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Publication numberUS2631786 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 17, 1953
Filing dateMay 6, 1952
Priority dateMay 6, 1952
Publication numberUS 2631786 A, US 2631786A, US-A-2631786, US2631786 A, US2631786A
InventorsMcdaniel Drexel D, Morgan Sam D
Original AssigneeMcdaniel Drexel D, Morgan Sam D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tablet crusher
US 2631786 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 17, 1953 I s. D. MORGAN ET AL 2,631,786

TABLET CRUSHER Filed May 6, 1952 T N at;

Patented Mar. 17, 1953 TABLET CRUSHER Sam D. Morgan, Wellington, Tex., and Drexel D. McDaniel, Atwood, Okla.

Application May 6, 1952, Serial No. 286,232

3 Claims.

The present invention relates to a tablet crusher and it consists in the combinations, constructions and arrangements of parts herein described and claimed.

Generally there is provided a simple device consisting of a lower jaw to which there is hinged an upper jaw. The lower jaw is provided with a well which is normally closed by a spring urged pivoted closure member to provide a base in such well and the upper jaw of the device is provided with a crushing tooth which is preferably serrated at its lower end. The device is such that a tablet may be placed within the well atop the closure member and the jaws brought together by means of integrally formed handles and the tablet crushed within such well after which the closure member may be moved outwardly of the well to allow the crushed tablet to drop by gravity to the well into a glass or the like. The device is such that it should be of great assistance to pharmacists and the like.

It is accordingly an object of the invention to provide a novel tablet crushing device.

Another object of the invention is to provide a device of the character set forth which is simple in construction, inexpensive to manufacture and yet effective and efficient in use.

Another object of the invention is to provide, in a device of the character set forth, a novel closure member forming a part'of the invention.

Other and further objects of the invention will become apparent from a reading of the following specification taken in conjunction with the drawing, in which:

Figure 1 is a side elevational view of an embodiment of the invention,

Figure 2 is a sectional view taken along line 2--2 of Figure 1,

Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken substantially along line 33 of Figure 2, and

Figure 4 is a fragmentary perspective view illustrating a closure member forming part of the invention.

Referring more particularly to the drawing, there is shown therein a tablet crusher comprising a lower jaw I having an upwardly ex.-' tending foot ll formed integrally with one end thereof and to the upper end of which foot there is pivotally connected, as indicated at [2, an upper jaw l3.

The jaw I0 is provided with an integrally formed handle [4 while the jaw I3 is provided with an integrally formed handle I5. The jaw I0 is provided with an enlarged central portion l6 having a vertically extending Well I! formed therein. A slot 13 is formed in one side of the body l6 and communicates with a transversely extending passage IS.

A compression spring 20 surrounds a pin extending upwardly from the jaw it as indicated at 2|, and interconnects the jaws l0 and I3 to normally urge the jaw 13 away from the jaw ID. A pin 22 is aflixed to the underside of the jaw l3 and has mounted at its lower end a crushing head 23 provided with a serrated lower face, as indicated at 24.

A closure member 25 is provided with an elongated leg 25 which is pivotally connected, as indicated at 27, to the body [6 within the slot [8 and the closure member 25 is adapted to extend into the passageway l6 and is, in fact, urged therein by means of a tension spring 28.

In operation, it Will be apparent that when it is desired to crush a tablet, it is only necessary to place the tablet in the well I9 atop the closure member 25 which is normally in position in the passageway I9 and hence provides a bottom for the upper portion of the well l9. Thereafter the handle I5 is brought toward the handle l4 by squeezing the same in a single hand of the operator and the crusher head 23 will come into contact with the tablet to crush the same between the serrated lower edge 24 and the upper side of the closure member 25. Thereupon the closure member 25 may be moved out of the passageway I9 by means of an integrally formed outwardly extending fingerpiece 29 and the crushed tablet will be thereupon allowed to drop by gravitythrough the lower end of the well I1.

While but one form of the invention has been shown and described herein, it will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art that many minor modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A device of the character described compnsmg a lower jaw having a horizontal well therein, an upper jaw hinged at its forward end to the forward end of said lower jaw, a crusher head-dependently carried by said upper jaw and receivable in said well, said lower jaw having a transverse passageway communicating with said well and a slot in one side thereof communicating with said passageway, and a closure member pivoted in said slot and receivable in said passageway to form a bottom for said well.

2. A device as defined in claim 1 wherein a tension spring interconnects said lower jaw and said closure member-whereby to urge said member to closed position, and wherein a finger piece is formed integrally with the outer side of said closure member.

3. A device as defined in claim 2 wherein a compression spring is interposed between said jaws whereby to normally urge the same apart.

SAM D. MORGAN. DREXEL D. McDANIEL.

4 REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US637081 *Jul 13, 1899Nov 14, 1899Frederick W BraunCupel-machine.
US753121 *Jun 26, 1902Feb 23, 1904The calkins CompanyCupel-waking machine
US2318911 *Apr 7, 1941May 11, 1943Zweber Cyril JTablet crusher
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3915393 *Apr 24, 1974Oct 28, 1975Bill Webb ElkinsMedication crushing apparatus
US4003523 *Jul 23, 1975Jan 18, 1977Doolittle Harry SPortable pill grinder
US4121775 *Oct 12, 1977Oct 24, 1978Roseberg Harry GPulverizer
US4366930 *Apr 27, 1981Jan 4, 1983Trombetti Jr Albert VTablet pulverizer
US4397425 *May 19, 1980Aug 9, 1983Pennzoil CompanyGrinding apparatus
US4694996 *Oct 20, 1986Sep 22, 1987Siegel Family Revocable TrustMulti cavity medication card crusher
US4967971 *Apr 14, 1989Nov 6, 1990Smith Kevin RPestle and mortar for crushing pills in pill cups
US5025996 *Mar 13, 1990Jun 25, 1991Lavin Janice ATablet or pill pulverizer
US5123601 *Jan 3, 1991Jun 23, 1992Lavin Janice ATablet or pill pulverizer
US5148995 *Aug 1, 1991Sep 22, 1992Hurst Richard FApparatus for decomposting compressed tablets
US5178337 *Aug 20, 1991Jan 12, 1993Paul LupoliPill crusher
US5823451 *Nov 18, 1996Oct 20, 1998Health Care Logistics, Inc.Medication crushing device
US5863001 *Mar 10, 1997Jan 26, 1999Dynachieve, Inc.Crushing method and apparatus
US5924636 *Dec 1, 1997Jul 20, 1999Calderon; Cecilia B.Pill crusher
US6637685Jun 26, 2002Oct 28, 2003Dennis KrugerPill crusher
US6966509Dec 18, 2003Nov 22, 2005Iscore PartnersPill crusher
US7427041Nov 3, 2004Sep 23, 2008Occupational Health And Safety Agency For Healthcare In British ColumbiaPill crusher
US7562790Jun 21, 2007Jul 21, 2009Medical Safety Equipment, Inc.Multifunctional medicinal dispensary device
US7735763Sep 17, 2007Jun 15, 2010First Wave Products Group, LlcPill crusher with pill holder verification and safety features
US7845588 *Apr 27, 2010Dec 7, 2010Mark Trevis GoodickPortable tool utilizing compound leveraged actuation to reduce medicine solids
Classifications
U.S. Classification241/169, 241/199, 99/578, D24/220, 99/581, 241/199.9, 241/265
International ClassificationA61J7/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61J7/0007
European ClassificationA61J7/00B