|Publication number||US2638015 A|
|Publication date||May 12, 1953|
|Filing date||Dec 4, 1950|
|Priority date||Dec 4, 1950|
|Publication number||US 2638015 A, US 2638015A, US-A-2638015, US2638015 A, US2638015A|
|Inventors||Schoelles Harold J|
|Original Assignee||Gen Motors Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (15), Referenced by (7), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
I May 12, 1953 I i l H. .1. SCHOELLES cou'mon. DEVICE *Filed mu. 4, 195 1 Snventor Cmornegs i it Patented May 12, 1953 CONTROL DEVICE Harold J. Schoelles, Lockport, N. Y., assignor to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich a.
corporation of Delaware Application December 4, 1950, Serial No. 199,053
1 Claim. 1
This invention relates to control devices for heaters for automobiles and for other similar purposes, and has partimilar relation to a novel detent actuated control device for such purposes.
An object of the invention is to provide a simple, inexpensive, and reliable control device or mechanism for the purposes mentioned.
In the drawing:
Figure l is a view partly in elevation and partly in cross-section, illustrating a control device embracing the principles of the invention. Figure 1 illustrates the control knob and other parts of the device in different operative positions.
Figure 2 is an enlarged view of the structure illustrated by Figure 1 and having parts thereof broken away in such manner as to illustrate the greater part of the structure in longitudinal; sectional View.
Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view of the structure shown by Figure 2 and taken substantially in the plane of line 3--3 of Figure 2, looking n the direction of the arrows thereon.
Figure 4 is a fragmentary view of the structure illustrated by Figure 2 with certain parts thereof shown in different operative positions.
Figure 5 is an exploded view of a part of the structure illustrated by the preceding figures and illustrating the parts of the detent mechanism in disassembled relation.
The control device ID, as illustrated in Figure 1, has an operating knob or member H which is adapted to be accessible upon the front part of an instrument panel or other part of an automobile, for operating the control device. The instrument panel or other part of the automobile is indicated in dot-and-dash lines by the numeral l2. The control device Hl includes a Bowden wire l3 which may have a spirally wound end M adapted to be attached to the operating member of a water valve for a heater for an automobile or to any other device with which it may be desirable to employ the control device Ill. The Bowden wire l3 comprises a spirally wound sheath l6 having an end I! adapted to be secured in any suitable manner within one end of a tube indicated generally by the numeral Ill. The end of the tube It which is adapted to receive the end ll of the spirally wound sheath I6 is formed in such a way as to provide a plurality of spaced slots l9 which project inwardly thereof for the purpose of, permitting the end of the tube H3 to be contracted upon the end of the sheath I6 for securing the sheath within the tube.
The wire I3 is adapted to extend beyond the end of the sheath l6 and through an axially disposed opening formed in the adjacent end of a rod 2|. The rod 2| is adapted to be slidably disposed within the tube It and is supported by contact with the interior surface of the tube [8. The end of the rod 2| which receives the wire I3 is provided with a transversely disposed opening 22 into which the wire I3 is adapted to project, so that the wire l3 may be soldered within the opening 22 as is indicated at 23.
- A part of the tube 48 and a part of the sheath It may be covered by flexible rubber tube indicated by the numeral 24. The tube 24 will prevent moisture from entering the tube l8 by way of spaces that may be provided between the convolutions in the sheath l6. It will be apparent that if moisture were allowed to enter or condense within the tube 18 the device might become frozen and inoperative in cold weather.
