US 2631588 A
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A. H. PASCHELL BOOTH FOR GIVING TAN TREATMENTS March 17, 1953 Original Filed April 1, 1946 March 17, 1953 A. H. PASCHELL BOOTH FOR GIVING TAN TREATMENTS 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 Original Filed April 1, 1946 N w wm Patented Mar. 17, 1953 2,631,588 BOOTH FOR GIVING TAN TREATMENTS Anthon H. Paschell, Des Mcines, Iowa Substituted for abandoned application Serial No.
658,652, April 1, 1946. This application July. 17, 1950, Serial No. 174,311
l 1 V V v I This invention relates to an improved booth or cabinet adapted to be situated in a beauty parlor or public gathering place, such as a dru store or a rest room, to provide a temporary and easy accessible place of privacy for any person desiring to renew a badly worn makeup or to fix or adjust a torn or dislocated garment, and is a substitute for application for at Booth for Giving Tan Treatments, filed April 1, 1946, Serial Number 658,862, which became abandoned on October 13, 1949.
This invention further and more particularly relates to a booth of the type above described and including a bank of coin controlled ultra violet lamps so constructed and arranged that a person positioned within the booth may, by placing a coin in a suitable coin controlled mechanism, automatically receive radiant energy from the lamps for a predetermined length of time for treatment similar to that produced by sunlight without burning and without the usual expense "and trouble experienced in obtaining a sun treatment.
In the northern and colder climates when people have to wear heavy clothing in the winter months to keepv warm, it is the custom for them in the summer and hot months to clothe very lightly to keep cool, often having a large portion of the body uncovered and exposed to the sun, in which case the bleached or white skin is not very becoming and is easily blistered. To overcome this difiiculty it is customary to tan the skin by short exposure to direct sunlight at such times and places as "are provided, often resulting in blisters and sunburn." To many people the time and proper place for such exposure is not-available. In the last few years it has become the fad for teenage girls and some ladies to wear short stockings and often none at all in which case the white skin is not very becoming. Therefore they either paint their legs a tan color or produce a tan by expo-sure to the sun to'give the desired color. The painting is very undesirable in that it has to be applied every day and often is streaked, and the tanning by the sun method is often impossible and sometimes inconvenient. The object of my invention is to provide a booth oreabinet of the type above described, located atiany convenient place whereby any person desiring a tan can secure treatment to produce a partial tan by entering the booth and placing a coinin a ,suitablereceptacle, provided for that purpose, includinga time controlled mechanism with automatically oontrolledmeans for energizing the interior of the cabinet with ultra violet light for a predetermined length of time, whereby the total or complete treatment is produced by a number of consecutive treatments rather than by single exposure to the sun as is sometimes customary which results with the undesirable burning or blistering.
A further object of my invention is 'to provide a booth so constructed and arranged that a person having bare legs and desiring a leg tan can do so by entering the booth, closing the door, adjusting a combined shield and skirt support to proper position and then inserting a coin in a coin controlled device, obtain a treatment for a predetermined length of time without removing any of the clothing.
A further object is to provide in a booth for giving tan treatments an auxiliary compartment so constructed and equipped that a person de-, si-ring a tan treatment of portions of the body covered by clothing can do so by removing clothing from that portion of the body to be treated and placing them in said compartment in position out of the influence of the ultra violet energy.
Another object of my invention is to provide a booth for giving tan treatments, employing a plurality of vertically and annularly arranged tubular lamps for producing ultra violet energy of a height equal to or greater than the height of that portion of the body being treated, whereby a more uniform treatment may be had.
A further object of my invention is to provide in a booth for giving tan treatments a lower bank of vertically and annularly arranged tubu-i lar lamps for producing ultra violet energy for giving leg tan and a second and similar bank of lamps supported above the first bank of lamps for treatment of the upper portion of the body, and means for energizing either one or both of said banks of lamps either independently or simultaneously.
A further object is to provide in a booth for giving tan treatment, and that type employing electric means, including an electric circuit, for producing ultra violet energy and a switch for opening and closing said circuit, a coin controlleddevice for causing said switch to move to a closed position and a time controlled device for causingsaid switch to be moved to open position.
More specifically it is the object of my invention to provide in a booth for giving treatments for leg tan, including a plurality of upright tubu-.
lar lamps for producing ultra violet energy, sup-:
ported adjacent to the interior surface offlthel booth, improved means for shielding the eyes of the person taking treatments and for supporting the skirts while the treatment is being given.
My invention consists in the construction, arrangement and combination of the various par-ts of the device, whereby the objects contemplated are attained, as hereinafter more fully set forth, pointed out in my claims, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings; in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved booth with the door in an open position.
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional'view'of the'same' with the door closed, and in dotted lines a person in proper position for taking a legt-an treatment.
