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Publication numberUS2640699 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 2, 1953
Filing dateAug 28, 1947
Priority dateAug 28, 1947
Publication numberUS 2640699 A, US 2640699A, US-A-2640699, US2640699 A, US2640699A
InventorsGarbo Paul W
Original AssigneeGarbo Paul W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Disklike plaything
US 2640699 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 2, 1953 P. w. GARBO Q 2,640,699

DISKLIKE PLAYTHING Filed Aug. 28, 1947 I 2 Sheets-Sheet l &1

IN VEN TOR.

June 2, 1953 P. w. GARBO 2,640,699

DISKLIKE PLAYTHING Filed Aug. 28, 1947' 2 Shee'lfS-Sheet 2 IN V EN TOR.

Patented June 2, 1 953 UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE 2,640,699 Bismark!) PLAYT'HING Paul'W. Garbo, Freeport, N; Y. sgigiiatmmugfist 2a, 1947', stated No. 771,649

4- Claims? (01. 273-406) This invention relates to a; playth ingwhich, more particularly, compri'ses'a resilient body hay ing a disk-like shape and beingadapted for whirling or throwing through the air. v

In the field of sports and exercise, b'alls hold a prominent position. To hurl a ball to and fro between players is an enioyable' pastiine involv ing healthfulexercise by the players. As known, an overhand throw develops certainmusclesof the player while an underhand throw develops others. I

A primary objectf this" inventionis to provide means for enjoyable exercise calling into play muscles and physical movements which are not involved in ordinary ball p1aying'.

A related object is t'o'provid'e a playthi'ng' for developing graceful'n'ess and suppleness in players through exercise; 7 I

A further object is to provide a device for the amusement of young andold alike. H

Other objects of my invention will beappareht from the description which follows.

I have found that an object having a resilient surface anda shape substantially like that of a disk is a versatile plaything of wide appeal For a clearer understanding of my invention, reference is now made tothe'a'ppended drawings of which:

Figure 1 is a plan view of one form of disk illustrative of my invention;

Figure 2 shows the disk of Figure l partly as an elevation and partly as a section taken along the line 22 of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a plan view of a modified embodiment of the invention;

Figure 4 represents a partial section taken along the line il of Figure 3;

Figure 5 is a partially sectioned view, similar to Figure 4, presenting still another embodiment of the invention;

Figure 6 is a plan view of another form of disk, pait of the upper face being broken away to show the inner construction; and

Figure '7 is a sectional view of the disk of Figure 6 taken along the line !-'l.

The disk IQ of Figures 1 and 2 has flat faces H and rounded or beveled edges I2. A smaller disk [3 of a stiffening material such as plastic, wood or aluminum forms the core of the finished dick Iii. The resilient covering of the disk it! consists of two layers M of a material like foamed or sponge rubber suitably bonded to opposite sides of the stiffening member l3 and a fiat ring 15 of the springy material fitted around the edge of disk [3 and bonded thereto as well as to the layers l-i along the interfaces i6.

The 26f of Figures 3* andyl empress} two substantially flat resilient r ces; l having central openings 2 2 with ro'und'ed edges 23: there'about and rounded edges Edi-along the periphery of the disk- 28 Two disks 25 of transparent plastic or} the like are held spaced relation so'that balls 26 may move freely therebetween when the disk 20 is hurled" or rolled; A flat ring 27 of foamed rubber has an inner tongue-like portion or flange 28 which fits between the transparent disks 25 and thus keeps thein spaces for the in-avement of the confined balls 26. As shown,- the disk 2'6" is made-up of two' fiat rings il of foamed rubber or similar soft and sprin'gy' retreat attached by adhesive to the rigid core of we; disks as and tothe fiat'ring 2-1 along the' interfaces at. The outer surface'of" the rubbery ring 2-? is pm: vided with corrugal-iions- 3|}, g V

Figure 5 shows a modified form of disk of the type presented in Figures 3 and? t; In this in stance, the disk 46 comprises two resilient rings 41 havingconcentric corrugations 4 2 on their outer races. The central openings 43* in" the two rings (H reveal the rigid-core which ismade" up of a cup-like meiiiber-ld of a transparent plastic; e; g, polystyrene or cellulose acetate-,- and-fa disk 45 of the same plastic acting as" the smear lid of the cup-like member" 441' The space within the core portion is partially filled with a liquid at such as water containing an attractive dye. The lid 45 is hermetically sealed to the rim 4? of the cup-like member M. A resilient flat ring 48 surrounds the liquid-containing core portion and is united to the rings il along the interfaces 49.

