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Publication numberUS2636837 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 28, 1953
Filing dateApr 9, 1949
Priority dateApr 9, 1949
Publication numberUS 2636837 A, US 2636837A, US-A-2636837, US2636837 A, US2636837A
InventorsSummers Edward Clayton
Original AssigneeSummers Edward Clayton
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process of producing flocked designs
US 2636837 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Apn] 28, 1953 E. c. SUMMERS 2,635,337

PROCESS OF PRODUCING FLOCKED DESIGNS Filed April 9, 1949 OALES ED 8 FLOCK ADHI -IflVE ADHESIVE 8 XDHESIVCE ADHESIVE I ll lllllH f E' l 2 FILM f llll Fla 3d BACKING BACKING MATERIAL MATERIAL c FIG.2 F'

FLOCK L 9 e F 00K 4 LflLLULLLUllUflmmmMMMJJJJJJW/ COALESCED ADHESIVE r I ADHESIVE I BACKING F\ 6.4- FIG. 5

3 MATERIAL ADHESIVE UNIT STRIPPED FROM BACKING MATERIAL e 9 r COALESCED 8 ADHESlVEMmMmMmLLm LLLW ADHESIVE ADHESIVE f I III I OBJECT TO BE 6 DEGORATED OBJECT FIGG 9 ADDITIONAL 7 P FLOCK l l llll 7 COALESCED ADHESlVE OBJECT Fl 6. 8 6f IoE DECORATIVE PATTERN 1N VEN TOR.

Patented Apr. 28, 1953 UNITED STATES yATENT OFFICE PROCESS OF PRODUCING FLQCKEF) DESIGNS Edward Clayton Summers, Janesville, Wis.

Application April 9, 1949, Serial No. 86,584

6 Claims. i

This invention relates to the art .of producing finishes by applying adhesive material on a surface and then embedding flock or other particulate material in the adhesive.

Up to present time it has not been possible to produce flock finish designs in which the borders between difierent areas in the designs were sharply defined. No process in use by the prior art has allowed the manufacturer to exert the close control over the distribution of the flock necessary for sharply-defined designs.

It is therefore the object of this invention to provide a process for producing distinctly-defined designs in floor-finished surfaces. A further objeet oi the invention is to provide such a process which more than one color of flock or more than one "type of flock fiber or other type of particle may be used in creating the design.

The foregoin objects may be achieved by the invention hereafter described and illustrated in the accompanying drawings wherein Figures 1 to '8 inclusive are essentially diagrammatic, side eleyational views showing the sequential stages of forming of one form of composite design and Figure 9 is a diagrammatic top plan view of the design formed by the stages of Figures 1 to 8 inelusive.

Referring to Figures 1 to d inclusive, 5 represents a backing sheet or film of adhesive, the top surface of which is coated with flock or particulate matter or fibers a given color t. The element or pattern shown in Figure 1 may be preformed on a blank of desired shape or may be out out of a larger blank of different size. 3 represents either an object to be decorated or a sheet or block. of backing material the upper surface of which is coated with a layer or film or adhesive 2. Adhesive i1 is preferably wet with a solvent which has a softening effect on the adhesive film i so that the film or base sheet 5, when properiy placed on the upper surface of 3, :may be embedded in and bonded to adhesive as 5110-36.} in. Figure 53, leaving the area surrounding sheet i covered with a coating of tacky adhesive of desired thickness. This area of tacky adhesive is then coated "1 flock .01 particulate mathe; or fibers a afferent color .Q as shown in Figure 4.

Where a design requiring one or more additional colors is desired, the adhesive film or sheet 4 may be stripped from the back 3 to produce a unit such as shown in Figure 5. This unit may be placed as desired on an object 6 the upper surface of which is coated with an adhesive layer or film 5 in a manner similar to that described in a Figures 2 and 3 above. Flock. or particulate niatter or fibers ill of any color may applied to the otherwise uncovered area of the tacky sur face Upon a pattern such as shown in Figure 9 may be obtained, wherein for example, 8 may be an area or pattern red, S? a pattern of white, and it] a pattern or blue. I" should be understood that any desired colors and any desired pattern be used in lieu of the form illustrated in Figure .9. It should also be understood that the flocl: lines S iii of Figures 1 to 8 inclusive are shown as possessing diiierent lengths merely to illustrate differences in color or composition and not necessarily differences in fiber length.