Figure 3 is a sectional viewtakerronthe line 3--3 of Figure 2.
Figure 4 is a sectional view taken on. the line 44 of Figure 3.
Figure 5 is a detailed sectional view taken on thelihe 5 -5- of Figure I.
Figure 6 is an enlarged detailed sectional view taken on the line 5-5 ofFigure 5.
Figure '7 illustrates diagrammatically the ele'c trio circuitsfor energizingultra violet lamps and the mechanism for controlling said circuits;
Figure 8 illustrates diagrammatically-the means for causing both circuitsto be operated in unison Wlien'a' coin is placed in a control device for actuatin the-up er circuit.
Figuresis-a detail vie'wof the device for causmg the-sets of circuit contacts to be operated in unison. V
Figure: 1'0 is an enlarged detail view of a portion or the door and thefrontview of the look also showing the coin slot.
Referring to the accompanying drawings I have used a reference numeral to to indicate: the housing of my improved boothsai housing comprises a back: lili, 2. front [2, sides l3, a top It and a bottom [5.
The front I 2 is provided with'a doorope 5.31 Supported within the opening l6 by means of suitable hi'ngesi H' is a door ['81. The front,. back and sides are provided with a: louvers' F9 for ventilating purposes; The back H is provided: with acabinet 20- communicating with the interior of the housing by means of an opening at to provide" a clothes closet for the purpose herematter more fully'se't forth.
A door 22- is slidably mounted in guides 23' for closing said door opening. The back wall of the closet is provided with a forwardly andla-terally projecting rod Ztfor supporting a clo'thes'hanger 25'. The door I 3- is provided with a lock 25, designed toautomatical-ly lock the door to'a closed position. The lock is provided with. acoin controlled device 2'1- to cause the latch of the'lock to be released upon the insertion of a coin through the slot 28. By this arrangement the door i8 is locked against any person entering the cabinet exceptat such times as when a coin is inserted in the said slot 28. 4
A person may enter the-cabinet by grasping a knob 29 forming a part of said lock and rotating it in the usual manner. The latch may be released by a person within the cabinet by means of the knob 3t. Mounted in each corner of the housing Iii is a pair of upright tubular lamps 3i and 32 of the type for radiating ultra violet energy.- The lamps 34' are substantially of a height 24'inches while the lamps 32 are substantially 28 inchesin height. The lamps 32' are preferably mounted about the lamps 3! in a manner clearly illustrated in Figures l 2 and 3. The lamps are detachably mounted in brackets 33 supported by insulation blocks 3 mounted on the side memhers is of the housing.
I will now describe the electric circuits for energlning the lamps 3| and 32, it being understood that the circuits herewith shown are purely diagrammatical, as the circuits construction forms no partof my present invention.
The power circuit 36 is coupled to the coin controlled circuit 31 by means of a step down transformer 38 to deliver a low voltage current of electricity to the relay 3% The circuit 3'! includes a pair of yieldable contacts 40 supported in the coin guide 6% in such a manner that when a coin d2. is-insertcd in the. guide 4| it will close the circuit by momentarily short circuiting the contacts. A relaycircuit 43 is also provided comprising conductors 44 and G5, the conductor 44 including contacts 46 supported normally in an opened position. An armature 57 designed to be operated: by the reiaytd is provided for closing said contacts 46:. The conductor includes-the primary of a transformer '38, the secondary of said transformer including the lower lamp circuit 49. The lamps 3! are connected in parallel, as clearly illustrated, each in series-with the ballast 5% and shunted with a starter 51 of ordinary construction. A conductor 52 shunts the conductor 35' and has connected therein. a synchronized motor 53 adapted. to operate a. time controlled switch Ed, adapted tocont rol a spring actuated latch 55-mounted ona shaft" T0. adapted to have its upper endv engage theunder. surface of the armature ll. at the timev the rela 39' is actuated, to lock the circuit 43 closed. Said time switch 513", comprising a. worm gear ill, a ratchet 56, a pivoted arm 5?, a. pawl 5a pivot'ally supported on said arm providedwith. a spring. 59' for yieldingly holding the pawl. in either of two predetermined positions, a time. adjusting lever til and a spring 61' for. actuating the lever 51 in a clockwise direction. as view in Figure '7.
A second c'oin controlled circuit 62 in parallel with the circuit 37 is provided for energizing'the" upper bank of lamps 32', comprising conductorsES and 64, havin contacts 65 and a relay 66'. The contacts 65 are mounted in a coin guide Bl. A second relay circuit 58' is provided including the primary of atran'sformer li and contacts lil controlled by an armature ll of. the relay 96'. A circuit 72 including the secondary of the transformer 89' is provided for energizing said lamp 32, similar to the lamp circuit 49. A latch bar 73 is yieldably mounted on a rod M for locking the contacts Eu inv closed position at such time as whenthe relay 5B is energized, at which. time the contacts 4% are. also closed by means of a link 15. Said link is so constructed that both sets of contacts 46 and IE! will be closed simultaneously as the relay 6% is energized but only the contact 46, as the relay 39 is energized. Ihisis accomplished by fixing the one end of the rod 75 to the armature H with its lower end supported under the armature ll so that said armature 4! maybe elevatedwithou't elevating the armature H. See Fig. 8.
