|Publication number||US2636203 A|
|Publication date||Apr 28, 1953|
|Filing date||Aug 9, 1949|
|Priority date||Aug 9, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2636203 A, US 2636203A, US-A-2636203, US2636203 A, US2636203A|
|Inventors||Glantz Saul J|
|Original Assignee||Ruth Smith Entpr Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (18), Referenced by (8), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 28, 1953 s. J. GLANTZ;
DISPENSING BRUSH Filed Aug. 9, 1949 Patented Apr. 28, 1953 DISPEN SING BRUSH Saul J. Glantz, Cleveland, Ohio, assignor to Ruth Smith Enterprises, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application August 9, 1949, Serial No. 109,325
1 Claim. 1
This invention relates to brushes that are used for dispensing liquids, and is particularly concerned with a brush that is adapted for use in shampooing or in other treatment of the hair.
A n object of this invention is to construct a brush which has a size that is -convenient for holding inthe hand, and which is provided with a reservoir of liquid that is to be used concurrently with the brush. The device includes also a valve which is normally closed but which is adapted to be opened for the purpose of distributing a liquid upon the hair Without removing the brush from the hair, whereby the liquid dispensed may be deposited upon the head in the precise location desired.
lReferring now to the drawings, Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a dispensing brush embodying the present invention; Fig. 2 is a vertical section taken longitudinally through the brush; Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary section showing the operation of the valve; Fig. 4 is a perspective view oi the coil spring removed from the valve stem; Fig. 5 is a top plan View of 'the coil spring.
A brush made in accordance with the present invention is shown in the form of a military brush having a back I IJ into which bristles II are fastened in any convenient way. Surmounting the back is a base I2 and a housing I3 which provide a hollow chamber I4 that acts as a reservoir for the liquid to be dispensed. The reservoir may be lled through an aperture which is normally closed by a screw plug I5.
The liquid within the reservoir is adapted to be dispensed onto the bristles through an aperture I6, but such aperture is normally closed by a valve Il, the stem I8 of which projects through an aperture in the top wall of the housing. Ample bearing surface for the stem may be attained by utilizing a sleeve I9 which depends from the top of the housing and has a close sliding fit with the stem. A depression or well 20 Within the top wall of the housing provides space for the reception of a spring 2| which acts upon the head 22 of the valve stem to keep the valve normally closed. A exible skirt 23 may conceal the spring and serve to protect it against the accumulation of foreign material thereon. In practice, the upper end of the valve stem is substantially flush with the top of the body.
The spring 2I preferably has the end turns completely circular as shown at 25 and 26 in Fig. 4, so as to provide an even bearing surface at one end against the head 22 and at the other end against the outer wall of the housing I3. This prevents cutting of the parts engaged by the spring, particularly when such parts are made of polymeric material.
An advantage of a brush made in accordance with the present invention is that the liquid to be dispensed is applied directly to the hair and in the precise quantity desired while the brush is being used. This results in an even distribution of the liquid and avoids undue waste as Well as the necessity for bringing the material in direct contact with the hands of the user.
In a liquid dispensing brush having a hollow body and a bottom wall and a substantially smooth top enclosing w-all having a central depressed portion and provided with a lling opening, a plate having bristles fixed therein and extending outwardly therefrom, means for securing said plate to the bottom wall of the hollow body, said plate having an opening therethrough within the space occupied by the bristles, the bottom wall having an aligned opening establishing communication between the interior of the hollow body and the opening in said plate, a valve stem having one end extending through the central depressed portion of the top wall and having the other end extending through the aligned openings in the bottom wall and plate, said one end of the valve stem having a head external of the top wall and adapted to be positioned within the central depressed portion out of the plane of the body top, a journal carried by the top wall within the hollow body and surrounding the valve stem, the other end of said valve stern carrying a valve closure adapted to seat in the plate opening to isolate the bristles from the liquid in the hollow body, and a spring surrounding the valve stern between the head and the depressed portion of the top Wall of the hollow body and coacting therebetween to maintain the plate opening closed.
