Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2636297 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 28, 1953
Filing dateJun 29, 1950
Priority dateJun 29, 1950
Publication numberUS 2636297 A, US 2636297A, US-A-2636297, US2636297 A, US2636297A
InventorsFloyd K Johnson
Original AssigneeMonarch Marking Systems Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Price marking label having pressure sensitive adhesive thereon
US 2636297 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 28, 1953 JOHNSON 2,636,297

PRICE MARKING LABEL HAVING PRESSURE SENSITIVE ADHESIVE THEREON Filed June 29, 1950 IN VEN TOR.

TJgI/K W MM 7, M/IM...

ATTaKA Y Patented Apr. 28, 1953 PRICE MARKING LABEL HAVING PRESSURE SENSITIVE ADHESIVE THEREON Floyd K. Johnson, Miamisburg, Ohio, assignor to The Monarch Marking System Company, Dayton, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application .l'unc 29, 1950, Serial No. 171,062

2 Claims.

This invention concerns an improvement in price marking labels of the type disclosed by United States Letters Patent No. 2,095,437, which issued October 12, 1937 to Louis Fox for Price Marking Tag and Method of Making the Same.

In general, the labels of the invention are that type which are manufactured and sold in strip form. ihe strips are designed to be processed by automatic marking machines and, as the usual practice, are fed through a machine from a reel, across a table to a printing station where the individual labels in the strip are printed. The strips are not acted upon by the cut-ofi knife of the marking machine but are dispensed in unbrokenstrip form. The strips are coated on the backs with pressure sensitive adhesive and the adhesive covered with protective glassine paper or the like which is removed before the individual labels are separated from the strip and affixed to goods. the strip are defined by lines of weakening which extend across the strip. Feed apertures are provided in the strips at the lines of weakening, the apertures being designed to cooperate with feed fingers which advance the strips through the marking machines.

The identified Fox patent discloses an efiieient method of making strips of labels of the type described in which the adhesive and glassine backing are placed on the strip material prior to the time that the lines of weakening and feed finger apertures are cut into the material to define the individual labels; that is, the forming dies cut through both thicknesses, the strip material and the glassine material. The end product of the Fox. method is a strip of labels having a coating of adhesive which is continuous over the major portion of the back of the strip, leaving the two marginal edges free of adhesive in order to provide a place to start the peeling of the backing from the strip. The Fox label strip has rectangular feed apertures which are located in the longitudinal center line of the strip on the lines of weakening between individual labels. Each rectangular aperture, in addition, is contered with respect to its particular line of weakening.

In actual practice, in working with labels made in accordance with the Fox method, it has been found that a great deal of care is required in order to peel off the glassine backing. The main difficulty seems to heat the centrally located rectangular feed finger apertures. Unless extra care is exercised when the backing is being stripped past each aperture thelabel strip is like- The individual labels in 157 to be torn. Possibly one reason for this tendency for tearing is a result of the method of making the label strips, inasmuch as the apertures are cut into the strips after the backing is in place. Under these conditions, when the die passes through the strips, the fibers of the label strip, the adhesive, and the fibers of the glassine backing are comingled around each aperture, fastening the backing to the label strip quite securely at these places. As a result, when the backing is being peeled from the label strip, the resistance offered to the peeling operation at the rectangular apertures is greater than the resistance of the label strip to tearing.

Even though the end product is not completely satisfactory, the method of making the label strips disclosed by the Fox patent is quite eflicient. Thus, the problem has not been with the method but rather with the difficulty of peeling of the labels made by the method.

In working with this problem, it was found that the tendency for the labels to tear could be overcome by utilizing two bands of adhesive on the backs of the label strips, the bands straddling the rectangular feed finger apertures so that no adhesive was on the strip along the central portion in line with the apertures. This double band method of applying the adhesive solved the peeling problem but was less than completely satisfactory because the labels then did not stick to the articles properly. Users complained that the labels would curl up, popping off the articles at touch. In spite of this, the double band method of applying adhesive was used quite extensively; apparently the tendency for the labels to come off the articles being less of an evil than the difiiculty of peeling encountered when a solid coating of adhesive was used.

Ideally, of course, the entire area of the back, with the exception of the two marginal areas, of each label should carry adhesive. Accordingly, it is the inventors concept to provide a label strip, having a continuous back coating of adhesive, which may be made by the method disclosed by the Fox patent, but which has the v advantage that the backing can be peeled easily and rapidly from the strip with the exercise of only ordinary care.

