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Publication numberUS2646474 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 21, 1953
Filing dateDec 7, 1949
Priority dateDec 7, 1949
Publication numberUS 2646474 A, US 2646474A, US-A-2646474, US2646474 A, US2646474A
InventorsStratton Robert L
Original AssigneeIte Circuit Breaker Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Universal interlock
US 2646474 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 21, 1953 Filed Dec. 7, 1949 R- L. STRATTON UNIVERSAL INTERLOCK 4 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR.

ROBERT L STRA'TTON A TTOE/VEYS July 21, 1953 R. L. STRATTON UNIVERSAL INTERLOCK Filed D80. 7, 1949 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

ROBERT l STRATTON ATTORNEYS R. L. STRATTON UNIVERSAL INTERLOCK July 21, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Dec. 7, 1949 FIG. 4.

INVENTOR.

Roiimi ybzaifmz Gila M21294 R. L. STRATTON UNIVERSAL INTERLOCK July 21, 1953 4 Sheet-Sheet 4 Filed Dec. 7, 1949 INVENTOR.

ROBERT l STRATTON dmxmk V 1%;,

ATTORNEYS.

Patented July 21, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE UNIVERSAL INTERLOCK Robert L. Stratton, Folcroft, Pa., assignor to I-T-E Circuit Breaker Company, Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Application December 7, 1949, SerialNo. 131,524

My present invention relates to circuit breakers and more particularly to interlocking devices for use in connection therewith, the said interlocking device being so arranged that the operation of one circuit breaker will effect or control the operation of another circuitbreakerf A specific object of my invention is the provision of an interlocking device which may be used in any designed grouping of circuit breakers operating in respect to horizontally adjacent or vertically adjacent circuitbreakers and even with respect to circuit breakers which are diagonally arranged with respect to each other.

Another object of my inventionis the provision of a novel interlocking device which may be used in connection with stationary mounted circuit breakers or truck mounted removable circuit breakers.

Another object of my invention is the arrangement of, an interlocking device so that the interlocking-element positively blocks the movable contact arm 'in the open position and prevents it from closing the circuit breaker regardless of any tampering with the circuit breaker or its accessories.

My invention contemplates the arrangement of a push rod adjacent a movable contact arm of a circuit breaker, the push rod being so positioned that when the circuit breaker is closed, the push rod is moved longitudinally. A dog leg or bell crank lever, a link and an additional dog leg or bell crank lever are connected to another push rod so that when the first push rod is moved longitudinally by the closing of its associated circuit breaker, the other push rod is moved longitudinally in the opposite direction to block the contact arm of the other circuit breaker.

The latch and other mechanism which thus holds the first circuit breaker closed also holds the second push rod in position so that the second circuit breaker cannot be closed.

The foregoing and many other objects of my invention will become apparent in the following description and drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a schematic side view showing the interlock of my invention applied to vertically adjacent circuit breakers.

Figure 2 is an enlarged side view of the push rod interlock construction of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a rear view of the push rod interlock construction of Figures 1 and 2.

Figure 4 is a schematic top view showing the utilization of my novel interlock construction as applied to circuit breakers arranged side by side.

Figure 5 is a rear view of the horizontal interlock construction of Figure 4.

4 Claims. (Cl. 200-50) Figure 6 is a detailed view showing the application of my novel interlock construction as applied to a draw-out type of circuit breaker.

Referring first to Figure 1, the circuit breakers Iii and I: are mounted on their vertically adjacent panels I2 and I3. Each circuit breaker is" provided with its movable contact arm 14', I5 rotatably mounted on their respective cross shafts i6, i1 and being operated in any suitable manner either'by the operating handle 18, is through the operating mechanism 26, 2|, the solenoid closing coil 22, 23 or the overload trip units 2 3, 25.

Push rod 30 is slidably mounted in opening '3! i in panel I2 and is slidably carried by the, additional bracket 32 secured in any suitable manner to the rear of panel I 2. The dog leg or bell crank lever 34 is secured in any suitable manner on the pivot 35 at the downwardly directed extension 36 of bracket 32 so that it may rotate with respect thereto. u I

Reference should also be made to Figures 2 and 3 since Figure 2 shows the construction of Figure 1 greatly enlarged with a slight modification hereinafter referred to, and Figure 3 shows the rear view of the units of Figures 1 and 2.