The disk 50 of Figures 6 and '7 has convex faces 5| and an undulating periphery 52. A ring 53 of a stiffening material, e. g., metal or plastic, is embedded in disk 56. In the particular form represented by Figures 6 and '7, disk 50 is made by cementing or otherwise bonding together two elements of resilient material having convex faces 5| and rounded edges 54; the two elements are joined together along their fiat faces 55. As shown, the elements may be formed with cavities 56 in the fiat faces 55 so as to reduce the weight of the finished disk 50. The cavities 56 which provide gas cells or pockets within disk 50 also function to increase the softness and resilience of the disk.

A more specific example illustrative of my invention will be given in terms of a disk of the type shown in Figures 1 and 2. The stiffening core was a disk of cellulose acetate, measuring 5 inches in diameter and inch in thickness. This core was sandwiched between two %-inch layers of foamed rubber and was encircled by a flat ring of the same rubber. The resilient covering over the plastic core was held together by adhesive. The finished disk was 8 inches in diameter and weighed 11 ounces. It could be hurled through the air by one player with the same easy swinging motion reminiscent of an ancient discus-thrower and could be caught While in flight by another player Without difficulty or fear of injury. It could be bounced off a wall or floor by whirling the disk in such manner that the flat portion of its edge struck the surface from which it was to rebound. As in billiards, the disk could be thrown with English or spun to alter the direction of bounce when the disk contacted a fixed surface. Children enjoyed rolling it along the ground to one another at high speed without hurting themselves. In short, the disk was found an amusing and healthful plaything in the home, on the lawn, at the beach or at any other recreational place.

The dimensions of the disk may be varied as desired but for throw-and-catch exercise I find that disks of about 6 to 10 inches in diameter and about 1 to 2 inches in thickness are more desirable. Also, the weight may be varied at will but for safety the disk is usually made to weigh less than 1 pound.

While the several illustrative embodiments of my invention have been described as comprising an outer surface or casing of foamed rubber (natural or synthetic) which is the preferred resilient material, other resilient constructions may be employed. For instance, the disk may have a sheet covering of a suitable material such as leather, rubber, fabric or flexible plastic film, like the covering on a baseball, and cotton wadding, animal hair, feathers, wool, glass fibers, steel wool, or a similar stufiing material may fill the sheet covering to form the disk and provide a soft, springy surface.

The simplified forms of the disks shown in Figures 1, 2, 6 and 7 are generally preferred by adults, while children usually favor disks of the types represented by Figures 3, 4 and having the additional attraction of moving parts which give pleasing visual and sound effects when the disks are rolled or hurled.

Those skilled in the art will visualize many other modifications and variations of the playing disks of my invention. For instance, instead of forming a disk by cementing together two or more elements, the disk may be molded as a unitary product. It is, therefore, intended that all matter contained in the foregoing description shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

What I claim is:

1. A plaything in substantially the form of a disk with substantially symmetrical opposite faces adapted for hurling and catching exercise, which comprises a soft resilient outer casing made of foamed rubber measuring about six to ten inches in diameter and about one to two inches in thickness, and a stiffening inner rigid core, said inner core occupying only a minor proportion of the volumetric extent of said plaything and said outer casing providing a solid, thick rim about said inner core.

2. The plaything' of claim 1 wherein said inner core is made of transparent material and. said outer casing is disposed around said inner core to permit light to pass through the central portion of said inner core.