Pivotally secured toeach side wall [3; the back H, and to the inner face of the door l8 is-what I shall term a light" shield and. skirt guard 16:. Each guard is mounted on a shaft Tl iniasuitable bearing 18a. Each end of each of. the shafts 18' and 19 is provided with. a miter. gear 81,. the ad joining ends of said shaft: being thus geared to-- gether. The inner end of the: shaft: I1 is provided with a gear: 82' adaptedtov move into and out of.
sitions of adjustment.
disc 85 fixed to its respective shaft, and has a.
mesh with the adjoining gear 8| as the door l8 is closed and'opened. The back end of the shaft series of notches 86 in its upper edge adapted to be engaged by a spring 81 secured to one of the.
adjacent housing walls.
The members '16 are tapered to to'fit substantially together when in a horizontal position as shown in Figure 4. The inner end of each member 16 is formed concaved to provide .an opening 88 to be occupied by the person taking treatment. The guards when in their horizontal position serve as means for locating the person at a position at equal distances from the lamps, for shielding the eyes from energy radiating from the lower set of lamps 3| and also as means for supporting the skirts to permit the rays of energy to radiate to that portion of the skin being treated without interference, as illustrated in dotted lines in Figure 2. The operation of my improved booth is substantially as follows. Assuming that one ofiny improved booths has been installed in any convenient location and that the door l8 has been closed and automatically locked by the coin controlled lock 26, a person desiring to obtain a temporary place of privacy may do so by simply placing a coin such as a penny or nickel in the slot 23 within the door I8. Said coin will then cause the door latch to bereleased so that the door may be opened by grasping and turning the knob 29 after which the person may enter and adjust or mend any dislocated or torn garment.
Assuming that the person desires a leg tan, she enters the booth in the manner above described, takes a central position, then grasps one of the guards l6 and swings it to its lowered position 'after which the skirts are then drawn upwardly to position on top of said guard as shown in dotted line Fig. 2. She then inserts a coin in the guide 4| which will then slide into position between the contacts 40 and close the conductors 31. A current of electricity will then flow throughthe relay 39 causing the armature 41 to be ele vated and conductors 44 and- 45 closed, causing a current toflow through the transformer 48, and in turn the lamp circuit 49. As the armature 41 is elevated the latch 55 will be moved to position under said armature by the spring 55a,
causing the contacts 46 to be locked in a closed position. Closing of said contacts will. in addition to energizing the transformer 48, cause current to flow through the conductor 52 and the motor 53. The ratchet wheel 58 will in turn be rotated by the worm 90 and the gear 9| in an anti-clockwise direction, and in turn the arm 51 by means of the pawl 58. This movement will continue until lug 92, engages the lower end of the lever 55a causing its upper end to disengage the armature 41 permitting the contacts 46 to be separated and the conductors 45 and 52 deenergized, causing the lamps 3| to be extinguished and the motor 53 stopped. The motor, due to the momentum of its moving parts, will continue permit themto move the cam 92 of the pawl 58 into engage-- ment with a pin 93 causing the pawl to disengage the ratchet and to be held in said position by the spring 59, permitting the arm 51 to swing in a clockwise direction by means of the spring 6| until the cam surface 94 of said pawl engages a pin 95 carried by the. arm Blhcausing the pawl to again engage the ratchet 56. The length of time required for the arm 5! to travel from its normal position of rest to the position where the lug 92 engages the lever 55, represents the time that the lamp =3| will be energized. This time period may be varied by adjusting the position of the lever 60.
The time usually required for a treatment is" about 3 minutes, time being determined by the intensity of the lamp and the distance from the person being treated. After the proper time has been determined, the position of the lever 60 is pre-set so that the person taking treatment can: not change it, thereby insuring the person against burns by overexposure. The time of exposure is determined for the most delicate and transparent'skins. The treatment may be repeated as often as is found to be necessary to obtain the guards 15 to their upright position. Then by grasping the knob 35 the latch may be released and the door opened, which will be automatically closed by the spring hinge after which the booth is again ready for the next customer.
