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Publication numberUS2625764 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 20, 1953
Filing dateDec 27, 1949
Priority dateDec 27, 1949
Publication numberUS 2625764 A, US 2625764A, US-A-2625764, US2625764 A, US2625764A
InventorsVictor B O'brien, Eldridge B Robertson
Original AssigneeVictor B O'brien, Eldridge B Robertson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination flashlight, gun, and billy
US 2625764 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 20, 1953 v. B. O'BRIEN ErAL COMBINATION FLASHLIGHT, GUN, AND BILLY Filed Dec. 27, 1949 INVENTORS 9"'\ ATTORNEYS.

Patented Jan. 20, I953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Victor B. O'Brien and Eldridge B. Robertson,

' Alhambra, Calif.

Application December 27, 1949, Serial No. 135,055

4 Claims.

Our invention relates to a combination flashlight, gun and billy, and included in the obJects of our invention are:

First, to provide a combination of this class wherein one or more gun units adapted for the discharge of tear gas, are incorporated in a flashlight case in such a manner as to be fired in the direction of a flashlight beam and which incorporates a novel operating means whereby the gun units may be fired in conjunction with operation of the flashlight or independently thereof.

Second, to provide a device of this class wherein the guns may be effectively locked against accidental operation.

Third, to provide on the whole a compact and efiicient weapon to be carried by policemen and guards, as well as the military.

With the above and other objects in view as may appear hereinafter, reference is made to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is an elevational view of our device.

Figure 2 is an end view thereof, taken from the plate 2-2 of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a longitudinal sectional view thereof, taken through 33 of Figure 2.

, Figure 4 is a transverse sectional view through 44 of Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a partial sectional partial elevational view showing particularly th gun trigger and firing pin mechanism.

Figure 6 is a transverse sectional view through 6-6 of Figure 3.

Figure 7 is a transverse sectional view through l! of Figure 3.

Figure 8 is a fragmentary sectional view through 8-8 of Figure 4, showing the firing pin and gun unit.

Figure 9 is a sectional View through 99 of Figure 8, showing the firing pins latched in their retracted position.

Figure 10 is a perspective view of the cocking plate.

Our device includes a tubular battery case I adapted to receive batteries 2 and closed at one end by a cap 3 containing a spring loaded contact 4 for engagement with the batteries.

The opposite end of the battery case recess is screw-threaded to receive a tubular body 5. The

body 5 includes a boss 6 which extends radially inwardly partly across the battery case I and is provided with a collar 1 located eccentrically with respect to the battery case and directed outwardly therefrom. The collar 1 supports the base end of a light bulb 8. The light bulb base is held in place by a spring II] which engages a ferrule 9 attached to or forming an integral part of a reflector ll surrounding the light bulb and extending forwardly therefrom. The reflector is held in place by means to be described hereinafter.

The boss i5 supports on its side facing the batteries 2, a spring contact l2 which is insulated from the boss and engaged by the terminal of the adjacent battery. The spring contact [2 extends diametrically across the battery case I and is folded upon itself to form a spring end which is engageable with the terminal of the light bulb 8. Normally, the contact I2 is out of engagement but is movable into engagement by a pin Id of insulating material which is slidably mounted in an axial bore located in the wall of the body 5 and is thus disposed exteriorly of the battery case I. The pin It protrudes from the tubular body and is engageable by a collar l5 rotatably mounted on the battery case i. For purposes which will be brought out hereinafter, the collar E5 is provided with deep recesses l6 separated by a pair of shallow recesses ll. When the pin M enters the deep recesses it, the flashlight is in its off condition and when the pin enters the shallow recesses It the flashlight is in its on condition.

Attached to the body 5 and extending axially therefrom is a gun body it. Axially extending screws l9 secure the gun body in place. The gun body is provided with an eccentric opening 20 coaxial with the light bulb 8. The opening is provided with an internal flange behind which fits a transparent covering 2|, the margins of which are yieldably engaged by the reflector I! under urge by the spring Ill.

The gun body is provided with one or more (in this case two) gun bores 22. Each gun bore receives a cartridge (not shown) contained in a casing 23. The casing 23 is tubular and of sufficient strength to resist the internal pressures created upon firing the cartridge. The cartridge itself may be conventional and comprise a small explosive charge and tear gas chemicals or other chemicals, or the cartridge may be a small gun unit arranged to fire bullets. In any case, the casing 23 is provided with an external groove 24 near its forward end adapted to be engaged by a latch pin 25 mounted radially in a socket provided in the gun body. One end of the latch pin 25 is exposed so that it may be depressed to release the gun casings 23. A spring 26 mounted within the opening 20 urges the latch pin 25 outwardly to retain the gun casings 23.