End 40 of the push rodeo bears against leg 42" of the bell crank lever 34. The opposite leg 43 of the bell crank lever 34 is pivotally connected at 44 to the link 45. The lower end of link 45 is pivotally connected at pin 58 to the leg ii of dog leg or bell crank lever 48 which is pivotally mounted at 49 on the upwardly directed extension 50 of the bracket 5| secured to' panel 13 and which slidably supports the push rod 55.

End 5 6 on the rear end of the push rod extends behind the leg 6!] of the bell crank lever Hand is engaged thereby.

It will now be seen that when the movable contact arm M of the circuit breaker It is rotated to the closed position and therefore is rotated to the right and clockwise, it pushes the push rod 33 to the right, thereby pushing the end it of the push rod 30 to the right and rotating the bell crank lever 34 in a clockwise direction.

This in turn raises the pivot 44 of link 45 drawing up link 45 and also rotating bell crank lever 48 in a clockwise direction driving the leg 60 thereof to the left. The rotation of the bell crank lever 48 in a clockwise direction therefore drives the push rod 55 to the left into blocking relation with the contact arm l5. Thus the contact arm cannot be moved to closed position since, in order to do so, it must move the push rod 55 to the right, but the push rod 55 is held in position by the linkage connection to push rod 39 which in turn is held against movement to the left by the closed position of contact arm 14.

In other words, the push rods 30 and 55 are arranged so that one will move to the left while the other moves to the right and if the closing of one circuit breaker which requires a movement to the right of the push rod is blocked by reason of the fact that the other push rod cannot move to the left owing to the closing of the second circuit breaker, then the circuit breakers are completely interlocked and one cannot close unless the other is opened.

Thus as seen in Figures 1, 2 and 3, the lower circuit breaker ll cannot close owing to the fact that the other circuit breaker IE3 is open. Nothing interferes, however, with the opening of the other circuit breaker ID.

When the contact arm M of the upper circuit breaker ill has moved to the left to open position, then the push rod 30 is free to move to the left and will do so when the lower contact arm is moved to closed position, moving the push rod 55 to the right. This operation will reverse the condition shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2 so that push rod will be moved to the left to hold the contact arm l4 locked in the open position.

There is thus no way by which, when the circuit breakers are connected by this kind of interlock that one circuit breaker can be closed while the other remains closed. While they are thus connected for alternate operation, an operator who may desire to make some adjustments with respect to one of the circuit breakers can be certain that as long as the other circuit breaker is closed, the circuit breaker on which he is working will remain open.

In order to ensure this, the operator may pass a hasp of a padlock through opening it or H on the respective brackets 5| and 32 to block the movement of the dog legs 48 or 34 with the associated circuit breaker in the open position and with the push rod moved to a position where the opening 10 or H as the case may be is on the right side of the dog legs 34 or 48.

In this case, the push rod 30 or as the case may be will be locked in the lock open position with the particular circuit breaker. Either circuit breaker, as will be obvious, may be tripped to the open position while the other circuit breaker is open but the arrangement is such that both circuit breakers cannot be closed at the same time.

In Figure l I have shown my interlock mechanism applied to two identical circuit breakers. In Figure 2, I have shown two different types of circuit breakers thus interlocked with the contact arm Me of circuit breaker 10a being. of a different construction from the contact arm [5 of circuit breaker II.

It will be obvious that the circuit breakers or switch gear thus interlocked need not have identical construction but need only have some angular or translatory movement between the closed and the open position to make my novel interlock operable.

It will also be obvious that circuit breakers may be successively interlocked or one circuit breaker may be interlocked with a number of others, either horizontally or vertically or diagonally adjacent so that when any one of a number of circuit breakers is closed, the particular circuit breaker which is interlocked with all of them must necessarily remain open.

