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Publication numberUS2638895 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 19, 1953
Filing dateAug 18, 1947
Priority dateAug 19, 1946
Publication numberUS 2638895 A, US 2638895A, US-A-2638895, US2638895 A, US2638895A
InventorsSwindin Norman
Original AssigneeSwindin Norman
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Submerged flame burner
US 2638895 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented May 19,1953

- a ass;

' s MEnGnp FLAME-BURNERV orman fiwin -L ndcnsvl an le pplicatimacsusus, 19:4

'Serial No; '7 621L 3 1 InGre'rit Britain Aii aist 1991946 1 Claim. :1 1 This inyentiomrlatesato improvements in submerged-flame burners and. has for its objectthe provisioneofH-an effective submerged fiamemurner, which will. employ liquid hydrpearbons a'sggfuel iiriste'a'd .of, pre-admixed combustible gases; or.

separate supplies of combustiblegases to mixtune within the burner body and which-gis suitable in. particular for useineonceritrating i aids, particularly; corrosive liquidsmsucla as solut ons of sulphuriclor hYdI'OChlOliQflQiQ -Q i mixtures thprerofponthespent' liquors of acidpickling bathsused in the manufacture of raw iron and steel goods.

A further object-optheslnvention is the provisiomofi'mieans for preheating; the air supply-to itheburner, and for admitti gethfiiair fogsaglmixuturewithlthe. fuel;a manner as togacilie tate the mixture of fuel and air and the combustion of the said mixture.

According to the invention a submerged flame burner for operation with liquid fuel is provided comprising a combustion chamber having a downwardly directed flame orifice at its lower end adapted to be submerged in a body of liquid to be heated by said burner, and means at the upper portion of the combustion chamber for injecting and mixing liquid fuel and air therein and means for igniting the combustible mixture.

Also, according to the invention, means are provided for preheating the air prior to admission to the combustion chamber.

Reference will now be made to the accompanying drawing which is a sectional elevation of the preferred form of construction of a submerged flame burner according to the invention.

Referring to the drawing, the burner consists of a jet housing I and a combustion chamber housing 2 which are arranged externally of a liquor tank A on which they are mounted. The jet housing I is closed on top by a packing gland 4 and has an annular passage 35 therein through which extends a liquid fuel supply pipe 5 terminating in a jet nozzle 6. The electrodes 1 of a known type of spark ignition device also extend through said packing gland I and the annular passage 35 which is formed between the housing I and pipe 5 and terminate adjacent to the jet nozzle 6. Formed integral with the jet housing I is a lateral air inlet pipe 8 through which compressed air is admitted to the passage 35 in the jet housing at a level above the jet nozzle 6. From the base of the jet housing I the upper portion of the combustion chamber widens to form a throat 9 which leads from the passage 35 in the jet housing I and is coaxial and continuous with the passage 35 and the cylindrical main portion I 2 ofsthe combustionfihamb r, Th p mbus n chamber; Ill :i ccnti uogs. w th fl me t 25 which d.-wa1 a i sl nd m9- videdfwi-thla downwardl -dir c d me Ori e d2 therc osslsect o .a eapf wh c i smalle t anathatpf the main-.p rt qnp the ombu t o chamber I 0.;

The.combusti nrchainbe '.1hou in i f med .with flan e 115; by ichtheburne ay e bolte 21 th lcqrer of-t etan v ichtbe burner is it. ,be-imountedwith the axi lof its cy r a v. n upr ht and'w th th flame tube 6 dependin m Qa hen and-thefl m or fi e l2 bmereed a q y li iuor nther n .Iheifiamer 6 .7 i encl sed by. a h ou 2 thelqwerends whi hi ppen andt e per n 1 ofrwhichii my d dwith a-rse i s f pe fo at ons .ltsso as o..-assi t.heatin rasi ation nd. ireulation of the liquor within the tank.

The means for preheating the air consists of a plurality of pipes 29 of refractory material mounted in an annular wall 30 of refractory material which is concentric with the combustion chamber housing 2, an annular space 3| being provided between the Wall 30 and the combustion chamber housing to which compressed air is admitted through an inlet port 25.

In the operation of the burner, the liquid fuel is delivered to the jet nozzle 6 under controlled pressure, which may be of the order of 100 lbs. per square inch. The nozzle 6 is of a known type and the liquid fuel issues therefrom in the form of an atomized spray cone It as shown. Compressed air suppiied through the inlet pipe 8 passes through the annular passage between the jet housing I and fuel pipe 5 and is admixed with the fuel spray It. The relative proportions of fuel and air supplied to the burner will be adjusted, according to the type of fuel being used,

so as to give complete combustion. Combustion of the mixture of fuel and air is initiated by means of the electrodes I of the high-tension spark ignition device. The compressed air admitted through the inlet port 25 is preheated in the annular space 3I and passes into the combustion chamber through the pipes 229 which are heated by the flames produced within the combustion chamber It. A proportion of air is also admitted to the passage 35 of the jet housing I at a level above that of the jet nozzle 8 through the inlet port 8 in order to maintain a downward deflection of the atomized fuel spray It.

