US 2638574 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 12, 1953 c. D. H. WEBB PLUG AND SOCKET HAVING A SPRING-PRESSED LATCH Filed May 24, 1949 V. W q m 9. f m w m m u W1. a a. 3 .w I JW F Pies.
Patented May 12, 1953 PLUG nlivme A SFRING- rnnsscn LATCH Gharles Duncan Henry Webb, llford, England,
assignor to The Plesseyj Company Limited,
Ilford, England, a British company Application May 24, 194;),"S'eria1 N 95.077 In Great Britain February 26, 1949 1 v This invention relates to electrical wiring systems to provide a terminal "connection for accommodating the ferruled ends of electrical conductors.
It has previously been proposed to provide a wiring system containing double ended socket members which are built up from clamp plates and compressed together by means of a screw passing through the centre of the clamp plates into a base plate against the tension of a spring, whereby after a plug has been inserted into each end of the double ended socket the screw can be tightened so as to compress the clamps into engagement with the plugs.
The invention is particularly suitable for the wiring of aircraft where there are several connections arranged in a group or groups or located in junction or distribution boxes.
An object of the invention is to provide a terminal connection whereby the ferruled ends of electrical conductors are locked automatically when inserted into a socket.
A further object of the invention is to provide a terminal connection with a manually actuated means to enable ferrules which have been held in looking engagement with a socket to be released.
Other objects, features of construction, and arrangement of parts will be found from the following description with reference to the drawing and the scope of the invention from the appended claims.
A detailed description will now be given with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which:
Fig. l is a sectional assembly.
Fig. 2 is an end view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a plan view.
Fig. 4 is a detail of a latch plate, and
Fig. 5 is an end view of a bank of terminals.
Referring to the drawing:
Two double ended socket members i, 2 integral with a centre pillar 3, 3 are placed one above the other and are secured to a base plate 4 by means of a bolt 5 passing through the central pillars 3, 3 and being secured thereto by a nut 6 screwed on the bolt 5 in a recess 1 formed in the underside of the base, as shown in Fig. 1.
Each tubular end of the socket members I, 2 is provided with a longitudinal slot 8 on the underside, and an external flange 9 at the outer end.
A separate leaf spring 10 embraces each tubular end of the sockets l, 2 in such a manner, that elevation of a terminal 1 Claim. (01. 339-91) "the ends of the springs margin of the slots 8. A clearance H is provided 1 ii terminate within the between the inner end of each slot and side of the spring 10 for the purpose hereinafter set forth.
The base plate 2 is provided with an annular recess I2 beneath the clearances in the respective rows of tubular ends of the sockets I, 2 to accommodate a helical spring l3. Said recess [2 is provided with cross slots If! for the purpose hereinafter set forth.
A separate slotted latch plate i4 is inserted over the respective tubular ends in alignment with the clearances l I. In this position the lower end of said latch plates l4 engages with the helical spring E3, to provide a spring loading and at the same time retaining the lower edge of the slots in said latch plates I4 in engagement with the clearances provided on the tubular ends of the sockets l, 2. The upper ends of these said latch plates [4 are bent over horizontally to form a depressor plate l6.
An upstanding plate I1 is fixed to the base 3 on each side of the tubular sockets l, 2 together with blocks l8 by means of bolts w said plates ii are formed with complementary vertical grooves l9 in direct alignment with the cross slots l2 whereby the latch plates M are free to slide vertically and are prevented from being displaced.
The blocks [8 form a mounting for securing the terminal assembly to a fixed, support.
A ferrule 20 with a spherical end 2| and a circumferential groove 22 is removably fitted in to the tubular ends of the sockets. In operation it is assumed that the ferrules 20 are fixed to the ends of electric leads; in order to provide a connection between the leads and terminal assembly, it is only necessary to press the ferrules 20 into the double ended sockets l, 2 until the spherical ends 2| engage the lower slotted ends 15 of the latch plate I l to cause same to move downwardly against the tension of the spring l3; as soon as the groove 22 coincides with the clearance 9 the latch plate M springs into engagement with said groove 22 whereby the ferrule is locked to the socket.
To release any one of the ferrules 20 it is only necessary to apply a downward pressure on the depressor I6 to move the latch plate [4 out of engagement with the circumferential groove 22 when the ferrule 20 can be withdrawn.
The invention is not limited to the number of double ended sockets arranged one above the other.
Referring to Fig. 5 the double ended sockets 3 are arranged in a bank of four, in this construction the intermediate upstanding plates 23 form the dividing wall between the rows of sockets, and are provided with complementary vertical grooves 24 on both sides to enable the latch plates 14 to slide vertically as hereinbefore described with referenceto Figs. 1 to 3.
In a socket coupling for electrical wiring SYS? tems the combination of a base plate having upstanding parallel walls with diametrically opposed vertical guide slots therein, a centre pillar fixed to the base plate between the walls, at least one double ended resilient socket member mounted in said pillar for receiving grooved inserts, each socket end consisting of a tubular member with a longitudinal slit which terminates into. a latch slot, a spring surrounding each socket being connected to the slit therein, a separate spring loaded depressible latch plate inserted over each end of the sockets and slidable in the vertical guides in the walls, each said latch plate formed with stirrup-shaped latches which encircle the sockets and extend into the latch slots therein whereby grooved inserted lugs are locked to said sockets.
CHARLES DUNCAN HENRY WEBB.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number 7 France Oct. 29,1943