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Publication numberUS2626398 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 27, 1953
Filing dateAug 28, 1950
Priority dateAug 28, 1950
Publication numberUS 2626398 A, US 2626398A, US-A-2626398, US2626398 A, US2626398A
InventorsGrindle Charles R, Saemann Franklin I
Original AssigneeOrthopedic Equipment Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Artificial arm
US 2626398 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 27, 1953 c. R. GRINDLE ET AL 2,626,398

ARTIFICIAL ARM Filed Aug. 28, 1950 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 INVENTORS jf'aem ATTORNEY C. R. GRINDLE ET AL ARTIFICIAL ARM 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 Filed Aug. 28, 1950 ATTORNEY Patented Jan. 27, 1953 ARTIFICIAL ARM Charles R. Grindle, Winona Lake, and Franklin I. Saemann, Bourbon, Ind., assignors to Orthopedic Equipment 00., Bourbon, Ind.

Application August 28, 1950, Serial No. 181,810

Claims.

This invention relates to artificial arms and has special reference to such arms as are adapted for use after upper arm amputations.

More particularly the invention relates to artificial arms having elbow joints.

In artificial arms for replacement of arms amputated above the elbow joint it is desirable that the arm have an upper section provided with a socket to receive the stump of the natural arm as left after amputation. It is common in such cases to provide a lower arm section of the artificial arm connected to the upper section in a pivoted manner so that the lower section may be moved to desired angular relation to the upper section.

One of the principal objects of this invention is to provide a novel means in such an arm whereby the angular relation between the upper and lower arm sections may be varied by exerting tension on an adjusting cord connected to the harness commonly used in holding artificial arms in position on a wearer.

Artificial arms are usually provided with an article-gripping device such as a hand or claw, a hook or the like. Such devices are often interchangeable on the arm proper and vary in Weight. Such arms also are worn beneath the wearers clothing and such clothing varies in weight and flexibility.

A second important object of this invention is to provide an elbowjoint having spring means adjustable to compensate for variations in weight carried by the forearm section such as are caused by the particular weight of an artificial hand or other article-holding device and variati'ons in the weights of clothing worn by the wearer of the arm forming this invention.

A third important object of this invention is to provide novel means, operable for adjusting the tension of the spring used herein.

A fourth important object of the invention is to provide, in a novel device of this character, means to releasably hold the arm in angularly adjusted position.

A fifth important object of the invention is to provide means operable from outside the clothing whereby such adjustment holding means may be released to permit the forearm portion of the artificial arm to swing freely.

With the above and other objects in view, as will be presently apparent, the invention consists in general of certain novel details of construction and combinations of part hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings and particularly claimed.

In the drawings like characters of reference indicate like parts in the several views, and

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of one form of the invention.

Fig. '2 is an enlarged fragmentary cross'section taken on the axial plane of the preferred form of elbow joint in such an arm.

Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a section on the line 44 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is a detail section on the line 55 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 6 is an exploded perspective disclosing the operating parts of the elbow joint.

As shown in the drawings the invention includes an upper arm section I!) and a lower arm section II. The section l0 is formed of thin metal and is shaped to provide a cylindrical upper portion l2 and a substantially hemispherical lower end closure [3, the portion 12 being open at the top. Metallic straps [4 are riveted to opposite sides of the portion [2 and extend upwardly therefrom so that an arm-gripping portion may be secured thereto. This arm-gripping portion is not here shown as it may be of any desired structure, one example of which is shown in the patent to Mollenhour, No. 2,409,884 in Fig. 1 at 76.

At opposite points of the section I!) at the junction of the portions 12 and [3 there are provided openings l5. In the forms shown in Figs.

1 to 6 axially alined bushings I6 and I! are fitted in openings l5, being preferably of antifriction character.

The bushing I 6 is integral with one of the straps i4 and this form is provided with an internal roller bearing I 3. In this bearing is rotatably mounted a hollow shaft I!) which has an outer polygonal end 20 on which is fitted the upper end of a strap 2| which is fixedly secured to the lower arm section II. The strap 2| is held on the end 20 by a cap screw 22. The inner end of the shaft I9 is provided with a head 23 having an inwardly extending peripheral flange 24 having a grooved belt pulley 25 formed integrally thereon. The head and flange 24 thus form a hollow cylinder in which is fitted a liner 26 secured by screws 21.

