US 2626078 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 20, 1953 I .c. L. HUTCHISSON, JR, E TAL 2,625,078 NONUPSETTING GARBAGE CAN Filed March 25, 1949 v 5 Sheets-Sheet l INVEN TORS 621mm L flu 7'C/l/5'S'0/Y Jr.
3 JOHN 17.. 5P/9'ULFl/Y6 1953 c. L. HUTCHISSON, JR, ETAL 2,526,078
NONUPSETTING GARBAGE CAN Filed March 25, 1949 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 fie. 5,
. INKENTORS 6'1 mz/vcsLflurcfilsso/v v B Jb/m! .27- 53 /701 DING 04m Af fim Jan. 20, 1953 Filed March 25, 1949 c. HUTCHISSON, JR., ET AL NONUPSETTING GARBAGE CAN 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 HVVENTDRQ Ja s- Patented Jan. 20, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE NONUPSETTING GARBAGE CAN Clarence L. Hutchisson, Jr., and John Spa ulding, Mobile, Ala.
Application March 25, 1949, Serial No. 83,394
' 2 Claims. (01.22.0118) v present invention relates to improvements the general class oi metallic receptacles of the garbage handling type, and more specifically to a ground supported and non-upsetting garbage can having a fixed base for supporting and retaining the portable can in upright position, and frornwhich base the can may readily be lifted for handling in the disposal of garbage or other contents. While the portable receptacle or can and its fixed supporting base in which the can is nested may be utilized for various purposes, the base is especially designed for use at, or above, the ground level as in a back yard, or the base may be, installed flush with a pavement adjacent the curb of a street. In either position the base is adapted to receive and retain the lower portion cf the portable can or receptacle, and the can and the base are equipped with coacting rrictionally engaged means that prevent ac cidental overturnin or upsetting of the can while supported in the base, thus insuring a stabilized and sanitary receptacle for the garbage or other material.
The portable receptacle and the fixed base each includes a minimum number of parts that may with facility be manufactured at low cost of production, the base may be installed with ease, and the can may be manipulated with convenience in mounting as well as in dismounting to and from the base.
The invention consists in certain novel features of construction and combinations and arrangements of parts as will hereinafter be described detail and more particularly set forth the-appended claims.
:In; the accompanying drawings we have illustrated a complete example of a physical embodimer t of our invention in which the parts are combined and arranged in accord with one mode we have devised for the practical application of the principles of our invention. It will however be understood that changes and alterations are contemplated and may be made in theseexampliflying drawings and mechanical structures, withh $9 1 9? u c aims Wit out a t n fr th princip e 9: he in en nigu -1 s ew in e e i n win a m tallic receptacle in which our invention is physically embodied; and 'Figure 2 is a bottom plan view of the receptacle.
Figure 3 is a plan view .of .a base in which our invention isinvolvied; and Figure 4 is an. enlarged fragmentary sectional view of the base. 1
Figure 5 is an assembly view partly in elevation and broken away for convenience of illustration.
Figure .6 is a plan view of a modified formv 0 the base; and Figure 7 is a section thereoiat line 1-1.
In order that the general arrangement and utility of parts may readily be understood, we have depicted a sheet metal can C, having the usual bail B for handling purposes, together with a customary lid L and its. handle H.
In the process of manufacture the lower end of the cylindrical wall of the canis fashioned with a depending flange or skirt vl proje ting below a slightly elevated and flanged bottom 2 that is welded or otherwise secured within the can, and the skirt is braced or reinforced by means of a number of radially arranged .anddiametrically disposed vanes or blades 3 that are w ed or a ached in desire manner to th underside of .the. elevated bottom and to the inner face of the skirt.
Preferably, the lower annular edge Qf the skirt is serrated or scalloped, as at .4, and these serrations, when fashioned on the skirt, in addition to providing a wear-edge for the skirt, alsov perform the functions of cutters for looseningaccumulated dirt or debris in the fixed. supporting base-of the can.
The upper portion of the. skirt is equipped with an annular shoulder, head, or collar, located preferably on the exterior .of the skirt, which seats on the fixed base and provides a support for the can. In this specific form of the invention the annular supporting shoulder includes an exterior annular band- 5 and itslaterally prnjectins head 6. a d t e exterior, shoul er reacts with the interior flanged bottom .of the can in proriding a stable support on the can that seats, on the upper face of the fixed base.
We have illustrated the base 1 as a. rectangular block of concrete molded to shape, with a, central opening 8 that not only economizes in the material. used, bu in add i the openin 8. provides a space to receive a filler of soil or other material, even with the upper face of the base.
