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Publication numberUS2626601 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 27, 1953
Filing dateJul 28, 1950
Priority dateJul 28, 1950
Publication numberUS 2626601 A, US 2626601A, US-A-2626601, US2626601 A, US2626601A
InventorsRiley John P
Original AssigneeRiley John P
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vacuum pulsating exercising apparatus
US 2626601 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 27, 1953 RiLEY 2,626,601

VACUUM PULSATING EXERCISING APPARATUS Filed July 28, 1950 INVEN TOR. Johw P E/LEY.

ATTORNE YS Patented Jan. 27, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE VACUUM PULSATING EXERClsING APPARATUS John P. Riley, Costa Mesa, Calif.

Application July 28, 1950, Serial No. 176,343

1 Claim.

My invention relates to a vacuum pulsating exercising apparatus, that is, to an apparatus for producing and controlling vacuum pulsations within a hollow applicator placed over a region of a patients body or surrounding a leg or an arm.

Included in the objects of my invention are:

First, to provide an apparatus of this class wherein not only is the region under treatment subjected to rhythmic variations in negative pressure, but is simultaneously subjected to superposed pulsations.

Second, to provide an apparatus of this class wherein regulations of the intensity and duration of each cycle may be readily and quickly accomplished.

Third, to provide an apparatus which may be made in a simple, compact form so as to be readily portable.

With the above and other objects in view, reference is directed to the accompanying draw- Figure 1 is a diagrammatical view of my automatic vacuum pulsating exercising apparatus.

Figure 2 is a sectional view through 2-2 of Figure 3, showing the pulsating valve.

Figure 3 is a sectional view thereof through 3-3 of Figure 2.

Figure 4 is a graph indicating the character of pressure undulation and superposed pulsations obtainable with my apparatus.

My exercising apparatus includes: an electric motor I, having preferably several drive shafts, one of which is employed to drive a vacuum pump 2. An intake line 3 communicates between the vacuum pump and an applicator A. The applicator per se is conventional, and in this case is shown in the form of a cup. However, the applicator may take various form-s in order to fit over various portions of the body. It may be in the form of a hollow boot or sleeve, to fit the arm or leg of the patient.

A discharge line 4 leads from the vacuum pump and is provided with a discharge valve 5. Connecting with the intake or vacuum line 3 is a gauge 6 to indicate the vacuum pressure therein. The vacuum line is interrupted by, or passed through, a pulsating valve 1, which will be described in more detail hereinafter.

Branching from the vacuum line is a bleed line 8 which is intersected by, or passed through, a vacuum cycle or bleed valve 9 and termi nates in a vacuum intensity or throttle valve Ill. The pulsating valve and the vacuum cycle valve 9 are similar in construction. Each valve includes a valve body I I, which receives a tapered core [2 adapted to be rotated so as to alternately open and close the valve. A tension spring l3 maintains the tapered core seated. Pulsating valve 1 is connected to a shaft l4 and the multishaft motor l, whereas the vacuum cycle valve 9 is connected to shaft l5.

The motor is controlled by a rheostat [6 for the purpose of varying its speed. The rheostat may be in series with the control switch l1.

Operation of my vacuum pulsating exercising apparatus is as follows:

Upon placing the applicator over the portion of the patient to be treated, the vacuum pump is operated. Both the pulsating valve 1 and vacuum cycle valve 9 are rotated; the vacuum cycle valve rotates slowly, as compared to the pulsating valve.

Inasmuch as the vacuum cycle valve controls the flow in the bleed line 8, it affects the degree of vacuum which may be created in the applicator A; that is, when the vacuum cycle valve is closed, the vacuum in the applicator reaches a maximum. As the vacuum cycle valve 9 opens, this vacuum is relieved. As a consequence, a cyclic variation in pressure is created, the time interval being determined by the speed at which the vacuum cycle valve is rotated.

By adjustment of the vacuum intensity valve Ill, the vacuum intensity may be regulated, increased vacuum being obtained by throttling vacuum intensity valve ID. The discharge valve 5 serves a somewhat similar function.

Simultaneously with the rotation of vacuum cycle valve 9, the pulsating valve 1 is operated at a substantially higher velocity. The effect is to communicate the vacuum pump and applicator intermittently, and thus produce pulsations which are superposed on the rhythmic or cyclic change in vacuum pressure produced by movement of the vacuum cycle valve 9. This effect is illustrated diagrammatically in Figure 4, wherein the major curve represents the vacuum pressure variation produced by the vacuum cycle valve 9, whereas the superposed undulations represent the vacuum fluctuations due to the pulsating valve 1.

Having fully described my invention, it is to be understood that I do not wish to be limited to the details herein set forth, but my invention is of the full scope of the appended claim.

