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Publication numberUS2627097 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 3, 1953
Filing dateMay 25, 1951
Priority dateMay 25, 1951
Publication numberUS 2627097 A, US 2627097A, US-A-2627097, US2627097 A, US2627097A
InventorsEllis Robert
Original AssigneeEllis Robert
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flexible magnetic closure
US 2627097 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 3, 1953 R, E s 2,627,097

FLEXIBLE MAGNETIC CLOSURE Filed May 25, 1 951 IN V EN TOR.

Patented Feb. 3, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 6 Claims. I

This invention relates to flexible magnetic closures and one of the principal objects of the. invention is the provision of means for more.

quickly and conveniently closing the margins of a flexible article of apparel or other device than other means in use at present.

A further object of the invention is the provision of means for increasing the magnetic tractive force of magnetic apparel closures to such a degree that the closure requires no additional mechanical or interlocking means to keep the margins of the flexible article efiectively closed during regular use.

And a still further object of the invention is the provision of means for causing the margins of the flexible article to be self-closing as soon as any part or point of the magnetized margins are brought into contact.

And yet another object of the invention is the provision of a mechanical clasp or clamp at either end of the margins to be used only in cases where severe strain is applied to the extremities of the margins. 1

Other and further objects will appear in the specification and be specifically pointed out in the appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawings exemplifying the invention and in which;

Fig. 1 is a cross sectional isometric view of my magnetic apparel closure.

Fig. 2 is a front view of the closure showing a mechanical end fastener attached thereto.

Fig. 3 shows a top View of the mechanical end fastener.

Fig. 4 is a sectional view of a variation of the magnetic closure.

Fig. 5 illustrates diagrammatically the path of magnetic conductance through the apparel closure.

Referring to the drawings in which like characters and numerals of reference refer to similar parts throughout the several views, the numeral 6 denotes generally the longitudinal flexible channel part of my magnetic closure while 1 is the associated longitudinal flexible projecting part, which latter easily fits into the former longitudinally and is held thereto by magnetic attraction as will be progressively explained. These longitudinal flexible parts or strips are preferably made of rubber, pyroxylin or similar flexible material and can be easily and cheaply fabricated by extrusion or moulding. Each of the strips 6 and 1 are provided with laterally extending lips 8 and 9 respectively to which are attached, as by threads Hi, the margins H and I2 respectively (shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1), of any article of apparel such as garments, shoes, etc., or any flexible article requiring a closure means, such as brief cases, pocketbooks, etc.

Both the channel member 6 and the projection member I are composed of a composite number of longitudinal strips, the channel 6 having its outer part conform to a Z shape in cross section of which the lip 8 is a part, while to its inner surface is glued (glue not illustrated) the flexible magnetic channel [3, which is also preferably composed of the same material but having magnetizable particles 14 inherently mixed therewith. As will be noted, the channel member l3 has its cross section in the form of a V, thus conforming to the shape of a horse-shoe magnet throughout its length. The channel I3 is permanently magnetized with a north and south magnetic pole as indicated preferably after its rear and one side is glued to the Z-shaped part of the strip 6 as will be apparent from Fig. l.

The flexible member I is also composed of a plurality of strips, the lip part 9 being also of substantially Z-shaped formation in cross section and to which is glued the magnetically attractive flexible bar [5 which has inherently mixed therewith soft iron particles l6, and which bar therefor acts as a keeper for the horseshoe magnet I3. In order to properly guide and align the projection member l into the channel member 6, I provide a flexible projection strip {1, which is not magnetically attractive as otherwise it would magnetically short circuit the horseshoe magnet l3 and render its tractive force almost negligible. It will thus be apparent that I have designed a flexible closure means which will have great tractive force, it being also apparent that it would be practically impossible to make the strips 6 and I each in one piece and insert magnetizable particles l4 and IE only in the particular locations illustrated. By gluing the strips of magnetizing material to the other strips with rubber cement or vulcanizing them together, I inexpensively provide the structure shown which will resist any ordinary stress. However, should any special strain be applied to the margins of a garment, such as might occur at the neck or waist of a wearer, I provide a mechanical U- shaped fastener l8 as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3. This fastener is provided with a lip l9 having a slot 20 which permits the fastener to slip onto or off of the opposite sides of the already magnetically attached strips 6 and l, the arms 2| of the fastener gripping the outer sides of the strips against tensional stress as will be apparent from Fig. 3. A rivet 22 is secured to the strip 6 which confines the movement of the fastener within the bounds of the slot 20. The V-shape of channel [3 permits easy insertion of part 11.

