US 2639169 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 19, 1953 M R. Jonas 2,639,169
Filed Nov. 26. 1948 2 She ets-Sheet 1 Marvin E. Jones IN vnwan gwzmw A 7' TORNEKS Patented May 19, 1953 WELL HEAD Marvin R. Jones, Houston, -Tex., assignor to Oil Center lool Company, Houston, Tex.,-a corporation of Texas Application November 26, 194.8, Serial No. 62,075
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in well head assemblies and relates particularly to improvements in well heads.
In well head assemblies, it is the usual practice to mount a casing head upon an outer or surface casing and to support an inner string of well casing by suitable means within the well head. A tubing head is ordinarily mounted, as by bolting, on the casing head and supports the string of well tubing which extends axially within the casing strings. The inner casing which is suspended within the casing has its upper end projecting or extending upwardly within the lower portion of the bore of the tubing head and it is, of course, desirable to provide a seal between said projecting or extending upper end of the casing and the bore of the tubing head. To assure a proper seal around the casing by a pressure sealing means, the tubing head must be in relatively close proximity to the exterior of said casing.
A casing head of a particular size, may be utilized to support casing strings of different diameters and since the upper end of the inner casing string supported by said casing head extends into the bore of the tubing, the bore of the tubing head must vary for each size of inner casing string. However, the usual tubing head bore is of a fixed diameter and therefore, said tubing head is adaptable for use with only a particular size casing which means that a change in the size of the casing being supported by the casing head requires replacement of the complete tubing head.
It is, therefore, one object of this invention to provide an improved tubing head having an insert bushing in the lower end of its bore whereby said tubing head is adaptable for use with different size inner casing strings without the necessity of entirely replacing the tubing head with another tubing head having another size bore.
An important object of the invention is to provide an improved tubing head having the lower end of its bore enlarged and adapted to receive an annular bushing or sleeve, which bushing or sleeve may have the desired diameter bore for receiving a particular size inner well pipe or cas ing; replacement of the bushing by a bushing of different size converting the tubing head so that it may be employed for sealing around an inner pipe or casing of another diameter.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved tubing head having an adapter bushing or sleeve removably mounted in its lower end, with said sleeve having means formed in the wall of its bore for mounting a suitable packing or sealing means for sealing off around the inner well pipe or casing which extends into the bore protect the upper end of said casing against damage due to tools being run therethrough striking said upper edge.
The construction designed to carry out the in vention will be hereinafter described together with other features of the invention.
The invention will be morereadily understood from a reading of the following specification and by reference to the accompanying drawings,
wherein an example of the invention is shown;
Figure 1 is a view partly in section and partly in elevation of an improved tubing head constructed in accordance with the invention andmounted upon a casing head, I
Figure 2 is a horizontal cross-sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of Figure 1,
Figure 3 is an enlarged sectional detail of an adapter bushing mounted in place and surrounding an inner casing string, and
Figure 4 is a similar view showing an adapter bushing of different size mounted in positionwithin the tubing head.
In the drawings, the numeral I0 designates a casing head which may be of any desired construction and which is adapted to be mounted on the upper end of an outeror surface casing I l An inner well pipe or casing string 12 is supported or suspended by means (not shown) within the casing head and has its'upper end proiectingupwardly beyond the upper end of the Casing head. An external annular flange I3 is formed on the upper end of the casing head and is adapted to be secured by bolts 14 and nuts l5 to the base flange [6 of a tubing head I1. The tubing head is adapted to support or suspend the well tubing 8 which extends axially through the inner casing string.
In carrying out the present invention, the tubing head is formed with the usual axial bore Ill and the lower end of this bore is enlarged as indicated at 26. The enlargement of the bore is eiiected gradually by providing inclined annular surfaces 2| and 22, the surface 22 actually forming the upper portion of the enlarged section 20 3 of the bore. Internal screw-threads 23 are formed in the wall of the enlarged portion 20 of the bore at the lower end thereof.
As has been noted, the upper end of the inner casing string l2 extends upwardly beyond the upper end of the casing head l and therefore projects or extends into the lower enlarged portion 20 of the bore 13 01? the tubing head. -The casing head is adapted to support inner well pipe or casing strings of varying diameters and in order to provide an efficient seal between this upper projecting end of the inner casing and the tubing head, it is desirable that the lower portion of the bore of the tubing be variable to conform to the diameter ofthe inner casing. For this purpose, an annular bushing or sleeve 24 is arranged to be removably mounted within the enlarged portion 20 of the bore of the tubing head. This bushing is clearly shown in-Figure 3 and has an axial bore 25 which is slightly larger than the-diameter of; the particular inner cg ifi n string IZ which is supported-by the casing head Ill. The outer surfaceeof *the bushing or sleeve '24 generally conforms to the enlarged lowerportion 2fl -o f the boreeof the tubing head and external threads-2d are;,formed on said bushing for connectiongwiththe internal threads 23 within the "bore Abovethethreads the exterior surface; of the-;.bushing is inclined or bevelled as indicated-atjl with this inclination being-complementary to the inclinationof the inclinedannular surface 22 within the bore of the tubing head. Within the surface ZL-the bushing is formed with: an annular groove 2 8 adapted to receive a sealing ;ring ;29,such-as the usual well-v known O-ring, Ylhfirebyaneffective seal betweenthe-external surface, of the bushing and the bore 20 of the tubing head is provided. The engaging inclined surfaces '22 and 21 also provide a metal-to-metal seal between the parts. Above the inclined surface 21, the exterior-of the bushing is inclined at 30 and spaced from the inclined area 2| of the tubing head bore. At its extreme upper end, an inwardly directed annular flange 3| or ring, which is preferably integral with the bushing, is provided and this flange or ring overhangs the upper edge of the inner casing string l2.
