|Publication number||US2627645 A|
|Publication date||Feb 10, 1953|
|Filing date||Mar 11, 1947|
|Priority date||Mar 11, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2627645 A, US 2627645A, US-A-2627645, US2627645 A, US2627645A|
|Inventors||Harris Robert A|
|Original Assignee||Western Electric Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (19), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1953 R A. HARRIS METHOD OF MANUFACTURING CONDENSERS Filed March 11, 1947 Patented Feb. 10, 1953 METHOD OF MANUFACTURING CONDENSERS Robert A. Harris, Oak Park, Ill., assignor to Western Electric Company, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application March 11, 1947, Serial No. 733,815
This invention relates to a method of manufacturing condensers and more particularly to a method of making paper and foil wound condensers.
In a common method of winding paper and foil condensers in which the foil is very thin, and where the strips of paper and strips of foil are individually guided onto an arbor and wound thereon, it frequently happens that one or both of the strips of foil become wrinkled and cause a spongy or thick condenser or that one or both of the strips of foil break or tear and cause a substantial amount of waste and loss of time.
It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved and efiicient method of winding condensers.
A particular feature of this invention is to reinforce the strip of foil by adhering it to one or two strips of the dielectric prior to the condenser winding operation and thereby permit the foil to be wound at a greater speed, with a substantial reduction in the breakage and wastage thereof, and resulting in a more uniform product.
In one embodiment of the invention, the strip of foil is pressed into adhering relation with the strip of paper dielectric, coated on one side with an adhesive, and two of such paper backed foil strips are fed into a winding machine with two paper strips for covering the foil strips and wound into a condenser, during the winding of which terminal leads are inserted between the strips of foil and their cover strips.
In another embodiment, a strip of paper dielectric is adhered to one side of a strip of metal foil with adhesive and, at intervals,- terminal leads are placed upon the second side of the foil strip and another strip of paper dielectric is adhered to the second side of the foil strip and two of such paper-enclosed foil strips, with their associated terminal leads, are wound on a rotatable mandrel to make a condenser.
The invention will be more fully understood from the following description when considered with the accompanying drawings diagrammatically illustrating several embodiments thereof, in which:
Fig. l is a fragmentary diagrammatic view in perspective illustrating the method of adhering a strip of foil to a strip of paper dielectric;
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary diagrammatic view in. perspective illustrating a method of winding a pair of reinforced foil strips shown in Fig. 1 into condensers:
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 showing a pair of reinforced foil strips and a pair of strips of paper dielectric being wound into a condenser:
Fig. 4 is a diagrammatic fragmentary view in perspective illustrating the method of adhering strips of paper dielectric to opposite sides of a strip of foil;
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 2 illustrating the method of winding a pair of paper-enclosed foil strips into a condenser; and
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of a condenser.
In practicing one method of the invention as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, a strip of foil I0 from a supply roll II and a strip of paper dielectric I2 from a supply roll l3 are guided in aligned and converging relation to a pair of feed rolls I 4, which advance the strips and press them into intimate contact with each other. The inner side of one of the strips, preferably that of the paper strip I2, has applied thereto a coating I5 of adhesive and the strips, as they pass through the feed rollers I4, are caused to adhere to each other and form a combined unitary reinforced foil strip IS. The strip of paper I2 may be as wide as the foil strip II, but preferably is wider, to provide free marginal portions, as illustrated in Fig. 1, and the coating I5 of adhesive may extend across the full width of the paper I2, but preferably is of a width equal to that of the foil strip. The composite condenser strip I6 thus formed may be wound into rolls, later to be used in the manufacture of condensers, or it may be fed directly, together with another strip I6, into a winding machine and wound into condensers. The paper strip I2, as shown in Fig. 1, has the coating I5 of adhesive applied centrally thereto by an applicator roller I9 of the desired width immersed in a supply of adhesive 20 and the coated strip passes around an idler roll I! to present the adhesive surfac toward the foil strip ID.
The adhesive may be of any suitable kind, such as natural and synthetic resin adhesives. The adhesive, in addition to adhering the foil to the paper strip, may have desirable electrical characteristics to improve the dielectric properties of the paper strip I2 and increase its breakdown strength. As illustrated in Fig. 2, two sets of combined foil and paper strips I6 may be fed into a condenser winding machine and wound on a mandrel 2| thereof with the strips I6 in superposed relation and with the .foil I0 interposed between. paper dielectric strips I2 of the superposed strips I E. The winding of the condenser may be interrupted at suitable intervals to insert a. pair of terminal members or leads L z-22 in contact respectively, with the individual stripe of foil I0. On completion of the winding of the condenser, the combined foil and paper strips I 8 are severed from the supply and the condenser is shaped to its desired form and enclosed in a suitable wrapping. If desired, the combined foil and paper strips I6 may be sup' plied with cover strips 25 of paper dielectric of substantially the same width as the paper strips I2, as illustrated in Fig. 3, and two sets of combined strips I6 and cover strips 25 may be fed into the winding machine and wound on the arbor thereof to make a condenser. Terminal leads 22 may be inserted in engagement with the foil strips I at suitable positions in the condenser during the winding thereof.
