Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2626764 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 27, 1953
Filing dateDec 10, 1945
Priority dateDec 10, 1945
Publication numberUS 2626764 A, US 2626764A, US-A-2626764, US2626764 A, US2626764A
InventorsCharles K Dunlap
Original AssigneeSonoco Products Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Textile bobbin
US 2626764 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 27, 1953 c. K. DUNLAP TEXTILE BOBBIN Filed Dec. 10, 1945 M I m .I n W I D w n f 3 a M A Bu 2% Patented Jan. 27, 1953 TEXTILE BOBBIN Charles K. Dunlap, Hartsville, S. 0., assignor to Sonoco Products Company, a corporation of South Carolina Application December 10, 1945, Serial No. 633,998

7 Claims.

This invention relates to textile bobbins such as are used for supporting yarn or thread packages, and has particular application to supporting bobbins or carriers for synthetic fibers such as rayon and nylon.

' With the progressive and wide increase in uses of synthetic fibers, the requirements for satisfactory bobbins for winding of these fibers have become more and more strict. Rayon yarns, for example, which vary all the way from hardtwisted slick finish yarns to very soft yarns of practically no twist, require surface characteristics for winding on the bobbins quite different and varied from those used in prior years. Also. the winding of nylon has given rise to the problem of providing great strength in the bobbin so as to resist the tremendous contracting forces exerted by nylon when it is wound on a bobbin and subjected to varying moisture conditions.

To meet these varied and increasingly strict requirements on bobbins and at the same time keep down the cost to a reasonably low level has presented a major commercial problem. I have now met this problem both from a technical and economic standpoint by providing new bobbin constructions.

According to the present invention this problem is met by a reuseable, knock-down type of bobbin having replaceable parts. Certain parts which are most commonly damaged in handling and shipping of the bobbins and which have heretofore required discarding of the entire bobbin, can be replaced by new parts with a large saving in expense. One of the outstanding and commercially valuable features of my knock-down bobbin is its simplicity of construction and manufacture. These factors render this bobbin practical for commercial use in large quantities at relatively low cost.

Non limiting embodiments of my new bobbin constructions are illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which:

Fig. l is an elevation, partly in section and partly cut away, of a bobbin constructed in accordance with my invention;

Fig. 2 is a bottom plan View of the upper spacer member;

Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view of the disk adapted for engagement with the driving lugs of a spindle whorl;

Fig. 4 is an elevation, partly in section, further illustrating the relation of the disk member and lower flange member, and oriented substantially on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is an expanded assembly view, partly in section, showing a modification in accordance with the present invention of the bobbin illustrated in Fig. 1; and,

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary detail of a modified top end assembly for the bobbin illustrated in Fig. 5.

Generally described, the bobbins of my invention comprise an inner tubular member forming a spindle bushing, an outer tubular member forming a bobbin barrel, a disk member adapted for engagement with the driving lugs of a spindle whorl, and means for assembling these elements to constitute a bobbin in which all of the elements are locked against relative turning with respect to each other. As illustrated in Fig. 1, the inner tubular member is indicated at In, the outer tubular member at I I and the disk member at I2.

As the inner tubular member II] serves as a spindle bushing, it is in the usual instance most suitably formed of metal, although paper, plastics or other materials might be used if desired. This inner tubular member II] extends in sufficient length to allow it to be crimped as at I3 and M for engagement with the disk member l2 and an upper spacer member IS. The inner tubular member is further provided at its end portions with short ribs set up as indicated at It in Fig. 1. The disk member I2 and upper spacer member I5 are formed with apertures for assembly on the inner tubular member II] and these apertures are worked with corresponding serrations as at I! and I8 which fit the above mentioned ribs I6 set up on the inner tubular member IE), and serve to lock the disk member l2 and upper spacer member I5 against turning on the inner tubular member.

