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Publication numberUS2625169 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 13, 1953
Filing dateOct 12, 1950
Priority dateOct 12, 1950
Publication numberUS 2625169 A, US 2625169A, US-A-2625169, US2625169 A, US2625169A
InventorsParrish Tom E
Original AssigneeParrish Tom E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Automatic shutoff device
US 2625169 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 13, 1953 1'. E. PARRISH I AUTOMATIC SHUTOFF DEVICE Filed Oct. 12. 1950 ATTORNEY FIG. 2.

Patented Jan. 13, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT oFFIcE,

Tom E. Parrish, Beaumont, Tex.

Application October 12, 1950, Serial No. 189,743

The invention concerns an automatic shutofi device for use in connection with a battery of one or more tanks such as those commonly used in oil pipe line gathering systems. It is common practice to pump oil from two or more of such tanks at the same time, the draw-ofi lines from the several tanks being served by a common pipe line. Ordinarily the liquid level in the several tanks of the battery becomes equalized during pumping. A pipe line may be fed by a number of such batteries of tanks, taking suction on allof them at the same time. The shutoff device of the invention may be used to shut off the flow of liquid from a given tank or battery when the liquid level therein has dropped below a certain point, such, for example, as the point where the draw-off line enters the tank. At the same time the connection between the draw-off line and the pipe line is positively closed so that no air is admitted to the pipe line from the tank. The present application constituting a continuation in part of my prior co-pending application filed December '7, 1946, and bearing Serial No. 714,819, now Patent No. 2,570,372.

A number of devices intended to be used for the purpose described are now on the market, and others are disclosed in previously issued patents, but none of them are entirely satisfactory.

In my earlier patent, No. 2,489,461, dated November 29, 1949, I have described and claimed an automatic shutofi device for liquid conducting lines. The automatic shut-off device described in this application is an improvement over the one described in the patent referred to. It is an object of the invention to provide an automatic shutofi device which is adapted to shut ofi the flow of liquid from a tank without permitting'air to enter the pipe line from the tank. The presence of air in a pipe line destroys the suctionand thus interfereswith the pumping operation.

It is also an' object of the invention to provide a float controlled shutofi valve which is fully automatic and is so designed that the float will'ris'e "and fall freely in response to fluctuationsin liquid level and the valve willbe properly seated." I q Another object of the inventionis to provide, in conjunction with an automatic shutoff device of the type described, means for preventing the flow of liquid in reverse direction from the shutoiT device to the tank. v Such an arrangement is desirable in order to prevent possible overflow of the tank by the flow of liquid thereto from another tank positioned at a higher elevation or havingahigher liquid level.

3 Claims. (01. 137-174) A further object of the invention is to provide a float controlled shutoff valve in which the flow of liquid from the tank to the float chamber is utilized to lift the valve from its seat, thereby breaking thevacuum in the discharge line and permitting the float to rise and fall freely.

A further object of the invention is the method of controlling the level of liquid fluid in the tank or receptacle flowing through a shutofi device ofthe character described into a pipe line system. The invention will be readily understood by refterring to the fOllOWiIlg description and the accompan'ying drawing, in which:

' Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic view in elevation showing one of a. battery of tanks having its drawoff line connected to a header which may be connected also to other tanks of the battery (not shown), with the automatic shutoff device of the invention interposed between the header and the 'pipe line.

Fig. 2 is a sectional view in elevation of the shutoff device, showing the valve in closed position.

Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 2.

Referring to the drawing, the numeral l indicates a tank which is connected thru valved draw-off line 2 to a header 3. The tank I is situated above the ground, while the header 3 is buried below the surface. A riser 4 connects the header 3 with the shutofi device of the invention, which is indicated generally by the numeral 5. The shutoff device 5 is connected by a discharge pipe 6 to a pipe line (not shown).

The shutofi device 5 comprises a vertically disposed cylindrical casing 1 which is of relatively "large diameter and provides a float chamber of considerable cross sectional area. An inlet pipe 8 and'an outlet pipe 9 enter the casing I from the bottom and extend upwardly a short distance therefrom.

A cylindrical float' l -0 isreceived bodily within the-casing I. 'The diameter of the float l0 isonly slightly-less than the inside diameter of the casing 1. A pair of longitudinal openings II and 12' are formed in the body of the float III, on opposite sides thereof, for use as guides as hereinafter described.

