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Publication numberUS2643032 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 23, 1953
Filing dateSep 30, 1949
Priority dateSep 30, 1949
Publication numberUS 2643032 A, US 2643032A, US-A-2643032, US2643032 A, US2643032A
InventorsRichard F Berndt
Original AssigneeVirkotype Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Powder dispenser and distributor
US 2643032 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 23, 1953 R. F. BERNDT POWDERDISPENSER AND DISTRIBUTOR 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 30, 1949 ZRichardEEer if- @AKow/m/ June 23, 1953 R. F. BERNDT 2,643,032

POWDER DISPENSER AND DISTRIBUTOR Filed Sept. 50, 1949 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 7 n LET {I I. v i ii [1: A3 7 /6 9 /3 7/ w P 45 /5 c111. -7

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(Ev wee 0%]: Richard EEerncH Patented June 23, 1953 POWDER DISPENSER AND DISTRIBUTOR Richard F. Berndt, Racine, Wis., assignor to Virkotype Corporation, Racine, Wis., a corporation of Virginia Application September 30, 1949, Serial No. 118,831

2 Claims. 1

This invention pertains to an improved'mechanism for dispensing and distributing powdered material upon a relatively movable flat surface, and while the apparatus may have numerous applications, the same has been devised particularly for use in powder dusting sheets or a web of paper in the process of raised printing, such as described in my co-pending application, Serial No. 742,759 upon which the present invention is an improvement regarding the distributor described in said application.

More specifically the apparatus disclosed in the above application, provides an inclined tray for receiving measured quantities of powder from a rotary delivery valve communicating with a centrifugal separator and pick-up. The rate of discharge of powder from the distributing tray is controlled by an adjustable gate. Being dependent upon gravity distribution, the above mechanism proved to be ununiform in operation and frequently failed completely through caking or clogging of powder in the distributing tray.

Therefore, it is the primary object of the present invention to overcome the foregoing objections by the provision of a positive distributing mechanism for accurately controlling the rate of discharge of powder, and effecting uniform distribution of the same over the surface of treated mat rial.

Incidental to the foregoing a more specific object of the invention resides in. the provision of a driven feed roller from which the powder is delivered to the work material, and means for distributing the powder longitudinally over the length of the roller, together with means for controlling the rate of discharge.

In addition to the foregoing, other objects will appear as the description proceeds, and while the accompanying drawings illustrate one complete physical form of the invention constructed in accordance. with the best mode so far devised, it is to be understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention are contemplated within the scope of the appended claims.

Inthe drawings: 7

Figure 1 is an elevatlonal view of an apparatus for collecting, separating and dispensing powder in a raised printing process, the improved dis tributor mechanism being incorporated therein;

Figure 2 is a transverse vertical sectional view through the delivery and dispensing mechanism, the same being taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 3;

Figure 3 is a longitudinal sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2; and

Figure 4is atop plan. view of-the frame which 2 carries the rotary delivery valve and dispensing mechanism.

Referring now more particularly to the accompanying drawings numeral I designates a frame which encases the mechanism constituting the present invention. Mounted on the top of the frame I is a centrifugal separator 2 in which reduced pressure is created through a suction line 3. The centrifugal separator 2 is provided with an angular inclined nozzle 4, provided at its lower end with a suction foot 5 for removing surplus powder from a dusted sheet of material, traveling on a continuous belt 6.

The centrifugal separator shown, corresponds to the disclosure in pending application Serial No. 742,759, and therefore forms no part of the present invention.

Theframel, which is suitably supported above the belt 6, transversely of the same, comprises a pair of end plates 1 connected by transverse bars 8. Supported within the upper end of the frame I is a rotary delivery valve 9, splined or otherwise secured upon a shaft I0 journaled in anti-frictional bearings l2, carried by end plates [3, secured to a top plate [4 fastened between the upper transverse bars 8.

In the present instance the rotary delivery valve 9 illustrated comprises, a cylindrical sleeve l5 provided with spaced radial fins I6 forming a series of annular pockets ll, which successively register with an opening [8 formed in the top plate H to receive powder from the centrifugal separator 2. The cylindrical sleeve I5 is fastened to a pair of end discs l9 splined on the shaft [0.

Inasmuch as the rotary delivery valve is fully disclosed in application Serial No. 742,759, the same forms no part of the present invention, other than as set forth in the combinations hereinafter claimed.

