|Publication number||US2627863 A|
|Publication date||Feb 10, 1953|
|Filing date||Jun 7, 1947|
|Priority date||Jun 7, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2627863 A, US 2627863A, US-A-2627863, US2627863 A, US2627863A|
|Original Assignee||Mario Cavicchioli|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (15), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Febo 10, 1953 M. cAvxccHloLl 2,627,863
DISHWASHER AND ARTICLE INTERCEPTING DRAWER THEREF'OR Filed June 7, 194? ATTORNEYS Patented Feb. 1Q, 1953 DISHVVASHER ARTICLE INTERCEPTING DRAWER THEREFOR Mario Cavicchioli, New York, N. Y.
Application June 7, 1947, Serial No. 753,255
5 Claims. (Cl. 134-104) This invention relates to a dish washer and article intercepting drawer therefor and, more particularly, it relates to a corner dish washer containing a removable refuse catching tray.
In my United States Patent #2,353,993, issued July 18, 1944, and my co-pending application S. N. 739,705, filed April 5, 1947, now Patent No. 2,573,128, dated October 30, 1951, I have described dish washing units containing traps for selectively catching waste material and cutlery. Said traps are easily removable from the units and do not interfere with the units while in op,- eration.
An object of the present invention is to provide unique improvements over those indicated in the hereinabove noted constructions.
Another object of this invention is to permit the flow of Wash and drain water in a dish and cutlery washing unit while preventing the loss of small objects which are being washed and drained.
One other object of the present invention is to provide an easily constructed, drawer trap adapted to catch small objects and direct theY flow of wash fluid from the trap.
A further object of this invention is to provide a withdrawable trap unit for a dish and like washing machine, said unit having a drawer, drip means and perforated catching means.
' A more specific object of this invention is to provide a drawer unit Whose structure is such that it contacts all the walls of the unit in which it is inserted.
Further objects and advantages oi the present invention will become apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:
ig. 1 is a horizontal, sectional view of a preferred embodiment of my inventionk taken on line I-I of Fig. 2;
Fig. 2 is a perspective View of a dish washing machine containing my invention;
Fig. 3 is a plan view of a corner drawer for use in a dish washing unit;
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on line 4 4 of Fig. 3 of a corner drawer as retained in the dish washing unit; and
Fig. .5 is a perspective view of the drawer frame shown in Fig. 4 with front exterior part removed.
Referring now to the drawings in which like reference characters denote like parts throughout, there is provided a dish and cutlery washing unit IE5 of the ordinary type, as shown in Fig. 2, and which is used in the kitchens of restaurants, homes and the like. Said unit contains a plurality of spaced vertical supporting legs, II, I2, I3
and I4, respectively, on which is mounted a lower platform I5 supporting a motor and pump unit I5 in communication with a water basin section I1 as shown more clearly in Fig. 1.
Said basin or water chamber section II is provided with the usual type of hot and cold water connections, I8 and I9, respectively and which are characteristic of dish washing machines, a drain and overow line 20 with controlling valve, and a rinse valve 2I, as shown in Fig.. 2. The water contained in said 'chamber I'I is heated by any suitable means, such as a gas unit 22, disposed beneath said water chamber I'I.
Disposed above waterchamber I1 is a plural ity of horizontal perforated pipes 25 in connection with motor and pump unit It. Above said pipes 25 is an open platform or bracket 21 on which are placed Wire ytrays of dishes, cutlery and other washable items used in restaurants, kitchens and the like. V
Provided above said bracket 2 is spray chamber 25 consisting of walls 2 8', 29, 30 and 3l, respectively, which are extensions of the middle portion forming the water chamber I1. Two of said walls 28 and 3| comprise vertical moving partitions for permitting the insertion and removal of trays containing dishware, cutlery, etc. Said partitions 2B and 3| may be of glass to permit observation of the cutlery and dishware during the washing operation.
It will be noted that, disposed above the water chamber I'I, there is provided a sloped flooring 23 having an opening 24 to permit the return of water into water chamber I'I from spray chamber 25.
Beneath said floor 23 and the spray pipes 25, there is provided a drawer 32 preferably of a polygonal shape, as shown in Figs. l, 3, 4 and 5. Said drawer 32, because of its form, extends through the diagonal or major length of the spray chamber 25 so as to facilitate the catching of al1 waste material and also of any small objects which may tend to become loose from the trays and escape towards the water chamber. Said drawer 32 comprises an integral, hexagonal shaped frame 33 containing long side members 34 and 35,' respectively, and opposed diagonally disposed short members et, 37, 38 and 3S, respectively, all of which, for purposes of illustration, are of right angle construction. Said short members 36 and 31 t flush against the walls 29 and 39 of the water chamber while long arm members 3d and 35 are radapted to slide on rails 40 and 4I set in the compartment intermediate the spray chamber and water chamber' I1. Short members 38 and 39 are provided with attached extending flange members 42 and 43, respectively, which act asa stop against the walls 28 and 3l of the water chamber i7 when the drawer is inserted into the intermediate chamber 44. It will be noted that said latter members i2-43 are provided with a handle as shown in Fig. 3 to permit the withdrawal of said drawer 32. Said drawer has a depending portion 45 as shown in Fig. 4. It is furthermore provided with a drip tray member t5 hinged at its forward end portion di' to the drawer 32, as shown in Figs. 1, 3 and 4, and has an upwardly flanged portion 46 adapted to t snugly against depending ilange 45..