, Valve discs l3 and I4 are provided for closing the upper end of the inlet pipe 8 and the outlet pipe 9. The valve discs l3 and I4 are made of a tough; resilient, rubber-like material such as neoprene, reenforced on each side with metal. The upper end of the outlet pipe 9 is slightly higher than that of the inlet pipe 8. Metal rings and I6, which may be made of Monel or other suitable metal, are attached to the upper ends of the inlet pipe 8 and the outlet pipe 9 and function as valve seats.

The upper end of the inlet pipe 8 is surrounded by a cylindrical valve cage I], the valve cage I! being open at the top and being attached at its lower end to the bottom of the casing I. A plurality of ports [8 are formed in the wall of the valve cage ll. A plurality of vertically disposed, wire-like guide members [9, whichare attached at their lower ends to the valve disc l3 and at their upper ends to a wire-like ring 29, are receivable within the valve cage 11 and spaced about the wall thereof.

A pair of vertically disposed, tubular guides 2| and 22, each of which is movable longitudinally :as hereinafter described, are aligned with the center lines of the inlet pipe 8 and'the outlet pipe 9. The tubular guides 2! and 22 are inserted thru the openings I l and 12 formed in the body of'the float l0 and serve to maintain the float 1:0 in vertical alignment.

The upper end of the casing I is closed by a cover-plate 23. A pair of vertically disposedguide rods 24 and 25, which slidably engage the upper ends of the tubular guides 2i and 22, are suspended from the cover plate 23 as hereinafter described. Theguide .rod 24 extends thru an opening formed in the cover plate 23 and a nut '25 is secured to the upper end thereof, above the cover plate 23. The guide rod 25 extends thru an opening formed in the cover plate 23, and the upper end thereof is secured to one end of a lever 2.7 which is mounted on the cover plate 23. A shoulder 23 is formed on the lower end of the guide rod 25 and is adapted to engage an internal shoulder 29 formed near the upper end of the tubular guide 22 whereby the tubular guide 22 may be lifted upon manipulating the 1ever'21. The lower end of the tubular guide 22 is connected, thru .a ball joint 39, to the valve disc [4 whereby the valve disc 14 may be lifted from its seat by the action of the lever 21 on'the guide rod 25 and the tubular guide 22. This arrangement is particularly useful when it is desired to drain the tank completely preparatory to cleaning.

The lower end of the tubular guide 2| rests freely upon the upper surface of the valve disc [3 when the valve disc I3 is seated. A shoulder 3| is formed on the tubular guide 21, below the float Ill, and is adapted to engage the float .19 to lift Y it when the valve disc I3 is lifted from-its seat by the action of liquid flowing thru the inlet pipe 8. A shoulder 32 is formed on the tubular guide. "22, above the float l0, and is adapted to be engaged by the float l0 whereby the tubular guide :22 is raised, and the valve disc I 4 is lifted from its seat, as the float H3 is raised by the action of the valve disc l3 onthe tubular'guide 2|. A shoulder 33 is formed on the tubular guide 2|, above the. float 119, and is adapted to. be engaged by the float {8 whereby the tubular-guide 2;! may be lifted out :oi the casing 1 along with :the float l0 upon dismantling the apparatus.

A hollow valve body 35 is connected to the lower end of a tubular section 42 which is attached to the cover plate or flange 23 at the top .of the casing I. The valve body 35 having a beveled annular valve seat 43 interiorly thereof with an opening therethrough in communication with the opening in said tubular section 42. A valve stem 36 is slidably engaged through the lower portion of said valve body 35 and the lower portion of said valve stem 36 is connected to a float 31. The upper portion of the valve stem 36 is formed into a conical shaped valve head 44 adapted to seat in beveled annular valve seat 43 and to work within limits of seated and unseated position. A plurality of ports 45 through the side walls of said valve body 35 in communication with the interior of the casing i and the interior of said valve body '35. A hollow check valve body 38 is attached to the upper end of tubular section 42 with openings therethrough in register with the opening through said tubular section 42.