Journaled in a bearing 20, is a stub shaft 2! connected with the shaft 10 through a flexible coupling 22. The bearing 20 is secured in one of the end plates 1, and fastened upon the extended endof the shaft 2| is a sprocket wheel 23. Suitably mounted within the frame 1, below the rotary valve 9 is an auxiliary hopper 24 provided with converging front and rear end walls 25 and 26, respectively, which form a longitudinal opening in the bottom of the hopper.

Positioned immediately below the opening in the auxiliary hopper 24 is a smooth surfaced feed roller 21 the diameter of which is substantially larger than the width of the longitudinal opening in the bottom of the hopper, the shaft 28 of roller 3 21 being journaled in anti-frictional bearings 29 secured in the end walls 1.

Positioned within the auxiliary hopper 24 in longitudinal alignment with the feed roller 21 and immediately thereabove is a right and left hand worm 30, the ends of which are journaled in anti-frictional bearings 3| mounted in the end plates 1.

For positive drive of the rotary valve 9, the feed roller 21 and the worm 30, the shaft 28 of the smooth feed roller is provided at one end with a sprocket 32 driven by a chain 33 connected.

with any suitable source of power.

The opposite end of shaft 28 is likewise provided with a sprocket wheel 34 connected by a chain 35 with a sprocket 36 secured upon one end of the worm shaft 30. Adjacent thesprocket 34L a. similar sprocket 31 is secured on the shaft 28 and connected with the sprocket wheel 23 through a chain 38 to drive the rotary valve 9.

As best shown in Figure 2, the rear wall 2-8 of the auxiliary hopper 24 converges toward the worm 30, and terminatesin close contact with the feed'roller 21'. The front wall 25 of the hopper 2.4 also converges toward the worm 30, and is connected to the upper front wall of the hopper by suitable hinges 39; By meansof the hinge connection of the plate 25, its lower end can be adjusted to and away from-the periphery of the feed roller 21 to regulate the size of the opening between the two. By reason of the different relative sizes of thesmooth surfacedfeedroller 21 and the bottom opening of the hopper 24, the front wall 25 of the hopper is always substantially normal to the surface of the roller-and if projected would engage the surface of the roller at a point well above a horizontal plane through the axissof theroller.

A thumb screw Gil-carried by. a bracket 4.] serves to adjustthe hinged front. plate 25 with relation to the feed roller 21, whilethe-spring 42 interposed between the plate, 25 and bracket 4| functions to urge the plate 25,110 its adjusted position.

Inasmuch as static occurs in the ,feedrpl e 2 T a. doct r M i-deer. scr p 4,3; avinaanw uninten rupted stra ightedge, .is fastened toa rockerv bar 44 journaled in the end plates 1 of the'frame 1. As; stv hown. n, Fi ure 2, the n rupt straight edge of the blade continuously engages the il riphery of thefeed roller 21 throughout its length to removepowder from the, roller which would otherwise cling to the same because of existing static., V i V In operation, therotary valve ,9 delivers measuredquantities ofp'owder, received frbinthebntrifugal separator 2, to the auxiliary hopperit", and as the same is discharged uponv the right and left hand wormto', and the closely adjacent surface of the rotating feed'roller-21, it will be apparent that the powder will be distributed longi= tudinally over the surface of the feedroller from a central pointtoward its ends,'inasmuch as'the right'and left hand turnsof the worm converge at acentralpoint-intermediate the ends of the worm.

The direction of travel of the" feed" roller 21; as indicated by the arrow in Figure 2', tends to pick up powder fromth'e rearwall 26 ofthe auxiliary hopper 24 and'carry the same forwardly through-the opening between the periphery of the feed roller 21 and-the lower end of the adjustable plate 21. As previously explained, the powder is then discharged upon work material carried upon the belt 6, and anyparticles tending-toadhere to the periphery on -th'e feedroller 2 1 'areremoved by the-spring urged doctor blade 43';

Also, in practice it has been found that the doctor blade 43 serves to further equalize distribution of powder over the surface of treated material in the event that uneven streams are discharged from the feed roller 21, due to the fact that upon engaging the doctor blade the powder, has a tendency to spread or flow laterally on the same.

From the foregoing explanation, considered in connection with the accompanying drawings, it will be apparent that a comparatively simple and inexpensive mechanism has been devised for positively and uniformly dusting powder upon printed sheets or other work material to be treated, su ch as in the process of raised printing.