The improvement concerns particularly the feed finger apertures which are centered longitudinally of the strip and which lie on the lines of weakening, and morespecifically, the shapes of the apertures; the preferred shape being that of a curve sided diamond in which the sides bow inwardly. The inventor has found that labels which have feed finger apertures which are generally diamond shaped, and in addition positioned on the lines of weakening between labels with the diagonals of each diamond extending respectively longitudinally and laterally of the strip, may be coated with adhesive around the apertures without causing peeling diificulties. In fact, in peeling the backs off strips of labels made in accordance with the invention, surprisingly, the resistance to stripping or peeling is noticeably less at the apertures than elsewhere. The reason for this, it is believed, is that the material adjacent the pointed end of each diamond shaped aperture is the first of the material around the aperture to be separated and, as the peeling continues along the sides of the diamond, it moves progressively, point by point, along the angulated sides of the opening instead of meeting with a continuous line of resistance as offered by the rectangular apertures provided in the past.

It has been found that the diamond shaped apertures of the improved strip do not require specially shaped feeding mechanism in the machines in which the strips are processed. The diamond shaped apertures receive the feed fingers or finger of the various types of machines even though the fingers have been designed specifically for those with the rectangular shaped openings provided in the past. Thus. it is unnecessary to change existing equipment in order to utilize the improved label strips.

The preferred shape for the feed finger apertures has another advantage, however, in that it facilitates the separation of the labels one from the other after the backing has been peeled off the strip. Inasmuch as each diamond shaped aperture is centered upon a line of weakening between labels, the two end points of the diamond are contiguous with the line of weakening. When rectangular apertures were utilized, and centered upon the lines of weakening, the sharp angular corners of each rectangular opening were within the bodies of adjoining labels, away from the line of weakening, and when the labels were being separated a tear could as easily start from one of the sharp corners as at the line of weakening. This tendency was especially noticeable when the labels were being aifixed to goods, as is the usual custom, by placing the end label of the strip on an article and then tearing the strip from it. Usually what happened was that the tear progressed from one side of the label along the line of weakening until the rectangular aperture was encountered. Then, on the other side of the rectangular opening, the tear proceeded from one or the other of the sharp corners of the rectangular aperture instead of along the central line of weakening, and the result was that the torn label had to be removed from the article and discarded-a waste of time and material.

Other advantages to the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of the drawings in which:

Figure l is a top plan view showing a portion of a strip of gummed labels made in accordance with the present invention.

Figure 2 is an enlarged top plan view, showing in particular the preferred shape for the feed finger apertures.

Figure 3 is a plan view of the back of the portion of the strip shown in Figure 2 illustrating the pressure sensitive adhesive coating and the glassine backing material which is used to cover the adhesive.

Figure 4 is a view showing the glassine material being peeled from the back of the strip.

Figure 5 is a cross sectional view taken on the line 5-5 of Figure 4.

Figure 6 is a top plan view showing a portion of a strip of labels having a modified form of feed apertures therein.

The preferred tag strip is indicated generally at It]. The strip comprises a plurality of label units H which are joined end to end and defined in the strip by lateral lines of weakening 12, each of which is contiguous with a pair of marginal notches l3 and a centrally located feed finger aperture indicated at M. The backs of the labels in the strip are coated with pressure sensitive adhesive (5 which covers the entire central portion of the strip leaving only the two marginal edges lG-IG free of the coating. The adhesive coating is covered by a strip of glassine backing H; the word glassine being used in a generic sense in the present instance to indicate any covering material which is characterized by the fact that pressure sensitive adhesive has less tendency to adhere to it than to the paper material ordinarily used for price marking labels.

In the preferred method of making the labels, a ribbon of label material which is several times wider than the strip shown in Figure l, is coated with longitudinal bands of pressure sensitive adhesive which are spaced apart at least as far as the widths of two of the marginal uncoated edges Iii-H8 of the finished strips. A tape of glassine backing material, which is as wide as the ribbon, is then placed on the adhesive side of the ribbon and the marginal notches l3, perforated lines of weakening l2, and feed finger apertures l4 stamped or died out through both thicknesses of material; that is, the label material of the ribbon and the glassine backing. At this time, if it is desired, the individual labels in the strips defined in the ribbon may be printed with appropriate captions identifying the ultimate users of the strips. After the dieing or stamping operation, the ribbon is then cut lengthwise into a number of the strips shown in the drawings. This method is disclosed in detail in the above identified Fox patent. The method has been found to be quite efiicient from a cost standpoint, and is preferred; however, it will be obvious that other methods may be utilized.