It has been found that in order to ensure the maximum transfer of heat from the products of combustion in the burner to the liquor in which 3 the latter is submerged, regard must be had to the depth of submergence and the diameter of the flame outlet of the burner. Thus, a larger nozzle requires a greater depth of submergence than a smaller nozzle.

For the purposes of the invention practically the whole range of fluid mineral hydrocarbons may be utilized from naphtha and paraflins to heavy crude oil, the said fuel if necessary being subject to filtration prior to its entry to the nozzle or jet. Thus the filtering device may be external to the burner or a filter may be embodied in an extension of the fuel inlet pipe 5 to the spraying jet 6.

The air admitted through port 8, in addition to maintaining a downward deflection of the fuel spray assists in the cooling of the oil pipe 5 and the electrodes 1.

I claim:

A submerged flame burner for operation with liquid fuel for heating a liquid, comprising a combustion chamber having a cylindrical main portion and a downwardly directed flame orifice at its lower end of smaller cross sectional area than that of the main portion of the combustion chamber, and having means for mounting it with the axis of its cylindrical portion upright and with said orifice submerged in a body of liquid, said main portion of said combustion chamber being formed with concentric Walls having an annular space therebetween, means for supplying air to said space, the inner of said walls being formed of refractory material and provided with a plurality of tubes of refractory material extending therethrough, the inner ends of said tubes protruding into the combustion chamber and the outer ends of said tubes communicating with said annular space to adapt said tubes to pass preheated air to said combustion chamber, a housing fixed to and closing the upper portion of the combustion chamber and having a passage therein coaxial with and communicating with the upper portion of the combustion chamber, spraying means for supplying atomized liquid fuel to the passage in the housing, the combustion chamber having a throat in its upper portion which is coaxial and continuous with the main portion thereof and leads from said passage in the housing and widens toward the main portion of the combustion chamber, and means for supplying compressed air to said passage at a level above the level of supply of fuel thereto for deflecting the fuel introduced therein downwardly into the combustion chamber.


References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name 7 Date 710,130 Weiss Sept. 30, 1902 751,972 Berg Feb.v 9, 1904 987,160 Noyes Mar. 21, 1911 1,195,403 Schaap Aug. 22, 1916 1,730,440 Smith 'Oct." 8, 1929 2,204,051 Ritts et al. June'11, 1940 2,375,840 Ekstrom May 15, 1945 2,515,618 Wallerius July 18, 1950 2,556,984 'Smith June 12, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 7,701 Great Britain of 1908 292,736 Great Britain June 28, 1928

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2725929 *Nov 24, 1951Dec 6, 1955Selas Corp Of AmericaCombustion chamber type burner
US2781756 *Apr 26, 1952Feb 19, 1957Kobe Kenneth AApparatus for submerged combustion of liquid fuels
US2902029 *Apr 30, 1958Sep 1, 1959Int Minerals & Chem CorpHeating apparatus employing submerged secondary combustion chamber
US2923348 *Apr 24, 1958Feb 2, 1960Fraser Reginald PFuel combustion apparatus
US2927632 *Feb 6, 1956Mar 8, 1960Fraser Reginald PercyFuel combustion apparatus and the production of controlled gaseous effluents therefrom
US3088812 *Feb 12, 1959May 7, 1963Thermal Res & Engineering CorpSubmerged exhaust combustion unit
US3138150 *Sep 11, 1962Jun 23, 1964Thermal Res & Engineering CorpSubmerged hot gas heat exchanger
US3174530 *Sep 19, 1961Mar 23, 1965Cyril F MeenanFurnace combustion chamber
US3209745 *Jun 14, 1962Oct 5, 1965Exxon Research Engineering CoSnow melting method and apparatus
US3963018 *Jun 12, 1975Jun 15, 1976Natural Resource Systems, Inc.Combustion furnace and infra-red radiant heating system
US4156421 *Aug 1, 1977May 29, 1979Carmel Energy, Inc.Method and apparatus for producing thermal vapor stream
US4568264 *Jan 14, 1983Feb 4, 1986Lennox Industries, Inc.Combustion chamber construction
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US4995376 *Jul 12, 1989Feb 26, 1991Hanson Garry OPulse furnace
DE1179663B *Dec 31, 1957Oct 15, 1964Rudolf O Bracke Dipl IngOElbrenner
U.S. Classification126/360.2, 431/158
International ClassificationF23C3/00, F23D14/44
Cooperative ClassificationF23C3/004, F23D14/44
European ClassificationF23D14/44, F23C3/00C