US 2633597 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. P. TURNER 2,633,597
VACUUM CLEANER WITH MOTOR AND HANDLE MOUNTED 0N TRUNNIONS April 7, 1953 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 Filed Nov. 5, 1947 agar Z7? Uwznez BY ATTOPJVZY E. P. TURNER VACUUM CLEANER WITH MOTOR AND HANDLE MOUNTED ON TRUNNIONS 2. SHEETS-SHEET 2 Filed Nov. 5, 1947 INVENTOR. 5 19a??? Ju'z'nez BY WITNESS ATTUBNEY Patented Apr. 7, 1953 VACUUM CLEANER WITH MOTOR AND HANDLE MOUNTED ON TRUNNIONS Edgar P. Turner, Fanwood, N. J assignor to The Singer Manufacturing Company, Elizabeth, N. J a corporation of New Jersey Application November 5, 1947, Serial No. 784,167
8 Claims. (01. 15-383) This invention relates to vacuum cleaners and has for one of its primary objects to provide an improved mounting arrangement for various parts of a vacuum cleaner.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved mounting arrangement for a motorfan unit of a vacuum cleaner.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved pivotal mounting for the handle of a vacuum cleaner.
The invention consists in the devices, combinations and arrangements of parts hereinafter set forth and illustrated in the accompanying drawings of a preferred embodiment of the invention, from which the several features of the invention and the advantages attained thereby will be readily understood by those skilled in the art.
In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a vacuum cleaner embodying this invention, parts being broken away to show internal construction;
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the vacuum cleaner shown in Fig. 1, parts also being broken away;
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1 and looking in the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken along the line 44 of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is a partly exploded view of a portion of the mechanism shown in Fig. 3; and
Fig. 6 is a sectional view on the line 6-6 of Fig. l and shows means for securing the handle to the trunnion arms.
In the preferred embodiment of the invention illustrated in the drawings, the vacuum cleaner is shown as having an ambulatory casing or chassis I0 formed from a lower chassis shell H and an upper chassis shell I2; the two shells being joined on a line inclined slightly to the horizontal and indicated by the numeral I3. The lower shell I I is held to the upper shell I2 by a screw it that is rotatably supported in a pair of bosses I6 formed integral with the lower shell I I. The threaded end of the screw I4 enters a threaded hole in a boss I I integral with the upper shell I2. The lower end of the screw I4 is provided with a knurled head I8.
A combination electric motor and fan unit I9 is supported in the chassis I0 and the vacuum cleaner as a whole is supported on front and rear wheels 2I and 22. The front wheels are rotatably supported on axles carried by the lower chassis shell II, whereas the rear wheels 22 are journaled on axles secured to rearwardly extending exhaust ports 23, that are formed as part of the motor driven fan unit l9.
The upper chassis shell I2 has a front wall 26, side walls 21, a top wall 28, and rear wall portions 29. Integral with the top wall 28 is a centrally located cupola 3I which extends above the wall 28 and, when the vacuum cleaner is fully assembled, overlies the motor-fan unit I9. The cupola 3i has a back wall portion 32 which extends a short distance to the rear of the back wall portions 29. The cupola 3| also has a front wall 33 and a pair of side walls 34. Adjacent opposite sides of the side walls 34, the top wall 28 of the upper shell I2 is provided with a pair of long narrow parallel slots 35, the purpose of which will appear presently. The lower chassis shell II is substantially U-shaped in plan view and has a front wall 36, side walls 31, a bottom wall 38 and back wall portions 39. A forward portion of the bottom wall 38 is apertured to provide a suction mouth 4|. The front wall 36, the side walls 31, and the back walls 39 of the lower chassis shell II as well as the front wall 26 of the upper chassis shell l2 are preferably covered with a sheel of resilient material 42 which acts as a bumper.