For greater tensional strains applied to the margins H and I2, I provide an arrangement illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5 in which a complete magnetic circuit is also provided. The strip SA has glued to it the U-shaped permanently magnetized channel strip [3A into the channel 23 of which fits the unmagnetized projection strip "A. It will thus be apparent that the magnetically attractive bar strip I5A completes the magnetic circuit. The bar strip [5A is glued to the strip IA and also to the projection strip HA.

In Fig. 5 is illustrated how the garment or other article may be adjusted as to size by merely inserting the projection strip llA into any of the plural channels 23. It is not necessary to provide any additional end clips l8 with this construction. It will be noted that every alternate pole piece on the magnetic strip l3A is a north magnetic pole and of course the intermediate pole pieces are south poles, signified by the letters N and S respectively. The inclined edges of both the parts HA and channels 23 of strip 13A cause mechanical interlocking of the parts against lateral tension while the strong magnetic tractive force secured by the arrangement illustrated will prevent dislodgement of the strips from each other when such tensional strain is removed or if the wearing apparent buckles through looseness or during the various postures required while wearing. To open the margins, all that is necessary is to pass a finger between the strips SA and 7A. As will be apparent from Fig. l, the strips 6 an T will automatically close the margins through magnetic attraction as soon as either end or part thereof are brought sufliciently close together to cause magnetic attraction to move them, thus saving time and efiort.

From the foregoing description it will be apparent that I have evolved a magnetic apparel closure which will be very effective in positively keeping the margins of a garment in closed position, permit quick and convenient application thereof in either the closing or opening operation and permit economical manufacture as well as easy and convenient attachment to the articles of wearing apparel or other device to be closed.

Various changes may be made in the embodiment of the invention hereinabove specifically described without departing from or sacrificing the advantages of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A flexible magnetic closure comprising two flexible strips each attached to oppositely disposed margins of a closable article, said strips forming a longitudinal closed magnetic circuit in cross-section when in closed relation, one of said strips forming a permanently magnetized substantially V-shaped horse-shoe magnet in cross-section while the associated strip consists of a magnetically attractive bar-shaped keeper in cross-section and adapted to contact the poles of said horse-shoe magnet, and a substantially V-shaped non-magnetic guide strip permanently attached to said bar-shaped keeper and adapted to fit between the poles of said V-shaped horseshoe magnet.

2. A flexible magnetic closure comprising a longitudinal channel member of flexible material provided with permanently magnetizable material inherent therewith, an associated longitudinal projection member of flexible non-magnetic material adapted to fit into the channel of said channel member, and another longitudinal member of flexible material provided with magnetically attractive material inherent therewith and attached to said projection member and adapted to form a closed magnetic circuit with said channel member when said members are in closed position.

3. A flexible magnetic closure as in claim 2, and means for attaching the longitudinal channel member and the composite projection memher to opposite flaps of a closure article.

4. A flexible magnetic closure comprising two flexible strips each attached to oppositely disposed margins of a closa'ble article, said strips being partly composed of material having permanent magnetic attraction for each other and forming a closed magnetic circuit when in closed relation, the said magnetically attractive strips extending the full length of the opening of said closure article, and a rigid mechanical clasp irremovably attached to either end of one of said strips and adapted to secure the ends of said strips to each other.

5. A flexible magnetic closure comprising a longitudinal channel member of flexible material provided with permanent magnetizable material inherent therewith, the legs of said channel member comprising the'opposite poles of a permanent magnet, an associated longitudinal projection member of flexible non-magnetic material adapted to fit into the channel of said channel member, and another longitudinal member of flexible material provided with magnetically attractive material inherent therewith attached to said non-magnetic projection member and adapted to form a closed magnetic circuit with the magnetic poles of said channel member when said members are in closed position, the said legs of said channel member and the said projection member being inclined so as to interlock when in closed position.

6. A flexible magnetic closure as in claim 5, the said channel member being provided with a plurality of parallel channels so as to permit said projection member to seat in either channel.

