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Publication numberUS2643579 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 30, 1953
Filing dateFeb 21, 1950
Priority dateFeb 21, 1950
Publication numberUS 2643579 A, US 2643579A, US-A-2643579, US2643579 A, US2643579A
InventorsJr George W Jacoby
Original AssigneeJr George W Jacoby
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Microtome knife
US 2643579 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 30, 1953 G. W. JACOBY, JR

MICROTOME KNIFE Filed Feb. 21, 1950 IN VEN TOR. GEORGE WJACOBY, J R.

ATTORNE Patented June 30, 1953 UNIT-ED STATES PATENT OFFICE MICROTOME KNIFE George W. Jacoby, J r., Wooster, Ohio Application February 21, 1950, Serial No. 145,457

6 Claims.

This invention-relates broadly to microtomes andimore specifically to improvements in. knives and, knife holders therefor.

One of the objects of the invention is to provide1a knifewhich-may be adjusted laterally relative to a mounted specimen in the machine without disturbing the pre-adjusted position of the knife holder.

Another object of the invention is to provide a ledge in aside wall of the knife which isadapte'd'for engagement with a web in the holder for the. support thereof and secondary clampinginstrumentalities to retain the blade in its adjusted position upon the web.

Another object of the invention is to provide a blade'which may be discarded after the cutting edge becomes dull.

Another object of the invention isto provide a blade which is formed with a relatively thick body at'the' base of thefacet inorder to resist fleXur-e and the vibrational strains imposed upon the cutting edge and a thin section in the portion'of'the body which is supported by the holder.

--A further object of'the invention is to provide a microtome blade and support which is stable and lightweight in operation.

A-still further object of the invention resides in the'provision of a microtome blade and support which may be readily positioned for trimming and finishing while retaining cutting adjustments.

Further objects of the invention-reside in the provision of a knife and holder which are sturdy of structure, economic of manufacture, efficient of operation, and an assembly which is susceptiole of use on machines now in use without modification thereof.

Other objects and advantages, more or less ancillary to the foregoing, and the manner in which all the various objects are realized will appear in the following description, which, considered in connection with the accompanying drawings, sets forth the pref-erred embodiment of the invention.

Referring to the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a view in perspective of a microtome embodying the invention;

'Fig. 2 is a view in perspective of the improved knife and holder therefor;

Fig. 3 is a transverse section through the holder and knife, the section being taken on a plane indicated by the line 33 in Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a view in perspective of the holder and a fragmentary portion of the cradle therefor;

Fig. 5. is a cross sectional view of theknifeand holder anda portion'of'the specimen support;

Fig. 6 isa cross sectional view of a knife and holder and'a coolant conduit therefor; and

Fig. 7 is an'elevational view of an alternative form of knife.

As illustrated in Fig. 1, the microtome,.which is chosen herein as illustrative of one of the forms of machines upon which the improved knife and holder may be used, comprises a housing ll! having the customary gearing thereon (not shown) for moving the specimen holder H in a vertical reciprocatory pathand at the same time-feeding the holder outwardly against a'stationaryiknife The improvedknife holder it is mountedina cradle M which is supported in a slide l5 seated on ways in an extended-base portion of the. housing iii. The slide is provided with set screws arranged to clamp the cradle and knifeholder in the adjusted position, the screws l6 being provided to support the cradle in angular relation to the specimen H, the screws l8 for the retention of the cradle against horizontal movement, the

screws |-9 forthe-securement of the knife holder within. the cradle, and the screws 20 for theretention of the slide I5.

The knives heretofore in use were formed from a-solid barof steel of a length-no less than the width of thecradle- M, such blades being locked in place by the screws l9; hence, when it was necessary toshift the blades laterally to present a sharp edge to the work it was necessary tomanipulate the screws l9 and frequently readjust thezscrews I6 and I8.

In .the'present invention the knife holder is substituted for the massive :'body of the blade formerly in use, the screws l9 and other adjustmentsbeing employed in the same manner to perform the same function. It is a particular feature of the structureof the invention that the knife holder isstable and fixed with respect to the machine and that the blade is firmly supported against vibration Without reliance upon massiveness.

The preferred embodiment of the holder as illustrated inFig. '2' comprises plateZll having a boss 2| in the central portion of a'face thereof which is formed 'with'a groove 22 therein for the reception of .a permanent magnet 23. The holder is constructed from anon-ferrous metal such aluminum, and the prismoidal ends 24 thereof are configured for'engagementin a groove 25 in the cradle (Fig. 4). 'The upper face of the boss 2!: is concave. and 'directed downwardly to form a slide for the ribbons of tissue sliced from the specimen and to serve as a work area for the operator. The upper face of the boss terminates in a sharp web 28 which supports an undercut ledge 2'! in the upper portion of the knife 28 subjacent the facet 29. The area of the face of the knife below the ledge 27 is substantially equal to that of the inner face of the boss and the body of the blade as well as the ledge is relatively thick in order to resist fiexure and such vibrational strains as are imposed thereon.