Tray 46, it will be noted, extends the major portion of the drawer frame 32 and is adapted to drop downwardly. as shown in Figs. 4 and 5, to permit the flow of waterV from pipes 25 through the opening 24 and intowater chamber il. Said drawer 32 is provided with 'a pair of removable, perforated baskets, i8 and 49, each of which corresponds to one-half the` length of the drawer frame as shown in Fig. 3. It is to be noted that, in lieu of having perforated baskets, as shown, a single complete basket may be used having substantially the same shape as that of the drawer frame.
The downwardly extending portions of walls 28 and 3| forming part of the intermediate chamber 44 and washing chamber l1 are provided with drip gutter disposed beneath the external or flanged portion of the drawer, as shown in Fig. 2. Saidgutter 5B is adapted to collect an;r
moisture that may seep from the drawer lramo and permit return of the water into the water chamber through-the openings iii in walls of the water chamber.
It will be noted from the description and aci:
i9 on dra-wer 32 in intermediate chamber ed.
Any leaking water from the iront of drawer 32 collects and is guided by said drip tray gutter Eii through openings 5l into the water chamber l'. Any solid items that may escape from the dish trays will be collected on the perforated Y baskets and are easily recovered.
To remove cutlery or similar objects collected in baskets d@ and 4B, said drawer 32 may be easily removed from the intermediate chamber by raising handle 45 until the forward, upper portion of the frame 33, as shown in Fig. 4, reaches its limit of upward movement. The handle 45 is raised in orderV to lift the lower front corner of tray 45 above the level of the lower edge o the opening through the corner 0f chamber I9. The drawer' is then pulled outwardly of the chamber so as to permit the hinged drip tray 46 to slide along theflanged rails 4,0 and d i.
Furthermore, by my invention, small objects are readily and easily recovered during washing operations. Also, any waste or refuse material is trapped and, by continuouswashing, is broken down into small particles which are easily washed oil.
While a preferred embodiment of my invention has been described and shown herein, it is to be understood that various modifications as to form,
.4 use and arrangement of `parts may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed herein.
1. The combination with a dish and like washing machine having a spray chamber, the 1mprovement comprising a polygonal shaped catch drawer diagonally insertible into said machine and. disposed below the spray chamber of said machine, a normally downwardly tiltable tray forming the floor of the drawer adapted to move relatively of said drawer, and a perforated member i'ltting into the drawer adapted to hold cutlery therein that may have been washed down from the spray chamber during the use of said machine.
2. A drawer for use in dish and like washing machines comprising a frame, a door hinged to one end of said frame forming a tray therewith normally adapted to extend downwardly in said machine, perforated means in the drawer adaptedV to catch objects coming into contact therewith, while permitting the ilow of wash water therethrough, and means on said frame ior manipulating said frame to remove same 'from the machine and also raise the oor as the frame of the same is being withdrawn from the machine.
3. In combination with a receptacle, a drawer comprising a frame adapted to ilt into the receptacie, a floor member hinged at one end to the frame to permit dipping of said iioor member, flange means extending upwardly of said end of the frame to prevent leakage from said end, means attached to the ange means to permit withdrawal of the drawer from the receptacle, and a lbasket, conforming to the. shape of the drawer and adapted to fit in said drawer.
4. In combination with a receptacle in a dish and like washing machine, a drawer comprising a hexagonal frame adapted to nt diagonally into said receptacle, a floor pivoted at one end of said frame adapted to slope downwardly in the receptacle, perforated means in the frame adapted to catch objects coming into Contact therewith while permitting the flow of wash water therethrough and externally disposed means on said frame for removing the frame from the washing machine, said pivoted floor being automatically lifted when the drawer is pulled out of the receptacle to provide a bottom for said drawer.
5. A drawer according to claim 4, in which the free end of said door is down-turned to prevent inadvertent withdrawal of the drawer beyond a point where removal of the perforated means is possible.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the
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|U.S. Classification||134/104.3, 137/312, 312/330.1, 210/477, 210/323.1, 134/111, 134/104.4|
|Cooperative Classification||A47L15/0081, A47L15/4251|
|European Classification||A47L15/00E6, A47L15/42J|