ROBERT ELLIS.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,355,816 Morner Aug. 15, 1944 2,389,298 Ellis Nov. 20, 1945

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2355816 *Jun 18, 1942Aug 15, 1944Georg Morner HansClosure
US2389298 *Mar 27, 1943Nov 20, 1945Ellis RobertApparel fastener
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2809411 *Dec 27, 1954Oct 15, 1957Leo Markoff MoghadamMagnetic fastener
US2959832 *Oct 31, 1957Nov 15, 1960Baermann MaxFlexible or resilient permanent magnets
US3008209 *Nov 28, 1958Nov 14, 1961Kurt Franklin TMagnetic fastener
US3102314 *Oct 1, 1959Sep 3, 1963Sterling W AlderferFastener for adjacent surfaces
US3111735 *Apr 10, 1961Nov 26, 1963Ellis RobertFlexible permanent magnet
US3119158 *Feb 20, 1958Jan 28, 1964Goodrich Co B FMagnetic gasket
US3163453 *Sep 21, 1962Dec 29, 1964Stephens Floyd LMagnetic door stop and holder
US3176364 *Oct 6, 1959Apr 6, 1965Dritz ArthurSeparable fastener
US3184807 *Nov 24, 1958May 25, 1965Goodrich Co B FGasket containing a permanent magnet
US3186748 *Oct 31, 1962Jun 1, 1965Lawrence BrothersMagnetic catch
US3218653 *Dec 23, 1963Nov 23, 1965Angelo ColoneBidirectionally movable mounting means for a pair of oppositely directed utility elements
US3235302 *Dec 2, 1963Feb 15, 1966Nat Mfg CoMagnetic catch
US3257586 *Mar 2, 1961Jun 21, 1966Magnetfabrik Bonn GewerkschaftFlexible permanent magnet and composition
US3417406 *Aug 16, 1966Dec 24, 1968Donald A. RosenbaumPressure sealing closure
US3622926 *Mar 12, 1970Nov 23, 1971Risk GeorgeMagnetically actuatable reed switch assembly
US3827019 *Feb 21, 1973Jul 30, 1974G SerbuMagnetic closure
US4033013 *Nov 18, 1975Jul 5, 1977John Elwood PetersonFlexible magnetic plastic strip closure
US4035875 *Jun 2, 1975Jul 19, 1977Volkmar KobeltFastener arrangements for joining or separating material edges or surfaces
US4192100 *Nov 21, 1977Mar 11, 1980Klema Kenneth GSliding door apparatus
US4832396 *Jan 16, 1985May 23, 1989Moreno Albert FMagnetic strip for pick up camper shells etc.
US4953424 *Feb 22, 1989Sep 4, 1990Commissariat A L'energie AtomiqueDevice for communicating between two media separated by a slotted wall
US6705048 *Jun 27, 2002Mar 16, 2004David SimonMagnetic weatherstrip
US6957503Sep 3, 2003Oct 25, 2005Adidas International Marketing, B.V.Magnetically operable studs for footwear
US7481009Jul 29, 2005Jan 27, 2009Adidas International Marketing B.V.Magnetically operable studs for footwear
US7568566 *Nov 22, 2006Aug 4, 2009D Ambrosio CarloMagnetic closure system
US7661680 *May 3, 2006Feb 16, 2010Plantronics, IncFerrofluid magnetic seal
US7956270 *Sep 25, 2009Jun 7, 2011Burmeister Patricia MSelf-closing hooded cover for a stringed musical instrument
DE1131167B *Dec 15, 1958Jun 14, 1962E T Skinner & Company LtdEinteiliger Schutzanzug
DE1155824B *Jul 27, 1955Oct 17, 1963Siemens AgLoesbare Verbindung nach Art eines Reissverschlusses fuer elektrische Abschirmeinrichtungen
DE1168578B *Feb 9, 1957Apr 23, 1964Max BaermannFlexibler Dauerhaftmagnet, insbesondere als Verschluss- oder Dichtungselement
DE1172383B *Feb 9, 1957Sep 13, 1973 Title not available
DE1178530B *Apr 27, 1957Sep 24, 1964Max BaermannVorrichtung zur Herstellung von anisotropen Dauermagneten durch kontinuierliche Form-gebung in einem Extruder oder Kalander
DE1302093B *Jul 4, 1959Dec 18, 1969Minnesota Mining & MfgVerfahren zur Herstellung von durch Bindemittel gebundenen vorzugsgerichteten Dauermagneten
EP0331568A1 *Feb 27, 1989Sep 6, 1989Commissariat A L'energie AtomiqueConnecting device between two environments separated by a split wall and traversed by an arm, particularly a telemanipulator arm
Classifications
U.S. Classification24/303, 174/119.00C, 292/251.5, 7/901, 49/478.1, 335/303
International ClassificationH01F7/02, F16J15/53, A44B19/16
Cooperative ClassificationA44B19/16, Y10S7/901, A44D2203/00, H01F7/0263
European ClassificationH01F7/02B4B, A44B19/16