In operation, the slide is adjusted to support the knife forwardly of the specimen and in spaced relation therewith. The cradle is next adjusted to provide the requisite clearance angle for the knife and the slicing operation may then be performed. It will be noted that when the work piece or specimen is brought into contact with the knife, the thrust thereon will maintain the ledge 21 in seated relation with the web 26. When the cutting edge of the knife becomes worn, the blade may be shifted sideways by exerting sufficient pressure against the end thereof to overcome the magnet, such adjustment being made without disturbing the angular position of the holder or cradle, or the transverse adjustment thereof. After the edge of the knife has become dull throughout its length it may be discarded since the amount of steel therein and the original economical method of manufacture does not justify the cost of resharpening.

If desired, the knife may be formed with a slot 30 therein and a thumb screw 3| may be employed in substitution of the magnet 23, Fig. 7. When the specimen is mounted in a cube of paraffin as is customary when handling certain types of material, the knife and holder may be chilled by placing a small piece of solid carbon dioxide within the channel of the magnet or groove therefor, or securing a tube 32 therein which is coupled with a circulated coolant, Fig. 6. Such practice insures the production of the proper sectioning of the specimen and avoids the sticking ordinarily caused by the paraflin.

Although the foregoing description is necessarily of a detailed character, in order that the invention may be completely set forth, it is to be understood that the specific terminology is not intended to be restrictive or confining, and that various rearrangements of parts and modifications of detail may be resorted to without departing from the scope Or spirit of the invention as herein claimed.

I claim:

1. In a microtome, a plate comprising two extended end portions adapted to be secured in the knife holder of the microtome and a central portion having an upper face and a front face, a blade adapted to be held against the front face of the said plate, the said blade having a cutting edge along the upper extremity thereof and including a ledge as an integral part of the blade and disposed along the cutting edge, the ledge comprising a laterally projecting portion for engaging the central portion of the plate along the upper face thereof to constrain the vertical movement of the blade with respect to the plate and the upper face of the ledge having a smooth surface extending from the cutting edge to the upper face of the said plate and the surface of the upper face of the plate forming a smooth extension of the surface of the upper face of the ledge, and means for holding the said blade against the front face of the said plate, the engaging portions of the said plate and the said blade being of uniform cross section along the length thereof to permit longitudinal sliding movement of the blade relative to the said plate.

2. In a microtome, a plate comprising two extended end portions adapted to be secured in the knife holder of the microtome and a central portion having an upper face and a flat front face, a blade having a flat surface for engaging the ,front face of the said plate and a cutting edge along the upper extremity thereof, the said blade including a ledge as an integral part thereof and disposed along the cutting edge, the ledge comprising a laterally projecting portion for engaging the central portion of the plate along the upper face thereof to constrain the vertical movement of the blade with respect to the plate and the upper face of the ledge having a smooth surface extending from the cutting edge to the upper face of the said plate and the ledge having a thin lateral extremity so that the surface of the upper face of the plate merges smoothly with the surface of the upper face of the ledge, and means for holding the said blade against the front face of the said plate, the engaging portions of the said plate and the said blade being of uniform cross section along the length thereof to permit longitudinal sliding movement of the blade relative to the said plate.

3. In a microtome, a plate having two extended end portions adapted to be secured in the knife holder of the microtome and a boss projecting from the plate and disposed between the ends of the plate, the said boss having an upper face and a fiat front face, a blade adapted to be held against the front face of the said boss, the said blade including a ledge as an integral part of the blade and disposed along the upper extremity thereof, the ledge having a laterally projecting portion for engaging the upper face of the boss to constrain the vertical movement of the blade with respect to the boss, and the surface of the upper face of the boss forming a smooth extension of the surface of the upper face of the ledge, and means for clamping the said blade against the front face of the said boss comprisin a longitudinal slot in the blade and a screw extending through the slot and into the boss to permit longitudinal adjustment of the blade relative to the plate.