A plate valve 43 is made of rubber or other suitable material and is movable freely within limits interiorly of said hollow check valve body 38 between an upper valve seat 41 and a lower valve seat 48 formed interiorly of said hollow check valve body 38 and being of such dimensions to close the vertical openings through said upper and .lower valve seats and yet be a loose slidin fit interiorly of said hollow check valve body 38 so as to worlrfreely therein. A plurality of lateral ports 49-49 are formed above the upper valve seat :47, which ports are in communication with the vertical opening through said upper valve seat 4'! and the interior of said hollow check valve body 38. A stopcock valve of usual construction is attached to the top of the check valve body 38 which has openings therethrough and is provided for emergency use only, and normally ,remains in open position. vA vent pipe 34 is attached to the top of said stopcock valve 3.9 and is provided with screen 50 which is held in place by cage 5! to prevent insects and debris from stopping up the exit of the vent pipe 34. The diam- .eter of said plate valve 46 issuch that air and/or .gasmay by-pass said valve to enter ports 49-49, thence through stopcock valve 39 and thence through vent pipe 34 thereabove to the atmosphere when the air and/or gas fluid is bein vented out of said casing I, however, the plate valve 46 will prevent air from the atmosphere to enter said casing 7 when seated on valve seat 48 which occurs when the float controlled valve 44 seats on seat 43 in response to the liquid fluid present in the casing during normal operations of the shutofi device.

A gauge rod 49 is slidably suspended from the cover plate 23 whereby it is movable longitudinally. The lower end of the gauge rod 40 is engaged 'by the float ID as the liquid level in the casing 19 rises, and the position of the float l0 may be determined by observing the position of the gauge rod 49,. The. upper end of the gauge rod 40 is enclosed in a sight glass 4! The operation .of the automatic shutoif device of-the invention is as follows:

With the tank I full of liquid and with :the valved draw-off line 2 closed, and assuming that no liquid is flowing thru the header 3 from other tanks of the battery (not shown), the discharge pipe 6 will be sealed off from the shutoff device 5 :by seating of the valve disc 14 on .the valve seat I 6 in the outlet pipe 9. Upon opening the valved draw-off line 2, liquid begins to flow thru the header 3 and the riser 4, and enters the casing 1' thru the inlet pipe 8. The valve disc I4 tends to remain seated due to the vacuum created by liquid moving thru the pipe line (not shown), but this tendency is at least partially overcome by the buoyancy of the float In, which tends to lift the valve disc 14 from the valve seat I6. Moreover, the liquid entering the casing 1 thru the inlet pipe 8 acts upon the under side of the valve disc Hi to lift it from the valve seat l5. As the valve disc 13 is lifted fromthe valve seat l it abuts the lower end of the tubular guide 2|, lifting it also, and the shoulder 3| on the tubular guide 2| contacts the float ID in its ascent forcing the float H] to contact the shoulder 32 on tubular guide 22 which forces the tubular guide 22 to lift the valve disc M from the valve seat l6, thereby breaking the vacuum which tends to maintain the valve disc [4 firmly seated. Thereafter the float Ill rises freely as the level of liquid in the casing 1 increases, and liquid is caused to fiow thru the outlet pipe 9, the discharge pipe 6 and the pipe line (not shown). As the level of liquid in the casin I rises the float Ill rises therewith contacting float 31 to force the valve head 44 to seat in the valve seat 43 to seal oiT the vent, thereby stopping the flow of air or other gas from the casing 1 thru the vent pipe 34. In event of mechanical difficulty and float l0 does not rise with the entering liquid in the casing I, then as the liquid level rises and contacts float 3'! the float 31 will ascend with the liquid and force the valve head 44 to closed sealed-off position in the valve seat 43 thus the above construction provides a double safety factor insuring positive shutofi of the vent to prevent the oil or other liquid fluid from being lost through the vent. In the meantime a portion of the air or other gas will a have been exhausted from the casing 1 by the rising level of liquid therein through the ports 45.

' hollow valve body 35, thence through tubular section 42, thence through check'valve body 38 bypassing plate valve 46, thencethrough small latbeen observed, by use of level gauges, that the float Ill ordinarily will not at any time be more than slightly immersed in the liquid flowing thru the casing 1. Thus the liquid in the casing I does not tend to be exhausted thru the vent pipe 34.