In another embodiment of the invention, the foil strip I0 is adhered to one side of the paper strip l2, as previously described, and a second paper strip H2, having a coating of adhesive H applied thereto, is adhered to the other side of the foil strip I0, as shown in Fig. 4. The adhesive H5 is applied to the underneath side of the paper strip H2 by an applicator roller H9 rotatable in a supply of adhesive I20 and the strip I I2 is pressed into tight engagement with the foil strip I0 and the paper strip I2 as the strips pass through a pair of feed and compression rolls H4. Preferably, the paper strip H2 is substantially the same width as the strip 12 and, when pressed into tight engagement with the foil strip in and the paper strip I2, forms a composite strip H6, in which the foil strip I9 is completely enclosed and reinforced by the paper backing strips I2 and I I2. Since it is not possible to apply terminal leads to the composite strip H6 while the strips are being wound into a condenser, the terminal leads I22 are applied to the foil strip I0 at regular intervals at a position in advance of the compressing rolls H4 and the paper strip H2 covers a portion of the terminals and secures them in place in the composite condenser strip. The terminal leads I22 are thus formed as an integral part of the composite condenser strip H6. In making a condenser with the composite strips H6, two of the strips are guided to the winding machine in superposed relation and wound on the arbor until the proper size of condenser has been attained, at which time the strips H6 may be severed from the supply and the condenser removed from the mandrel and shaped to the desired form and enclosed in a suitable enclosure. A condenser may be wound with the terminals I22 of the strips H6 extending from the same end thereof or, if desired, one of the strips H6 may be reversed with respect to the other to position the terminals I22 associated therewith on the opposite end of the finished condenser from the terminals I22 of the other strip H6.
What is claimed is:
A method of making condensers which comprises applying adhesive to one side of a strip of dielectric, pressing a strip of metal foil onto the strip of dielectric and the adhesive thereon to adhere one side of said strip of foil to said strip of dielectric to form a composite strip wherein the other side of said foil is uncoated, winding a pair of said composite strips into a condenser, and inserting terminal members in contact with the uncoated side of said strips of foil during the winding of said condenser.
ROBERT A. HARRIS.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 575,653 Lee et al. Jan. 19, 1897 836,863 Clausen Nov. 27, 1906' 920,970 Mansbridge May 11, 1909 1,767,412 Sprague June 24, 1930 1,789,451 Rosaire et al. Jan. 20, 1931 2,328,520 West. Aug. 31, 1943
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US575653 *||Jul 8, 1896||Jan 19, 1897||The american Bell Telephone Company||Electrical condenser|
|US836863 *||Feb 2, 1903||Nov 27, 1906||American Electric Telephone Company||Process of making electric condensers.|
|US920970 *||Jan 13, 1906||May 11, 1909||George Frederick Mansbridge||Foiled paper and method of producing same.|
|US1767412 *||Sep 14, 1926||Jun 24, 1930||Sprague Specialties Co||Electrical condenser and method of making the same|
|US1789451 *||Jun 5, 1926||Jan 20, 1931||Western Electric Co||Method of and apparatus for manufacturing electrostatic condensers|
|US2328520 *||May 28, 1940||Aug 31, 1943||Condenser winding machine|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2785352 *||Jan 27, 1953||Mar 12, 1957||Sprague Electric Co||Electrical capacitors|
|US2925228 *||May 27, 1954||Feb 16, 1960||Sanders Associates Inc||Condenser winding machine|
|US3113374 *||Dec 30, 1953||Dec 10, 1963||Sylvania Electric Prod||Method of making spiral electromagnetic coils|
|US3151382 *||Jan 10, 1961||Oct 6, 1964||Cornell Dubilier Electric||Method for making mica condensers|
|US3185907 *||Nov 2, 1959||May 25, 1965||Welding Service Inc||Capacitor with metallic embedded plastic electrodes|
|US3198934 *||Jun 27, 1961||Aug 3, 1965||Cornell Dubilier Electric||Wound-paper capacttors and manufacturing method and apparatus|
|US3237274 *||Mar 14, 1963||Mar 1, 1966||Western Electric Co||Method of making extended foil capacitors|
|US3256471 *||Oct 11, 1963||Jun 14, 1966||Quality Components Inc||Ceramic capacitor|
|US3271221 *||Aug 26, 1964||Sep 6, 1966||Cornell Dubilier Electric||Method of making an electrical condenser|
|US3273034 *||Feb 24, 1965||Sep 13, 1966||Western Electric Co||Extended foil capacitor with disc-like terminals centrally anchored thereto and a method of making the same|
|US3321683 *||Jun 1, 1965||May 23, 1967||Sprague Electric Co||Electric circuit elements|
|US3326718 *||Dec 30, 1963||Jun 20, 1967||Hughes Aircraft Co||Method for making an electrical capacitor|
|US3414435 *||Dec 12, 1963||Dec 3, 1968||Texas Instruments Inc||Process for making boron nitride film capacitors|
|US3448355 *||Mar 1, 1967||Jun 3, 1969||Amp Inc||Laminated electrical capacitor and methods for making|
|US4266263 *||Jan 18, 1978||May 5, 1981||Semperit Aktiengesellschaft||Force measuring capacitor|
|US4305112 *||Oct 31, 1979||Dec 8, 1981||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Capacitance humidity sensing element|
|US4462062 *||Mar 15, 1983||Jul 24, 1984||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Capacitive structure|
|US4481558 *||Sep 29, 1982||Nov 6, 1984||Fujitsu Limited||Wound foil type film capacitor|
|US5055965 *||Dec 26, 1990||Oct 8, 1991||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Method and apparatus for making capacitive structure and laminate useful in making same|
|U.S. Classification||29/25.42, 361/311|