The forward end of the tube It is adapted to be press fitted or otherwise secured within the tubular and externally threaded end 25 of a flanged collar or support indicated generally at 26. The support 26 is closed beyond the end of the tube l8 except for an opening 21 which is formed therein for the purpose of receiving the rod 2!. The opening 21 is a cylindrical opening having a fiat side adapted slidably to engage the flat side 28 which is formed on the rod 2! throughout the entire length of the rod 2|. The opening 21 accordingly will permit longitudinal movement of the rod 2! but will prevent rotational movement thereof. The tubular end 25 of the support 26 also is formed in such a way as to provide a fiat side indicated at 29. The tubular end 25 of the support 26 is adapted to be projected through an opening formed in the wall or support l2 and. which is also provided with a flat side corresponding to that indicated by the numeral 29. The fiat side 29 of the support 26 is adapted to be disposed upwardly within the opening in the wall l2 for the purpose of positioning the control device in its proper operating position when the device is installed in an automobile or in a wall of any other structure. The support 26 is adapted to be secured to the wall I2 by washer 3| and a nut 32 adapted operativcly to engage the threaded exterior surface of the tubular end 25. The knob H which is disposed beyond the support Z6 is provided with an axially disposed opening having a cross-sectional configuration similar to the cross-sectional configuration of the rod 24. The lmoh ll may be non rotatubly secured upon the end of the rod 24 by plusslny: or otherwise securing the end of the rod within the opening referred to. The end of the 3 knob II which is adapted to engage the adjacent surface of the support 26 is internally chamfered at 33 to facilitate the proper manufacture and assembly of the parts.
It will be apparent from Figure 1 that the Bowden wire [3 may be operated within the sheath 16 by movement or the rod 2| in. opposite directions within the tube 8 and by manipulation of the knob I l between the two extreme positions thereof as these positions are illustrated by full lines and dot-and-dash lines. In the dot-anddash line position of the knob l l as illustrated by Figure 1, the ring I4 is adapted to engage the end of the sheath 16 to limit the movement of the wire l3 in one direction.
In order to provide means for holding the knob l l and the Bowden wire l3 in any desired position between the two extremes illustrated by Figure 1 the control device it] is provided with a detent mechanism which is indicated generally by the numeral 34. The detent mechanism 34 comprises a pair of detent means which are individually indicated by the numerals 36 and 31. The device ill may be provided with any number of detents or detent means such as those indicated by the numerals 36 and 31, depending upon the extent to which it may be desirable to graduate the intervals between the resistances to the operation of the knob ii which are provided by the detent mechanism 34.
Each of the detent means or devices 36 and 31 comprises a spherical ball 38 which is adapted to project within one of a plurality of radially disposal openings 39 which are formed in spaced relation to one another along the length of the tube I8. The balls 38 are held within the opening 39 by split tubular springs 41. The springs 4| are somewhat larger than the tube [8 and are formed in such a way as to provide intermediately disposed openings therein for receiving the balls 38. However, the openings 42 are smaller than the balls 38 so as to compress the balls 38 within the openings 33 to permit rotation of the balls 38 with respect to the springs 4| and the openings 33 when the balls 38 are secured within the springs 4 l. The device may be assembled by sliding the springs 4| over the ends of the tube It! and the springs then may be extended over the balls 38 when the latter are located within the openings 39. The shaft 2| is formed in such a way as to provide a plurality of equally spaced and circumfcrentially disposed depressions 43. The surface of each of the depressions 43 is formed by longitudinally extending arcuate elements of curvature having radii of curvature equal to the radii of curvature of the balls 38. The grooves or depressions 43 are formed in equally spaced relation along the length of the rod M, the distances therebetween being sufficient to permit the desired amount of movement of the knob II. It will be apparent from Figure 2, however, that the spacing between the depressions 43 is not the same as the spacing between the detents 36 and 31 which may be described as the distance between the centers of the balls 38. If the spacing between the grooves 43 were the same as the spacing between the centers of the balls 38, then the detents 36 and 31 would operate simultaneously. In other words, the detents 36 and 31 would apply twice as much resistance to the movement or the knob H as might be applied by one of the detents. Such an arrangement might be desirable under some rirciunstanccs, but in the present instance, the spacing between the depressions 43 is pur 4 posely arranged in such a manner as to be unequal to the spacing between the detents 36 and 31. It will be apparent from examining Figure 2 that such unequal spacing makes the detents 36 and 31 operate alternately. In other words. in the structure disclosed by Figure 2, the ball 38 of the detent 31 will engage one or the dcpressions 43 t a, time when the ball 38 of the detent 31 is tween two of the depressions 43. While other unequal spacings may be provided, it is considered preferable in the structure illustrated, that the spacing of the balls 38 shall be I equal to two and one-half times the center to center distance between depressions 43. With such spacing of the detents 36 and 31, it is possible to make the detents of larger dimensions and more rugged and so that they may be assembled and operated with less diiilculty and interference with respect to one another.