However, it should be understood that the flock lines 8, E and it! of Figures 1 to 8 inclusive may represent differences in iiber length or other characteristics and properties not necessarily' differences in color. The process of this invention may be carried out to produce designs wherein all portions of the design are of a single color but wherein distinctive patterns may be provided by the use of flock of different properties other than color.

The backing sheet i may be formed in several ways. One easy way to produce the structure shown. in Figure 1, wherein the backing sheet '5 is a film of adhesive, is by the use of a base to which "the dry adhesive will not adhere, such as a silicone rubber base. The moist adhesive is spread over this base. Block is then applied to the adhesive. After the adhesive dries, the adhered flock may he so ed from the silicone rubber base readily, to torn-1 the structure of Figure 1. This is the preferred method of the invention, but other methods of forming this structure are suitable. For instance, the backing sheet I may be merely the woven base of a piece of material having the desired flock finish. This material may be cut into the desired decorative shapes. Another possihle method or" providing the structure sho n in Fig. l is to build up the flock finish on a very thin base material i, so that the base material may be cut into the desired shapes.

To more clearly explain the invention, several specific examples of the use of the invention will be described.

EXAMPLE I Small decorative flocked designs On a base sheet of silicone rubber there is stencilled an adhesive solution of polychloroprene and conventional tackifiers to a depth of about s of an inch. Red colored flock is embedded in this adhesive by means of a beater bar. When the adhesive has dried, loose excess flock is easily removed, and the adhered fiock is then stripped from the rubber base. Since the adhesive was originally stencilled onto the base sheet in the shape desired, there is obtained a flocked finish segment in the decorative shape desired.

EXAMPLE II Larger, composite designs To form a larger, composite decorative piece of flocked finish, a larger piece of silicone rubber base is used. This base may be stencilled with adhesive over the shape of the desired design, or it may be precut to the shape of the desired design. For simplicity in applying the adhesive, it is preferred to use a piece of rubber cut in the desired shape, so that the entire piece may be coated with the adhesive. On such a coated sheet, one or several of the smaller pieces from Example I may be placed. The moist adhesive will soften the backing film l on these smaller pieces sufiiciently to allow the adhesive films to coalesce, so that on drying, the flocked designs from Example I will be adhered to the larger adhesive film backing. While the adhesive is still moist, blue or other than red colored flock may be embedded in the adhesive. The piece is then dried and the entire design may then be stripped from the base. There is thus obtained a multi-colored, flock finished design piece, in which the borderlines between adjacent color areas are sharply defined.

These examples illustrate the fundamentals of the invention. However, several variants will suggest themselves to those skilled in the art. For

instance, it is possible to form a very strong flocked design piece by incorporating a textile material in the adhesive. The textile material Will reinforce and greatly strengthen the piece, providing flex strength which is not available in the adhesive sheet itself. It is also possible to use the silk screen process to lay out the adhesive areas on the base rubber sheet, instead of using a stencil, or a precut rubber sheet. A further variation in the basic process resides in the method of creating flock finished pieces by adhering flock to a base member, then cutting this base member to the desired shape. The decorative shape thus obtained may be combined with other flock, as heretofore disclosed, or may be used by itself.

Any suitable non-adherent base may be used rather than the silicone rubber of the examples, and most known types of adhesives are suitable for use in the invention.