The outer tubular member I I forming the bobbin barrel is assembled between the upper spacer member I 5 and a lower flange member I9 associated with disk member I2. The upper spacer member I5 is formed with a flange portion 20 in which an annular channel or recess 21 is formed in relation to a plug-like portion 22. This pluglike portion 22 is adapted to be received inside the outer tubular member II and center it with respect to the inner tubular member It]. The annular channel 2| provides a seat for the end of the outer tubular member II which supports it against possible spreading action of embossed ribs 23 formed on the plug-like portion 22 of spacer member I5. As described more in detail below, the outer tubular member I I is formed of paper, and these ribs 23 bite into the outer tubular member II as it is assembled on the spacer member I5 and secure it at this poin against turning.

A similar method of assembly is employed at the lower end of the bobbin. The disk member I2 is formed with a plug-like portion 24 having embossed ribs 25. In this case, however, the annular channel forming a seat for the end of the outer tubular member I I is worked into the lower flange member I9 as at 26. The lower flange member I9 has a central aperture 2? adapted to fit over the plugportion 24 of disk member I2, and when assembled in this manner the configuration 26 in lower flange member I9 is completed by the plug portion 24 of disk member I2 to form an annularly recessed seat for the lower end of outer tubular member II, as at 2? in Fig. 1. Accordingly, the embossed ribs 25 on disk member I2 will grip and engage the outer tubular member II against turning just as described above in connection with the assembly at the upper spacer member I5.

These ribs 25 will also engage the lower flange member I9 with consequent locking effect but furtherv provision is preferably made for keying the lower-flange member-l9 to disk member l2 through "the arrangement of bosses; 28 and re-' cesses -29 which is best shown in Fig. 4. The bosses28 are equally spaced-in an annular series on'rthe bottom of lower flange member i9. About fourof the bosses 28 are usually sufiicient. The recesses 29 are correspondingly located in the top surfaceof the flangelike body portion 36 of disk member I2. Upon assembly of lower flange member I9 on disk member I2 the bosses 23 can accordingly be interfittedin the recesses 29 to provide an effective keyed engagement of these two elements.

The fully assembled bobbin illustrated in Fig. 1 accordingly consists of the'outer tubular member orbobbin barrel II engaged and spaced between upper spacer member I5 and the disk member I2 and associated lower-flange member I9, the disk member I2 and upper spacer member 55 being held onthe inner tubular member Iii by the crimp formed as previously mentioned at I3 and I4. As assembled all of the elementsare locked with respect to each other; the disk member 52 and upperspacer memberon the inner tubular member ID by the ribs I6 and corresponding serrationsI'I and I8, the outer tubular member by theembossedribs 23 and 25 formed on the upper spacer member I5 and disk -member I2 respectively, and the lower flange member I9 with respect to the disk member I2 by means of the bosses 28 and recesses 29. This arrangement provides a sturdy and solid construction for the bobbinwhich i adapted to stand up well during useand which adequately resists the forces encountered particularly during winding operations which have the tendency to causethe elements of the assembly'to turn with respect to each other and thus render the bobbin useless. The disk member :12 is adapted for engagement with the driving. lugs of a spindle whorl through slots 3| formed in its bottom surface. in the usual manner.

The outer tubular member or bobbinbarrel' I I, as previously mentioned, is formed of paper, usually a hard calendered paper; and preferably comprises a convolutely wound, tubular paper body made up from a suitable paper stock, such as kraftstock.- One difficulty that has been encountered in forming thebobbin barrels I I is the matter of providing: an adequate surface finish which will render the outer surface of the bobbin barrel smooth and. slick. The hard calendered paperused in forming the bobbin barrels II,

According to the present invention this difficulty is obviated by napping the outer surface of the tubular body forming the bobbin barrel II, and then applying the finishing material to this napped surface. The results obtained in this manner are unique in that when the outer surface of the bobbin barrel I I is conditioned in thi manner it receives the finishing treatment exceptionally well and may be finished to form a strikingly smooth, slick and attractive surface.