Assuming that a person desires a tan treatment for the arms and back as well as the legs, has approached the booth, in which case she enters the booth in a manner above described, then removes any clothing covering that portion of the arms and back to be treated and hangs them in the closet 20, together with any other outer or colored clothing that might be bleached or otherwise damaged by the ultra violetlight. The door 22 is then closed after which the guards 16 may again be lowered to operative position. A coin may then be placed in the guide 6'! to cause both banks of lamps 3| and 32 to be energized. The contacts will then be closed by the coin' and the conductors 63 and 64 energized. Current from the transformer 38 will cause the relay $5 to be actuated to lift the armature H, and the contacts H1 closed. The rod 15 serves to also hit the armature 41, andto simultaneously close the contacts ML The latches 55 and 13 will also move to look their respective armatures closed, after which the transformers 4B and 69 are energized. and in turn their respective lamp circuits 49 and 72.1. he ot r 'wi11aeainbe start d. and the. time controlled device 54 actuated to open both circuits ,'*and in turn both sets of. lamps 3| and 32 extinguished.
By the above arrangement the entire exposed portions of the skin are treated simultaneously and with the same amount of exposure, inasmuch as the lamps are of a height equal to that of the exposed portion of the skin and at equal dis- 72 tornugarment or for. obtaining a tan: treatment.-
1: In a. devicexofithe .class described; the combination of a housing, a :pluralityofuprightelongatedlamps within said housing fonradiating tan producing electric energy spaced'apart andfarranged in annular formation, andaneye shield and skirt support' pivotally-supported betweenthe lamps'of each set of'adjacent'lamps to' swing from' a normal upright position to an.inwardly extending and substantially horizontal position, said-shield being constructed'to provide a space between their inner ends, to be occupiedby. the
person beingtreated when the shields are in their horizontal position,
2. In a device of the=c1ass'des.cribed; the combination of a* housing, a plurality of upright elongated lamps Within saidhousing for radiat ing'tan producing electric energy spaced apart andarranged in annular formation, an eye shield and skirt support pivotally supported between the lampsof eachset of adjacent'lamps to swing'from a normal upright position to an inwardly extending and substantially horizontal position, said we shields being constructed to provide a space between their inner ends to be occupied by the person being treated; when the shields are in their horizontal position, and adjustable means for retaining the inclination of said shields to anyone of a number of predetermined operativepositions:
3. In a device of the class described, the combination of a housing, a plurality of upright elongated lamps within said housing for radiating tan producing electric energy, spaced apart, and arranged in annular formation, an eye shield andskirt support pivotally supported between-the lamps of each set of adjacentlamps to swing from a normal upright position to an inwardly extending and substantially horizontal position, gear devices for connecting said shields to operate simultaneously; saidshields being constructed to provide a space between their inner ends, to be occupied by the person being treated when the shields are in their horizontal position.
4'. In a device of the class described, the combination of a rectangular housing including a door in one side, an upright lamp in each corner ofsaid housing for radiating ultra violet energy, skirt supports pivotally mounted between the lamps to swing from a normal upright position to a horizontalposition, cooperative gear devices for operatively connecting said skirt supports to operate in unison, means included in said gear devices for-adjustably retaining said'support's to any one" of a number of inclined positions, and means' for conducting electric energy to said lamps.
' 5; In a'device-of the class described; the combination of a; rectan u ar; housing 1 including;
door in.0ne:=side; askirtysuppOrtrelement -having one: edge: pivotallymounted to: each ;of 'said'sides. and'to said ,door; to:.sw ing.. from a. normal upright;
position to athorizonta-l position, and meanscarried byisaid housing-for adjustablyretaining said skirt: supports to I said horizontal; position and; to :any one of :a; number of inclined positions;
6. In a device ofzthe class described, the combination. of: a, rectangular housing including a hingedfdoor; in one side, an upright lamp in each corner-of said housing for: radiating ultra violet energy, skirt supporting elements pivotally mounted to each of said walls and said doors, between saidilampssto swing from anormal up right position to an inwardly extendingposition, cooperating gear devices fcr operativelyconnecting saidskirt support to operate simultaneously with the door closed, means includedin said gear? devices for retaining-all of said supports to any. one ofa number-'of inclined positions, andmeans for conducting electric energy to said lamps.
'7. In a device of'the class described; the combination of a housing of such height as to receivean occupant while standing, a combined skirt support" and centralizing devices projecting inwardly from the walls of said housing intermediate their ends, a plurality of lamps above said skirt supporting elements, a second plurality of lamps belowsaid skirt support elements, means for energizing said lower lamps independently or" the upperlamp to produce a leg tan, and means for conducting electricity to all of said lamps simultaneously for producing atan of the entire-body and time controlled means for deenergizing all of said lamp simultaneously;
8'. In a device of the class described, the combination of a housing of such height as to re-- ceive an occupant while standing, a combined skirt support and centralizing device projecting inwardly froin the walls of saidhousing intermediate their ends, a plurality of upright tubular ultra violet lamps-above said'skirt support, a second plurality of upright tubular ultra violet lamps below said'skirt support', th e lamps of the No references cited;