The decorative flocked surfaces disclosed in the above description have a plurality of obvious uses in decorating purses, toys, clothing, etc. Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:

1. A method of forming coated objects characterized by designs formed from a plurality of patterns and a plurality of portions and wherein the boundaries between the adjacent portions of said patterns are sharply defined, which comprises applying particulate matter to one face of a solventmoistened, adhesive-coated backing, drying the adhesive coating and thereby affixing the particulate matter to said backing, applying a similar solvent-moistened adhesive coating to one face of a second backing, positioning said dried first backing over part of said coating on said second backing, whereby the solvent from said coating moistens the said first backing without moistening the particulate matter thereon, applying particulate matter of different properties on the adhesive-coated surface of said second backing and drying the adhesive coating, thereby afiixing said particulate matter of different properties to said second backing without modifying the properties of the particulate matter of said first backing.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein said dried first backing is embedded in the adhesive coating on said second backing.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein said first backing, after coating and drying is cut out of a coated, dried blank of larger area.

4. The method of claim 1 wherein said second backing after coating with adhesive, positioning said first backing and drying, is cut out of a blank of larger area and then adhesively attached to a selected portion of a surface of another object.

5. The method of claim 1 wherein said adhesive coating when applied to a sheet of backing material is of such thickness that when dried the adhesive coating with attached particulate material is a self-supporting film which may readily be stripped from said backing and wherein said adhesive coating is stripped from said backing prior to affixation to a different adhesive coated. surface.

6. A method of forming coated objects characterized by designs formed from a plurality of patterns and a plurality of portions and wherein the boundaries between the adjacent portions of said patterns are sharply defined, which comprises applying particulate matter to one face of a solventmoistened, adhesive-coated backing, drying the adhesive coating and thereby affixing the particulate matter to said backing, applying a similar solvent-moistened adhesive coating to one face of a second backing, positioning said dried first backing over part of said coating on said second backing, whereby the solvent from said coating moistens the said first backing without moistening the particulate matter thereon, applying particulate matter of different properties on the adhesive-coated surface of said second backing and drying the adhesive coating thereby amxing said particulate matter of different properties to said second backing Without modifying the properties of the particulate matter on said first backing.

EDWARD CLAYTON SUMMERS.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,128,811 Foster Aug. 30, 1938 2,191,986 Egger Feb. 2'7, 1940 2,222,539 Meston Nov. 19, 1940 2,242,182 McCann May 13, 1941 2,383,598 Glidden Aug. 28, 1945 2,430,534 Rodli Nov. 11, 1947 2,502,926 Chadwick Apr. 4, 1950 2,534,113 Egger Dec. 12, 1950