The napping of the outer surface of the tubular body forming, the bobbin barrel II may be accomplished by a suitable abrading treatment such as is described. in my prior United States Patent 2,219,836. The surface finishing treatment maybe carried out with any of the usual materials used for this purpose. I have obtained very satisfactory results with, Bakelite type of resins. After the surface finishingmaterialhas beenapplied a polishing. operation may be employed if desired to augment the surface charac.-'

teristics obtained.

A unique feature of the surface finishing treatment just described is that while thenapping of the outer surface of the bobbin barrel II provides the necessary afiinity for the surface finishing material to be used, this affinity is present only in the outer lamination of the convolutely wound tubular body forming the bobbin barrel I I. As a result, penetration 'of the surface finishing material is obtained only in this outer lamination, and the repelling characteristics encountered in the outer surface before napping are still present in the next inner'lamination so that a barrier is provided against the surface finishing material which restricts it to the outer lamination. Accordingly, the outer surface of the bobbin barrel II may be treated adequately with the surface'finishing material without'encountering any problem of bleeding 'into the inner laminations and without excessive use of surface finishing materials. The surface finishing treatment consequently is limited to the outer surface of the bobbin barrel II where it is needed, with resulting economies in obtaining the desired surface finish which will be obvious.

The disk member I2, the upper spacer member I5, and the lower flange member I9 are also serviceably incorporated in the bobbins constructed according to the present invention as fiber elements. These elements may be formed by any of the usual methods of preparing fiber inserts and the like. For example, paper laminations of suitable size and form to provide the configuration of the elements desired may be treated with a suitable bonding resin, and then compressed in a die to the desired final shape and finished by applying heat to set the resin. These elements may otherwise be formed by any of the well known pulp molding processes, or by the process described in my copending application Serial No. 738,052, filed March 29, 1947.

A further feature of the bobbins constructed according to the present invention is that although the various elements are effectively locked against turning during use they are nevertheless demountable for replacement when necessary. In the embodiment illustrated in Fig. 1 the elements are demountable through removal of one of the crimps I3 or I4 of the inner tubular member II]. This removal may be accomplished readily by spinning one of these crimps so that it is straightened to the diameter of the inner tubular member I0. This straightening of one of the crimps I3 and I4 allows some "or all of 2,626,76&

5 the elements of the bobbin to be removed from the inner tubular member I and replaced with new elements just as the original assembly was carried out.

In the embodiment illustrated in Fig. a modified form of bobbin is shown in which the demountable feature is further accommodated by an arrangement for screw thread engagement between the inner tubular member 60 and the upper spacer member I5. The bobbin illustrated in Fig. 5 is in all essential respects identical with the bobbin described above and shown in Fig. The bobbin barrel II is assembled as before on the inner tubular member I0 between the upper spacer member I5 and the lower flange member l9 and associated disk member I2. The ribs I6 are set up at the lower end of the inner tubular member for locking engagement with the corresponding serrations I7 formed in the disk member I2, and lower flange member I9 and disk member I2 are keyed together through the bosses 28 and recesses 29 as previously described. Also, the embossed ribs are provided on the disk member I2 to secure the lower end of bobbin barrel I I against turning when the bobbin is assembled.

The upper end of inner tubular member it is changed in this instance, however, in that a threaded portion is provided as indicated at 32,

and the aperture in the upper spacer member 1 I5 is correspondingly internally threaded as at 33. It will accordingly be recognized that the bobbin shown in Fig. 5 may be assembled by securing the inner tubular member ID in disk member I2 against the crimp I3 by means of the ribs I6 and corresponding serrations ii, and then after fitting the lower flange member I3 and bobbin barrel I I in place, screwing the upper spacer member !5 on to inner tubular member I0 to complete the assembly. With this arrangement the bobbin barrel H is secured against turning with respect to inner tubular member I B through engagement with embossed ribs 25 on disk member I2, and lower flange member I9 is keyed to disk member I2 which is in turn locked on inner tubular member I!) through the ribs l6 and serrations IT.

