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Publication numberUS2639660 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 26, 1953
Filing dateFeb 14, 1951
Priority dateFeb 14, 1951
Publication numberUS 2639660 A, US 2639660A, US-A-2639660, US2639660 A, US2639660A
InventorsJames C O'hear, Frederick A Sunderhauf
Original AssigneeJames C O'hear, Frederick A Sunderhauf
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Roll apparatus for localized embossing
US 2639660 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1953 F. A. SUNDERHAUF ETAL 2,639,660

ROLL APPARATUS FOR LOCALIZED mossmc Filed Feb. 14, 1951 I T /wa Patented May 26, 1953 ROLL APPARATUS FOR LOCALIZED EMBOSSING Frederick A. Sunderhauf, Summit, and James C. OHear, Union, N. J.

Application February 14, 1951, Serial No. 210,886

3 Claims. 1

This invention relates to the art of roll embossing wherein a sheet of material is provided with an embossed or raised design by being passed between a pair of embossing rolls and, more particularly, to a novel method and apparatus for roll embossing only a localized area or longitudinal portion of the sheet material.

Heretofore it was not feasible to roll emboss only a portion of a continuous sheet of material. That is, the methds and apparatus of the prior art could be employed only for embossing the entire area of the sheet since past attempts to emboss solely localized areas of the sheet would invariably result in the sheet being wrinkled, torn and otherwise defective.

We have discovered that when it is attempted to employ conventional embossing rolls for localized embossing, such wrinkles and distortions occur due to the fact that the embossing of the localized area causes the latter to be elongated in a. direction along the path of travel of the sheet material whereas the remaining unembossed area of the sheet retains its original length.

It is, therefore, a primary object of the present invention to provide a novel method and apparatus for roll embossing solely localized areas or longitudinal portions of the sheet to be embossed, wherein the unembossed areas of the sheet are reduced in thickness and elongated simultaneously with and to the same extent of the elongation that occurs in the localized embossed area as a result of the embossing thereof, thereby preventing any difference in length between the embossed and unembossed areas of the sheet so as to avoid wrinkles, and other distortions therein. This novel and highly advantageous result enables, for the first time in the art of roll embossing, a sheet to be embossed at only a local longitudinal area or portion thereof since the wrinkles and other defects inherent in the prior art methods and apparatus were so prevalent as to preclude, heretofore, the practice of localized embossing by rolls.

This elongation of the unembossed area simultaneously with the embossing of the localized area is obtained by providing the rolls with rolling or reducing surface areas which roll the unembossed area of the sheet therebetween so as to reduce its thickness and thereby elongate the unembossed area in the direction of the path of travel of the sheet. By experiment the extent of elongation that the particular embossing operation will produce in a given material of a certain thickness can be measured, and from this the desired elongation of the unembossed area 2 and hence its desired reduction of thickness and also the proper distance between the rolling or reducing non-embossing surfaces of the two rolls can be determined.

Another important and novel feature of the present invention resides in the discovery that considerably improved results are obtained by maintaining a clearance space between the raised parts of the design embossed on the sheet and the bottoms and sides of the embossing recesses in one of the embossing rolls. That is, the embossing recesses of one roll are formed deeper and wider than the corresponding embossing projections on the other roll, whereby when the projections press parts or" the sheet into the recesses these parts remain out of contact with the bottoms and sides of the recesses, thereby preventing gripping, tearing and distorting the embossed sheet area and also reducing wear on the rolls when the latter are employed for embossing sheet metal. Furthermore, by maintaining the raised parts of the embossed design out of contact with one of the rolls, these parts are not Worked and hence retain their original color and texture, thereby providing the raised parts with a dull surface contrasting with the relatively smooth, shiny surface of the non-raised parts of the embossed design, this contrast resulting in a distinctive pleasing appearance of the embossed sheet.

