US 2640125 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
C. E. EGGERS May 26, 1953 EXTENSION CORD PLUG WITH REPLACEABLE FUSE ELEMENT Filed Aug. 51, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 15714922332: (find/6.551.996] :5.
May 26, 1953 c. E. EGGERS 2,640,125
EXTENSION CORD PLUG WITH REPLACEABLE FUSE ELEMENT Filed Aug. 31, 195?. 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 5 54 45 g I E F I I 24 H [fit 62250.2.
Patented May 26, 1953 OFFICE EXTENSION CORD PLUG WITH REPLACE- ABLE FUSE ELEMENT Charles E. Eggers, Great Neck, N. Y.
Application August 31, 1951, Serial N 0. 244,505
This invention relates to improvements in a fuse carrying quick detachable connecting plug for electric extension cords, adapters and the like and to an improved replaceable fuse element therefor. More particularly the instant invention comprises improvements in the type of plug and fuse organization disclosed and claimed in Letters Patent 2,486,380, November 1, 1949, as well as an application Serial No. 119,735, filed October 5, 1949, for Fusible Extension Cord Plug.
There have been many attempts made to produce a satisfactory safety plug, of the character above referred to, which protects both lines of the plug circuit against overload with a single replaceable fuse unit and which permits ready inspection of the fusible members of the replaceable unit without removal or rearrangement of any portion thereof or of the plug, except the mere withdrawal of the plug from an associated socket, and at the same time meet all of the requirements of the Fire Underwriters.
The present invention has as an important object the provision of such a safety plug or adapter having a replaceable unit for a pair of fusible members, in which unit a separate and insulated explosion chamber is provided for each fusible member through which variable sizes of fusible wires may be supported adjacent opposite ends of the chambers.
It is also an object of this invention to more completely insulate the spaces overlying the binding posts and fuse elements and to close the recess between the connecting prongs by the replaceable fuse unit. This unit thus provides support for the prongs and prevents inward bending thereof when in use, and is only replaceable after the circuit is broken by removal of the plug from an associated socket.
A further object of the invention is to provide a one-piece plug having a recess in the outer or prong end thereof communicating with a cord receiving aperture opening through the other end, the plug having a pair of spaced binding posts engageable plates and a pair of spaced plates unitary with the prongs, and a cylindrical contact member projecting outwardly from each plate in parallelism with the axis of the said aperture, and a fuse unit removably supported within said recess and having spaced socket contacts receiving said cylindrical contacts.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a quick detachable electric plug or adapter comprising a body which is preferably constructed in one piece from any suitable insulating material, such as rubber, or any other synthetic resin, the body having a relatively deep recess in one end thereof, the plugbeing provided with a (Cl. ZOO-115.5)
contact plate at each side of the recess secured to the base of the recess by a wire binding post, a pair of contact plates disposed intermediate the first plates and each provided with a prong, a cord receiving aperture in the other end of the plug communicating with the recess, a cylindrical contact member projecting outwardly from each plate in parallelism with the axis of said prongs and aperture, and opposite Walls of the recess at the free end of the plug outwardly of each binding post being provided with a slot for guiding and supporting a fuse element having contact sockets for receiving said cylindrical contacts.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a novel fuse element for use with a recessed plug having cylindrical contacts projecting from the base of the recess and which comprises a transparent box having opposed insulated chambers therein, a pair of spaced tubular contacts adjacent each chamber, and a fuse Wire disposed within each chamber and havingits ends secured to the respective pair of contacts whereby the fuse wires may readily be inspected through the transparent box.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent in the course of the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is an end view of the improved plug as observed from the prong engaging end thereof and with the fuse element removed;
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view as observed in the plane of line 2-2, on Fig. 1, and further showing the improved fuse element, also partly in section in operative association with the cylindrical contacts of the plug;
Fig. 3 is an end View of the plug end assembled fuse element as observed from the top or prong end of Fig. 2, i. e. as the safety plugwould appear when withdrawn from an associated socket for inspection;
Fig. 4 is a top plan view of the fuse element or unit apart from the plug and with the cover thereof removed to show the interior of the unit;
Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional view in the plane of line 5-5 on Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is a side elevational view of the combined plug and fuse element on a reduced scale;
Fig. 7 is an elevational view of one of the fuse element supporting tubular contact members;
Fig. 8 is an elevational view of one of the plug supported cylindrical contact members with which a fuse supporting tubular contact engages;
Fig. 9 is an isometric view of a safety adapter plug which has one or more outlet sockets for quick detachable plugs of ordinary design. In
3 such a unit the several outlet circuits are protected by the fuse within the unit, and
Fig. 10 is also an isometric view and shows the replaceable fuse element or unit as it would appear separate from a quick detachable plug.
