US 2630806 A
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' Filed April 9, 1952 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 March 10, 1953 E. KISCADEN 2,630,806
DIAPER CONSTRUCTION IN VEN TOR.
Ezizaz fi li'svadem B Y m y www ATfORA/EVS March 10, 1953 E. KISCADEN 2,630,806
DIAPER CONSTRUCTION Filed April 9. 1952 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 IN VEN TOR.
Elizafigzlfi Kiscwden/ m, Q mm ATTORNEYS Patented Mar. 10, 1953 UNITED STATES ENT OFFICE 3 Claims.
This invention relates to a novel construction of a babys diaper having means, forming a part of the diaper, for fastening the diaper around the body of the baby without the necessity of employing pins or buttons.
The use of pins or buttons with diapers results in a variety of well recognized dangers. For example, ther is the danger of a pin becoming unhooked and scratching the baby. In order to obviate the use of pins or buttons this lnvention presents a diaper of simple construction having as a part thereof its means for fastenmg.
It is an object of this invention to provide a buttonless and pinless diaper wherein its means for fastening will be an integral art of the diaper structure. The fastening means is such that it greatly facilitates laundering of the diaper.
An additional object of this invention is to provide a diaper which possesses the feature of adjustment to permit its size to be diminished or enlarged to fit babies of different ages and sizes. Accordingly, the diaper can be worn by a young infant or a baby of more advanced age, as desired,
It is a further object of this invention to provide a diaper which can quickly and easily be applied or removed and which can be fitted smoothly and tightly to the body of a baby particularly around the legs.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a multi-ply diaper which eliminates the necessity of employing rubber pants or similarly protective waterproof coverings. Also the diaper is prepared from a generally rectangular piece of single ply diaper cloth by means of a novel standard fold arrangement. By virtue of the fold arrangement that portion of the diaper which constitutes the crotch thereof is smooth so as not to cause discomfort of the baby.
Other and further objects of the present invention will become readily apparent from a detailed consideration of the following description when taken in conjunction with the drawings in which:
Figure 1 is a view in perspective of the diaper of the present invention;
Figure 2 is a view in plan of one side of the diaper cloth of the present invention;
Figure 3 is a view in plan of the reverse side of the diaper cloth;
Figure 4. is a View of the cloth folded in half;
Figure 5 is a view of the cloth partially folded in at the sides prior to the next folding step;
Figure 6 is a view of the folded diaper ready for use;
Figure 7 is a view in section taken along line l'i of Figure 5; and
Figure 8 is a view in section taken along line BB of Figure 6.
Referring to the drawings in detail and first with reference to Figures 2 and 3, there is shown a generally rectangular sheet of materal l9 having, of course, two long edges and two short edges and having transverse marginal end portions H and i2, and longitudinal side portions 53 and Hi. The respective marginal portions, except portion l3, are folded over and hemmed. Between the transverse axis 50 of the sheet i0 and transverse marginal end portion H on one side of sheet Ii) is located a pair of tapes l5 and is, said tapes arranged as a V opening toward marginal portion ll. Each tape l5 and i6 is sewn to sheet II] at spaced intervals as indicated at if. It will be noted that the tapes i5 and i6 lie closer to marginal portion ll than to the transverse axis 5! of sheet l0 and in fact lie adjacent marginal portion II.
On the opposite side of sheet In is transversely sewn the mid-section of a tape 18, the tie ends l9 and 25 of which are left free. The tape is is sewn to the sheet I0 between the transverse axis 59 of sheet HI and marginal portion H and lies closer to the former than the latter. In fact tape l8 lies adjacent the transverse axis 50 in the same manner that tapes i5 and I6 lie adjacent marginal portion ll. Loops 2i and 22v laterally offset in the direction of marginal portion H are secured to marginal side portions l3 and M. Each of the free ends is and 26 of tape 18 pass through one of 1oops 2i and 22. At a point intermediate the midsection of tape it and each loop 2| and 22 the free ends [9 and 20 are tacked to sheet If! as indicated at 23 and 24.
The sheet it is provided with a transverse fold line 25 offset from the transverse axis 50. The first step in folding the diaper is to double sheet it over itself about fold line 25. The sheet [0 is shown after the first folding step in Figure 4. It will be noted that marginal end portion I2 extends over portion ll, tapes l5 and I6 lie on the outer surface of the underneath part of sheet 10, tape it lies between the folds of sheet l0, and loops 2! and 22 are attached to the underneath part of sheet .ID. The sheet [0 is then ready to be folded as shown in Figure 5. This is accomplished by folding each marginal side portion l3 and l 4 inwardly along fold lines 26, 21 and 28. It,
will be noted that this produces an elongated central strip 29 out of the upper part of sheet ID of 2-ply thickness and leaves exposed side panels 30 of the underneath part of sheet I0. Further fold lines 21 cooperate with fold line 25 to produce a contouring of the top edge of the folded sheet to facilitate its placement about a curved surface such as the waist of an infant. Fold lines 26 and 21 and marginal side portions 13 and I4 produce at the top of the folded sheet triangular portions 3|.