A further modification illustrated in Fig. 5 which may be incorporated in the bobbins constructed according to my invention if desired is a reinforcing sleeve 34 for the bobbin barrel II. As previously indicated bobbins designed for use with nylon are required to have greater strength in order to resist the tremendous contracting forces exerted by nylon when it is wound on a bobbin and subjected to-varying moisture conditions. The bobbins of the present invention may be adapted readily to meet this problem through use of the reinforcing sleeve 34. The sleeve 34 is preferably a tubular metal body or the like, adapted to the inside diameter of the bobbin barrel I I, and assembled inside the bobbin barrel II with a pressed fit so that it is located securely in place. As shown, the reinforcing sleeve 34 terminates short of each end of the bobbin barrel II so as to provide clearance for the plug portions 22 and 24 of the upper spacer member I5 and the disk member I2 upon assembly.

In Fig. 6, an alternative top end assembly is shown for use when it is desired to provide a handle means for the bobbin. For this purpose, the upper spacer member I5 is replaced by a spacer member of the type indicated at 35 in Fig. 6. This spacer member has an aperture which fits over the inner tube member I0 and spaces the bobbin barrel II as previously described. The inner tube member I0 is provided in a sufficiently increased length to expose a screw threaded portion 36 beyond spacer member 35 to engage a handle member 31 as illustrated. The handle member 3'! serves as a securing means in assembling the bobbin, and also provides a handle or manipulating extension by which the bobbin may be picked up or removed from a spindle after a thread package has been wound on it. This construction is particularly advantageous where, due to the fragile nature of the thread or yarn being processed or for other reasons, it is desired to avoid entirely any direct handling of the yarn package wound on the bobbins. It will be apparent that a similar construction might be adapted for use with the bobbins illustrated in Fig. 1 if desired.

Bobbins constructed in accordance with my invention, as described above, have proven fully adequate in actual use under commercial conditions, and their simplicity of construction and manufacture provide substantial advantage from the standpoint of cost. 7

I claim:

1. A textile bobbin assembly comprising an inner tubular member forming a spindle bushing, an outer tubular member forming a bobbin barrel, a disk member adapted for engagement with the driving lugs of a spindle whorl, said inner tubular member having external ribs set up adjacent an end and said disk member having corresponding serrations formed in a central aperture thereof, said ribs and serrations releas-ably interlocking to secure said disk member against turning when assembled on said inner tubular member, and means for demountably assembling said disk member and said outer tubular member on said inner tubular member.

2. A textile bobbin assembly comprising an inner tubular member forming a spindle bushing, an outer tubular member forming a bobbin barrel, said inner tubular member extending for the entire length of said outer tubular member, a disk member adapted for engagement with the driving lugs of a spindle whorl, and an upper spacer member, said inner tubular member hav ing external ribs set up adjacent an end and said disk member having corresponding serrations formed in a central aperture thereof, said ribs and serrations releasably interlocking to secure said disk member against turning when assembled on said inner tubular member, and said inner tubular member having an external threaded portion at its other end and said upper spacer member having a central aperture internally threaded to fit said threaded portion whereby said outer tubular member may be demountably assembled concentrically on said inner tubular member between said upper spacer member and said disk member.