3. The plaything of claim 2 wherein said inner core is hollow and contains a movable body.

4. The plaything of claim 3 wherein said movable body is liquid.

PAUL W. GARBO.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 715,795 Haskell Dec. 16, 1902 1,292,011 Monroe Jan. 21, 1919 1,949,567 Goddard Mar. 6, 1934 2,017,501 Howard Oct. 15, 1935 2,223,091 Bresnahan et al. Nov. 26, 1940 2,410,845 Snell Nov. 12, 1946 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 918 Australia Feb. 15, 1927 18,716 Great Britain 1902 411,014 Great Britain May 31, 1934

Patent Citations
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US715795 *Dec 29, 1900Dec 16, 1902Ludington Novelty CompanyGame-piece.
US1292011 *Aug 12, 1918Jan 21, 1919Eva J MonroeResilient missile.
US1949567 *Apr 21, 1932Mar 6, 1934Goddard Holly RMatch box holder for ash trays
US2017501 *Jun 5, 1933Oct 15, 1935Edward T HowardGame
US2223091 *Jan 16, 1939Nov 26, 1940Bresnahan George TDiscus structure
US2410845 *Jul 20, 1944Nov 12, 1946SnellToken
AU91827A * Title not available
GB411014A * Title not available
GB190218716A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2744356 *Jun 4, 1953May 8, 1956Demis Michael CParachute carrying aerial disk
US2825322 *Jul 23, 1954Mar 4, 1958Burley Jr Samuel TRepeating toy gun
US2886320 *Dec 20, 1957May 12, 1959Hennik Burtis W VanGame apparatus
US3026110 *Nov 19, 1959Mar 20, 1962HessProjectile and target game
US3117788 *Jun 1, 1959Jan 14, 1964Bnonanno Joseph EPuck construction
US3188088 *Aug 23, 1962Jun 8, 1965Frank T GatkeCurling stone
US3726526 *Dec 16, 1971Apr 10, 1973Radovich LMulti-purpose game puck
US3784202 *Jun 19, 1972Jan 8, 1974Pon RShuttlecock
US3861683 *Apr 18, 1973Jan 21, 1975Carl M HenryTubular shaped projectile for sporting games
US3964745 *Feb 24, 1975Jun 22, 1976Ogg Andrew LSpring mounted pitching deck and projectile for impacting thereon
US4114885 *Dec 10, 1976Sep 19, 1978Morrow Larry NThrowing disc
US4133533 *Aug 5, 1977Jan 9, 1979Doyle Natividad FGame device
US4151997 *Nov 8, 1976May 1, 1979A. D. Design Services, Inc.Hydroplaning disc
US4153253 *Jan 11, 1978May 8, 1979White Sr Thomas PRoad hockey puck
US4222573 *Apr 26, 1979Sep 16, 1980Adler Alan JohnBoomerang
US4309038 *Feb 7, 1980Jan 5, 1982Spoon Donald MThrow toy
US4456265 *Jan 16, 1979Jun 26, 1984Adler Alan JohnGliding ring
US4616827 *Aug 23, 1984Oct 14, 1986Bergland James HPlaying ball
US4878668 *Apr 14, 1987Nov 7, 1989Victor NevoralIndoor hockey puck
US5020808 *Jan 11, 1990Jun 4, 1991Richards Marvin DTossing ring
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US5092608 *Jan 31, 1991Mar 3, 1992Snipes Terry WSling tag
US5098109 *Aug 24, 1990Mar 24, 1992Mark WayneParachute game
US5184820 *Nov 30, 1988Feb 9, 1993Keating Michael DHockey puck
US5443106 *Feb 27, 1995Aug 22, 1995Browne; BruceSlammer for use in playing milk cap type games and method of manufacture
US5695420 *Jul 28, 1995Dec 9, 1997Bellehumeur; Alex R.Hockey puck
US6241570 *Feb 14, 2000Jun 5, 2001Aquatoy, Inc.Hydrodynamic throwing disc
US7198536Apr 27, 2005Apr 3, 2007Nuccio Mark CWater disc toy
US7727088 *Dec 13, 2006Jun 1, 2010Diggin Active, Inc.Sliding impulse device
US7815532 *May 19, 2008Oct 19, 2010Shawn HarpellPractice hockey puck
US8216091Jun 1, 2010Jul 10, 2012Diggin Active, Inc.Sliding impulse device
EP2388049A1 *May 20, 2010Nov 23, 2011Edwin Kristian MengerToy object in the shape of a body of revolution
WO2010082117A1 *Jan 13, 2010Jul 22, 2010Panini S.P.A.A bouncing disc for games
Classifications
U.S. Classification473/588, 482/21, 473/594
International ClassificationA63H33/00, A63H33/18
Cooperative ClassificationA63H33/18
European ClassificationA63H33/18