As will be apparent from Figures 1, 2, and 5, there is an additional depression 44 which is formed in the rod 2| at one end of the transverse opening 22 in the end of the rod adjacent the wire i3. The depression 44 is formed in the rod 2i a considerable distance beyond the series of equally spaced depressions 43 and in'such position as to vary the alternate movement of the detents 35 and 31 for the purpose of indicating that the series of depressions 43 have been passed by the detents 36 and 31. This will indicate the proper position at which to locate the end of the sheath i6 with respect to the ring or stop M which is formed at the end of the wire l3. Hence the device may be assembled in such manner that the ring i4 will engage the end of the sheath [6 when the knob Ii has been pulled out to such an extent that the detents 36 and 31 have passed beyond the series of depressions 43 and under which circumstances the ball 38 of the detent 36 will engage the depression 44.
When a larger number than two detents is employed in a detent mechanism such as that illustrated by the numeral 34, then the spacing between the detents will be some multiple of the center to center distance between the depressions 43 plus the center to center distance between the depressions 43 divided by the number of detents employed. Whatever number of detents may be employed, it will be possible to graduate the resistance to the movement of the knob II to intervals of movement that are less than the width of one of the depressions 43.
A control device comprising a tube, a rod mounted in said tube for longitudinal movement therein, and means for restraining said longitudinal movement including a plurality of longitudinally spaced self-retained detent units formed along the tube, each detent unit cooperating with an opening formed in said tube, and comprising a split band spring embracing said tube and having an aperture therein, a ball detent of larger diameter than that of the tube opening and spring aperture. said ball detent positioned between the spring and tube and extending through the tube opening and spring aperture, said rod having longitudinally spaced depressions adapted to receive the portion of said ball detent that extends through said tube opening and thereby be restrained against longitudinal movement.
HAROLD J. SCHOELLES.
(References on following page) i ii Referenes Cited in the tile 01' this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Dobrick May 11, 1920 Goetz Mar. 9, 1926 Newman WMHM'MM Am. 6, 1926 Weptherhead, Jr. Mar. 18, 1930 Hendrix Nov. 3, 1931 Winning Sept. 6, 1932 10 Number
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US1575826 *||Aug 3, 1923||Mar 9, 1926||Goetz Julius F||Controlling device|
|US1579234 *||May 14, 1923||Apr 6, 1926||American Car & Foundry Co||Dash control|
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|US1830736 *||Feb 24, 1930||Nov 3, 1931||Hendrix Charles E||Attachment for carburetor chokers|
|US1875791 *||Jan 31, 1930||Sep 6, 1932||Clum Mfg Company||Friction detent for control rods|
|US1911540 *||Dec 14, 1931||May 30, 1933||Control assembly|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2837933 *||Aug 12, 1953||Jun 10, 1958||Patla Louis J||Double detent mechanism|
|US2840313 *||Feb 9, 1954||Jun 24, 1958||Triumphator Werk Veb||Transfer mechanism for calculating machines|
|US2871719 *||Jul 6, 1954||Feb 3, 1959||Arens Controls||Push-pull control|
|US3358693 *||May 26, 1965||Dec 19, 1967||Brechner Hyman||Writing platen for ledger books|
|US3429203 *||Sep 20, 1965||Feb 25, 1969||Gulf General Atomic Inc||Hydraulic reactor control drum drive|
|US3712151 *||Jun 1, 1971||Jan 23, 1973||Gte Sylvania Inc||Miniature detent mechanism|
|US5345050 *||Jun 1, 1993||Sep 6, 1994||Caterpillar Inc.||Switch actuating assembly|
|U.S. Classification||74/503, 70/311, 74/527|
|International Classification||B60H1/00, G05G1/02, G05G1/00|
|Cooperative Classification||G05G1/02, B60H1/0065|
|European Classification||G05G1/02, B60H1/00Y2|