The present invention concerns particularly the shape and disposition of the centrally located feed finger apertures M. The preferred shape is that of a curved sided diamond in which the sides are bowed inwardly as shown at i8. Preferably, each aperture is formed with the minor diagonal of the diamond extending longitudinally of the strip and the major diagonal extending laterally and in alignment with the perforated line of weakening l2. The inwardly bowed sides 18 of each diamond shaped aperture terminate in points l9l9 at the respective ends or" the minor diagonal which are aligned with the longitudinal center line of the strip. Referring to Figure 4, it will be seen that during peeling of the backing from the strip, the first portion of each aperture encountered is the point [9 at one of the ends of the minor diagonal. As the peeling progresses around the aperture, the separation of material is occurring at two points only at the edges of the aperture. The separation is thus progressive from point to point along each of the sides $8 of the diamond shaped aperture, and never is there encountered a line 'of resistance as would be met with if the aperture were rectangular and the sides of the rectangle squared with the strip. It has been found that this simple configuration and arrangement of the feed aperture permits extremely rapid peeling in which it is not required that any particular care be exercised.

At the ends of the major axis of each diamond shaped opening the points 20-20 terminate on and are contiguous with a line of weakening I2. This arrangement greatly facilitates the separation of the labels one from the other after the backing material is removed. In fact, it has been found that the labels may be literally snapped apart without fear of tearing the strip material.

Although the curved sided diamond shape for the apertures described above is preferred, straight sided diamond shaped apertures, such as are indicated at 2| in the modification, illus-- trated in Figure '6, may beutilized. This particular shape for the apertures works almost as well as the preferred form and infinitely better than the rectangular openings of the past.

Having described my invention, I claim:

1. In a strip of price marking labels of the type having a coating of pressure sensitive adhesive on one side thereof covered by a backing of glassine paper or the like, and in which the individual labels in the strip are defined one from the other by lines of weakening extending laterally of the strip, the improvement in which the strip and backing are configurated to provide a feed finger aperture disposed in the center of the strip at each of the lines of weakening, the marginal edges of said aperture being generally diamond shaped with the major diagonal of the diamond extending laterally of the strip in alignment with the line of weakening and the minor diagonal extending longitudinally of the strip in alignment with the center thereof.

2. 'In a strip of price marking'labels of the type having a coating of pressure sensitive adhesive on one side thereof covered by a backing of glassine paper or the like, and in which the individual labels in the strip are defined one from the other by lines of weakening extending laterally of the strip, the improvement in which the stripjand backing are configurated to provide a feed finger aperture disposed in the center of the strip at each of the lines of weakening, the marginal edges of said aperture being in the shape of a curved sided diamond in which the sides 'bow inwardly, and said aperture disposed with the major diagonal extending laterally of the strip in alignment with the line of weakening and the minor diagonal extending longitudinally of the strip in alignment with the center of the strip.

FLOYD K. JOHNSON.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 903,611 1 Smith Nov. 10, 1908 1,415,721 Shoup May 9, 1922 1,815,632 Pannier July 21, 1931 2,095,437 Fox Oct. 12, 1937 2,303,346 Flood Dec. 1, 1942