I claim:

In combination with a rotary valve for delivering substantially dry powder from a hopper, a distributing mechanism comprising an auxiliary hopper positioned below said delivery valve and having a bottom discharge opening, a driven, smooth surfaced feed roller mounted immediate- 1y below the bottom opening of said auxiliary hopper for positively discharging powder from said hopper, and a right and left hand worm positioned in said auxiliary hopper immediately above said feed roller for distributing powder over the surface of said feed roller, said worm being substantially parallel to the axis of the roller and being substantially equal in length to the length of the roller.

2. In combination with a rotary valve for delivering substantially dry powder from a hopper, a distributing mechanism comprising an auxiliary hopper positioned below said delivery valve and having a bottom discharge opening, a driven, smooth surfaced feed roller mounted immediately below the bottom opening of said auxiliary hopper for positively discharging powder from said hopper, a right and left hand worm positioned in said auxiliary hopper immediately above said feed roller for distributing powder longitudinally over the surface of said feed roller, an adjustable gate forming one side of said auxiliary hopper and cooperating with said roller to regulate-the rate of powder discharge from said auxiliary hopper, said adjustable gate being substantially normal to'the surface of the feed roller and its lower edge being located adjacent the upper surface of said roller, and a pivotal spring urged scraper blade having an uninterrupted straight edge adapted to continuously longitudi- I nally engage the periphery of said feed roller throughout its length for removing powder therefrom, said scraper blade being so positioned and arranged with respect to the feed roller that the powder removed from the roller must pass over it whereby said blade'also serves to aid in even distribution .of the powder.

'F. BER T.

References .Cited in the file of this patent- UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Re. 3,587 Foster Aug. 3, 1869 1,107,773 Ford Aug. 18, 1914 1,755,618 Watzl Apr. 22, 1930 1,930,814 Lipsius Oct. 17, 1933 1,949,102 Greenway Feb. 27, 1934 1,986,047 .Dawley et'al Jan. 1, 1935 2,030,541 Rose Feb. 11, 1936 2,144,142 Buehler Jan; 17, .1939

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1107773 *Dec 6, 1911Aug 18, 1914Fuchs & Lang Mfg CompanyBronzing-machine.
US1755618 *Oct 19, 1926Apr 22, 1930Herman J TrenkampFeeding and conveying apparatus
US1930814 *Mar 13, 1931Oct 17, 1933Samuel LipsiusPowdering apparatus
US1949102 *Sep 24, 1931Feb 27, 1934Cottrell C B & Sons CoAntioffset mechanism for printing presses
US1986047 *Sep 10, 1930Jan 1, 1935Dawley James RaymondDusting attachment for printing presses known as an offset machine
US2030541 *Mar 19, 1935Feb 11, 1936Rose Brothers LtdApparatus for delivering powdery material
US2144142 *Feb 25, 1937Jan 17, 1939Moyer Buehler AllanMaterial distributing apparatus
USRE3587 *Aug 3, 1869 Improvement in fertilizer attachments
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3195586 *Nov 8, 1962Jul 20, 1965Vogt Clarence WMethod and apparatus for accurately dispensing divided material
US3261503 *Jul 24, 1964Jul 19, 1966Cassidy Irwin BAdjustable dial dispenser
US3268067 *Jun 14, 1965Aug 23, 1966Klinzing Co Inc A FFeed distributor
US3840156 *Dec 26, 1972Oct 8, 1974Ricoh KkTuner supply device
US7540256 *Apr 15, 2005Jun 2, 2009Stork Titan B.V.Method and device for coating food products with an upper layer of coating material
US7561832May 21, 2003Jul 14, 2009Oce Printing Systems GmbhDevice and method for dosing toner material in an electrophotographic printer or copier
US7840166Jun 8, 2009Nov 23, 2010Oce Printing Systems GmbhDevice and method for dosing toner material in an electrophotographic printer or copier
DE1086245B *Jun 16, 1955Aug 4, 1960Aerostyle LtdPuderspruehvorrichtung
DE1090232B *Jan 9, 1957Oct 6, 1960Selwyn Press LtdVorrichtung zur Reliefdrucknachbildung durch aufgestaeubtes Pulver
EP2154580A2May 21, 2003Feb 17, 2010OcÚ Printing Systems GmbHApparatus and method to control the supply of toner in an electrophotographic printer or copier.
WO2003100527A2 *May 21, 2003Dec 4, 2003Joseph KnottDevice and method for dosing toner material in an electrophotographic printer or copier
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/254, 222/368, 222/412, 222/342, 222/238
International ClassificationB41F23/06, B41M1/22
Cooperative ClassificationB41M1/22, B41F23/06
European ClassificationB41M1/22, B41F23/06