The tubular body 5 is provided with a recess in alignment with the gun bores 22. Fitted in this recess is a firing pin block 2'! having axial bores in alignment with the gun bores and adapted to receive firing pins 28. A guide plate 29 apertured to admit the extremities of the firing pins 28 separates the firing pin bores from the gun bores. Springs 39 urge the firing pins 28 forwardly. A slot 3| is provided in the firing block between the firing pin bores and apertures communicate between the firing pin bores and the slot 31. Fitted in these apertures are keeper balls 32 which are engaged with the firing pins 28 to hold them in their retracted positions. The keeper balls 32 in turn are held in place by a trigger bar 33 which is reciprocable in the slot 3!. The trigger bar 33 is provided with side notches so that the keeper balls may drop therein to release the firing pins upon operation of the trigger bar. A spring 3 yieldably retains the trigger bar 33 in cocked position. The trigger bar 33 extends axially and rearwardly from the body 5 and is recessed as indicated by 35 to clear the collar I5. The collar I5 in turn is notched as indicated by 35, so that when the collar is turned to bring the notch 36 into registry with the recess 35, the trigger bar 33 may be actuated.

Axially slidable on the tubular body 5 is a cocking sleeve 31 which carries a cocking plate 38 having lugs 39 which ride in slots formed in the firing pin block and communicates with the firing pin bores. When the cocking sleeve 31 is moved rearwardly, that is, away from the gun body 18, the firing pins 28 are likewise moved rearwardly against the action of their springs 30 until latched by the keeper balls 32. In this condition the exposed extremity of the trigger bar 33 clears the notch 36 in the collar l5 so that the collar l5 may be rotated. Upon rotation of the collar [5 to place its notch 36 out of registry with the trigger bar 33, the trigger bar is restrained against forward or firing movement. The pin recesses l5 and I! in the collar l5 are so arranged that the flashlight may be turned off and on with the trigger bar cocked but locked against firing. Still further, the recess 36 has suflicient width that the flashlight may be turned ofi and on while the trigger bar is in its cocked but unlocked position.

Operation of our combination flashlight, gun and billy is as follows:

When desiring to use the device solely as a flashlight, the collar [5 is turned so as to place the notch 36 out of registry with the trigger bar 33. While out of such registry, the collar l5 may be turned to move one set of depressions l6 and I1 past the pin Is to open or close the circuit to the bulb 8.

When desiring to permit operation of the gun, the collar I5 is rotated until the notch 36 is in registry with the trigger bar 33. This brings the other set of depressions l6 and I7 into position for operation of the pin I4 to open and close the circuit to the bulb 8.

Under the condition of registry between the notch 36 and trigger bar 33, the trigger bar may be moved forwardly by the users thumb. In doing so, the key bolts 32 release the firing pins 23, causing the cartridge contained in shell 23 to fire.

The head formed by the members l8 and 31 forms an effective club or billy when wielded by the handle or battery case 1.

Having fully described our invention, it is to be understood that we do not wish to be limited to the details herein set forth, but our invention is of the full scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

1. A combination of the class described, involving: a body structure definin a flashlight cavity and a gun bore at one side thereof; a

flashlight unit in said flashlight cavity; a gun unit adapted to fit said gun bore; firing means for said gun unit including a trigger bar; switch means for said flashlight unit including a rotatable collar; said rotatable collar and trigger bar being engageable with each other whereby for certain positions of said collar said trigger bar may be actuated and for certain other positions of said collar said trigger bar is locked against operation.

2. A combination of the class described, involving: a body structure defining a gun bore adapted to receive a gun cartridge, and a flashlight cavity ofiset from said gun bore; a battery case connected to said body structure and forming a handle therefor; a flashlight unit in said flashlight cavity, a control means therefor including a collar journaled about the axis of said body, a contact member and a connecting member between said contact member and collar; firing means for a cartridge recessed in said gun bore, said firing means including a firing pin and a trigger bar, said trigger bar protruding from said body structure and traversing said collar; said collar being movable between a position restraining said trigger bar and a position permitting operation thereof.

3. A combination of the class described, involving: a body structure defining a gun bore adapted to receive a gun cartridge, and a flashlight cavity offset from said gun bore; a battery case connected to said body structure and forming a handle therefor; a flashlight unit in said flashlight cavity, a control means therefor including a collar journaled about the axis of said body, a contact member and a connecting member between said contact member and collar; firing means for a cartridge recessed in said gun bore, said firing means including a firing pin and a trigger bar, said trigger bar protruding from said body structure and traversing said collar; said collar being movable between a position restraining said trigger bar and a position permitting operation thereof; and a sleeve axially slidable on said body structure to cock said firing pin for subsequent release by said trigger bar.