SAUL J. GLANTZ.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 435,912 Bayles Sept. 9, 1890 470,461 Banta et a1. Mar. 8, 1892 1,043,656 Ziringer Nov. 5, 1912 1,194,642 Kleeberg Aug. 15, 1916 1,248,622 Cooper Dec. 4, 1917 1,413,900 Condon Apr. 25, 1922 1,439,259 Pasnik Dec. 19, 1922 1,545,961 Keenan July 14, 1925 1,573,758 Attarian et al. Feb. 16, 1926 1,899,984 Powell Mar. 7, 1933 1,939,516 Olson Dec. 12, 1933 1,966,143 Schroeder July 10, 1934 2,095,433 Brunauer Oct. 12, 1937 2,157,778 Tourot May 9, 1939 2,382,314 Herb' Aug. 14, 1945 2,496,181 Stange Jan. 31, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 445,438 France Nov. 11, 1912 757,858 France Oct. 16, 1933
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US435912 *||Jun 12, 1890||Sep 9, 1890||Tooth-powder bottle|
|US470461 *||May 2, 1891||Mar 8, 1892||Harry s|
|US1043656 *||Feb 17, 1912||Nov 5, 1912||Roscoe Conkling Ziringer||Powder or liquid receptacle.|
|US1194642 *||Mar 18, 1916||Aug 15, 1916||Syhktey hebbeat elsebebg|
|US1248622 *||Apr 5, 1917||Dec 4, 1917||Maxey Cronje Cooper||Fountain shoe-brush.|
|US1413900 *||Jan 11, 1921||Apr 25, 1922||Robert Condon||Brush|
|US1439259 *||Dec 28, 1921||Dec 19, 1922||Pasnik Alexander M||Valved bottom-dispensing salt shaker|
|US1545961 *||Oct 10, 1924||Jul 14, 1925||Keenan Madeline R||Blackboard eraser|
|US1573758 *||Jul 14, 1924||Feb 16, 1926||Attarian Bedros T||Brush|
|US1899984 *||Apr 28, 1932||Mar 7, 1933||Powell James D||Shaving brush|
|US1939516 *||Nov 10, 1932||Dec 12, 1933||Olson Charles S||Fountain brush|
|US1966143 *||Mar 13, 1933||Jul 10, 1934||Lulu E Smith||Valve construction for fluid dispensers|
|US2095433 *||Sep 26, 1936||Oct 12, 1937||Albert Brunauer||Fountain brush|
|US2157778 *||Mar 7, 1936||May 9, 1939||Elisa Tourot Emma||Dispensing device|
|US2382314 *||Feb 11, 1943||Aug 14, 1945||Diagraph Bradley Steneil Machi||Fountain brush|
|US2496181 *||Sep 28, 1945||Jan 31, 1950||Stange Alexander H||Soap dispenser for shaving brushes|
|FR445438A *||Title not available|
|FR757858A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3146484 *||Mar 8, 1962||Sep 1, 1964||Rexall Drug Chemical||Shampoo brush|
|US4955746 *||Aug 3, 1989||Sep 11, 1990||Craigmile Joseph M||Portable cleaning device for golf clubs|
|US4973183 *||Apr 5, 1990||Nov 27, 1990||Philip Shevick||Original container-application devices|
|US5114255 *||Oct 15, 1990||May 19, 1992||Villarreal Jose R||Applicator brush assembly|
|US6210064 *||Dec 28, 1998||Apr 3, 2001||General Housewares Corp.||Soap-fillable brush with sealed actuator|
|US20050084317 *||Oct 17, 2003||Apr 21, 2005||Adriana Kliegman||Soap dispensing cleaning device|
|USD739659 *||Dec 13, 2012||Sep 29, 2015||Aber Technology Corporation||Dispensing brush|
|EP0003017A1 *||Oct 31, 1978||Jul 25, 1979||Dr. Wachter Kurmittel GmbH||Container for a body cleansing and caring preparation|
|U.S. Classification||401/278, 222/510|