Referring now in detail to the drawings, P designates the improved safety plug, which as shown, embodies a moulded or otherwise formed insulated body member provided with a relatively deep and substantially rectangular recess H, in one end thereof. ihe body is fur'her provided with a cord receiving aperture 52, opening through the opposite end thereof and which aperture coinmunicates with an elongated passageway l3 extending centrally through the body. The body is further provided with two lateral recesses l4, communicating with the recess ii, at one side thereof and with the passageway 3, at their adjacent ends. The base wall of the recess Ii, is further recessed at and 5, for a purpose later to appear.
Seated in the recesses 55, is a pair of contact plates ii which indicated in Fig. l, are L-iorin in plan. hese plates are secured in pcsiticn by screws 18 which are disposed at the juncture of the legs thereof and longitudinally aligned legs of such plates are provided with elongated socket engageable contact prongs is.
A second pair of contact plates er in the recess i6, which recess cozninu one end with the deeper recess 25, include inner end portions i, from the portions disposed wi as to ext-end into and rest on the s O r case wall or the communicating recesses i4. offset portions are secured to the base walls of rece it.
by means of cord binding screws or posts As will be seen in Fig. l the outermost of plates ii and are disposed at points corresponding to the corners of an imaginar; rectangle with the screws it and disoosed in the sides of such rectangle intermediate the corners of.
The improved plug 1" l includes four cylindrical fuse contact pins each of which projects outwardly from the base of recess ii to points substantially midway of the top and bottom of the recess.
Each contact pin projects from one side of a flat sided head and from whose cppositeside extends a screw 25, as is c early shown in Fig. 8. These screws extend through apertures in the outer ends of the plates an and are engaged within threaded sockets in the body material oi the plug.
It will be seen from Fig. 1, that the plat-es l; and 28, are wholly independent or" each other and are insulated from each other by the supporting material of the body of the plug P.
The current bearing wires are connected to the lates 28, as has been indicated. No current is obtainable however, through the spaced prong upper-ting plates i'i until connection is made wit iin the recessed plug by the improved fuse unit F, which will now be described.
The improved fuse F is generally designated F, and same comprises a par ition-ed box-like body 33 having a. transparent cover 32 secured thereon in any desired man A body in each of the legs 33 thereof and which are separated by a web 34. A third pair of recesses iorrm'ng elongated chambers 35 are provided in the central cross member 35, and such recesses or chambers are also separated by a web designated at 37 and which is aligned and integral with the webs 34. The recesses or chambers 35, are sepnrated from tie ecesscs 32, by other webs 38, and these webs are provided with fuse wire receiving slots 39, opening through the open face 01 the [use body 39, where they are closed by the top 3|.
The legs at each end thereof, are provided with a relatively shallow recess Ml communicating at its inner end Jith an adjacent recess 32 and at its outer end with a relatively large aperture 41, which extends entirely through the body 30.
An expansible metallic contact sleeve 42, is freely disposed within each aperture 4i as is clearly shown in Figs. 4 and 5. These sleeves are preferably slit longitudinally thereof, as at 43, and the material of one edge portion of the sleeve is radially extended, as at #24. This edge portion it extends longitunally of the sleeve in the form of a U--shaped member 45, in the bight of which is e eived one end of a fuse wire W and W. The extended free end portion 46, of this member 45, is then bent ard the extension M, as in Fig. 4,
:ls v.--l be noted in Fig, 5, the U-shaped memrs 55, 5 even 9, apertures to bed cover 3! is provided with -rical surfaced knobs ll irictionally en ithin corresponding seats in the body 30 the cover ends of the apertures. Thus 31' may be cemented or otherwise mainned in closed engagement with the body against tcnt separation, and knobs will engage the 'esponding ends of the sleeves and thus overn-ent thereof in a direction de of the body. e improved fuse unit F, is removably supported thin the recess ii, in the plug P, and with the outer face of the cover 3 i, flush with the corresponding of the plug, as is seen in Fig. 2. In order to readily gu de -nd retain the fuse unit into such position within the plug P the fuse body 3%, and its at ched cover 31, are provided with mating lug po ons 5S and 49, respectively, on are frictionally engageable within notches r l the fuse unit thus positioned the prongs extend between the legs to of the unit and -nt the central cross member theroor and .s will extend axially within the ig. 2. oifiedeinbodii e of the inventic-nis illus- .1. in Fig. C wherein the improved combinaug and fuse element is in the form of an a cer A. In this embodiment oi. the invention, -18 plug is of the well known three-way type, aving sockets and for a standard og and the portion of the plug axially aligned witr socket 55 is extended to provide the fuse element engageable recess H. A fuse element F of the construction shown in Figs, 4 and 5, is provided but is modified in plan contour to suit cylindrical form of recess ii, he fuse element cover and associated body and cover lugs are designated 3 I, 48' and d3 respectively.