I claim:

In a vacuum pulsating exercising apparatus for use with applicator adapted to be sealed over a region of the body, the combination of; a pump having a vacuum side connected with said ap- REFERENCES CITED Phcator to produce a Vacuum} therem; bleed The following references are of record in the line and bleed valve therefore interposed between file of this patent.

said pump and applicator; a throttle valve also interposed in between said pump and applica- 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS tor; means for cyclically operating said bleed valve at a, predetermined speed to produce a gfi g J g varying efiective pressure in said applicator, and 2 491 gg ai 33 1937 means for simultaneously operating sald throttle 2,138,527 Newman NC 1938 valve at a predetermined greater speed than said 10 bleed valve to superpose pressure pulsations in said applicator.

2,140,898 Collens Dec. 20, 1938 2,145,932 Israel Feb. 7, 1939 JOHN RILEY 2,168,611 Thompson Aug. 8, 1939

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US841146 *Apr 10, 1903Jan 15, 1907Sayer HasbrouckPneumatic massage apparatus.
US2087491 *Jun 19, 1936Jul 20, 1937Whitehurst Chemical Res CorpPulsator
US2138527 *Jun 6, 1935Nov 29, 1938Newman Alexander IVariable pressure apparatus
US2140898 *Nov 7, 1935Dec 20, 1938U M A IncMethod of and apparatus for producing intermittent venous occlusion
US2145932 *Jan 4, 1936Feb 7, 1939U M A IncTherapeutical appliance
US2168611 *Aug 31, 1935Aug 8, 1939Thompson Margaret AliciaMethod of and apparatus for the pressure treatment of parts of the human body
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2875946 *Sep 13, 1956Mar 3, 1959Electronic And X Ray Applic LtMechanical breathing apparatus
US3094118 *Aug 10, 1962Jun 18, 1963Rotary Hospital Equipment CorpFacial massage mask
US3094983 *Jul 25, 1961Jun 25, 1963Frank F ReedBlood circulation device and method
US3238937 *Apr 1, 1963Mar 8, 1966Stein Robert JBust developer
US4754748 *Aug 30, 1985Jul 5, 1988Jerry AntowskiApparatus for generating pneumatic pressure pulses for application to the external acoustic meatus of a patient
US4757807 *Jan 9, 1987Jul 19, 1988Barbara DensertMethod and apparatus for treating Meniere's disease
US4836192 *Jul 28, 1988Jun 6, 1989Mariarosa AbbateVacuum generator for stimulating the scalp
US4838263 *May 1, 1987Jun 13, 1989Regents Of The University Of MinnesotaChest compression apparatus
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US5769797 *Jun 11, 1996Jun 23, 1998American Biosystems, Inc.Oscillatory chest compression device
US6196982Dec 30, 1997Mar 6, 2001Terry A. BallVacuum massager
US6210345Oct 4, 1999Apr 3, 2001American Biosystems, Inc.Outcome measuring airway resistance diagnostic system
US6340025Oct 4, 1999Jan 22, 2002American Biosystems, Inc.Airway treatment apparatus with airflow enhancement
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US6415791Oct 4, 1999Jul 9, 2002American Biosystems, Inc.Airway treatment apparatus with cough inducement
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US7537575Mar 25, 2005May 26, 2009Electromed, Inc.Body pulsating method and apparatus
US7770479Oct 25, 2007Aug 10, 2010Electromed, Inc.Scotch yoke with anti-lash assembly
US7785280Oct 9, 2006Aug 31, 2010Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Variable stroke air pulse generator
US7833179Dec 30, 2003Nov 16, 2010Otivio AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and applications thereof
US7833180Oct 9, 2008Nov 16, 2010Otivio AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and the applications thereof
US8021314Oct 11, 2010Sep 20, 2011Otivio AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and the applications thereof
US8202237Apr 21, 2009Jun 19, 2012Electromed, Inc.Portable air pulsator and thoracic therapy garment
US8361001Aug 17, 2011Jan 29, 2013Otivio AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and the applications thereof
US8460223Mar 13, 2007Jun 11, 2013Hill-Rom Services Pte. Ltd.High frequency chest wall oscillation system
US8657864Dec 16, 2008Feb 25, 2014Otivio AsPortable patient temperature adjustment apparatus and method
US8740824Oct 30, 2007Jun 3, 2014Electromed, Inc.Body pulsating method and apparatus
US8821422Dec 21, 2012Sep 2, 2014Otivio AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and applications thereof
USRE40814Jan 14, 2002Jun 30, 2009Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Oscillatory chest compression device
EP1736131A2 *Dec 30, 2003Dec 27, 2006Thermonor ASDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and applications thereof
EP1736132A2 *Dec 30, 2003Dec 27, 2006Thermonor ASDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and applications thereof
WO1988008291A1 *Apr 26, 1988Nov 3, 1988Univ MinnesotaChest compression apparatus
WO2004058131A2 *Dec 30, 2003Jul 15, 2004Thermonor AsDevice for applying a pulsating pressure to a local region of the body and applications thereof
Classifications
U.S. Classification601/6, 417/316, 137/565.27
International ClassificationA61H9/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61H9/005
European ClassificationA61H9/00P