In Figures 4 and 5 I have shown the arrangement of my invention for operation in connection with horizontally adjacent circuit breakers and also where circuit breakers are successively interlocked. Thus the circuit breaker H6 may have all of the constructional attributes of the circuit breaker ll of Figure 1 and the circuit breaker Ill may be correspondingly similar to the circuit breaker l l of Figure 1.

Push rod 30 passing through the panel 12 will be operated in the manner previously described and will operate the angle member 34 in a counterclockwise direction about its pivot 35. This will in turn through link 45 operate the angle member 48' in a counterclockwise direction to drive the push rod 55 inwardly.

The operation here is identical with that previously described in connection with Figures 1 to 3, except that the operation is performed in a horizontal direction.

Here the circuit breaker H0 is shown closed and circuit breaker Ill has its push rod 55 extended towards the front to lock the circuit breaker H! open. The circuit breaker Ill also has the additional push rod I35 operating from another of the poles of the movable contact arm of the circuit breaker Ill and through the dog leg I34 and connecting link [45 to an adjacent circuit breaker.

Thus the closing of the adjacent circuit breaker on the'right side also looks circuit breaker Hi open and the opening of circuit breaker ill will leave the circuit breaker on the right side, not shown, in position to open or close freely as is the circuit breaker I 19 on the left side.

Similarly push rod !-55 of circuit breaker Iii) is pushed towards the rear by the closing of circuit breaker l i6 and operates through the horizontal bracket I32 and the dog leg I48 and connecting link i l-5a to lock the adjacent circuit breaker on the left side open.

By this means not only may a horizontal interlock be achieved, but also a multiple interlock in series may be achieved. It is also obvious that the link may extend vertically to a vertically adjacent circuit breaker and link 145a may extend laterally to a horizontally adjacent circuit breaker and that other multiple arrangements may be provided.

In Figure 6, I have shown the application of my invention to a draw-cut type of circuit breaker having a stationary panel 222 and a movable truck mounted panel 2l2a carrying a back connection stud 359 and a back disconnect contact 39! engaging the stationary back disconnect contact 362 on the stationary panel 212. The push rod 235 is slidably mounted in opening 231 in stationary panel 2 12 extending out past the bracket 232 which carries the dog le 234 pivotally mounted at 235 downwardly directed extension 236 of bracket 232.

When the circuit breaker 2|!) on the truck mounted panel 2I2a is racked into position, the push rod 238 operates in exactly the manner previously described in connection with push rod 30 of Figure 1.

Push rod 236 is appropriately extended for this 5. coupling 3 i.'.={-wh ich" extends the pu'shrod through opening'zfiic in panel 2i2a so that the extension 235m of push rod 230 may operate in connection With the moving contact arm of the circuit breakerZHl. j g

Thus when all of the circuit breakers are racked in position, the interlock operates through the connecting link 2 l5'in exactly the manner previously described in connection with Figure'jl.

'When the circuit breaker Zill is opened the ope'ratorbypassing the hasp' of'a padlock through opening 21! of bracket 232may lock the push rod 236 in a circuit blocking or circuit opening position for circuit breaker 210. When the circuit breaker 2H is thereafter racked out, the padlock in opening 21! will ensure that the circuit breaker 21!! cannot be racked in in closed position,

Assuming that after various operations on the circuit breaker 2H1 in the upper compartment in Figure 6, it happens to remain in closed position before it is racked in, then as it is racked in, the push rod 239 will engage the moving contact arm thereof before the movable disconnect contact 3%! engages the stationary disconnect contact 302 and prevent the further racking in of the circuit breaker unless the circuit breaker is tripped open. By this means, therefore, the operator by placing a padlock through opening which the circuit breaker has been racked out,

operated by the closing of its associated movable armto rotate its associated bell crank about its pivotand moving through said connectingrod the other of said bell cranks and the push rod of the other of said circuit breakers to the position corresponding to the circuit open position of the movable 'arm of said other circuit breaker.

