US 2635604 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 21, 1953 c. FREDRICKSON CONTAINER Filed Jan. 21, 1950 I I H Iliiii'iiiiin INVENTOR. Z/oyd C fiezkz'asm Patented Apr. 21, 1953 state 0. Fre
drickso'n; c icane message tit Abliotfi Laboratories; North ehfea'go} 111;;- a 661 partition of Illinois Amnitaticiii ninety 21, 1950. Serial No. 139,922 8- clams; (c1. mi -2727 My invention relates to dispensing (ts-states and includes among its objects'and advantages-j Figure" 2' is a side elevation of the same container with the upper portion in" section; I
Figure 3 is as'ideelevation' of the bottom portion only before suspension; I V v I Figure 4' is a side" levation'of the Suspended bottle; a Figure 5 is a" perspeotiveo'ithebottom and of the container in shape to be suspended; and
Figure 6 isapianview" of sat-container with a modified fitting. I
As shoWn-inFigure's 1 to5 'in'clusive, a flask or bottle is provided-*with an annular groove 22- adjacent the bottom ofthefia'sk. The flask may be largely conventional such as a glass bottle for dispensing'intravenous'fluids; comprising a-c'ylinlike as bythreads} 2 and a concave bottom" I 6.
A cup=shaped member is of ductile metal, and fits over thbbt'tdmflf the bottle The lip 2 5 aperture" is the circular hole3il, and thefother aperture is" ac'oncentric" U-s hapedhole '32; The remaining bottomportiorr between the two outout areas and 32; formsahandle portion or b'a'il'36. The straightsectionstfiof'the u s'haped aperture 32' diverge from thepircular cut=out area 30 leaving extensions 38 of the bail 36, having increasing width as the divergence progressively becomes larger, and consequently of increasing strength as the divergence becomes larger.
The dispensing container is adapted to dispense the contents thereof from an inverted, more or less vertical, position. For suspending the dispensing container, the bail 36 is pulled up from its normal position in the plane of the bottom of the cup 28 to a position such as that shown in Figures 4 and 5. The enlarged bail portions 33 have increasing strength as the width of the section 38 increases, and as the bail 3B is pulled up the increasing strength of the enlarged section 38 causes a relatively large circular bend in 2. theaqrtionsist, indicated'in igure 4-, so that the bail is approximately axially aligned with the bottle The axial alignment of the bail permits thflcontainer to beve'rtically suspended.
the embodiment illustrated in Figure 6; the cup-shaped member 42 isattached to the bottle in' thesame'wayas the cup-shaped member 2 3', as" indicated inFigu'rfe 2. The: bail M is a tongue shaped member having" a circular aperture'or'eyelet ifffi forf sus lending the bottle, and a shank'poltioii 50 iSjOf increasing Width as the tongue approaches the rim ofthe cup. The increasing Width section 50" functions similarly to sections 38 so that the increasing strength causes a large 'arcuatebend, whereby the tongue becomesmany aligned in pulled up position.
In either construction'dt is possible to proportion the partsand thethickness of the metal; so
, that imposing the weight-or the container and the contents on the bail 36 or the eyelet 48, will bend'the supportingmember into a position approximately coaxial with the bottle. Sometimes it" is desired to ha'n'gthe bottle against a wall,
radius of thebotfle-asfior instance'a door knob.
only remote fro mithe bottle axisa'nd a'r'r anged on a line offsetlaterally onone side: of a plane passing longitudinally through the bottle axis, but provide for hinge-like actionon a-line onset from the bottle axis.
Others may readily adapt the invention for use under various conditions of service by employing one or more of the novel features involved, or equivalents thereof. As at present advised with respect to the apparent scope of my invention, I desire to claim the following subject matter:
1. A dispensing container comprising: a bottle having an axis and a bottom substantially normal thereto; a sheet metal cup affixed to said bottle bottom; and a sheet metal bail defined by two apertures in the bottom of said cup; said bail being joined integrally to said cup at both its ends, at points radially spaced from the bottle axis; said joinings being arranged on a line onset 3 laterally on one side of a plane passing longitudinally through the bottle axis.
