|Publication number||US2627537 A|
|Publication date||Feb 3, 1953|
|Filing date||Aug 6, 1949|
|Priority date||Aug 6, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2627537 A, US 2627537A, US-A-2627537, US2627537 A, US2627537A|
|Inventors||Weisberg Sidney M|
|Original Assignee||Allied Electric Products Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (24), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 3, 1953 s. M. wElsBx-:RG
ATTACHMENT PLUG Fil-8d Aug. 6. 1949 FIG. 2.
1 al Y 7 30 y 6 1 JNVENTOR.
3 .F//vfy/W ilk/5554 A TORNEY Patented Feb. 3, 1953 ATTACHMENT PLUG Sidney M. Weisberg, Newark, N. J., assigner to Allied Electric Products, Inc., Irvington, N. J., a corporation of New Jersey Application August 6, 1949, Serial No. 108,909
tachment plugs, and the objects of the invention generally are to provide a device of this sort which can be connected with the wires with which it is to be used, immediately and without theneed for soldering or the use of screw-driver or other tools, or any special machine such as heretofore ernployed for assembling and connecting the blades and wires in the plug body.
Other special objects of the invention are to .provide an attachment plug of this quick connectible character which will be of simple, low cost construction and in which the wires will be firmly and reliably held with appropriate strain relief.
Other special objects of the invention are to provide an attachment plug having all these desirable characteristics which will be small in size and of neat, attractive design, suitable for use wherever attachment plugs are employed.
Other desirable objects and the novel features through which the purposes of the invention are attained are set forth or will appear in the course of the following specication.
The drawing accompanying and forming part of the specication illustrates one of the present commercial embodiments of the invention. Actual structure, however, may be modiied and changed as regards the immediate illustration, all within the true intent and broad scope of the invention as hereinafter dened and claimed.
Fig. 1 in the drawing is a vertical sectional view of the plug on substantially the plane of line I--I of Fig. 2, showing the cam lever opened for admission of the electric cord;
Fig. 2 is a horizontal sectional View as on substantially the plane of line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. l, showing the cam level closed and holding the wires impaled on the inner ends of the plug blades;
Fig. 4 is a face View of the two blades showing how the inner, pointed ends of the same are offset to penetrate the two wires of the cord;
Fig. 5 is a top plan View of the plug as it appears in Fig. 3.
As at present constructed, the plug body is made in two opposed halves 'I and 8, connected together at top and bottom by through rivets or studs 9 and I0.
These sections have opposed grooves II and I2 for the contact blades I3, I4, these grooves having lugs I5, I6, for engagement in notches I'I in the opposite edges of the blades to secure them against inward or outward movement in the positioning grooves Il and I2.
The inner ends of the blades I3 and I4 are pointed or sharpened as at I8, I9, .in oppositely offset relation, Fig. 4, to align with the laterally spaced wires 2B, 2|, in the parallel wire or socalled Zip cord 22.
To guide and hold the cord, the two parts of the plug body are formed with opposed companion grooveways 23, 24, providing a laterally widened passage for the flat cord, and this entry passage in the side is continued inside the plug as a correspondingly shaped passage 25 through a block 25 guided at 21 for movement toward the pointed ends of the blades.
A spring 23 is effective to shift the block 25 into position with the passage therein, in line with the passage in the side of the plug body.
A cam 29 pivoted on the securing rivet or stud 9 has a bearing against the opposite side of the block for thrusting it toward the ends of the blades. This cam is shown as having a leverage extension 30 operative as a handle for rocking the cam from the Fig. l to the Fig. 3 position, and the companion parts of the plug body are shown recessed at 3l to accommodate this handle in the top of the plug body.
Openings 32, 33, are provided in the bottom ofthe sliding block, spaced and laterally offset to match the spacing and lateral offset offthe pointed ends I8, I9, of the blades.
To attach the wires it is only necessary to lift the handle 30, the cam 29 then permitting the spring 28 to thrust the block 26 upward to place the passage 25 therein in register with the entry passage 23, 24, in the side of the plug.