The electrical components (not shown) of the motor are housed within two cup-like frame,
members 43 and 44, the lip-rim portions of which abut on a plane 46, which plane is perpendicular to the central axis of the motor-fan unit I9. This plane 46, as best seen in Fig. 1, also coincides with the longitudinal center line of the vacuum cleaner. Each of the motor-frame members 43, 44 is concentrically apertured, as at 41, for journaling the motor shaft 48. This arrangement of parts places the motor shaft 48 parallel to the floor on which the wheels operate and also perpendicular to the longitudinal center line of the vacuum cleaner. Impeller fans 5| and 52 are carried by opposite ends of the motor shaft 48. The fans 5I and 52 are respectively housed in fan casings 53 and 54 held to the respective motor frame members 43 and 44 by screws 56. For a more complete showing of the motor-fan unit, reference may be had to an application, Serial No. 784,165, filed November 5, 1947, by Floyd T.
Smith, now Patent No. 2,540,178. Each of the;
fan casings is apertured by an intake eye 51 and each eye is surrounded by a cylindrical trunnion 58 that is formed integral with its fan casing and extends outwardly therefrom. The trunnions 58, which are formed on opposite ends of the motor-fan unit I9, each have an outer cylindrical surface 58 and an end abutting surface form. Each; of I the trunnions 58, which areformed integral with the fan casings 53 and 54,-
respectively, are concentric with the fans 5| and 52, as well as being concentric with the motor frame members 43 and 44 and the motor shaft 48.
The combination motor-fan unit I9 is pri-- marily supported in the vacuum cleaner chassis by having the two opposite trunnions 58:
clamped (Figs. 3, 4. and between the upper-and lower chassis shells l2 and i I which for this purpose are each formed with a pair of semi-cylin:
drical trunnion engaging surfaces 63 and 64, respectively. Each of the surfaces 64 on the lower shell H is so formed that when the two chassis shells are clamped together each of the surfaces 64 will be complementary to'one of the surfaces 63 on the upper shell? 12, thereby forming two cylindrical trunnionengaging surfaces. Each of the surfaces 63'and B4 terminates in a semi-circular axial abutting surface 65. These surfaces are spaced apart transversely of the chassis shells H and I2 a distance that is substantially equal to the distance between outside ends 58 of the two trunnions 58 formed on opposite ends of the motor-fan unit- [9. This assures that the unit l9 will be positioned properly with respect to the chassis shells.- The motor unit i9 is additionally secured to the upper chassis shell 12 by a pair of screws 66 which pass through bosses 6! formed as part of the exhaust ports 23. These screws enter threaded holes in the upper chassis shell 52.
Inaddition to acting as a means for positioning and supporting the combination motor and fan unit IS in the chassis 10, the two trunnions 58 provide a means for pivotally mounting a vacuum cleaner handle ill,- only a lower portion of the handle being herein shown. The handle 10 has an inverted box portion H which is covered by a lower cover secured thereto by a means not herein shown. A pair of fiat trunnion arms 12 and 13 are provided, and each trunnion arm has an aperture 14 into which is press ntted'a bearing bushing 16, made from a bearing composition and having an internal bearing surface ll. This surface 11, in each case, is rotatably positioned on the outer cylindrical surface 58 of one of the trunnions 58. Each of the trunnion arms 12 and 13 has an outwardly-extending rectangular leg 18 which passes through one of the two slots 35 and thereafter is'secured to thebox portion-H of the handle 10. Each leg 18 is provided on opposite sides thereof with a pair of shoulders 88 which engage the box H and cover 15 thereby properly positioning the handle 10 with respect to the chassis Hi; The means for securing the handle 10 to the legs 'IBincludes a pair of posts 86 (Figs. 2'and 6) that are formed integral with and extend outwardly from the inner surface of the box H. Each of the legs 18 of the arms l2, 13 passes through an aperture 81 formed in the lower end'of the handle 10 and is clamped to one of the posts 86 by'means of an L-shaped clip 88. One leg 91 of the L-shaped clip 88 has its longitudinal dimension bent, that is to say, the leg 9! is bent about an axis positioned transversely to its longest dimension. This leg 91, when in position; is adjacent one side of the post 86, with one end of the leg entering a recess H32 formed in the box H. The other leg 92, of the clip 88,
passes over the end of the post 86 and is held thereto by a headed screw 89. The leg 92 extends beyond the post 86 and thereby enters an appropriately sized notch 90 formed on one side of the leg 18. The leg 92 after it passes beyond the member 18 is formed with a small bent over portionor, hook. 93 which engages the leg 18 thereby holding the leg 18 adjacent the side of the post 86 which is remote from the side thereof which is adjacent the leg 9| of the clip 88.