In the drawing wherein is illustrated one embodiment of the invention:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a pair of embossing rolls constructed in accordance with the present invention and showing a sheet of material being passed through the rolls so as to emboss only a localized longitudinal strip area of the sheet;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the sheet material before being passed through the embossing rolls and taken substantially on the line 22 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken on a plane through the axes of the rolls as indicated by the line 3-3 of Fig. l, and shows to an exaggerated extent the clearance space between a raised or embossed portion of the sheet and the bottoms and sides of the corresponding embossing recess in the lower roll; and

Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view of the embossed sheet after it has passed through the rolls and taken on the line 4--4 of Fig. 1.

Referring first to Fig. l, the reference numerals I I, [2 indicate a pair of embossing rolls which are rotatable mounted within an embossing apparatus (not shown). The manner of mounting the rolls and drivingly rotating them is well known and need not be described, except to state that the rolls ll, l2 are provided with gears l3, M which maintain them in proper synchronized angular orientation with respect to each other. The gears l 3, l4 may each be provided with an indicator mark as at X, these marks being brought into adjacent alignment whenever the rolls are brought together after having been moved apart, whereby each element of the embossing surface of one roll will always co-act with the same corresponding element on the embossing surface of the other roll.

The reference letter S indicates the work piece or sheet of material which is to be passed between the rolls ii, I2 so as to undergo a localized embossing operation. B localized embossing is meant the forming of an embossed or raised pattern or design on a longitudinal arear of the sheet S, the remaining area of the sheet S being unembossed. More particularly, it will be seen in Fig. 1 that the left-hand strip or area S of the sheet S remains unembossed after passing through the rolls ll, [2, the right-hand area S being subjected to the localized embossing operation.

In order to perform this localized embossing operation on the right-hand sheet area S", the exterior surfaces of the rolls H, 12 are provided with embossing surfaces ii, H2" at their righthand portions, the remaining portions of the rolls H, [2 being devoid of embossing projections or recesses. As best seen in Fig. 3, the embossing surface of the upper roll 9 I comprises a plurality of embossing projections l5, each of which co-acts with a corrresponding embossing recess it in the embossing surface of the lower roll 52, so as to raise or emboss a portion I? of the sheet S.

It should be noted that each of the embossing recesses i6 is wider and deeper than its corresponding embossing projection Hi. This provides a clearance space between the raised portion ll of the sheet S and the bottoms and sides of the embossing recesses of one of the rolls, whereby gripping, tearing and distortion of the embossed sheet areas during the embossing operation is prevented. Furthermore, when the material of the sheet S is metal, this provision for clearance considerably reduces wear and breakdown of the rolls.

It will be noted that the surface ll of the raised portion ll of the sheet S remains out of contact with the lower roll !2, whereas the remaining portions of the sheet S contact the lower roll I2 and hence are worked thereby. This results in the surface ll of the raised portion l'l retaining its original color and texture, this usually being a comparatively dull surface contrasting with the relatively smooth, shiny surface of the nonraised, worked parts of the embossed design. This contrast between the shin nonraised parts and the relatively dull surface of the unworked raised parts of the embossed design imparts a distinctive appearance to the embossed sheet.

The embossing operation on the sheet area S results in the latter being elongated in the direction of the path of travel of the sheet S through the rolls 1 I, I2, this path of travel being indicated by the arrow in Fig. 1. I have discovered that the unembossed area S must be elongated simultaneous with and to the same extent as the elongation of the embossed area S" if wrinkles and other distortions of the sheet S are to be avoided. This elongation of the unembossed area S is provided by the rolling or reducing portions H, l2 of the rolls l I, IE, it being noted that these rolling portions comprise the remaining surface areas of the rolls to the left of the embossing surfaces H", [2".

As shown in Fig. 2, the sheet S is of uniform thickness before being passed through the rolls.

