US 2631290 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 17,` 1953 H. KLEPPER GARMENT VENTILATING MEANS Filed OCI'..v 27, 1949 INVENTOR:
Y ATTO LN E3 5 Patented Mar. 17, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE GARMENT VENTILATING MEANS Hans Klepper, Ecking, near Sollhuben, Germany Application October 27, 1949, Serial No. 123,810 In Austria January 24, 1949 (ci. z sv) 3'Claims. 1
This invention relates to a mantle or cloak of an impervious i. e. waterproof material. The term mantle in this connection is intended to include all types of waterproof clothing protecting at least the upper part of the human body.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a design of a mantle which ensures an effective circulation of the air in an upward direction, with minimum resistance to this circulation of air.
Another object of the invention is to provide a circulation system which includes the whole back part of the mantle.
Still another object of the invention is to provide a design which satisfies aesthetic requirements and does not substantially add to the weight of the mantle.
With these and further objects in View, which will hereinafter appear, the design according to the present invention is based on a ventilation in the back part of the mantle which is formed by a cape-like folded back insert, the folds terminating at their lower end at the outer side of the article of clothing. According to the invention, the folds, being open at their top ends, terminate at the inner side of the collar. Advantageously the arrangement is made so that the wall of the collar facing the neck, i. e., the non-turned-down wall of the collar is made with double walls, the channels entering into the space between the double walls. In order to ventilate the whole back region, the folds are located directly side by side, whereby the channels are substantially prevented from being closed by flattening of the folds. The folds converge radially towards the collar. In order to further prevent their being shut off, the adjacent Walls of the folds are advantageously interconnected, with reinforcing strips being inserted. l
The invention will appear more clearly from the following detailed description when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, showing by way of example, a preferred embodiment of the inventive idea.
In the drawings- Fig. 1 is a back view of a mantle having the invention applied thereto,
Fig. 2 is a plan View of the collar part of the mantle, and
Fig. 3 is a section approximately on line III-III of Fig. 1 on an enlarged scale.
Fig. 4 is a section along the line 4 4 of Fig. 1.
Similar reference numerals denote similar parts in the different views.
Referring now to the drawing in greater detail, it will be seen that the mantle I has a cape-like back portion 2, which is folded and is sewn to the mantle I along the line II. The folds 3 are converging radially from bottom to top in the direction of the collar 4, opening out at the inner part of the collar on top, in an outward direction. The insert 2 covers a cut-out portion of the mantle I, the edges of which are indicated at I2.
As will be seen from Fig. 2, the wall 5 of the collar facing the neck is provided with a spaced wal-l 6. The channels formed by the folds 3 open out into the space between the walls 5 and 6 of the collar 4.
It will be seen that the air is permitted to enter unhampered at the lower outward mouth ends I of the folds 3 and after a straight passage issues unhampered at the inner side of the collar Il so that an effective air circulation is ensured which provides for the removal of the heated damp air in the back part of the clothing. For the rest the cape-like insert 2 of the back part may be covered inside by a lining cloth 8 which is permeable to air.
The folds 3 lie directly adjacent to each other, so as to include the major part of the back in the ventilation, the adjoining walls 9 of the folds being interconnected, as shown in Fig. 3, with the interposition of stiffening strips I0, so as to keep the folds always in an open, upright state which is effective for the ventilation. Although the mutual connection of the walls 9, e. g. by pasting or sewing, already produces a substantial stiffening, it is still appropriate, in case of particularly light upper cloth, to provide the stiffening strips I0 between the walls 9 of the folds.
Apart from the fact that the ventilation of the hack part in this design is novel in every respect, there is the additional advantage that this construction Will not noticeably increase the manufacturing costs of the coat and, iirst of all, is wearable in every respect.
While the invention has been described in detail with respect to certain now preferred examples and embodiments of the invention it will be understood by those skilled in the art after understanding the invention, that various changes and modifications may be made without vdeparting from the spirit and scope of the invention and it is intended, therefore, to cover all such changes and modifications in the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent;
1. A waterproof mantle, comprising a collar and a back shoulder portion having an insert having converging folds formed therein and extending substantially radially toward said collar, said insert having a top edge attached to an inner surface of said collar, said folds constituting air-circulating channels which are open at both ends, the lower ends of said channels opening at the outer surface of said back shoulder portion and the upper ends opening at an inner surface of said collar.
2. A waterproof mantle, comprising a collar and a back shoulder portion havingl an insert having converging folds formed therein and extending substantially radially toward said collar, said neckband having two inner layers,A said insert having a top edge attached to the collar` between the two inner layers thereof, said folds constitut-4 Y ing air-circulating channels which are open at rlooth ends, the lower ends of said channels opening at the outer surface of said back shoulder porltion and the upper ends opening at an inner surface of said collar.
3. VA waterproof mantle, comprising a collar and a back shoulder portion having an insert having converging folds formed therein and extending substantially radially toward said collar, said in- 4 sert having a top edge attached to an inner surface of said collar, said folds Ibeing located one next to the other and having walls joined above their bases, said folds constituting air-circulating channels which are open at both ends, the lower ends of said channels opening at the outer surface of said back shoulder portion and the upper ends opening at an inner surface of said collar.
REFERENCES CITED UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date v 1,223,863 Freedman Apr. 24, 1917 Y 1,359,999 McEvoy Nov. 23 1920 FOREIGN PATENTS Number l Country Date 5,490 Great Britain 1907 8,248 Great Britain 1890