Asthe handle 10 is raised and lowered, the composition bushings 16 and the trunnion arms 12, i3 rotate as a unit with respect to the trunnions 58. As best seen in Fig. 3, the composition bearing ring 16' is held in position axially with respect to-the motor-fan unit by being spaced between an external abutting surface 8| of the fan casing 54 and internal abutting surfaces 82 and 83, respectively, formed on the upper shell l2 and the lower shell H adjacent the trunnion engaging surfaces 63 and 64. Thebushing 16 associated with the arm '12 is held in an axial. position in a manner similar to that just described. Since each of the trunnion arms 12, 13 is press fitted'over and therefore is secured to its respective bearing bushing '16, the trunnion arms will likewise be heldiir proper spaced relation axially of the motor-fanunit 19.
From the foregoing, it will be noted that this invention has provided a vacuum cleaner that is compact and sturdily constructed, and in which means have been provided whereby'the motorfan unit i9 and the handle 10 can be detached quickly and easily from the trunnion arms 12"!3. In the event that it becomes desirable to remove the motor-fan unit iSi-from within the chassis i0, it is simply'necessary to invert the vacuum cleaner, including the chassis l9 and handle in. Then the two screws 89, the heads of which can be engaged by a screw driver passed through holes 95 provided in the cover 15, are loosened. Loosening the screws 89 permits the handle 10 to be detached from' the trunnion arms 12 and 13. Then the lower chassis shell 1! is removed by unscrewing the thumb'screw l4. This exposes the motor-fan unit l9,the two screws 66 as well as the belt 61; the latter being easily removed from the hub 59. Unscrewing the two screws 65 completely frees the motor-fan unit [9 from the upper chassis shell 12. Since the trunnion arms 12, 13 are pivoted on the trunnions 58, which are part of the motor-unit 19, it is obvious that the legs 18 of the trunnion arms will be pulled through the slots Has the motor-fan unit is removed from the chassis shell l2.
The term trunnion, as herein used, refers to the two opposite cylindrical projections or. similar structures 58 formed oniopposite sides of the motor-fan unit [9. The term trunnion' is not intended to convey the ideathat the motor-fan unit turns on the trunnions as an axis. The trunnion arms 12 and 13 rotate with respect to the trunnions, but in the preferred form of construction there is no relative rotary motion be-- tween the trunnions and the chassis shells l l and Having thus set forth the nature of my invention, what I claim herein is:
1. A vacuum cleaner comprising an upper chassis shell, a lower chassis shell, means for securing said lower shell to said upper shell, a pair of semicylindrical surfaces in spaced portions of said upper shell, an axial abutting surface formed adjacent each of said semicylindrical surfaces,
a pair of semicylindrical surfaces in spaced por-r tions of said lower chassis shell, an axial abutting surface adjacent each of said semicylindrical surfaces in said lower shell, said two pairs of semicylindrical surfaces being so constructed and arranged as to form two cylindrical surfaces when said lower shell is clamped to said upper shell, a motor-fan unit supported in said chassis, a pair of spaced cylindrical trunnions formed on said motor-fan unit, said trunnions being of such diameter as to fit into said cylindrical surfaces and said trunnions being so spaced as to be axially positioned by said axial abutting surfaces.
2. A vacuum cleaner comprising an upper chassis shell, a lower chassis shell, means for securing said lower shell to said upper shell, a pair of semicylindrical surfaces in spaced portions of said upper shell, a first axial abutting surface adjacent each of said semicylindrical surfaces, a second axial abutting surface adjacent each of said semicylindrical surfaces, a pair of semicylindrical surfaces in spaced portions of said lower chassis shell, an axial abutting surface adjacent each of said semicylindrical surfaces in said lower chassis, a second axial abutting surface adjacent each of semicylindrical surfaces in said lower chassis, a motor-fan unit housed in said chassis shells, a trunnion formed on opposite ends of said motor-fan unit, end abutting surfaces on each of said trunnions, outer cylindrical surfaces on each of said trunnions, said outer cylindrical surfaces of said trunnions being contacted by said semicylindrical surfaces, and said first axial abutting surfaces being contacted by the end surfaces of said trunnions, a cylindrical bearing bushing rotatably carried on each of said trunnions, a trunnion arm secured to each of said bushings, one side face of each of said bushings being in contact with said second abutting surfaces, and a vacuum cleaner handle detachably secured to said trunnion arms.