'l-Iowever, during the localized embossing operation of the sheet area S, the unembossed sheet area S is reduced in thickness by the rolling portions l I, [2' of the rolls, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4. This reduction in thickness must be of a predetermined extent which will cause the unembossed area S to be elongated in a longitudinal direction to the same extent that the embossed area S" is elongated as a result of being worked by the embossing operation. Since it is contemplated that the method and apparatus of the present invention be applied to the embossing of various types of sheet material, including textile fabric, paper, metal and plastic, no definite data can be given as to the necessary reduction of thickness of the unembossed area S. However, it will be obvious that by simple experiment with the particular material to be embossed, there can be readily determined the elongation resulting from the embossing of the sheet area S and hence also the necessary elongation of the unembossed area S that must be produced by the rolling portions 5 I, 12' of the rolls.

The wavy configurations [8 of the sheet S, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, are produced by conventional coining elements on the embossing surfaces l l l2 of the rolls, this coining operation occurring simultaneously with the above noted embossing and rolling operations.

It is to be understood that the specific apparatus and method shown in the drawing and described in the specification are intended to be merely illustrative of one of the many forms which the invention may take in practice and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, the latter being delineated in the appended claims. The term sheet includes, of course, strip material in any desired width and length.

Having described our invention, what we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is as follows:

1. An apparatus for roller embossing a localize-zl area of continuous sheet material, said apparatus comprising a pair of rolls, means for rotatably mounting said rolls, and drive means for rotating the rolls, each of said rolls being provided with a pattern for embossing a longitudinal area of a sheet of material passed between the rolls, means for reducing the thickness of the remaining unembossed area of said sheet so as to elongate said remaining area to the same extent as the elongation resulting from the embossing thereof of said embossed longitudinal sheet area, a surface area of one of said rolls being provided with embossing proj actions and the surface area of the other of said rolls being provided with recesses each receiving a respective one of said projections, the clearance distance between the outermost face of each of said projections and the bottom of its respective recess being greater than the clearance distances between the other opposite adjacent non-embossing portions of the rolls, whereby a clearance space is provided between the sheet material being embossed and the bottoms of the recesses.

2. An apparatus for roller embossing continuously localized areas of a. continuously moving sheet, said apparatus comprising a pair of rolls, means for rotatably mounting said rolls, and drive means for rotating the rolls, each of said rolls being provided with a pattern for embossing longitudinal areas on said moving sheet passed between said rolls, means for reducin the thickness of the remaining unembossed area of said sheet so as to elongate said remaining area to the same extent as the elongation resulting from the embossing thereof of said embossed longitudinal sheet area, a surface area of one of said rolls being provided with embossing projections and the surface area of the other of said rolls being provided with recesses each receiving a respective one of said projections, the clearance distance between the outermost face of each of said projections and the bottom of its respective recess being greater than the clearance distances between the other opposite adjacent non-embossing portions of the rolls, whereby a clearance space is provided between the sheet material being embossed and the bottoms of the recesses, the clearance ldistances between the sides of the projections and the respective opposite adjacent sides of the recesses being greater than the clearance distances between the other opposite adjacent non-embossing portions of the rolls, whereby a clearance space is provided between the sheet material being embossed and the sides of the recesses.

3. An apparatus for roller embossing continuously localized areas of a continuously moving sheet, said apparatus comprising a pair of rolls, means for rotatably mounting said rolls, and drive means for rotating the rolls, each of said rolls being provided with a pattern for embossing longitudinal areas on said moving sheet passed between said rolls, means for reducing the thickness of the remaining unembossed area of said sheet so as to elongate said remaining area to the same extent as the elongation resulting from the embossing thereof of said embossed longitudinal sheet area, a surface area of one of said rolls being provided with embossing projections having a horizontal flat surfaces and the surface area of the other of said rolls being provided with recesses each adapted for receiving a respective one of the projection fiat surfaces in contacting relationship, the clearance distances between the sides of the projections and the respective opposite adjacent sides of the recesses being greater than the clearance distances between the other opposite adjacent nonembossing portions of the rolls, whereby a clearance space is provided between the sheet material being embossed and the sides of the recesses.

