sep 13, 1932Maurice PartiotHinged box and method of assembly
US1881473 *Jul 21, 1930Oct 11, 1932Winters & Crampton Mfg CoConcealed pin hinge
US1883793 *Oct 14, 1931Oct 18, 1932Johnson Fritz RudolphVanity case
US2138514 *Jul 3, 1937Nov 29, 1938Decometal IncCatch
US2195593 *Jan 14, 1936Apr 2, 1940Kreisler Mfg Corp JacquesVanity case
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2918560 *Aug 10, 1956Dec 22, 1959Ferro CorpCombination oven and heating unit
US3140507 *Jun 1, 1961Jul 14, 1964Corning Glass WorksHinge
US7089627Aug 21, 2001Aug 15, 2006L'oreal Usa, Inc.Magnetic hinge and device including magnetically-attracted plates
US7467440Jul 6, 2005Dec 23, 2008L'oreal Usa, Inc.Virtual hinge
Classifications
U.S. Classification16/355
International ClassificationA45D40/22, A45D40/00
Cooperative ClassificationA45D40/221
European ClassificationA45D40/22H