The other bushing I! has an internal roller bearing 28, the bushing being integral with a strap is which is secured to the upper arm section It. A shaft 30 is rotatably mounted in the bearing -28and at'its inner end is rotatably fitted in the hollow shaft I9. Projecting inwardly from the bushing I1 is an arcuate arm '33 concentric to the shaft 30. This arm 33 isprovided on its inner side with a rib 34 forming a key. The outer end of the shaft 39 extends rotatably through the upper end of a strap 35 which extends down along and is fixed to the lower arm section II. Fitted on the shaft 39 to bear against the bushing I1 is a collar 36 held stationary by a set screw 31. Thus the head 3| and collar 36 serve to hold the straps 2| and 35 properly together and also to prevent longitudinal movement of the shaft 30. Rotatably mounted on the shaft 39 is a sleeve 38 having (Fig. 5) a pair of diametrically disposed slots 39. The sleeve is of such diameter as to fit within the arm 33 thus enabling the rib 34 to engage in a selected slot 39. On the inner end of the sleeve 38 is a head 40 of disc-like form from the periphery of which extends a flange 4|, the head and flange forming a spring housing to which one end of a spirally wound leaf spring 42 is attached. The other end of this spring is attached to a spring anchor formed by a sleeve 43 revolubly mounted on the shaft 39. From the sleeve 43 extends a pair of segmental arms 44 which are diametrically opposite. Secured. to the shaft 30 is a sleeve 45 which is held against rotation on the shaft by a key 46. The sleeve 45 is preferably termed a spring tension regulating sleeve. This sleeve 45 is provided with a pair of longitudinally segmental ribs 41. The arcuate extensions of the arms 44 and ribs 41 are equal but each has an extension of less than 90 degrees so that the location of the ribs between these arms provide spaces 48 arranged 90 degrees apart. Fitted within the liner 2B is a cylindrically coiled spring 49 the ends 59 of which are bent to extend radially inward at 90 degrees apart so as to fit in adjacent spaces 48 (Fig. 3).

Under this arrangement if the shaft 39 is turned by a key inserted in the key hole 32 the sleeve 45 is rotated with the shaft 39 and one side face of one of the ribs 4! will engage one of the spring ends 59 while the other spring end 50 will engage a side face of one of the arms 44. By rotating the shaft 30 in one direction the spring 49 is caused to expand and thus frictionally grip the liner 26. The extent of such rotation of the shaft section 39 determines the expansive stress exerted by the spring 49 on the liner. Obviously, rotation of the shaft 39 in the opposite direction will contract the spring 49 and thus diminish such expansive stress or even free the spring from contact with the liner. Furthermore, the rotation of the shaft 39 rotates the sleeve 45 and this effects rotation of the sleeve 43 through engagement of the arms 44 by the ribs 41. Now the sleeve 43 to which the inner end of the spring 42 is fixed is positioned rotatively on the shaft by the movement of the sleeve 45 in causing expansion or retraction of the spring 49. The spring 49 together with the arms 43 and ribs 41 thus constitutes a pawl and ratchet mechanism of the friction type. Thus the normal or idle torsional effect is varied in accordance with the expansion and contraction of the spring 49. The liner 29 being fixed to the head 23 of the hollow shaft l9 rotation of the shaft 30 with the spring 49 expanded a certain rotative stress is exerted on said shaft :9. This shaft l9 being connected to the lower arm section II by the strap 2| the lower arm section will tend to rise in a manner similar to a living fore-arm in flexure. Thus a certain compensation of the weight of the lower section and clothing thereon may be adjustably effected so that the necessary flexing pull on the cord 5| of the usual 4 harness may be adjusted for substantial uniformity by proper adjustment of the effect of the spring 42 in the foregoing manner.

In order to prevent clothing being caught between the open upper end of the lower arm section I I and the upper arm section a flexible strap 88 is used to connect the two sections.

It is to be observed that this invention may have the spring adjustment in such manner that the lower arm section will swing, when the wearer is walking in exactly the same manner that the natural lower arm swings. This is true whether the wearer is lightly clothed or is wearing a heavy coat or the like. All that is necessary to permit this natural swinging movement is to adjust the spring in accordance with the weight and stiffness of the clothing on the arm.

What is claimed is:

1. An artificial arm for use by persons having an upper arm amputation, said artificial arm including an upper arm section for support on the stump of the amputation and a lower arm section, pivot means carried by the lower end of the upper arm section and supporting the lower arm section, said pivot means connecting said sections, said pivot means including a twopart shaft having its parts axially alined, clutch means including a friction clutch for connecting said parts, said clutch means including clutch elements mounted in coacting relation on the respective shaft sections, a connection between one of said parts and the lower arm section arranged to cause biasing of said 1ower arm section upon rotation of the last mentioned part, and a spring having its ends engaging said parts and urging the second of said parts to rotate in the direction of the first part when biasing the lower arm section.