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2128811 *Nov 11, 1935Aug 30, 1938Ranap Company IncMethod of flocking
US2191986 *May 6, 1939Feb 27, 1940Seneca Textile CorpTextile fabric
US2222539 *Dec 11, 1934Nov 19, 1940Behr Manning CorpMethod of and apparatus for making pile-surfaced sheets
US2242182 *Jul 23, 1938May 13, 1941Elizabeth S MccannMachine for flock printing
US2383598 *Dec 28, 1939Aug 28, 1945Goodrich Co B FDecorative surfacing material
US2430534 *Sep 27, 1939Nov 11, 1947Rodli GilbertMarker and process of making it
US2502926 *Jul 10, 1947Apr 4, 1950Chadwick AlanProcess for forming flexible bodies having decorative patterns thereon from polyvinyl chloride paste
US2534113 *May 28, 1947Dec 12, 1950United Merchants & MfgMethod of making nonwoven material
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2698434 *Aug 15, 1952Dec 28, 1954Ralph D DaviaBaseball cap
US2867263 *Apr 4, 1955Jan 6, 1959Woodford Bartlett Francis JohnMethod of applying patterns to vinyl floor coverings
US2901373 *Mar 12, 1957Aug 25, 1959Heberlein Patent CorpPattern flock fabric and methods for producing said pattern
US2999763 *Mar 9, 1959Sep 12, 1961Manuf De Feutres De Mouzon AncMethod of applying flock to a fabric
US3502207 *Apr 19, 1966Mar 24, 1970Leon Rollin AlexanderFlocked protective coverings
US3509003 *Jan 12, 1966Apr 28, 1970Engle Milton AClothes label
US3793050 *Aug 12, 1971Feb 19, 1974E MumpowerMethod of applying flocking to a base
US3944693 *Jun 10, 1974Mar 16, 1976The Standard Products CompanyFlocked weatherstrip
US4810549 *Aug 24, 1987Mar 7, 1989High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Plush textured multicolored flock transfer
US5047103 *Feb 14, 1989Sep 10, 1991High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Method for making flock applique and transfers
US5858156 *Feb 17, 1998Jan 12, 1999High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Diminishing bleed plush transfer
US6286246 *Feb 1, 2000Sep 11, 2001Ultradent Products, Inc.Electrostatically flocked fishing lures and related systems and methods
US6929771Jul 31, 2000Aug 16, 2005High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Method of decorating a molded article
US6977023Oct 4, 2002Dec 20, 2005High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Screen printed resin film applique or transfer made from liquid plastic dispersion
US7338697Mar 21, 2003Mar 4, 2008High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Co-molded direct flock and flock transfer and methods of making same
US7344769Jul 24, 2000Mar 18, 2008High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the flocked transfer
US7351368Jul 3, 2003Apr 1, 2008High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Flocked articles and methods of making same
US7364782Dec 13, 2000Apr 29, 2008High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the application of the transfer by thermoplastic polymer film
US7381284Jun 4, 2003Jun 3, 2008High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the application of the transfer by thermoplastic polymer film
US7390552Sep 23, 2003Jun 24, 2008High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Flocked transfer and article of manufacturing including the flocked transfer
US7393576Jan 14, 2005Jul 1, 2008High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Carrier coated with release adhesive bonded to parallel conductively coated, concentric multi-component fibers with a polyester outer surface; other fiber ends are bonded to permanent adhesive; heat resistance; loft retention
US7402222Jun 4, 2003Jul 22, 2008High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the flocked transfer
US7410682Jul 3, 2003Aug 12, 2008High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Flocked stretchable design or transfer
US7413581Jul 3, 2003Aug 19, 2008High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Process for printing and molding a flocked article
US7465485Nov 30, 2004Dec 16, 2008High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Process for dimensionalizing flocked articles or wear, wash and abrasion resistant flocked articles
US7632371Oct 22, 2007Dec 15, 2009High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the application of the transfer by thermoplastic polymer film
US7749589Sep 20, 2006Jul 6, 2010High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Flocked elastomeric articles
US7799164Jul 27, 2006Sep 21, 2010High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Flocked articles having noncompatible insert and porous film
US8007889Apr 28, 2006Aug 30, 2011High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Flocked multi-colored adhesive article with bright lustered flock and methods for making the same
US8168262Jun 14, 2010May 1, 2012High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Flocked elastomeric articles
US8206800Nov 2, 2007Jun 26, 2012Louis Brown AbramsFlocked adhesive article having multi-component adhesive film
US8354050Jan 14, 2008Jan 15, 2013High Voltage Graphics, Inc.Co-molded direct flock and flock transfer and methods of making same
US8475905Feb 14, 2008Jul 2, 2013High Voltage Graphics, IncSublimation dye printed textile
DE19734943A1 *Aug 12, 1997Mar 4, 1999Thueringer Daemmstoffwerke GmbMethod is for prodn. of claddings for buildings, to give insulation, fire protection, and the like
DE19734943C2 *Aug 12, 1997Feb 21, 2002Thueringer Daemmstoffwerke GmbVerfahren zur Profilierung der Oberfläche eines Verkleidungselementes mit Dämmeigenschaften
Classifications
U.S. Classification156/63, 156/258, 428/156, 264/112, 428/143, 264/131, 428/90, 156/279
International ClassificationB44C3/12, B44C3/00, D04H11/00, B44C1/00, D06Q1/06
Cooperative ClassificationB44C1/00, D04H11/00, B44C3/00, D06Q1/06, B44C3/12
European ClassificationD04H11/00, D06Q1/06, B44C3/00, B44C1/00, B44C3/12