4. A combination of the class described, involving: a body structure defining a gun bore in its peripheral portion extending parallel to the axis of said body structure and adapted to receive a gun cartridge; a firing pin for engaging said gun cartridge; a trigger bar also extending parallel to the axis of said body structure, means operable to cause said trigger bar to restrain said firing pin; a sleeve carried by said body structure operable to cock said firing pin for subsequent release by said trigger bar; means rotatable with respect to said body structure for locking said trigger bar to restrain said firing pin in its cocked position; a flashlight unit disposed in said body structure; a battery case extending from said body structure; and a switch for said flashlight unit operable by said rotatable means.

VICTOR B. OBRIEN. ELDRIDGE B. ROBERTSON.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,461,600 Cottrell July 10, 1923 1,970,501 Driggs Aug. 14:, 1934 2,069,293 Wiley Feb. 2, 1937

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1461600 *Jul 8, 1922Jul 10, 1923Cottrell Sylvester PCombined light and firearm
US1970501 *Oct 26, 1932Aug 14, 1934Driggs Jr Louis LFirearm
US2069293 *Feb 19, 1934Feb 2, 1937Samuel WileyHolder for cartridges
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3354570 *Mar 3, 1966Nov 28, 1967Rizzo Jr Angelo JConcealed weapon
US3776429 *Feb 28, 1972Dec 4, 1973De Lucia JCombination flashlight and propellant discharge device
US4195329 *Dec 1, 1977Mar 25, 1980Les Produits Associes Lpa SaDiagnostic lamp, particularly for checking teeth
US4884809 *Dec 30, 1985Dec 5, 1989Larry RowanInteractive transector device
US5347436 *Apr 22, 1993Sep 13, 1994Clyde, Sneider & Watson, Ltd.Combination baton/light emitting device
US5373427 *Sep 10, 1993Dec 13, 1994Mclean; Roderick G.Dispenser with source of illumination for self-defense spray canister
US5419072 *Jan 25, 1993May 30, 1995Moore; LarryInternal laser sight for weapons
US5446985 *Nov 2, 1994Sep 5, 1995Motedo Co., Ltd.Flash light combined with a tear gas injector
US5683168 *Sep 11, 1996Nov 4, 1997Teig; Willard H.Spray canister light
US5715607 *Feb 13, 1996Feb 10, 1998Swarovski Optik KgTelescopic sight
US5733195 *Oct 4, 1996Mar 31, 1998Robert C. WallBaton
US5855426 *Mar 21, 1997Jan 5, 1999Burns; Robert LeeCombination flashlight-pyrotechnic signalling device launcher
US5938532 *Dec 18, 1997Aug 17, 1999Wall; Robert C.Baton
US5941629 *Jan 26, 1995Aug 24, 1999Tuscher; AdolfCombined flashlight and self-defense spray device
US7194960Jun 10, 2004Mar 27, 2007Pepperball Technologies, Inc.Non-lethal projectiles for delivering an inhibiting substance to a living target
US7506467 *Nov 26, 2004Mar 24, 2009Maldonado Ferreira Lopes FernaChildproof and accident-proof rotating percussion handgun
US7526998Dec 8, 2003May 5, 2009Pepperball Technologies, Inc.Stabilized non-lethal projectile systems
US7559439 *Oct 15, 2003Jul 14, 2009Lightstick Partners, LlcSelf-defense and safety tool
US7744471 *Jul 23, 2003Jun 29, 2010Armanent Systems And Procedures, Inc.Tactical defense device having baton and spray dispensing capabilities
EP1076202A2 *Dec 14, 1999Feb 14, 2001Andrew Kai Ching YauLighting device
WO1996019710A1 *Jan 26, 1995Jun 27, 1996Adolf TuscherManually operated self-defense device
WO1997031218A2 *Feb 22, 1997Aug 28, 1997Kim Tae HyungFlashlight
WO1998043016A1 *Mar 19, 1998Oct 1, 1998Burns Robert LCombination flashlight-pyrotechnic signalling device launcher
Classifications
U.S. Classification42/146, 362/102, 362/114, 42/1.8, 463/47.4, 42/70.1, 42/1.16
International ClassificationF41H9/10, F21V33/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21L7/00, F41H9/10, F21V33/00
European ClassificationF21V33/00, F21L7/00, F41H9/10