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Publication numberUS2645231 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 14, 1953
Filing dateMay 29, 1952
Priority dateMay 29, 1952
Publication numberUS 2645231 A, US 2645231A, US-A-2645231, US2645231 A, US2645231A
InventorsDecker Moses O
Original AssigneeDecker Moses O
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fountain comb
US 2645231 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented July 14, 1953 kUNITED `STATES PATENT OFFICE FOUNTAIN COMB Moses 0. Decker, Cleveland, Ohio Application May 29, 1952, Serial No. 290,785

Claims. (Cl. 132-13) .i This invention relates to a fountain comb and 1s especially adapted for the purpose of supplying lanolin or other liquid to the scalp.

The object of my present invention is to provide such a device that may be actuated automatically upon contact of the teeth of the comb with the head of the user, under suitable pressure, so as to thereby feed a suitable quantity of the liquid directly to the scalp.

Another object is to devise such a comb that is of simple construction and may be manufactured and sold at a popular price.

Other objects will appear from the following description when considered together with the ac companying drawing.

Fig. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of my present device;

Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof, partly broken away;

Fig. 3 is a View taken on line 3--3 of Fig. 1; and

Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of a part of Fig. 3.

It is to be understood that the present form of disclosure is merely for the purpose of illustration and that there might be various modifications thereof Without departing from the spirit of my inventionvas herein set forth and claimed.

Referring now to the accompanying drawing in detail, the body I of plastic or other suitable material is provided with a reservoir 2 for the lanolin in liquid form, or other liquid, this reservoirV being closed by the readily removable screw closure 3 at the one end thereof. The body I has formed also as an integral part thereof the chamber 4 that has communication with the reservoir 2 through the restricted openings 5 so as to permit feeding of the lanolin or other liquid from the reservoir to the chamber 4. The chamber 4 may be closed by the readily removable closure rIi that is screw-threaded.

The lower side of the body I has extending downwardly therefrom the integrally formed teeth 'I which are hollow land each of which has an opening 8 at the upper end thereof for communication with the chamber 4 and has a valve member 9 with its stem I0 extending therethrough in spaced relation theretov so as to permit flow of the lanolin or other liquid. The valve 9 in each instance is adapted to close the corresponding opening 8; and all of the valves 9 are adapted to be normally closed and held closed by the tubular resilient Ymember I I of rubber or rubber-like material which may have both ends closed. The member II is located within the chamber 4 and is adapted to have bearing engagement against the projections I 2 on the inner wall of the champrovide the spaces I3 between the tubular member I I and the upper inside surface of the chamber 4 for a purpose to be explained. The engagement of the tubular member II with the valves 9 will aioid spaces also between the member I I vand the inside wall of the chamber 4 at the Vpoints between the valves 9, as illustrated in/the present drawing. In fact, as indicated, there is space between the member II and the wall of the chamber 4 entirely thereabout except for its points of engagement with the projections I2 and the valves 9. This combined space between the member II and the Wall of the chamber 4 will serve to receive a suitable quantity of the lanolin or other liquid from the reservoir 2 preparatory to its being fed through the valve openings in the manner to be explained. y c

The integrally formed valve members 9 and I0 maybe made of nylon or other such material that will affordsuitable resilience to permit them to be placed in operative position by `insertion through the opening in the side of the chamber 4 that may then be closed by the cover I4 which is then sealed in such position by means of a suitable cement about the edges thereof.

With a supply of lanoliny or other liquid in the reservoir and upon contact of the ends of the valve stems I0 with proper pressure against the head of the user, the valves 9 may be opened against the tension of the tubular member Il, whereupon some of the liquid will flow out through the hollow teeth 'I from the chamber 4. By placf.- ing the ends of the stems I0 in direct engagement with the scalp, the liquid may be supplied in a direct manner to the scalp and henceto the roots of the hair without having to apply it to all of the hair. At the same time, the resilient member II will be compressed upwardly against the openings 5 so as to temporarily close the same. Then, upon release of the pressure of the valve stems I0 from engagement with lthe head of the user, the valves 9 will be automatically closed by action ofthe resilient member I I; and the downward expansive action of the member II will at the c same time uncover the openings 5 and thus serve to draw some ofthe liquid from the reservoir 2 into the chamber 4 to replace that which has just been discharged through the openings 8 and to be ready for delivery out through the openings `8 and the hollow teeth 'I to the scalp when next applied to the head of the user.

Thus the resilient member I Iy performs several functions. While it normally tends to hold closed the valves 9, it also permits the valves to be opened against the tension of the member l I which will then automatically close the same. Also, the member Il by its compressive and expansive actions in turn, serves as a means of permitting flow of the liquid thereabout and of drawing a suitable quantity of the liquid from the reservoir 2 through the openings 5 into the chamber 4 preparatory to being fed therefrom through the valve openings 8 and down through the hollow teeth 1 and out along the stems I0 which have suitable clearance in the teeth 1 for this purpose, including the point of exit therefrom in each instance. Furthermore, the member Il may serve as a cushioning means that will automatically compensate for any irregularities in the surface of the head of the user.