Then, after the cord is inserted through the side of the plug as in Fig. 1, it is only necessary to turn the lever 3G down into the Fig. 3 position, this action causing the cam 29 to force the block 26 downward, impaling the wires 2D, 2|, therein over the laterally oiset sharpened ends I8, IB, of the two plug blades. When fully turned down as in Fig. 3, the cam will lock itself in position, holding the block rmly forced downward over the ends of the blades.
In this lowered position the block will bend the cord over the angular shoulders 34, 35, in the opposite sides of the block, which then provide desirable strain relief, preventing the wires from being pulled off the ends of the blades.
The aligning passages in the side of the plug and in the sliding block assure the wires of the cord being properly registered with the pointed inner ends of the blades. Hence it is only necessary to insert the cord through the side of the plug and then close the lever handle down into its seat in the top of the plug body. The double strain relief insures positive securing of the wires with the blades. While this provides a positive and, if desired, permanent 4connection :of the cord with the plug, it is possible nevertheless, if the need to replace the cord arises, to accomplish this by simply lifting the lever as in Fig. 1, in which event the spring 28 will slide the block upward, thus to strip the wires off the ends of the blades and permit the cord to be pulled out of the plug and be replaced by new cord.
The structure consists -of but few, simple parts and can be produced at low cost. The cam may be designed to swing past dead center position in the closing direction so as to remain rmly locked once it is fully closed to the wire connecting position shown in Fig. 3. Preferably the cam is formed with a ilat 36 at the high portion of the same so as to be held by the block in the closed relation under pressure of the spring 28.
The block 26 is shown provided with extensions 31, 38, which as indicated in Fig. 1, serve to support and guide the entering wire to assure its passage over the strain relief shoulders 34, 35, thus making certain that the wire will be given the double strain relief bends shown in Fig. 3.
The guideways 21 for the sliding block, formed in the opposing sections of the plug body, may be of different widths, as shown in Fig. 2, and the block be shaped accordingly so that it will only t in the plug body in the one relation, that is, With the openings 32, 33, faced toward the ends of the blades and with the long and short cord guiding extensions 3l, 38, directed toward the shoulders 34 and 35, respectively.
The arrangement disclosed, in which the wire carrying block 26 has a movement directly toward the inner ends of the blades, has many advantages. This provides a thin, ilat structure with the parts lined up in the general plane of the blades. In this relation, blades of thin material can take all the thrust of the wire impaling block. The points on the inner ends of the blades may be cut in the same die operation that shapes the blades. No grinding or special sharpening is required.
What is claimed is:
An attachment plug or similar device for quick '4 connection to and quick disconnection from a flat parallel conductor cord comprising a body, spaced contact blades anchored in said body and having pointed inner ends laterally offset to opposite sides of a common center line between the inner ends of the spaced blades, a cord receiving member supported in said body over the inner ends of said blades and guided for movement in the body toward and away from said inner ends of the blades, said member having a cord passage extending therethrough laterally widened in cross sectional shape to closely conne and disposed to position a flat parallel conductor cord with the conductors of said cord aligned with the pointed inner ends of the contact blades, said member having blade receiving openings in the side of the same extending from said cord passage and faced toward said pointed inner ends of the contact blades to admit said pointed ends into said cord passage into engagement with the respective conductors of a cord confined in said passage and reversely acting means on said body for forcing said member toward and holdingthe same in position over said pointed inner ends of the blades and Jfor shifting said member away from said pointed inner ends of the blades whereby to impale and secure the conductors on or to strip them 01T from the ends of the blades.