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US903611 *Dec 16, 1907Nov 10, 1908Fred L AdamsPin-ticket.
US1415721 *Apr 10, 1918May 9, 1922Shoup Samuel RStrip-feed device
US1815632 *Jul 7, 1930Jul 21, 1931Pannier Brothers Stamp CompanyMetallic tag strip
US2095437 *Apr 13, 1936Oct 12, 1937Fox LouisPrice marking tag and method of making the same
US2303346 *Dec 23, 1938Dec 1, 1942Dennison Mfg CoMethod of making labels
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2764501 *Jun 18, 1953Sep 25, 1956Perri Myrtle SangreeSupply of pressure-sensitive reinforcements for paper and the like
US2769480 *Aug 25, 1953Nov 6, 1956Frank Diederich NormanMethod and apparatus for forming assemblies of coded markers on panels
US2779526 *Feb 6, 1953Jan 29, 1957Clarence W VogtMulti-unit container
US2798492 *Dec 9, 1953Jul 9, 1957Barnes Harold NAdhesive type suture
US2825498 *Jan 13, 1955Mar 4, 1958Alves Photo Service IncMailing envelope
US2838168 *Aug 11, 1954Jun 10, 1958Schwarz Charles GProtective door plate
US3032006 *Dec 22, 1958May 1, 1962Olin MathiesonWeb treatment
US3170830 *Jan 19, 1962Feb 23, 1965Brooks Co E JApparatus for applying poultry tags
US3270874 *Aug 27, 1965Sep 6, 1966Kwik LokPolystyrene multi-closure strip scored for separation into individual closures
US3333688 *Jul 14, 1964Aug 1, 1967Eureka Carlisle CompanyPerforation pattern
US3503835 *Jun 27, 1966Mar 31, 1970Heinrich Hermann FaCollecting sheet for albums,scrapbooks and the like
US3564983 *Feb 3, 1969Feb 23, 1971Natmar IncMachine for assembling and attaching a tag to an article
US3892901 *Aug 7, 1972Jul 1, 1975Monarch Marking Systems IncComposite label web
US3917276 *Dec 29, 1971Nov 4, 1975Diego JosephChance ticket
US3919032 *Jan 28, 1974Nov 11, 1975Diego JosephMethod of making strips of chance tickets
US3958051 *Jan 17, 1975May 18, 1976Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.Composite label web and method of making same
US4081309 *Aug 19, 1976Mar 28, 1978Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.Pressure sensitive
US4214024 *Sep 9, 1977Jul 22, 1980Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.Composite label web and method of making same
US4306656 *Feb 19, 1980Dec 22, 1981Dahlem A RichardMedical pouches and a method of manufacturing such pouches
US4390577 *Feb 26, 1981Jun 28, 1983Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.Composite label web
US4522672 *Feb 24, 1983Jun 11, 1985Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.Label material releasably adhered by pressure sensitive adhesive
US4581087 *Feb 4, 1983Apr 8, 1986The Kendall CompanyHand teabable; perforated, embossed
US4637149 *Aug 15, 1983Jan 20, 1987Rivkin Bernard WSemi-permanent filing, flagging and indexing system
US4671003 *Aug 22, 1985Jun 9, 1987Vitol Matt JEasy removal label and method for producing same
US4771891 *Jun 12, 1986Sep 20, 1988Avery International CorporationPatterned adhesive label structures
US4889234 *Sep 14, 1988Dec 26, 1989Avery International CorporationPatterned adhesive label structures
US4999969 *Jan 18, 1990Mar 19, 1991Kwik Lok CorporationBag closing apparatus
US5379538 *Jun 22, 1990Jan 10, 1995Osborne; Thomas E.Dual-function label
US5611430 *May 15, 1995Mar 18, 1997American Creative PackagingAdhesive-striped bandoleer packaging
US5824379 *Dec 11, 1995Oct 20, 1998Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.Composite label web
US5887722 *Jun 18, 1997Mar 30, 1999American Creative PackagingBandoleer packaging with edge heat sealed to backing
US5902439 *Mar 9, 1995May 11, 1999De La Rue International LimitedSelf-adhesive stamps
US6063222 *Mar 19, 1997May 16, 2000Deal; BrandenMethod and apparatus for strengthening a writing instrument
US6490817 *Aug 7, 2000Dec 10, 2002Jeter Systems CorporationTiered file folder label
US7104863Dec 31, 2002Sep 12, 2006Innovation First, Inc.Product cycle project development
US7694978 *Aug 8, 2006Apr 13, 2010Federal-Mogul World Wide, Inc.Gasket assembly and method of manufacture thereof
US7934971 *Dec 31, 2002May 3, 2011Innovation First, Inc.Components for rapidly constructing a user-definable apparatus
US8337270Mar 3, 2011Dec 25, 2012Innovation First, Inc.Components for rapidly constructing a user-definable apparatus
US8696399Feb 6, 2013Apr 15, 2014Innovation First, Inc.Components for rapidly constructing a user-definable apparatus
US20110272934 *May 5, 2010Nov 10, 2011Robert LundgrenPeel-away security covering for a ticket
USRE32490 *Oct 29, 1979Sep 1, 1987Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.Method of making a composite label web
DE1122821B *Jul 15, 1959Jan 25, 1962Avery Adhesive Products IncKlebstreifen
DE1561450B1 *Jun 3, 1967Dec 10, 1970Kimball Systems IncAuf einem Traegerstreifen loesbar befestigte Etikettenreihe und Verfahren zur Herstellung eines solchen Etikettenstreifens
EP0042073A1 *May 20, 1981Dec 23, 1981Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.Composite label web rolls and method of making and using same
EP0592308A1 Oct 6, 1993Apr 13, 1994Neopost IndustrieStrip of self-adhesive labels and automatic label dispenser
EP2631278A1 *Feb 7, 2013Aug 28, 2013Tesa SEAdhesive tape with a support material with improved manual tearability
WO1987007580A1 *Jun 9, 1987Dec 17, 1987Avery International CorpPatterned adhesive label structures
WO1989009129A1 *Mar 28, 1989Oct 5, 1989Franklyn M MarkusSegmented adhesive tape
WO1998041395A1 *Mar 16, 1998Sep 24, 1998Branden DealMethod and apparatus for strengthening a writing instrument
Classifications
U.S. Classification40/638, 273/139, 493/393, 206/820, 493/381, 493/334, 156/253, 156/291, 428/42.1, 493/382
International ClassificationG09F3/10, G09F3/02
Cooperative ClassificationY10S206/82, C09J2201/20, G09F2003/023, G09F3/10, G09F2003/0264, G09F2003/0267, G09F2003/0241
European ClassificationG09F3/10