US 2637136 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 5, L. S. ADJUST B E TABLE COVER Filed Aug. 18; 1950 INVENTOR, LOUIS 5. MARK AT ORNEY Patented May 5, 1953 ADJUSTABLE TABLE COVER Louis S. Mark, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to Mark- Sambar, Inc., New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application August 18, 1950, Serial No. 180,107
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in table covers, and more particularly relates to a one piece reversible and adjustable table cover intended to be used particularly on card tables.
The dominating feature of the invention resides in the construction of the corners of the table cover. constructed of merely a flexible sheet comprising the cover body, and fastening e1ements arranged at the corners of said sheet, by which the table cover may be adjusted in size for engagement on tables of slightly different sizes.
It is proposed that each corner of the table cover be formed with a projecting fold extending outwards of one face of the cover and substantially bisecting the corner when the cover is placed in an open fiat position. These folds form corner pockets into which the corners of the table may engage when said cover is placed on a table with the edge portions of the cover extending down the edge portions of the table. These edge portions of the cover are flange-like in appearance while the remaining portion of the cover comprises the top of the cover which extends across the top of the table.
It is proposed that the projecting folds be held in formation with holding means such as fastening elements, stitches, or the like.
An important feature of the invention resides in the fact that said projecting folds act as size controlling elements for determining the maximum size of a table upon which the table cover may engage with said edge portions of the table cover extending down the edges of the table top in order to hold the table cover from shifting on g the table. It is proposed that the table cover be adjustable by folding these projecting folds tening elements at each of the corners thereof extending from said projecting folds a short dis tance laterally. A fastening element is mounted on each of the projecting folds for selectively engaging with said series of fastening elements for holdingthe projecting folds in folded formation in order that the table cover may be adjusted to tables of smaller size than said maximum.
In accordance with this invention the fasten ing elements referred to in the previous para-:
graph may comprise snap fasteners,. buttons and It is proposed that the cover be 2 button holes, hooks and cooperative eye openings, or fastening elements of other types.
Another object of this invention resides in the provision of a scale along each of the series of fastening elements, referred to above, for indicating the adjusted sizes of the table cover.
Furthermore, it is proposed that the table cover be constructed of flexible material so that it may be reversed, that is, either side may be used at the top. When made of flexible material the flanges may be bent upwards or downwards relative to the top of the cover for using either side as the up side of the cover. Even when reversed the table cover is adjustable in size by the folding of the projecting folds and by secur- 4 ing the projecting folds in folded position with the said fastening elements.
Another object of the invention is the construction of an article as mentioned which is simple and durable and which may be manufactured and sold at a reasonable cost.
For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and accompanying drawing, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.
In the accompanying drawing forming a material part of this disclosure:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a one piece reversible adjustable table cover constructed in accordance with this invention, and illustrated in a flat position with the projecting folds at the cor- Fig. 6 is an elevational view of the corner of the table cover shown in Figs. 4 and 5, in which the projecting fold has been folded laterally and secured in position by engagement of certain of said fastening elements in order to illustrate the increased height of the flange portion of the table cover.
Fig. '7 is a fragmentary elevational view similar v to Fig. 4 but illustrating a table cover constructed in accordance with a modified form of this invention.
Fig. 8 is another view similar to Fig.4 but illustrating still another table cover embodying another form of this invention.
Fig. 9 is another view similar to Fig. 4 but illustrating another modified form of the invention.
Fig. 10 is an enlarged fragmentary view of one corner of the sheet from which the table cover is formed as it appears before the projecting fold is secured into it.
The one piece adjustable and reversible table cover, in accordance with this invention, includes a, substantially rectangular fiexible sheet i6 having each corner formed with a projecting fold I l extending outwards of one face of said sheet if) and substantially bisecting said corner when the table cover is in fiat position. As illustrated in Fig. 1, the projecting folds Ii project upwards from the top face of the cover. However, the table cover may be placed upon a table top and the edge portions of the table cover may be bent downwards so that the table cover then has a top l2 and downwardly extending edge portions l3. The projecting folds II, in the latter position of the table cover, form corner pockets into which the corners of the table may engage. The edge portions l3 are in the nature of side flanges which extend along the sides of the table top.
The projecting folds H are held in formation with holding means comprising metal fasteners 14. These metal fasteners 14 engage through the two layers forming each of the folds ii and in this way maintain the fold formation. These metal fasteners I4 determine the maximum size of table top upon which the table cover may be used. In Figs. 4 and 5 the dot and dash lines l5 schematically illustrate one corner of a table top and show the way the corner of the table top engages adjacent the metal fastener 14. The projecting folds H thus act as size controlling elements for determining the maximum size of table top upon which the table cover may engage with said edge portions l3 extending down the edges of the table top for holding the table cover from shifting on the table.
A series of fastening elements K5 are located at each of the corners of the sheet and extend laterally from said projecting folds ll short distances along the edge portions of the sheet [0. The fastening elements It as illustrated in Figs. 1-6 comprise snap fastener elements. A complementary fastening element l! is mounted on each of the projecting folds II and is adapted to selectively engage with the fastening elements I6 for holding the corners of the sheet I!) in selected folded conditions for adjusting said cover to tables of smaller sizes than said maximum size. The fastening elements [1, as illustrated in Figs. 1-6, comprise a female opening formed in the metal fastener [4. This female opening I! is engageable with the fastening elements it com prising male snap fastener elements. Binding tape [8 is sewed along the edges of the sheet H1 and the edges of the folds ll.