2. An artificial arm for use by persons having an upper arm amputation, said artificial arm including an upper arm section for support on the stump of the amputation and a lower arm section, pivot means carried by the lower end of the upper arm section and supporting the lower arm section, said pivot means connecting said sections, said pivot means including a two-part shaft having its parts axially alined, clutch means including a friction clutch for connecting said parts, said clutch means including clutch elements mounted in coacting relation on the respective shaft sections, a connection between one of said parts and the lower arm section arranged to cause biasing of said lower arm section upon rotation of the last mentioned part, a tension adjustable spring having its ends engaging said parts and urging the second of said parts to rotate in the direction of the first part when biasing the lower arm section, and adjusting means for adjusting the tension of said spring.

3. An artificial arm for use by persons having an upper arm amputation, said artificial arm including an upper arm section for support on the stump of the amputation and a lower arm sec tion, pivot means carried by the lower end of the upper arm section and supporting the lower arm section, said pivot means connecting said sections, said pivot means including a two-part shaft having its parts axially alined, clutch means including a friction clutch for connecting said parts, said clutch means including clutch elements mounted in coacting relation on the respective shaft sections, a connection bewhenbiasing the lower arm section, and adjust- "ingmeans for adjusting'the tension of said spring,

said adjusting means further acting to efiect adjustment of the "friction grip of said clutch.

4. An artificial arm for use by persons having anupper arm amputation, said artificial arm including :an'upper arm section for support on the stump of the amputation and a lower arm section, pivot means carried by the lower end of the upper arm section and supporting the lower arm section, said pivot means connecting said sections, said pivot means includinga two-part shaft having its parts axially alined, clutch means including a friction clutch for connecting said parts, said clutch means including clutch elements mounted in coactingrelation on the respective shaft-sections, a-connection between-one of said parts and the lower arm section arranged to cause biasing of said lower arm section upon rotation .of the last mentioned part, a spring having its ends engaging said parts and urging the second of said parts to rotate in the direction of th first part when biasing the lower arm section, and means controllable by the wearer and carried by the first mentioned shaft part for rotating said shaft part in like direction to which it is urged by said spring.

5. An artificial arm for use by persons having an upper arm amputation, said artificial arm including an upper arm section for support on the stump of the amputation and a lower arm section, pivot means carried by the lower end of the upper arm section and supporting the lower arm section, said pivot means connecting said sections, said pivot means including a twopart shaft having its parts axially alined, clutch means including a friction clutch-for connecting said parts, said clutch means including clutch elements mounted in coacting relation on the respective shaft sections, a connection between one of said parts and the lower arm section arranged to cause biasing of said lower arm section upon rotation of the last mentioned part, a spring having its ends engaging said parts and urging the second of said parts to rotate in the direction of the first part when biasing the lower arm section, adjusting means for adjusting the tension of said spring, and means controllable by the wearer and carried by the first mentioned shaft part for rotating said shaft part in like direction to which it is urged by said spring.

6. An artificial arm for use by persons having an upper arm amputation, said artificial arm including an upper arm section for support on the stump of the amputation and a lower arm section, pivot means carried by the lower end of the upper arm section and supporting the lower arm section, said pivot means connecting said sections, said pivot means including a two -part shaft having its parts axially alined, clutch means including a friction clutch for connecting said parts, said clutch means including clutch elements mounted in coacting relation on th respective shaft sections, a connection between one of said parts and the lower arm section arranged to cause biasing of said low r arm section upon rotation of the last mentioned part, a tension adjustable spring having its ends engaging said parts and urging the second of said parts to rotate 'in the direction of the first .part when biasing the lower arm section, adjusting means for :adjusting the tension of said spring, said adjusting means further acting to effect adjustment of the friction grip of said clutch, and means controllable by the wearer and carried by the first'mentioned shaft part for rotating said shaft part in like direction to which it is urgedby said spring.

7 An artificialarm for use by persons having an upper arm amputation, said artificial arm including an upper 'arm section for support on the stump of the amputation and a lower arm section, pivot means carried by the lower end of the upper arm section and supporting the lower arm section, said pivot means connecting said sections, said pivot means including :a two-part shafthaving its-parts axially alined, clutch means including a friction clutch for connecting :said parts, said clutch including a cup-shaped head choice of said-parts, a spring cylindrically'wound and fitted in said head, spring end engaging means carried by the other of said parts, said last part'when rotated controlling the frictional engagementof the spring in the head, a connection between one of said parts and the lower arm section arranged to cause biasing of said lower arm section upon rotation of the last mentioned part, and a spring having its ends engaging said parts and urging the second of said parts to rotate in the direction or" the first part when biasing the lower arm section.