The valve head 44 normally remains seated while liquid is flowing thru the casing 1, thus preventing the passage of air or other gas to or from the casing 1 thru the vent pipe 34. On the other hand air or other gas may enter the casin I from the pipe line (not shown), thru the outlet pipe 9. This will increase the volume of air in the upper portion of the casing I and the liquid level will be forced downwardly and the float l0 and float 31 will be caused to lower slightly, thus unseating the valve 44 proportionately until a suflicient amount of air and/or gas is vented to the atmosphere whereupon the liquid level in the casing I rises again to automatically raise the floats l0 and 3'! which react to close the valve 44. This permits air or other gas at stated intervals to be evacuated-from the pipe line (not shown), which is desirable. Air or other gas will be exhausted from the casing 1 thru the vent pipe 34 until the pressure of the compressed air or other gas in the upper portion of the casing I is again balanced against the pressure created by the static head of liquid in the tank I.

As the liquid level in the tank I approaches the liquid level in the casing l, the compressed air above the float approaches atmospheric pressure.

direction from the casing 1 to the tank I.

' As the liquid level in the'tank I continues to lowf er, a vacuum forms above the liquid level in the casing 1 and tends to hold'the' liquidat a higher level than the liquid level in-the tank I. Finally, as the liquid level in the tank I approaches the top of the draw-off line, a small amount of air enters the draw-off line and the casing 1 from the tank I, breaking the vacuum above the liquid level in' the casing l, and causes the valve l4 to be seated quickly.

The valve disc i3 is adapted to close the inlet pipe 8 and to prevent the flow of liquid in reverse This arrangement prevents overflow of the tank I due to the flow of liquid to the tank I from another tank to which it may be connected, and eliminates the expense of a seperate check valve for this purpose. Thus when pumping simultaneously from tanks positioned at diiTerent elevations, or having different liquid levels, the tank positioned at the highest elevation, or having the highest liquid level, automatically is pumped out of before tanks having lower liquid levels or positioned at lower elevations, the'levels in the several tanks eventually being equalized. v

The invention maybe modified in various ways without departing from the spiritand scope thereof. I

I claim:

- 1;- An automatic shut-off device for fluid conducting lines comprising a vertically disposed cylindrical casing,- an inlet pipe and an outlet pipe connected to 'the'bottom of thecasing-and extending upwardly a short distancetherefrom, valve seatsin the upper ends of the inletpipe and the outlet pipe, valve discs adapted to be seated on the valve seats, a cylindrical valve cage surrounding the upper end of the inlet pipe and attached at its lower end to the bottom of the casing, the valve oage being open at the top and a plurality-of ports being formed in the wall thereof, a valve guide received within the valve cage and attached to the adjacent valve disc, a cylindrical float received bodily within the casing,

"a pair-of longitudinal openings being formed in -the body of the float on opposite sides thereofia pair of vertically disposed tubular guides aligned -with the center lines of the inlet pipe and the outlet pipe, the tubular guides being movable longitudinally and being loosely inserted thru the openings in the body of the float, the lower end of one of the tubular guides resting freely upon the upper surface of the valve disc in the inlet pipe when the valve disc is seated, the lower end of the other tubular guide being connected thru a ball joint to the valve disc in the outlet pipe, a guide rod rigidly secured at its upper end to the top of the casing and slidably engaging the upper end of the first mentioned tubular guide, a second guide rod slidably engaging the upper end of the last mentioned tubular guide and suspended from the top of the casing, a shoulder being formed on the first mentioned tubular guide below-the float and a shoulder being formed on the last mentioned tubular guide above the float, a vent pipe extending thru the top of the cesing, and a float operated valve in the vent p p 2. An automatic shutofl device for fluid conducting lines comprising a vertically disposed cylindrical casing, an inlet pipe and an outlet pipe connected to the bottom of the casing and extending upwardly a short distance therefrom, valve seats in the upper ends of theinlet pipe '7 and the outlet pipe, valve discs. adapted to be seated on the valveseats, a cylindrical valve, cage surrounding the upper end of the inlet pipe and attached at its lower end to the bottom of the casing, the valve cage being open at the top and "a plurality of ports being formed in the wall thereof, a valve guide received within the valve :cage and attached to the adjacent valv disc, a cylindrical fioat received bodily within the casing, a pair of longitudinal openings being formed in the body of the float on opposite sides thereof, a pair of vertically disposed tubular guides aligned with the center lines of the inlet pipe and the outlet pipe, the tubular guides being movable longitudinally and being loosely inserted thru the openings in the body of the float, the lower end of one of the tubular guides resting freely upon the. upper surface of the valve disc in the inlet pipe when the valve disc is seated, the lower end oi the other tubular guide being connected thru a ball joint to the valve disc in the outlet pipe, a guide rod rigidly secured at its upper end to the top of the casing and slidably engaging the upper end of the first mentioned tubular guide, a second guide rod slidably engaging the upper end of the last mentioned tubular guide and suspended .from the top of the casing, a shoulder being formed on the first mentioned tubular guide below the float and a shoulder being formed on the last mentioned tubular guide above the float, a vent pipe extending thru the top of the casing, a valve housing connected to the vent pipe, a valve seat and .a valve in the valve. hous .ing, a valve stem connected at its upper end to thevalve, and a float connected to the lower end of the valve-stem.