SIDNEY M. WEISBERG.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,315,317 Letieco Sept. 9, 1919 1,977,677 Hill Oct. 23, 1934 2,159,064 Walter May 23, 1939 2,245,194 Hollander June 10, 1941 2,283,177 Brainard May 19, 1942 2,360,444 Pollock Oct. 17, 1944 2,609,415 Benander et al Sept. 2, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 382,769 France Feb. 15, 1908 412,939 Great Brit-ain July 3, 1934
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1315317 *||Jul 3, 1918||Sep 9, 1919||Device toe joining electrical cokductors|
|US1977677 *||Sep 27, 1930||Oct 23, 1934||Western Electric Co||Electrical connecter|
|US2159064 *||Oct 27, 1937||May 23, 1939||Lawrence Walter||Electrical connector|
|US2245194 *||Jan 27, 1939||Jun 10, 1941||Hollander Joseph J||Electric lamp receptacle|
|US2283177 *||Aug 2, 1940||May 19, 1942||Brainard Kenneth A||Electrical plug connection|
|US2360444 *||Dec 10, 1942||Oct 17, 1944||Leo Pollock||Electric socket|
|US2609415 *||Aug 24, 1949||Sep 2, 1952||Gen Electric||Electric connector|
|FR382769A *||Title not available|
|GB412939A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2810894 *||Aug 2, 1954||Oct 22, 1957||Kerr Harold L||Electric plug|
|US2865003 *||Aug 31, 1953||Dec 16, 1958||Sylvania Electric Prod||Test stand for transistor|
|US2997683 *||Sep 29, 1958||Aug 22, 1961||Trio Mfg Co||Transmission line connector|
|US3039074 *||Nov 2, 1959||Jun 12, 1962||Trio Mfg Co||Transmission line connector|
|US3056943 *||May 21, 1959||Oct 2, 1962||Hull Howard L||Lamp socket|
|US3907395 *||Jul 26, 1974||Sep 23, 1975||Nexus Inc||Electrical plug and jack assembly|
|US3976351 *||Dec 12, 1974||Aug 24, 1976||Mark Products, Inc.||Electrical connector|
|US4040701 *||Jul 30, 1976||Aug 9, 1977||Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated||Quick connector for service wires|
|US4701138 *||Dec 18, 1986||Oct 20, 1987||Phoenix Terminal Blocks Inc.||Solderless electrical connector|
|US5704801 *||Aug 30, 1996||Jan 6, 1998||The Whitaker Corporation||Power cable tap connector|
|US6022240 *||Apr 7, 1998||Feb 8, 2000||The Whitaker Corporation||Power cable tap connector|
|US6039596 *||Oct 13, 1998||Mar 21, 2000||The Whitaker Corporation||Gaskets for power cable tap connector|
|US6083035 *||Oct 29, 1998||Jul 4, 2000||The Whitaker Corporation||Power cable tap connector with cable-sealing gaskets|
|US6095867 *||Sep 21, 1998||Aug 1, 2000||Rockwell Technologies, Llc||Method and apparatus for transmitting power and data signals via a network connector system including integral power capacitors|
|US6179644||Sep 25, 1998||Jan 30, 2001||Rockwell Technologies, Llc||Power and data network system media architecture|
|US6232557||Sep 16, 1998||May 15, 2001||Rockwell Technologies, Llc||Network cable and modular connection for such a cable|
|US7789695||Jun 9, 2008||Sep 7, 2010||Actuant Corporation||Insulation displacement connector|
|US8405500||Dec 19, 2005||Mar 26, 2013||Caterpillar Inc.||System and method for power and data delivery on a machine|
|US20060097864 *||Dec 19, 2005||May 11, 2006||Lammers Bryan G||System and method for power and data delivery on a machine|
|US20070141903 *||Dec 19, 2005||Jun 21, 2007||Casperson Paul G||Electrical connector assembly|
|US20080305675 *||Jun 9, 2008||Dec 11, 2008||Radle Patrick J||Insulation displacement connector|
|US20100207744 *||Apr 28, 2010||Aug 19, 2010||Caterpillar Inc.||System And Method For Power And Data Delivery On A Machine|
|EP0848457A2 *||Dec 4, 1997||Jun 17, 1998||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Electrical connection device|
|EP0848457A3 *||Dec 4, 1997||May 6, 1999||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Electrical connection device|