-In combination, a first circuit breaker, a second circuit breaker, each of said circuit breakers having a fixed contact and a movable arm carrying a movable contact engaging and disengaging with its associated fixed contact a panel, a movable disconnect contact, a stationary disconnect contact mounted on said panel and engageable with its associated movable disconnect contact when the circuit breaker is racked into position therefor, a push rod slidably mounted on said panel, a

will be assured that said circuit breaker may not be racked into said compartment in a closed position and that said circuit breaker after being racked in may not be closed until he has removed the padlock from the opening 2'.

I claim: I

1, In combination, a first circuit breaker, a second circuit breaker, each of said circuit breakers having a fixed contact and a movable arm carrying a movable contact engaging and disengaging with its associated fixed contact, a panel, a movable disconnect contact, a stationary disconnect contact mounted on said panel and engageable with its associated movable disconnect contact when the circuit breaker is racked into position therefor, a push rod slidably mounted on said panel, a bell crank, one arm of said bell crank being engageable by one end of its associated push rod, a connecting link connecting the other arm of the bell crank for adjacent circuit breakers, a bracket secured to said panel, said push rod extending through said bracket, said bell crank being pivotally mounted on said bracket for movement about its pivot when operated by its associated push rod, means for supporting said bracket on its associated panel, a coaxial rod for said push red, one end of said auxiliary rod engaging said push rod and the other end being engageable with the movable arm of the associated circuit breaker, the push rod, its auxiliary rod, and its bell crank having one position for the circuit closed position of its associated circuit breaker and having a second position for the circuit open position of its associated circuit breaker, means for locking the bell crank in the position corresponding to the circuit open position of the circuit breaker, the end of the auxiliary rod engaging its associated push rod when it is in the position corresponding to the closed position of its associated circuit breaker before the associated movable disconnect contact engages the associated fixed disconnect contact to prevent further racking of said circuit breaker while said circuit breaker is closed, the push rod or" one of said circuit breakers being bell crank, one arm of said bell crank being engageable by one end of its associated push rod, a connecting link connecting the other arm of the bell crank for the adjacent circuit breakers, a coaxial auxiliary rod of said push rod, one end of said auxiliary rod engaging said push rod and the other end being engageable with the movable arm of the associated circuit breaker, the push rod, its auxiliary rod, and its bell crank having one position for the circuit closed position of its associated circuit breaker and having a second position for the circuit open position of its associated circuit breaker, the end of the auxiliary rod engaging its associated push rod when it is in the position corresponding to the closed position of said first circuit breaker before the associated movable disconnect contact engages th associated fixed disconnect contact to prevent further racking of said circuit breaker while said circuit breaker is closed.

3. In combination, a first circuit breaker, a second circuit breaker, each of said circuit breakers having a fixed contact and a movable arm carrying'a movable contact engaging and disengaging with its associated fixed contact, a panel,

a movable disconnect, a stationary disconnect mounted on said panel and engageable with its associated movable disconnect when the circuit breaker is racked into position therefor, a push rod slidably mounted on said panel, a bell crank, one extension of said bell crank being engageable by one end of its associated push rod, a connecting link connecting the other projection of the bell crank for adjacent circuit breakers, a bracket secured to said panel, said push rod extending through said bracket, said bell crank being pivotally mounted in said bracket for movement about its pivot when operated by its associated push rod, means for pivotally supporting said bracket on its associated panel for permitting rotation of said bracket and its associated bell crank through different angular distances, means for locking the bell crank in the position corresponding to the circuit open position of the circuit breaker, the push rod of each of said circuit breakers being operated by the closing of its associated movable arm to rotate its associated bell crank about its pivot and moving through said connecting rod the other of said bell cranks and the push rod of the other of said circuit breakers to the position corresponding to the circuit open position of th movable arm of said other circuit breaker.

