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Publication numberUS263634 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 29, 1882
Filing dateApr 3, 1882
Publication numberUS 263634 A, US 263634A, US-A-263634, US263634 A, US263634A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of and apparatus for cleaning belts for carrying granular material
US 263634 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) I

. J. H. WEBSTER.

METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR CLEANING BELTS FOR CARRYING GRANULAR MATERIAL.

r No. 263,634. PatentedflAug. 29, 1882...

N I @y/ UNITED STATES PAT NT OFFICE.

JOHN H. WEBSTER, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.

METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR CLEANING BELTS FOR CARRYING GRANULAR MATERIAL.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 263,634, dated August 29, 1882. Application filed April 3, 1882. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JOHN H. VVEBSTER, of Boston, 111 the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, have inven ted certain Improvements in Methods of and Apparatus for Cleaning Belts for Carrying Granular Material, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to an endless carrying-belt used for conveying damp granular material.

The invention is intended chiefly for use in connection with belts used for conveying damp animal charcoal from sugar-filters to a point where it is collected to be burned or revivitied. These belts run horizontally, receive the damp char on their upper surfaces, and carry it to the point where the direction of the belt is changed by passing over a supporting-pulley. Here a part of the char falls by gravitation into a suitable receptacle, but usually a small portiouadheres to the surface of the belt, and unless removed is carried along the under surface thereof and gradually dislodged and falls upon the surface under the belt, thereby causing waste of material, and in time accumulating in such quantities as to obstruct the belt and require removal, the under side of the belt usually running near the ground or floor.

- Heretofore a rotating brush or wiper has been employed to remove the-adhering particles from the belt; but the friction is so great that any device in rubbing-contact with the belt is rapidly worn away and rendered useless.

My invention consists in removing the adhering grains or particles by a current of air or other fluid under pressure, thereby effectually cleaning the belt and preventing waste of the material without involving wear of mechanism used therefor, as I will now proceed to describe and claim. 7

Of the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, Figure 1 represents a top view of a portion of a carrying-belt and a device for directing a fluid under pressure against it; and Fig. 2 represents a section on line a: m, Fig. 1. Fig. 3 represents a similar section of a modification.

The same letters of reference indicate the same parts in all the figures.

In the drawings, A represents the carryingbelt, of the usual construction,driven and sup ported by end rollers, B, (only one of which is shown,) and supported at intermediate points by smaller rollers S. When employed'for conveying animal char the belt is arranged to run horizontally under a series of sugar-filters and to receive the char discharged therefrom. The char deposited on the belt is mainly discharged therefrom at the point where the belt passes over one of the rollers B. into a suitable receptacle or into the buckets of an elevatingbelt.

ln carrying out my invention I provide a pipe or tube, B, extending from a suitable apparatus'for supplying air or other fluid under pressuresuch, for example, as an ordinary direct-acting blowing engine. The pipe B terminates in a nozzle, B, which is laterally elongated, so as to present a long and narrow discharge-orifice abontequal in length to the width of the belt and extending across the latter, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. l. The nozzle 13 is so arranged that it will direct the blast or current passing through it upon the portion of the belt which is passing downwardly and backwardly on the roller 1i, the direction of the blast being nearly tangential with the curved portion of the belt, but slightly inside of a true tangent, so that it will impinge with sufflcient force upon the surface of the belt to dislodge the grains of char that may adhere thereto.

If desired, steam may be employed to create the blast, and in this case a flue or passage, 0, may be provided on one side of the nozzle B, as shown in Fig. 3, to give the air mingling with the steam emerging from the nozzle the same general direction as the steam.

It will be seen that there is no mechanism in contact with the belt, and therefore that no wear can take place from friction thereon. The grains removed by the blast will fall into the same receptacle as the bulk of the char. Hence there are no scatteringand waste. It is obvious that my invention above set forth may be employed in connection with belts for carrying any damp granular material-such as sand, sawdust, Sac-without departing from the spirit of my invention.

I am aware that in drying apparatus carrying-belts have been made to move in a casing through which a gentle upward current of air is forced by a blower, the current being inthe belt from which the non-adhering material has been discharged a concentrated blast or stream of air or other fluid having sufficient force or pressure to remove the adhering material, as set forth.

2. The combination, with a belt or carrier running upon suitable supporting-pulleys, of a conductor connected to suitable forcing apparatus and terminating in a tip or nozzle arranged to deliver a concentrated stream of air or other fluid under pressure against'a part of the belt from which the non-adhering material has been discharged, as set forth.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses, this 1st day ofApril, 1882.

JO H N H. WEBSTER.

Witnesses:

O. F. BROWN, A. L. WHITE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2502161 *Aug 16, 1943Mar 28, 1950Teresa K LillyIce picking and grading machine
US3177845 *Jul 11, 1960Apr 13, 1965Hedgepeth Wood BDevice for cooling and finishing foods
US3227560 *Dec 29, 1964Jan 4, 1966Hedgepeth Wood BDevice for cooling and finishing foods
US3343654 *Oct 11, 1965Sep 26, 1967Donald Fisher ChesterBucket elevator
US3680684 *Feb 25, 1971Aug 1, 1972American Metal Climax IncMethod and apparatus for cleaning conveyor belts
US3901137 *Jul 26, 1974Aug 26, 1975Jimenez James AAutomatic enchilada machine
US5121829 *Jan 4, 1991Jun 16, 1992The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The InteriorMethod and apparatus for reducing cleaning blade wear
US5568822 *Dec 22, 1994Oct 29, 1996Michelson; Manfred G.Film cleaning system and method for photographic film
US5852845 *Oct 28, 1996Dec 29, 1998Michelson; Manfred G.Device for extracting water from photographic film
US7364032 *Sep 15, 2004Apr 29, 2008Mayfran InternationalChip discharge system
US20130042889 *Aug 19, 2011Feb 21, 2013John Bean Technologies CorporationSystems and methods for impingement air treatment
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationY10S29/089, Y10S29/081, B65G45/22