FREDERICK A. SUNDERHAUF. JAMES C. OHEAR.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 99,788 Raymond Feb. 15, 1870 147,767 Gould Feb. 24, 1874 805,699 Avril Nov. 28, 1905 842,891 Kleirrewefers 1 Feb. 5, 1907 1,804,815 Schultis May 12, 1931 2,029,567 Hough Feb. 4, 1936 2,181,435 Loris Nov. 28, 1939 2,558,877 Rees July 3, 1951 2,573,737 Scavullo Nov. 6, 1951

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2729267 *Jul 16, 1952Jan 3, 1956Hoffmaster Company IncMachine and method for making edge embossed paper article and product thereof
US2854336 *Mar 7, 1955Sep 30, 1958Youngstown Arc Engraving CompaMethod of forming a two-level photoengraved embossing plate or mold
US2868042 *Jun 11, 1956Jan 13, 1959Wallace & Sons Mfg Company RMethod of making a one piece solid handle knife
US3216058 *Jun 13, 1961Nov 9, 1965Glaser SimonDevice for rejuvenating golf balls
US3250102 *Sep 6, 1963May 10, 1966Continental Can CoRotary scoring device for continuous tube welding machine
US3309984 *Dec 11, 1963Mar 21, 1967Mackay Engraving CorpMethod of preparing embossing rollers
US3348477 *Oct 23, 1965Oct 24, 1967Hudson Pulp & Paper CorpPaper converting, and particularly producing improved paper towels
US3620880 *Apr 7, 1969Nov 16, 1971Lemelson Jerome HApparatus and method for producing composite materials
US3651759 *Apr 15, 1970Mar 28, 1972Ritzerfeld GerhardPrinting forms
US3655312 *May 2, 1969Apr 11, 1972Gaf CorpApparatus for making embossed foamed surface covering materials
US3932245 *Mar 21, 1973Jan 13, 1976Gaf CorporationMechanical embossing of foamed sheet material
US4845970 *Aug 6, 1986Jul 11, 1989Arbed S.A.Process and apparatus for regulating the synchronization of a pair of rolls
US4867057 *Oct 21, 1987Sep 19, 1989American Greetings CorporationMethod and apparatus for simultaneously hot stamping and embossing sheet-like stock material such as paper
US5009093 *Nov 5, 1990Apr 23, 1991Quinn Jr F DillardApparatus and method for roll forming and marking sheet metal
US5664451 *Aug 2, 1995Sep 9, 1997Englert/Rollformer, Inc.Roll forming machine for an indeterminate length metal roof panel
US5670188 *Dec 19, 1994Sep 23, 1997Eastman Kodak CompanyApparatus for single-sided, cold mechanical knurling
US5771796 *Oct 29, 1996Jun 30, 1998Microfibres, Inc.Embossing cylinder for embossing pile fabric
US7353681 *Dec 1, 2005Apr 8, 2008Novelis Inc.Roll embossing of discrete features
US7624609Nov 2, 2007Dec 1, 2009Novelis Inc.Roll embossing of discrete features
US20110183154 *Apr 17, 2009Jul 28, 2011Hydro Aluminium Deutschland GmbhMethod for Producing a Strip for Packaging Purposes
US20140000465 *Aug 28, 2012Jan 2, 2014Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.Electronic device and embossing method of electronic device
EP0752309A2 *Jul 4, 1996Jan 8, 1997Atena CorporationEmbossed pattern stamping apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification101/23, 72/196, 29/33.00S, 101/32, 72/167, 156/219
International ClassificationB31F1/07, B31F1/00, B21H7/00, D06N7/00
Cooperative ClassificationB31F2201/0733, B31F1/07, B31F2201/0753, D06N7/001, B31F2201/0756, B31F2201/0738, B31F2201/0743, B21H8/005
European ClassificationB21H8/00E, D06N7/00B2B, B31F1/07