3. A textile bobbin assembly comprising an inner tubular member forming a spindle bushing, an outer tubular member forming a bobbin barrel, said inner tubular member extending for the entire length of said outer tubular member, a disk member adapted for engagement with the driving lugs of a spindle whorl and formed with a plug-like portion fitting said outer tubular member internally, said plug-like portion having embossed ribs disposed for engaging and gripping the interior surface of said outer tubular member adjacent its bottom end, a lower flange member carried by said disk member and inter.-

locked. therewith; an..upper'. spacer; member formed with a plug-like portion fitting said outer tubular'b-arrel'internally and having embossed ribs disposed for engaging and gripping the interior surface of said outer tubular member adjacent its top end, said lower flange member and said upper spacer member both being further; formed with an annular recess for receiving the respective ends of said outer tubular member and thereby supporting saidends against spreading by said embossed ribs, and means for demountably assembling all of said members with said disk member locked against turning on said inner-tubular member and said outer tubular member positioned between: said lower flange member and upper spacer member concentrically with respect to saidinnertubular member.

4. A .textile bobbin assembly comprising an inner tubular member forming aspindle bush: ing,..a-n.oute12 tubular member .forming a bobbin barrel, said inner tubular member extending for the entire length of said outer tubular member, a disk member adapted for engagement with the drivinglugs of a spindle whorl and formed with a plug-like portion fitting. said .outer tubular member internally, said plug-like portion-having embossed ribs disposed for engaging and gripping the interior surface of said outer tubular member adjacent its bottom end, a lower flange member carried by said disk member and formed with an annular recess for receiving and supporting said. outer tubular member externally adjacent said bottom end-against spreading upon engagement with said embossed ribs, and means associated with and located at the respective ends of said inner tubular member for demountably assembling said outer tubular member and said disk member on said inner tubular member whereby said outer tubular member is spaced concentrically by the plug-like portion of said disk member and, together with said disk member, is locked against turning with respect to said inner tubular member.

5. A textile bobbin assembly comprising an inner tubular member forming a spindle bushing,

an outer tubular member forming a bobbin barrel, said inner tubular member extending for the entire length of said outer tubular member, a disk member adapted for engagement with the driving lugs of a spindle whorl and formed with a plug-like portion fitting said outer tubular member internally, a lower flange member carried by said disk member, an upper spacer member formed with a plug-like portion fitting said outer .tubular member internally, said lower flange member and upper spacer member being formed with annular recesses for receiving and externally supporting said outer tubular member adjacent the respective ends thereof, means for releasably "interlocking said disk member and said lower flange member, and means for demountably assembling all of said members, with said outer tubular member and said disk member locked against. turning on said inner tubular member, and said outer tubular member positioned between said lower flange member and upper spacer member and spaced by said pluglike portions concentrically with respect to said inner tubular member.

6. A textile bobbin assembly comprising an inner tubular member forming a spindle bushing, an outer tbuular member forming a bobbin barrel, said inner tubular member extending for the entire length of said outer tubular member, adisk member-adapted for engagement with the driving lugs of aspindle :whorl andformed with a plug-like portion fitting said outer tubular member internally, a lower .flange member, an upper spacer member formed with a plug-like portion fitting said outer tubular member internally, means for releasably keying said lower flange member to said disk member, said lower flange member and upper spacer member bein formed with annular recesses for receiving and externally supporting said outer tubular member adjacent the respective ends thereof, means for demountably securing said disk member against turning when assembled on said inner tubular member, and means for demountably assembling said outer tubular member spaced concentrically with .respect -to said inner tubular member by theplug-like portions of said disk member .and said upper. spacer member and locked against turning. between said upper spacer member and saiddisk member, said last mentioned means including a handle member secured on said inner tubular member and providing a manipulating extension for the bobbin.

7. A textile bobbin assembly comprising an inner tubular member forming a spindle bushing, an outer tubular member formin a bobbin barrel, said inner tubular member extending for the entire length of said outer tubular member, a disk member adapted for engagement with the driving lugs of a spindle whorl and formed with a plug-like portion fitting said outer tubular member internally, a lower flange member carried by said disk member, an upper spacer mem-. ber formed with a plug-like portion fitting said outer tubular member internally, said lower flange member and upper spacer member being formed with annular recesses for receiving and supporting said outer. tubular member externally adjacent the respective ends thereof against spreading by said internally fitting pluglike portions, a reinforcing sleeve disposed interiorly of said outer tubular member but terminating sufficiently short of the ends thereof to allow clearance for the insertion of the pluglike portions of said disk member and upper spacer member, and means for demountably assembling said outer tubular member on said inner tubular member between said upper spacer member and said disk member and concentrically spaced by the plug-like portions thereof and reiniorced throughout its entire length by said plug-like portions and said reinforcing sleeve.