With the safety adapter plug of Fig. 9, the single replaceable fuse clement serves and protects one or more different circuits to appliances having standing connecting plugs. When a numher of appliances are thus connected into a single socket a dangerously heavy load may be placed on the line. By the provision of this simple and easily replaceable fuse element the trouble may be quickly detected and the circuit restored in the event of a blown fuse.
While I have herein disclosed my invention in accordance with a preferred embodiment thereof, it is obvious that changes in structure may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention, and I therefore do not desire to be limited to the precise fcrin disclosed beyond the limitation imposed by the following claims.
What I claim and desire to secure by U. 5. Letters Patent is:
1. A combination electric plug and fuse comprising a body member having a recess in one end thereof, a cord receiving aperture in the opposite end thereof communicating with said recess, a pair of spaced contact plates secured by binding posts to the base of said recess, a second pair of contact plates secured to the base of said recess in spaced relation to each other and said first plates, a socket engageable prong unitary with each of said last plates, a cylindrical contact pin projecting from each plate toward the open end of said recess in parallelism with the axis of said aperture, and a fuse unit removably seated in said recess and provided with tubular contact members removably receiving said cylindrical contact pins.
2. An attachment plug comprising a body portion having a recess in one end thereof, a pair of binding posts in the base of said recess, a pair of separated rigid cylindrical contacts associated with each binding post within said recess, said contacts being disposed substantially outwardly of said binding posts and adjacent opposite walls of the recess, the said recess adapted to be sub stantially closed by a circuit completing member engageable with said pairs of contacts.
3. An attachment plug comprising a body portion having a recess in one end thereof, a pair of socket engageable prongs supported by the body portion and extending through said recess and beyond said end, a contact plate carried by each of said prongs and secured to the base of said recess, a contact plate spaced from and associated with each of said first plates and secured to the base of said recess by a binding post, a cord receiving aperture in the other end of said body portion communicating with said recess, and a cylindrical contact projecting outwardly from each of said plates in parallelism with the axis of said aperture and terminating substantially below the open end of said recess.
4. An attachment plug comprising a body portion having a generally rectangular recess in one end thereof, a cord receiving aperture in the other end of the body portion communicating with said recess, a pair of prong supporting plates secured to the base of said recess by screws disposed in the major axis of said recess, a second pair of plates secured to the base of said recess by binding posts disposed in the minor axis of said recess, a cylindrical contact extending outwardly from each of said plates and disposed adjacent the corners of said recess, a contact on each of said first plates cooperating with a contact on each of said second plates, the said recess adapted to be closed at its open end by a removable fuse box having tubular contacts receiving said cylindrical contacts.
5. A fuse member comprising a generally rectangular open top box of insulating material, a partition wall dividing said box into opposed insulated chambers, a contact member disposed within the material of said box adjacent each corner thereof, a fusible element in each chamber connected to the pair of contacts associated therewith, and a. cover of insulating material for the box.
6. The structure according to claim 5, wherein said box and said cover are each transparent for ready visual inspection of the fusible elements.
'7. The structure according to claim 5, wherein said contacts are each in the form of a sleeve having a clinchable U-shaped member for receiving and retaining an end of said fusible element.
8. The structure according to claim 5, wherein said box and said cover are provided with mating lugs at each opposite side thereof for frictional engagement within corresponding notches in opposed side walls of a recessed attachment plug.
9. The structure according to claim 5, wherein said box is provided with apertures extending from the open top and through the bottom thereof and in which said contact members are disposed, and said cover having spherical surfaced knobs frictionally receivable in the adjacent ends of said apertures.
10. A fuse member for removable disposition within a recess in an attachment plug having pairs of cooperating contacts, a pair of socket engageable prongs projecting beyond the open end of the recess and a notch in each of two opposing recess walls comprising an open top box of insulating material and of generally H-form in plan, a contact embedded in the material of each leg of the box adjacent each end thereof, a partition extending centrally of the cross member and substantially through the legs of the box providing a chamber at each side thereof and with one insulated from the other, a fusible element disposed within each chamber and having its ends secured to the corresponding contacts, and a cover of insulating material for the box.
11. The structure according to claim 10, wherein said box and said cover are transparent for visual inspection of the fusible elements.
12. The structure according to claim 10, wherein said box and said cover are provided with a pair of mating lugs on each of two opposite sides thereof for frictional reception within said notches.
13. The structure according to claim 10, wherein each of said ends of the box legs is provided with an aperture extending from the open top and through the bottom of the box, each of said legs being provided with a recess communicating therewith and with the adjacent chamber ad jacent the open top of the box, each of said contacts comprising a sleeve seated in one of said apertures and having a fusible element attaching member projecting from a side wall thereof and seated on the bottom of a cooperating recess, and said cover being provided with knobs removably receivable in the ends of said apertures at open top of the box and engaging the corresponding ends of the sleeves.
CHARLES E. EGGERS.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,487,927 Ewing Mar. 25, 1924 2,486,380 Bauer Nov. 1, 1949