For sealing off between the bore 25 of the bushing and the exterior of the inner casing 12, the wall of the bore of the bushing is formed with annular grooves or recesses 32, each of which is adapted to receive a sealing ring 33 such as an ordinary O-ring. To compensate for slight variations in the external diameter of the casing l2, which variations may be within allowable manufacturing tolerances, the lower end of each groove or recess 32 is provided with an annular bevelled surface 34 which coacts with a split supporting ring 35. The split ring 35 functions as the bottom of the recess or groove and because its outer peripheral surface is bevelled, the supporting ring coacts with the bevelled or inclined surface 34 of the groove to assure that the ring will always engage the exterior of the casing l2. In this manner, each sealing ring 33 when placed under pressure, is prevented from being extruded or forced outwardly from the groove into the space between the casing l2 and the wall of the bore 25. Of course, it is possible that other types of sealing members, such as the well-known lip type pressure seal, may be employed.
When the size of the inner casing l2 has been determined, the proper size bushing having its bore 25 of a. diameter slightly larger than the inner casing is inserted within the enlarged lower portion 20 of the tubing head I1 and is secured therein by means of the coacting screw threads 23 and 26. The bushing is threaded inwardly to seat the inclined surface 21 of the bushing against the inclined surface 23 within the bore of the tubing head, 'and: the engagement of these surfaces limits the inward movement of bushing with respect to the tubing head bore. If desired, the lower end of the bushing may be tack welded, as indicated at 36, to the tubing head at various radial points to assure that the threaded; connectionwill remain engaged.
-The-tubing-"head' is then mounted upon the casing head and bolted thereto and the inner casing string. l2 will project into the bore 25 of the bushing as has been explained. The sealingrings 33 will function to efficiently seal the space between the exterior of the casing and the bore 'of the; bushing,-.=whil'e' thersealing ring .29 in 'the: external-groove 2810f the bushing will seal the area between thebushing and the bore 20 of the tubing head ll. Thus, it will be seen that: theibushing'provides an effective means of forming aseal .between the casing l2 and the tubing head at the lower portion of said head. Theinwardly projecting annular flange or ring 3|" onthe upper end of the bushing overhangs the casing and-serves to protect'the upper edge thereof. 3 s
'When the tubing head-is to be employed with a casing's'tring -of adiiferent diameteryit is only necessary to replace the bushing '24 and in Figure.4,.a replacement bushing 24a having a differentsize bore. diameter 25a is illustrated. The bushing 24a actually has'an enlarged wall thickness as compared to the bushing 24, whereby the bore 25a is of a lesser diameter than the bore 25 of the bushing 24. Thus, a smaller diameter casing [2a may be supported by the casing head I0 and may project upwardly into the bore 25a of the substitutebushing 24a. The sealing rings 33 are employed to seal around the casing 24a while the sealing ring 29 seals the joint between the bushing and tubing head bore. Since the bushing 24a has a smaller bore diameter than the bushing 24, it extends inwardly within the tubing head a greater radial distance so that actually, the bushing projects inwardly beyond the wall of the bore IQ of the tubing head. Therefore, it is desirable that the overhanging flange 3la at the uper end of the bushing 2441 have its inner surface inclined or bevelled, as shown at 3lb, whereby tools which may be lowered through the bore [9, will be guided inwardly into the bore of the inner casing l2a. The annular flange 3| a, of course, overhangs the upper edge of the casing l2a to form a protector therefor.
It will be evident that any desired number of adapter bushings, each having a bore of different diameter, may be provided for mounting within the tubing head bore. The number of bushings which are provided for each tubing head are in accordance with the number of different size 'inner casings which may be supported by the casing head In to which the tubing head l1 may be attached. Regardless of the variation in bore diameters of the bushing, said bushing always functions to permit an effective seal to be made with the exterior of the casing which projects into said bore. Also, in all instances, the upper end of the bushing overhangs the edge of the casing to protect said casing and also to form a tool guide for guiding tools which may be lowered through the tubing head downwardly into the inner casing string.
The foregoing description of the invention is explanatory thereof and various changes in the size, shape and materials, as well as in the details of the illustrated construction may be made, within the scope of the appended claims, without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Having described the invention, I claim:
1. A well head assembly including, a casing head, a tubing head having an axial bore mounted on said casing head, a well pipe supported by the casing head and having its upper portion extending upwardly into the lower portion of the bore of the tubing head, an adapter sleeve element mounted Within the lower portion of the bore of the tubing head and surrounding the well pipe, the upper end of said element overhanging the upper end of said pipe to protect the same and form a tool guide, and a sealing means between said well pipe and the adapter element, wherein the adapter element is removably mounted within the bore of the tubing head by screw threads, and also wherein an additional sealing means is provided between the adapter element and tubing head.
2. A well head including, an annular body having an axial bore extending therethrough, said bore having its lower end enlarged and provided with screw threads, an adapter bushing having external screw threads for engaging the threads within the lower end of the bore, and an annular sealing means between the exterior of the bushing and the bore of the well head.
MARVIN R. JONES.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date I 748,400 Howe Mar. 7, 1905 1 2,202,055 Juffa May 8, 1940 2,312,476 Penick et a1. Mar. 2, 1943 2,426,371 Penick Aug. 26, 1947 2,456,081 Penick Dec. 14, 1948