CHARLES K. DUNLAP.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 359,447 Keene Mar. 15, 1887 577,736 Fisher Feb. 23, 1897 1,475,704 Kaufmann Nov. 27, 1923 1,987,991 Clinton Jan. 15, 1935 2,140,497 Deters Dec. 20, 1938 2,225,551 Clinton Dec. 17, 1940 2,225,591 Jordan Dec. 17, 1940 2,230,964 Mack Feb. 4, 1941 2,304,922 Hosfield Dec. 15, 1942 FOREIGN. PATENTS Number Country Date 44,337 France Oct; 1, 1934

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US359447 *Mar 15, 1887 Island
US577736 *Feb 23, 1897 Bobbin
US1475704 *Mar 10, 1921Nov 27, 1923Steel Heddle Mfg CoBobbin
US1987991 *Mar 20, 1934Jan 15, 1935Harry D ClintonSpool and bobbin
US2140497 *Jun 7, 1937Dec 20, 1938Formica Insulation CompanyBobbin
US2225551 *Sep 8, 1939Dec 17, 1940Harry D ClintonSpool or bobbin
US2225591 *Jan 20, 1939Dec 17, 1940Ind Rayon CorpBuilt-up bobbin
US2230964 *Apr 19, 1939Feb 4, 1941Allentown Bobbin Works IncBobbin head
US2304922 *Sep 13, 1939Dec 15, 1942Carbide & Carbon Chem CorpTextile bobbin
FR44337E * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3074666 *Nov 13, 1959Jan 22, 1963Akron Spool And Mfg CoSlubber bobbin
US3408023 *Apr 4, 1966Oct 29, 1968Allied ChemCompact, light and durable bobbin
US4084068 *Sep 15, 1976Apr 11, 1978Telefonaktiebolaget L M EricssonSupporting device for mounting a magnetic core on a printed circuit card
US5383626 *Nov 9, 1992Jan 24, 1995Hafner & Krullmann GmbhTake-up reel for rollable winding material
US5660354 *Feb 7, 1995Aug 26, 1997Ripplinger; C. RobertMating spool assemblies for reducing stress concentrations
US5967455 *Jul 31, 1998Oct 19, 1999Mossberg Industries, Inc.Single-step molded reel
US6102327 *Aug 25, 1997Aug 15, 2000Mossberg Industries, Inc.Mating spool assemblies for relieving stress concentrations
US6450441Jan 29, 2001Sep 17, 2002C. Robert RipplingerTwin sheet flanges for spools and reels
US6598825Jan 29, 2001Jul 29, 2003C. Robert RipplingerSimultaneous-access surfaces for reel-flange fasteners
US6874726Jul 10, 2003Apr 5, 2005C. Robert RipplingerCorrugated-core flanges for spools and reels
US7364113Mar 31, 2005Apr 29, 2008Ripplinger C RobertCorrugated flanges for spools and reels
US7556217Apr 28, 2008Jul 7, 2009Ripplinger C RobertCorrugated flanges for spools and reels
US8286906Jul 6, 2009Oct 16, 2012Sonoco Development, Inc.Corrugated flanges for spools and reels
US8567037Sep 13, 2012Oct 29, 2013Sonoco Development, Inc.Method of forming a reel having corrugated flanges
Classifications
U.S. Classification242/118.61
International ClassificationB65H75/30
Cooperative ClassificationB65H2701/31, B65H75/30
European ClassificationB65H75/30