Fig. 6 illustrates one of the folds H bent laterally and held in position by the fastening element ll engaging one of the fastening elements I6. It should be noted that the table cover in this position has a higher flange portion l3 than the flange portion l3 shown in Fig. 4,
Consequently, the to l2 of the cover will be of smaller size than the top [2. Thus the table cover has been adjusted to a small size. If. desired, the fastener element l1 may engage anedges of the sheet l0.
other one of the fastener elements 16 for adjusting the table cover to still another size.
In Fig. 7 a modified form of the table cover has been disclosed which distinguishes from the prior form in the provision of stitches 20 comprising the means for holding each of the projecting folds II in formation. The fastening elements for holding the folds l l in various folded positions comprises a T-shaped hook 2| attached upon each fold H and cooperative with a series of openings 22 extended along the edge portions of the table cover adjacent the folds il. Each T-shaped hook 2| is mounted on a loop 23 extending into the folds II and secured in position with said stitches 2E. The openings 22 are formed in ribbons 24 sewed to the edge portions of the sheet 10 with stitches 25. The ribbons 24 are imprinted With scales 26 to give table sizes upon which the cover may engage when the heads of the hooks 2i engage the openings 22.
In other respects this form of the invention is identical to the previous form and like parts are identified by like reference numerals.
In Fig. 8 still another modified form of the invention has been disclosed which distinguishes from the prior form in the provision of a hook 23 attached upon each projecting fold H and cooperative with openings 29 arranged along the edge portions of the table cover adjacent the folds H. These openings 29 are formed by a strip of cloth material 30 attached to a wider strip of cloth material 3| which is sewed along its edges by stitches 32 to the edge portions of the table cover. The strip 30 is secured to the strip 3| at spaced points with vertical lines of stitches 33. These vertical lines of stitches 33 divide off the openings behind the strip into which the hook 28 may engage. The wide strip 3| is imprinted with a scale 34 giving table sizes of the table cover when the hooks 28 engage specific openings 29.
In Fig. 9 another modified form of table cover has been shown in which stitches 20 are used to hold each fold H in formation, and a hook 35 attached to each fold II is engageable with eyelets 36 along the edge portions of the table cover for holding the folds ll folded back to adjust the table cover. The eyelets 36 are mounted on ribbons 3'! which are attached adjacent the folds II with stitches 38 and 39.
Fig. 10 illustrates one corner of a blank [0 used in making the table cover shown in Fig. 1. Each corner of the sheet I 0' is formed with a notch 43. The tape [8 is secured along the When the projecting folds II are formed in the notched out corners of the sheet I0 the ends of the folds will slope inwards as shown in Fig. 3 because of the notches 40. Without the notches the ends of the folds ll would project in an objectionable way.
The operation and use of the table covers may be understood from the following:
The table cover, as shown in Figs. 1-5, may be engaged on a table top of a maximum size in which the means for holding each of the folds I l in formation engage against the corners of the table top, as indicated in Figs. 4 and 5. The table cover is reversible. If desired, it may be turned with its bottom side up and then the flange portions l3 merely are bent downwards.
The table cover may be adjusted to different sizes by folding the folds H laterally to different amounts and engaging the fastening elements on the folds H with the series of fastening'elements along the edge portions of the table cover. More particularly, in that form of the invention shown in Figs. 1-5, the fastening elements Il may engage the fastening elements It: to accomplish the adjustment. in Fig. '7 the heads of the T-shaped hooks 2i may engage the openings 22. In Fig. 8 the hooks it may engage the opening 29 behind the strips 3%, and in 9 the hooks 35 may engage the eyelets In any of these adjusted positions the table cover may be turned up side down and the edge portions always bent downwards to extend along the edge portions of the table top. Thus the table cover is reversible in all adjusted positions.
While I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiments of my invention, it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to the precise construction herein disclosed and the right is reserved to all changes and modifications coming within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent is:
1. A one piece reversible and adjustable table cover, comprising a substantially rectangular flexible sheet having each corner formed with a projecting fold extending outwards of one face of said sheet and substantially bisecting said corner when said sheet is in a flat position, said folds forming corner pockets into which the corners of a table may engage when said cover is placed on a table with the edge portions of said cover extending down the edge portions of said table, means for holding each of said projecting folds in formation, said projecting folds acting as size controlling elements for the maximum size of a table upon which said table cover may engage with said edge portions of said table cover extending down the edges of said table like flanges for holding the table cover from shifting on said table, a series of fastening elements at each of the corners of said sheet extending from said folds a short distance along edge portions of said sheet, and a fastening element on each of said projecting folds selectively engageable with said series of fastening elements for holding the corners of said sheet in selected folded conditions for adjusting said cover to tables of smaller sizes than said mam imum size.
2. A table cover as defined in claim 1 in which said means for holding said projecting folds in formation comprise metal fasteners.
3. A table cover as defined in claim 1 in which said means for holding said projecting folds in formation comprises stitches.
4. A table cover as defined in claim 1 in which said fastening elements comprise snap fasteners.
5. A table cover as defined in claim 1 in which said fastening elements comprise hooks and complementary openings.
6. A table cover as defined in claim 1, including a scale along said series of fastening elements for indicating the adjusted size of said table cover.
LOUIS S. MARK.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 853,190 McMillan May 7, 1907 1,684,173 Diamond et a1 Sept. 11, 1928 1,926,429 Bendelari Sept. 12, 1933 2,462,156 Berman Feb. 22, 1949