The next folding step is shown in Figure 6. The marginal side portions l3 and it of panels 30 are obliquely folded inwardly along fold lines 32 so that the marginal end portion H of each panel 3% lies beneath the elongated central strip 29. Thereafter, the elongated central strip 29 is folded on fold line 33 to bring marginal end portion 12 inward. The sheet is then completely folded and ready for use as a diaper. It will be noted that the diaper is of -ply thickness over the area Where central strip 219 is folded over itself and of 6-ply thickness where panels 36 are folded beneath the central strip 29. The thickness of the diaper over these portions provides sufficient absorbency to enable the diaper to be used without rubber pants or other waterproof covering.
The diaper in its position of use is shown in Figure 1. The top edge as of the back of the diaper is contoured as explained with reference to Figure 5. The free ends 19 and of tape l8 pass through loops 2! and 22 respectively. The back part 4| of the diaper is applied to the backside of the infant and the front part :22 of the diaper is brought between the infants legs and applied to the front side of the infant. The free ends 19 and 28 of tape 18 are thereafter brought to the front and woven with the tapes l5 and it. It is apparent that the circumference of the top edge of the diaper can be varied by modifying the degree of weaving of the free ends It and 2t and the extent to which they are pulled through the loops formed by tacking tapes it and [6 as explained in Figure 2. The legs of the infant extend between the frontpart s2 and back part 4| of the diaper and by virtue of the folding arrangement hereinbefore described, the diaper fits smoothly and snugly in the infants crotch.
The sheet can be of any suitable material that possesses the appropriate qualities of absorbency and softness. Each of the tapes l5, l5 and i8 and the loops 2! and 22 can be of a quickdrying material such as nylon or the like.
The sheet if; can be modified by dividing tape 18 into two portions and placing each portion adjacent the marginal side portions 5 3 and It on the same side of the sheet is as V-shaped tapes l5 and it. Each portion of tape it can be sewn to sheet 10 at one end and tacked at spaced intervals to provide one or more loops. This construction eliminates loops 2! and 22 as the portions of tape it; lie on the outer surface at the back i! of the diaper. By means of this arrangement, the free end of each portion of tape 8 can be directly woven with the corresponding tape [5 or it or alternately woven between the loops in tape i5 or 16 and the loops in tape l8 adjacent its attachment to sheet it.
Also the sheet if) can be modified by providing pockets for the free ends 19 and 2B of tape I8. This can be accomplished by folding over the marginal side portions l3 and i4 and sewing them onto sheet I0 adjacent where tape I8 is sewn to sheet l0. Another way of doing this is to utilize small patches of material and suitably sew them to sheet I!) at the proper places. The function of these pockets is to facilitate laundering of the diaper. The free ends of the tape or tapes are tucked into the pockets prior to laundering to prevent their intertwining and interlocking.
Although the present invention has been described and shown in a single embodiment, nevertheless various changes and modifications obvious to one skilled in the art are within the spirit, scope and contemplation of the present invention.
What is claimed is:
1. An article to be folded into a. garment for a baby that comprises a rectangular single ply sheet of diaper cloth, a first tape fastening means tacked at spaced intervals to one side of said sheet adjacent a short edge, said first tape fastening means being arranged on said sheet in the shape of a V opening toward said edge, a second tape fastening means tranversely attached to one side of said sheet intermediate the transverse axis of said sheet and said first tape fastening means, the ends of said second tape fastening means being free to engage with a leg of said V shaped first tape fastening means in fastening relationship when said sheet is folded.
2. An article to be folded into a garment for a baby that comprises a rectangular single ply sheet of diaper cloth, a pair of fastening tapes tacked at spaced intervals to one side of said cloth adjacent one of its short edges, said pair of tapes being arranged in the shape of a V opening toward said edge, another fastening tape transversely attached to said cloth between said pair of tapes and the transverse axis of said cloth, said other tapebeing attached to said sheet on the opposite side from said pair of tapes, the ends of said other tape being free, and a loop fastened to each long edge of said sheet laterally offset from said other tape in the direction of said pair of tapes, said free ends being received in said loops to engage with said pair of tapes in fastening relationship when said cloth is folded.
3. An article to be folded into a garment for a baby that comprises a rectangular single ply sheet of diaper cloth, a first pair of fastening tapes tacked at spaced intervals to one side of said sheet adjacent one of its short edges, said first pair of tapes being arranged in the shape of a V opening toward said edge, and a second pair of fastening tapes each having one end attached to said sheet adjacent a long edge thereof between the transverse axis of said sheet and said first pair of tapes, the other end of each of said second pair of tapes being free to engage with one of said first pair of tapes in fastening relationship when said sheet is folded.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,961,515 Friedman June 5, 1934 2,494,933 Donahue Jan. 17, 1950 2,568,590 Laser Sept. 18, 1951 2,571,577 Howard Oct. 16, 1951