4. In a microtome, a plate having two extended end portions adapted to be secured in the knife holder of the microtome, and a boss projecting from the plate and disposed between the ends of the plate, the said boss having an upper face and a flat front face, a blade adapted to be held against the front face of the said boss, the said blade including a ledge as an integral part of the blade and disposed along the upper ex tremity thereof, the ledge having a laterally projecting portion for engaging the upper face of the boss to constrain the vertical movement of the blade with respect to the boss, and the surface of the upper face of the boss forming a smooth extension of the surface of the upper face of the ledge, and a permanent magnet mounted in said boss, the said magnet having a vertical cross section substantially uniform throughout the length thereof mounted in said boss for clamping the blade firmly to the front face of the boss while permittin longitudinal sliding movement of the blade relative to the boss.

5. In a microtome having a knife holder and a plate with extended end portions adapted to be secured in the knife holder, said plate having a.

central portion with a front face adapted to be engaged by the blade and an upper face having a smooth surface, a blade comprising a body having a cutting edge along the upper extremity thereof and a ledge integral with the body along the edge at one side of the body, the upper surface of the said ledge forming a smooth extension from the cutting edge to the upper face of the plate, and the blade being of uniform cross section along the length thereof to permit longitudinal sliding movement of the blade relative to the plate.

'6. In a microtome having a knife holder and a plate with extended end portions adapted to be secured in the knife holder, said plate having a central portion with a front face adapted to be engaged by the blade and an upper face having a smooth surface, a blade comprising a flat body having a cutting edge along the upper extremity 15 Number 10 blade relative to the said plate.

GEORGE W. JACOBY, JR.

ReferencesCited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date 784,069 Polkowski Mar. '7, 1905 1,299,095 Ames Apr. 1, 1919 2,232,008 MacDonald Feb. 18, 1941

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US784069 *Jun 28, 1904Mar 7, 1905John PolkowskiShears.
US1299095 *Jun 6, 1917Apr 1, 1919Butler AmesMagnetic razor.
US2232008 *Jan 20, 1939Feb 18, 1941Spencer Lens CompanyMicrotome blade holder
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3060781 *May 19, 1959Oct 30, 1962Fernandez-Moran Villalobos HumDiamond cutting tool having an edge thickness of 0.001 to 0.01 micron
US3093135 *Jan 29, 1962Jun 11, 1963Max L HirschhornCooled surgical instrument
US3203290 *Jun 7, 1963Aug 31, 1965Frigistor Lab LtdMicrotomes
US3220290 *Oct 1, 1963Nov 30, 1965Reichert Optische Werke AgMicrotome knife clamp with knife cooling means
US3225662 *Aug 26, 1960Dec 28, 1965Miehle Goss Dexter IncSubmerged servomotor with prefill valve for guillotine type paper cutting machine
US3227020 *Sep 23, 1963Jan 4, 1966Internat Equipment CoMicrotome blade holder and anti-roll means therefor
US4182017 *Mar 22, 1978Jan 8, 1980Lee Green Precision Industries Ltd.Method and apparatus for terminating optical fibres
US4262567 *Oct 1, 1979Apr 21, 1981Bettin Elizabeth MDevice for cooling microtome blade
US4582009 *Nov 5, 1984Apr 15, 1986Union Special GmbhSewing machine thread trimming mechanism
US4726804 *Apr 28, 1986Feb 23, 1988Wesley Business FormsMethod and apparatus for fabricating continuous envelopes
US5148729 *Oct 15, 1990Sep 22, 1992Carlos KrumdieckBiological tissue slicer
US5461953 *Mar 25, 1994Oct 31, 1995Mccormick; James B.Multi-dimension microtome sectioning device
US5901623 *Sep 24, 1996May 11, 1999The Edison Materials Technology CenterCryogenic machining
US6116130 *Dec 22, 1997Sep 12, 2000Recot, Inc.Cutting head assembly with replaceable blade
US7578062May 12, 2006Aug 25, 2009The Gillette CompanySafety razors
US7895754Jun 4, 2009Mar 1, 2011The Gillette CompanySafety razors
US7913393Oct 7, 2008Mar 29, 2011The Gillette CompanySafety razor with multi-pivot blade unit
DE3327618A1 *Jul 30, 1983Feb 14, 1985Parke Davis & CoVorrichtung zum einspannen eines probenkoerpers in einem mikrotom
DE9015566U1 *Nov 14, 1990Feb 7, 1991Microm Laborgeraete Gmbh, 6909 Walldorf, DeTitle not available
Classifications
U.S. Classification83/699.61, 83/171, 83/915.5, 30/349, 82/900, 606/132, 82/158, 30/74
International ClassificationG01N1/06
Cooperative ClassificationG01N1/06, G01N2001/061, Y10S82/90
European ClassificationG01N1/06