8. An artificial arm for use by persons having an upper arm amputation, said artificial arm including an upper arm section for support on the stump of the amputation and a lower arm section, pivot means carried by the lower end of the upper arm section and supporting the lower arm section, said pivot means connecting said sections, said pivot means including a two-part shaft having its parts axially alined, clutch means including a friction clutch for connecting said parts, said clutch including a cup-shaped head on one of said parts, a spring cylindrically wound and fitted in said head, spring end engaging means carried by the other of said parts, said last part when rotated controlling the frictional engagement of the spring in the head, a connection between one of said parts and the lower arm section arranged to cause biassing of said lower arm section upon rotation of the last mentioned part, a spring having its ends engaging said parts and urging the second of said parts to rotate in the direction of the first part when biassing the lower arm section, and adjusting means for adjusting th tension of said spring.

9. An artificial arm for use by persons having an upper arm amputation, said artificial arm including an upper arm section for support on the stump of the amputation and a lower arm section, pivot means carried by the lower end of the upper arm section and supporting the lower arm section, said pivot means connecting said sections, said pivot means including a two-part shaft having its parts axially alined, clutch means including a friction clutch for connecting said parts, said clutch including a cup-shaped ead on one of said parts, a spring cylindrically wound and fitted in said head, spring end engaging means carried by the other of said parts, said last part when rotated controlling the frictional engagement of the spring in the head, a connection between one of said parts and the lower arm section arranged to cause biassing of said lower arm section upon rotation of the last mentioned part, a spring having its ends engaging said parts and urging the second of said parts to rotate in the direction of the first part when biassing the lower arm section, and means controllable by th wearer and carried by the first mentioned shaft part for rotating said shaft part in like direction to which it is urged by said spring.

10. An artificial arm for use by persons having an upper arm amputation, said artificial arm including an upper arm section for support on the stump of the amputation and a lower arm section, pivot means carried by the lower end of the upper arm section and supporting the lower arm section, said pivot means connecting said sections, said pivot means including a two-part shaft having its parts axially alined, clutch means including a friction clutch for connecting said parts, said clutch means including clutch elements mounted in coacting relation on the respective shaft sections, said clutch including a cup-shaped head on one of said parts, a spring cylindrically wound and fitted in said head, spring end engaging means carried by the other of said parts, said last part when rotated controlling the frictional engagement of the spring in the head, a connection between one of said parts and the lower arm section arranged to cause biassing of said lower arm section upon rotation of the last mentioned part, a spring having its ends engaging said parts and such clutch means including clutch elements mounted in coacting relation on the respective shaft sections, urging the second of said parts to rotate in the direction of the first part when biassing the lower arm section, adjusting means for adjusting the tension of said spring, and means controllable by the wearer and carried by the first mentioned shaft part for rotating said shaft part in like direction to which it is urged by said spring.

CHARLES R. GRINDLE. FRANKLIN I. SAEMANN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,409,884 Mollenhour Oct. 22, 1946 2,428,632 Mollenhour Oct. '7, 1947 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 153,839 Great Britain Nov. 18, 1920 301,953 Germany Nov. 17, 1917

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2409884 *Apr 4, 1945Oct 22, 1946Franklin I SaemannArtificial arm and hand
US2428632 *Apr 4, 1945Oct 7, 1947Franklin I SaemannArtificial arm
*DE301953C Title not available
GB153839A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2701371 *Jul 2, 1953Feb 8, 1955Flynn John CArtificial arm
US3107358 *May 15, 1961Oct 22, 1963A J Hosmer CorpProsthetic joint
US5219323 *Jun 21, 1991Jun 15, 1993Electrobionics CorporationMethod and apparatus for rotating a wrist
US5484394 *Jun 14, 1993Jan 16, 1996Electrobionics CorporationMethod and apparatus for rotating a wrist
US5549712 *Jul 8, 1994Aug 27, 1996Otto Bock Orthopaedische Industrie Besitz- und Verwaltungs-Kommanditgesel lschaftForearm lifter
US6179799Feb 1, 1999Jan 30, 2001Robert E. DoranOrthosis for supination and pronation of the wrist
EP0635247A1 *Apr 16, 1994Jan 25, 1995Otto Bock Orthopädische Industrie Besitz- und Verwaltungs-KommanditgesellschaftElbow lifting device
Classifications
U.S. Classification623/59
International ClassificationA61F2/58, A61F2/50
Cooperative ClassificationA61F2/582
European ClassificationA61F2/58E