2. A dispensing container comprising: a bottle having an axis and a bottom substantially normal thereto; a sheet metal cup affixed to said bottle bottom; and a sheet metal bail defined by two apertures in the bottom of said cup; said bail being joined integrally to said cup at both its ends, at points radially spaced from the bottle axis; the bight of said bail being oITset laterally to one side of a plane passing longitudinally through the bottle axis; said joinings being positioned to guide said bail, in approximately arcuate swinging movement, up and into said bottle axis and a substantial distance beyond the said axis, when said bail is pulled up to maximum height. i
3. A dispensing container comprising: a bottle having a shallow annular groove adjacent the closed end thereof; and a ductile metal cup covering said closed end; the lip of said cup being turned into said groove to secure said cup on said bottle; the bottom of said cup having two apertures therein; one of said apertures being a circular opening; the other said aperture being a U-shaped opening, the arcuate portion thereof being concentric with said circular aperture; the portion of the cup bottom remaining between said apertures being available as a bail when pulled out at an angle from the plane of said bottom of said cup; the metal portions remaining between the straight sides of the said U- shaped aperture and said circular aperture having increasing width and increasing strength due to the divergence of said circular aperture and said straight sides, whereby outward displacement of said bail causes said metal portion to bend in relatively large arcs so that said bail is approximately axially aligned in vertical position.
4. A dispensing container comprising: a bottle having a shallow annular groove adjacent the closed end thereof; and a cup of ductile material afiixed to the bottom of the bottle; a handle formed in the bottom of said cup by removing a circular portion therefrom and a concentric U- shaped section therefrom; said handle having enlarged portions between the divergence of the said U-shaped section and the said circular section, whereby the strength of the said enlarged portions is greater than the rest of said handle; said handle adapted to be raised at an angle from said cup bottom whereby said increased strength handle portions cause the handle to be axially aligned with said cup in vertical position; the lip of said cup being adapted to be turned into said groove on said bottle whereby said cup becomes attached to said bottle.
5. A dispensing container comprising: a bottle 4 having an axis and a bottom substantially normal thereto; a sheet metal cup afiixed to said bottle bottom; a sheet metal eye member; and means for guiding said member from a position flat against said bottle bottom up into a plane parallel to the bottle axis; said guiding means comprising a flexible connecting portion of sheet metal joining said member and cup; said connecting portion joining said cup along a line parallel to said bottle bottom but offset laterally from a plane passing longitudinally through the bottle axis; said connecting portion decreasing progressively in bending strength, with a maximum where it joins said cup and a minimum where it joins said member.
6. A dispensing container comprising: a bottle having an axis and a bottom substantially normal thereto; a sheet metal cup affixed to said bottle bottom; a sheet metal eye member; and means for guiding said member from a position fiat against said bottle bottom up into a plane parallel to the bottle axis; said guiding means comprising a flexible connecting portion of sheet metal joining said member and cup; said connecting portion joining said cup along a line parallel to said bottle bottom but ofiset laterally from a plane passing longitudinally through the bottle axis.
7. A dispensing container according to claim 6 in which said eye member defines a complete circle and said connecting portion is of greater dimensions than said eye member.
8. A container for therapeutic injectable solutions, comprising, in combination: a transparent bottle having a narrow peripheral groove adjacent the bottom thereof; and an end fitting comprising a metallic cup having annular axial engagement with the periphery of said bottom; the edge or" said cup being turned into positive engagement in said groove; the bottom of said cup being slitted to define a curved bail adapted to be bent up, as around hinges at both ends of said bail; said hinges being in alignment with each other in a line lying near the transverse plane of said container bottom, and offset from a plane passing longitudinally through the axis of said container; said hinges being defined by integral metal portions of said cup where said bail merges at its ends with the body of the cup.
LLOYD C. FREDRICKSON.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES'PATENTS Number