4. In combination, a first circuit breaker, a second circuit breaker, each of said circuit breakers having a fixed contact and a movable arm carrying a movable contact for engaging and disengaging its associated fixed contact, a push rod and bell crank for each circuit breaker, a rotat- ROBERT L. is'I'RATtI'ON.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Dewson Jan..31, 905 Scott Dec. 18, 1917 Andersen Mar. 10, 1931 Forstrom .May 18, 1937 Scott, Jr. Oct. 7, 1941 Clute 1 Sept. 12, 1944 Armstrong Aug. 7, 1945 .Pifke Nov. 21, .1950

Patent Citations
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US781134 *Jun 9, 1903Jan 31, 1905Westinghouse Traction Brake CompanyInterlocking device for controllers.
US1250674 *Nov 4, 1914Dec 18, 1917William M ScottSwitching apparatus.
US1796229 *Jun 19, 1924Mar 10, 1931Albert & J M Anderson Mfg CompCircuit controller
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US2381243 *May 23, 1944Aug 7, 1945Westinghouse Electric CorpMechanical interlock
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2916566 *Mar 13, 1958Dec 8, 1959Gen Motors CorpCircuit controller
US2930940 *Feb 6, 1957Mar 29, 1960Gen ElectricInterlocking mechanism for enclosed circuit control
US3118394 *Nov 5, 1958Jan 21, 1964 Valve actuator interlock control for tilting dump cars
US3120823 *May 22, 1959Feb 11, 1964Flowers Henry FortSafety interlock for tilting dump car valve actuators
US3562452 *Oct 18, 1968Feb 9, 1971Allis Chalmers Mfg CoInterlock between circuit interrupters and drawout fuse drawers of indoor power center
US3990320 *Dec 9, 1974Nov 9, 1976Caterpillar Tractor Co.Control linkage for hydrostatic transmissions
US4307718 *Feb 1, 1980Dec 29, 1981N.A.D. Inc.Vaporizer interlock
US4308865 *Oct 19, 1979Jan 5, 1982Airco, Inc.Interlock system for anesthetic vaporizers
US4346701 *Mar 28, 1980Aug 31, 1982The Medishield Corporation LimitedGas administration apparatus
US4489362 *Mar 1, 1983Dec 18, 1984General Electric CompanyElectric switchboard apparatus with a breaker-fuse interlock
US4499344 *Apr 11, 1983Feb 12, 1985General Electric CompanyInterlock arrangement for circuit breaker compartments
US5763844 *Dec 13, 1996Jun 9, 1998General Electric CompanyInterlock arrangement for stationary mounted circuit breakers
US6861596May 28, 2003Mar 1, 2005Gen-Tran CorporationSwitch interlock apparatus
US8222548Jul 30, 2009Jul 17, 2012Generac Power Systems, Inc.Automatic transfer switch
US8269119Apr 30, 2010Sep 18, 2012Siemens AktiengesellschaftApparatus for mutually locking two switches, in particular circuit breakers
US8362374 *Aug 11, 2010Jan 29, 2013Siemens AktiengesellschaftApparatus for mutual interlocking of two switches, in particular circuit breakers
US20110036700 *Aug 11, 2010Feb 17, 2011Gruel KlausApparatus for mutual interlocking of two switches, in particular circuit breakers
CN101882518BMay 4, 2010Mar 27, 2013西门子公司Device for mutual locking of two switches, especially circuit breaker
DE102009020140A1 *May 4, 2009Nov 11, 2010Siemens AktiengesellschaftVorrichtung zur gegenseitigen Verriegelung zweier Schalter, insbesondere Leistungsschalter
DE102009020141A1 *May 4, 2009Nov 11, 2010Siemens AktiengesellschaftDevice for mutual locking of switches i.e. circuit breakers, has actuator pivoting stop lever during moving of push rod from neutral position, where actuator is distant from stop surface by tensile force of cable
DE102009020142A1 *May 4, 2009Nov 18, 2010Siemens AktiengesellschaftDevice for mutual locking of power switches, has plunger displaced until stop in locking position while driver pivots tension spring against elastic force when gear wheel, stop lever and plunger remain in position
DE102009037372A1 *Aug 13, 2009Feb 17, 2011Siemens AktiengesellschaftVorrichtung zur gegenseitigen Verriegelung zweier Schalter, insbesondere Leistungsschalter
EP1027763A1 *Aug 11, 1998Aug 16, 2000Generac CorporationAutomatic transfer switch with improved positioning mechanism
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/50.33, 74/483.00R
International ClassificationH01H9/26, H01H9/20
Cooperative ClassificationH01H9/26
European ClassificationH01H9/26