The continuous, or annularv groove. 9 in. the upper fac of the. ba e is of suificient depth to. r ceive, the skirt, with the serrated edgeof the skirt terminating just above the bottom of. the o ve, a d th wei t-of thecan bei supp t by the annularshoulder While the skirt is nested in the slot or groove. The-annular slot or groove is of ample width tor ready insertioninto, and easy W thdrawal .Of the sk om, the base; an sufiicient clearance for the skirt is provided in the grove to permit a slight tilting of the can, as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 5. Thus, in the event the nested can is accidentally bumped by 3 a pedestrian, or by a dog running down the street, the can may be tilted slightly to absorb the force of the bump without being dislodged, upset, or overturned, due to the retention of the skirt within the groove or slot.
To accommodate the radially extending braces 3 on the underside of the elevated bottom of the can, the base is fashioned with a number of radially arranged grooves II) in its upper face, complementary to the braces; and these radially arranged grooves, which open into the annular slot or groove 9, also provide clean-out passages through which the dirt or debris may be scraped from the annular slot after it has been loosened by action of the serrated skirt as the can is turned in the annular groove.
Because of its heavy weight, a concrete base, when properly set in the ground, may provide ample rigidity as a support for the can or metallic receptacle; while under other conditions additional anchoring means are provided for stabilizing and rigidly retaining the installed base. As here indicated the base may be anchored L by'the use of bolt holes I I that are countersunk @at l2 and adapted to receive spikes 13 having heads M, which spikes are passed through the holes anddriven into the ground for anchoring the base, and the lower ends of the spikes preferably are, out-curved to insure a more tenacious fastening oranchorage for the base.
While we have herein illustrated and described I a satisfactory arrangement of parts at the skirt or bottom portion of the metallic can, it will be .understood that the annular supporting shoul- 1. der or head of the can may be fashioned in I other suitable manner, as for instance in Fig. 7,
the metal of the bead may be crimped around 1 an annular wirel5 to form the supporting shoulder or bead.
The slightly elevated bottom of the can may or may not be equipped with radial braces, the serrated bottom of the skirt may be optional, and f as indicated in Fig. 7 the can may have a corrugated wall.
In the modified form ofthe base in Figs. 6
In this cast metal, or sheet metal, base an annular depending and integral inner rib l8 forms the annular groove 9a in the flat upper face of the base for the reception of the skirt of the can or metallic receptacle, and the four radially arranged depressions or grooves Illa curve downwardly into the annular groove from the upper face of the base.
In addition to the countersunk spike holes lll2 that receive the fastening spikes, additional anchoring means are provided for the metallic base, and these fastening means may be i used singly, or jointly withthe spikes shown in Fig. 5. For this purpose the metallic base is fashioned with four diagonally arranged anchoring plates as l9 that may be integral with, or attached to the base at its bottom portion, and
these plates, or feet project an ample distance to provide a stable anchorage for the base.
, When the base is installed, these radially projecting anchors are covered by the surface soil, or sidewalk, and the open center of the base may be filled in with suitable material flush with the top of the base and the ground surface.
The different types of bases here shown may be manufactured in various sizes, or they may be manufactured with concentric annular grooves varying in diameter to accommodate cans of different sizes, and in some instances the base may be made adjustable for selective use with diiferent sizes of cans.
Having thus fully described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. The combination with a rigid and fixed base having a flat top and an annular groove in its upper face, an open center, and a series of radially arranged grooves opening into the annular groove, of a portable can having an elevated bottom providing a depending skirt for the can, a series of radially arranged braces seated in the radially arranged grooves and located between the bottom of the can and its skirt, said skirt having a serrated free edge seated in the annular groove, and an exterior annular shoulder rigid with the upper portion of the skirt seated on the base.
2. A cylindrical garbage can having a lid and a hinged bail, an elevated bottom having an attaching flange and forming an annular skirt having a lower serrated edge, a series of radially arranged braces uniting the underside of the bottom and the inner face of the skirt, an exterior annular band attached to the skirt adjacent to the attaching flange, and a laterally projecting head on said band forming a supporting shoulder for the can.
CLARENCE L. HUTCHISSON, JR. JOHN D. SPAULDING.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 199,251 Baron et al. Jan. 15, 1878 269,143 Walls Dec. 12, 1882 523,344 Hancock July 24', 1894 675,651 De Lacy June 4, 1901 689,014 Maudacy Dec. 17, 1901 763,962 Clayton July 5, 1904 836,555 Birnie Nov. 20, 1906 963,082 Shrene July 5, 1910 1,051,183 Allen Jan. 21, 1913 1,450,632 Horton Apr. 3, 1923 1,663,822 Walker Mar. 27, 1928 1,866,457 Foley July 5, 1932 1,922,127 Foley Aug. 15, 1933 2,260,570 John Oct. 28, 1941 2,297,193 Silverman Sept. 29, 1942 2,301,061 Logeman Nov. 3, 1942 2,354,691 Lebedefi Aug. 1, 1944 2,502,910 Wilcox et a1 Apr. 4, 1950 2,545,320 Tilson Mar. 13, 1951 2,548,035 May Apr. 10, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 222,028 Great Britain Sept. 25, 1924 530,680 France Oct. 7, 1921