It is to be understood that, with my form and arrangement of the reservoir 2, chamber 4, openings and 8, as well as the arrangement of the tubular member l I within the chamber 4 and the spaces provided thereabout, the manner of operation of the valve stems I0 and the valves 9 carried thereby, and the clearance about each stem I0 in the opening at the lower end of each hollow tooth 1, there may be suflicient means of air communication to permit flow of the lanolin or other liquid in the manner herein contemplated. Also, the lanolin or other liquid may be of such viscosity as to permit iiow of the same in the manner as herein provided but without danger of accidental escape of the same past the valves when in closed position.

It is believed that the practical advantages of this invention will be apparent to those who are familiar with the art to which it relates.

What I claim is:

l. A fountain comb comprising a body having a reservoir for a liquid and having a chamber therebelow in communication therewith so as to receive liquid therefrom said body having hollow teeth extending downwardly from said chamber and having individual openings at the upper ends thereof to permit flow of the liquid from said chamber, a valve member extending through each of said hollow teeth and in spaced relation thereto and adapted to control the flow of the liquid through the opening from said chamber, and resilient means within said chamber for normally holding said valve members in closed position, and said valve members each extending normally beyond the outlet end of its hollow tooth and being adapted to be opened by engagement of its outer end with the head of the user and against the tension of said resilient means.

2. A fountain comb comprising a body having a reservoir for a liquid and having a chamber therebelow in communication therewith so as to receive liquid therefrom, said body having hollow teeth extending downwardly from said chamber and having individual openings at the upper ends thereof to permit flow of the liquid from said chamber, a valve member extending through each of said hollow teeth and in spaced relation thereto and adapted to control the llow of the liquid through the opening from said chamber, a resilient rubber-like means within said chamber and normally holding said Valve members in position closing said openings, and said valve members each extending normally beyond the outlet end of its hollow tooth and being adapted to be opened by engagement of its outer end with the head of the user and against the tension of said rubber-like means.

3. A fountain comb comprising a body having a reservoir for a liquid and having a chamber therebelow in communication therewith so as to receive liquid therefrom, said body having hollow teeth extending downwardly from said chamber and having individual openings at the upper ends thereof to permit flow of the liquid from said chamber, a valve member extending through each of said hollow teeth and in spaced relation thereto and adapted to control the flow of the liquid through the opening from said chamber, and a cylindrical resilient rubber-like member having slight clearance within said chamber and having engagement with said valve members so as to normally hold the same in closed position, and said valve members each extending normally beyond the outlet end of its hollow tooth and being adapted to be opened by engagement o! its outer end with the head of the user and against the tension of said rubber-like member.

4. A fountain comb comprising a body having a reservoir for a liquid and having an integrally formed chamber therebelow in communication therewith so as to receive liquid therefrom, said body having integrally formed hollow teeth eX- tending downwardly from said chamber and having individual openings at the upper ends thereof to permit iiow of the liquid from said chamber. a valve member extending through each of said hollow teeth and in spaced relation thereto and adapted to control the flow of the liquid through the opening from said chamber, and a cylindrical resilient rubber-like member having slight clearance within said chamber and having engagement with said valve members so as to hold the same normally in closed position, and said valve members each extending normally beyond the outlet end of its hollow tooth and being adapted to be opened by engagement of its outer end with the head of the user and against the tension of said rubber-like member.

5. A fountain comb comprising a body having a reservoir for a liquid and having an integrally formed chamber therebelow with means of restricted communication therewith so as to receive liquid therefrom, said body having integrally formed hollow teeth extending downwardly from said chamber and having individual openings at the upper ends thereof to permit flow of the liquid from said chamber, a valve member extending through each of said hollow teeth and in spaced relation thereto and adapted to control the flow of the liquid through the corresponding opening from said chamber, and a cylindrical compressible and resilient rubber-like member normally having slight clearance with respect to said means of communication with said reservoir and having engagement with said valve members so as to hold the same normally in closed position, and said valve members each extending normally beyond the outlet end of its hollow tooth and being adapted to be opened by engagement of its outer end with the head of the user and to compress said rubber-like member against said means of communication with said reservoir preparatory to its withdrawing liquid from said reservoir upon release of said rubber-like member.

MOSES O. DECKER.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 665,608 Kotz Jan. 8, 1901 790,857 Taaife et al May 23, 1905 1,664,168 Harris Mar. 27, 1928 1,704,959 Ames Mar. 12, 1929

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US665608 *Dec 19, 1898Jan 8, 1901Daniel KotzComb.
US790857 *Aug 17, 1904May 23, 1905James TaaffeComb.
US1664168 *Sep 15, 1926Mar 27, 1928Ayer CompanyScalp-treating appliance
US1704959 *May 7, 1927Mar 12, 1929Butler AmesFountain comb
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3053264 *May 18, 1959Sep 11, 1962Breton Alex TPharmaceutical hair device having hollow teeth
US7322363 *Jan 23, 2006Jan 29, 2008Chico L. DillardConditioner dispensing hair brush
Classifications
U.S. Classification132/115, 222/501
International ClassificationA45D24/00, A45D24/24
Cooperative ClassificationA45D24/24
European ClassificationA45D24/24