3. A vacuum cleaner comprising an upper chassis shell; a lower chassis shell secured to said upper chassis shell; a horizontal motor-fan unit supported by said upper and lower chassis shells; a pair of trunnions formed on opposite ends of said motor-fan unit; a pair of trunnion arms, one being pivotally mounted on each of said trunnions; and a handle member secured to said trunnion arms.
4. A vacuum cleaner comprising an upper chassis shell having a pair of long narrow slots formed therein; a lower chassis shell secured to said upper chassis shell; a horizontal motorfan unit supported by said upper and lower chassis shells; a pair of trunnions formed on opposite ends of said motor-fan unit; a bearing bushing pivotally mounted on each of said trunnions; a trunnion arm secured to each of said bearing bushings, said trunnion arms extending through said narrow slots; and a handle member detachably secured to the ends of said trunnion arms.
5. A vacuum cleaner comprising an upper chassis shell having a pair of long narrow slots formed therein; a lower chassis shell secured to said upper chassis shell, a plurality of supporting and abutting surfaces formed on spacedportions of said upper and lower chassis shells; a horizontal motor-fan unit having a pair of trunnions formed on opposite ends thereof, said motor-fan unit being positioned and spaced by said plurality of surfaces; a pair of trunnion arms, a
one being pivotally mounted on each of said trunnions and extending through one of said slots;
and a handle member secured to said trunnion arms.
6. A vacuum cleaner comprising an upper chassis shell having a cupola formed as a part thereof, said upper shell being provided with a pair of long narrow slots adjacent said cupola; a lower chassis shell secured to said upper shell; a pair of semicircular surfaces on said upper shell; a pair of semicircular surfaces on said lower shell, formed complementary to said semicircular surfaces on said upper shell; a motor-fan unit housed by said two shells; a pair of opposed trunnions formed on said motor-fan unit, said trunnions engaging said semicircular surface in such a manner as to position said motor-fan unit with respect to said shells; a bearing member rotatably carried on each of said trunnions; a trunnion arm secured to each of said bearing members; a leg formed integral with each of said trunnion arms, each of said legs extending through one of said long narrow slots; and a handle member secured to the said pair of legs.
7. A vacuum cleaner comprising an upper chassis shell having a pair of long narrow slots formed therethrough, a lower chassis shell secured to said upper shell, a pair of cylindrical members engaged by said chassis shells and positioned within said chassis shells, a motor-fan unit attached to and concentric with said cylindrical members, a pair of arms pivotally carried on said cylindrical members and projecting through said pair of slots, and a handle member detachably secured to said arms at a point outside said upper chassis shell.
8. An ambulatory type vacuum cleaner arranged for to-and-fro movement on a floor, comprising, a hollow chassis shell having a pair of long narrow slots formed adjacent opposite sides thereof, said slots extending in a direction that is parallel to the direction of the to-and-fro movement; a plurality of supporting wheels rotatably mounted on said chassis shell; a dualfan motor-unit'supported by said chassis shell, I
said motor unit having a horizontal shaft that extends transversely of the direction of the toand-fro movement, and said dual-fan motorunit being symmetrically located in the chassis transverse to the direction of the to-and-fro movement; a brush rotatably supported within said chassis shell and extending at right angles to the direction of the to-and-fro movement; means for driving said rotary brush'from said motor shaft; a pair of trunnions located within said chassis shell and at opposite ends of said dual-fan motor-unit; a pair of trunnion arms, one being pivotally mounted on each of said trunnions and extending through the slots in said chassis shell; and a handle member attached to said trunnion arms.
EDGAR P. TURNER.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Troxler Mar. 28, 1944