3. An automatic shutofi device for fluid conducting lines comprising a vertically disposed cylindrical casing, an inlet pipe and an outlet pipe connected to the bottom of the casing and extending upwardly a short distance therefrom,

- valve, seats in the upper ends of the inlet pipe and the outlet .pi-pe, valve discs adapted to be Y seated on the valve seats, a cylindrical valve cage surrounding the-upper end of the inlet pipe and attached at lower end to the bottom of the casing the valve cage beingopen at the top and a plurality of ports being formed in the wall thereof, a valve guide receivedwi-thin the valve cage and attached to the adjacent valve disc,

8 a cylindrical 'fioat received bodily within the casing, a pair of longitudinal openings being formed in the body of. the float on opposite sides thereof, a pair of vertically disposed tubular guides aligned with the center lines of the inlet pipe and the outlet pipe, the tubular guides being movable longitudinally and being loosely inserted thru the openings in the body of the float, the lower end of one of the tubular guides resting freely upon the upper surface of the valve disc in the inlet pipe when the valve disc is seated, the lower end of the other tubular guide being connected thru a ball joint to the valve disc in the outlet pipe, a guide rod rigidly secured at its upper end to the top of the casing and slidablv;

tubular guide, a second guide rod slidably en'- gaging the upper end of the last mentioned tubular guide and extending thru an opening in the top of the casing, a shoulder being formed on the lower end of the second guide rod and an internal shoulder being formed on the lower end of the last mentioned tubular guide, the upper end of the second guide rod being secured to one end of a lever mounted on the top of the casing, a shoulder being formed on the first mentioned tubular guide below the float and a shoulder being formed on the last mentioned tubular guide above the float, a vent pipe extending thru the top of the casing, a valve housing connected to the vent pipe, a valve seat and a valve in the valve housing, a valve stem connected at its upperend to the valve, and a float connected to the lower end of the valve stem.

TOM E. PARRISH.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1183513 *Nov 2, 1914May 16, 1916Henry J AholaAutomatic water-discharge trap for gas-mains.
US2210751 *Jun 3, 1939Aug 6, 1940Cronkhite John TAutomatic shutoff valve
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US2387858 *Apr 19, 1943Oct 30, 1945Detroit Lubricator CoLiquid level controlling means
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US2496518 *Sep 1, 1944Feb 7, 1950Candler Arthur V BAutomatic shutoff valve
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3060955 *Apr 30, 1957Oct 30, 1962Kimberly Clark CoFloat device for controlling stock level in a pressurized headbox
US3152604 *Jun 21, 1963Oct 13, 1964Coca Cola CoVent valve assembly
US3667223 *Feb 16, 1971Jun 6, 1972Mc Donnell Douglas CorpHydraulic system having means for isolating leaking branch circuits
US5363510 *Sep 3, 1993Nov 15, 1994Thetford CorporationPressure relief vent for a waste holding tank
US5706857 *May 3, 1995Jan 13, 1998Arizona Instruments Inc.Fuel tank vent value and probe assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification137/174, 137/202, 137/391, 137/398, 137/411
International ClassificationF16K17/42, F16K17/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16K17/42
European ClassificationF16K17/42