US 2646887 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. w., ROBINSON ET AL 2546;887
July 28, 1953 FILTER Filed July 14, 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet l Manqqs' Y 8, 1953 J. w. ROBINSON ETAL 2,646,887
FILTER Filed July 14, 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented July 28, 1953 FILTER J ohn Warren Robinson, Barrington, and Michael 1 Dobrolet, Pawtucket, R. 1., assignors to Fram Corporation, a corporation of Rhode Island Application July 14, 1950, Serial No. 173,758
This invention relates to a filter. One of the objects of this invention is to provide a filter which may be formed inexpensively and which may provide a, large surface area for filtration.
Another object of the invention is to provide a unit which may be varied in size radially.
' Another object of the invention is to provide a unit which may be stacked upon another like unit so'that the size of the filter may be expanded axially.
Another object of the invention is to provide a filter which may be of either the edge type or cross flow type, depending upon slight variations in its structure.
Another object of the invention is to provide a filter which will be of both the edge type and cross flow type.
With these and other objects in view, the invention consists of certain novel features of construction, as will be more fully described and particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
Ill-717118 accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a sectional view showing two filter elements, one of which is in section, of a construction in accordance with this invention;
. Fig. 2 is a perspective view illustrating a method of forming one of the units of the filter element;
Fig. 3 is asectional view showing the cores 'of-the units superimposed and in interfitting relation;
I Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a unit such as shown in Fig. 2 but showing the same in modified form;
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a strip of th unit of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is a, perspective view of a strip similar to the strip of Fig. 5 but modified in that the projections are arranged diagonally;
Fig. 7 is a perspective view similar to Fig. 5 of a modified form of construction; and
Fig. 8 is a sectional view looking at the edges of the strips of the construction of Fig. 5, showing the same cut through the perforations in each of the strips. 7
In proceeding with this invention, I spirally wind a perforated strip of material upon a perforated core such that perforations in one layer will communicate with perforations in another layer in a direction generally radial of the axis of the spiral wind. The perforations are also so located in the core as to register with the radial perforations in the coiled strip. The outer layer f the material is non-perforated so that 2 the last one or two coils will" seal the openings. The material may be such that it will not pass the filtrate, in which case the coil becomes an edge type filter, or the material may be of a porous type to transmit the filtrate, in which case the coil acts both as an edge type and as a cross flow type of filter.
With reference to the drawings, a core section for one of the units is designated l0 and is preferably formed of metal with perforations H at various points circularly about its cylindrical wall. One end of the cylindrical wall is drawn inwardly as at I? so as to provide a shoulder l3 and thus this reduced neck 12 may be inserted into another section In with its lower edge against the shoulder I3. These core sections may be built up in this manner to an indefinite axial extent.
About each core section, a strip of material designated i3 is spirally wound. The strip of material will have perforations [6 intermediate its edges of an elongated character, which may be generally rectangular as shown in Fig. 2. These openings will be spaced apart by portions ll of the material which remains. This strip of material will be spirally wound about the core in the plane of the perforations II in the core section it and the extent of the perforations l6 are such that the perforations of one layer will communicate in a general radial direction with the perforations of the next layer, so that, from the center opening of the core through the openings and the communicating openings 16 there will be formed a generally radial passage from the center outwardly. The perforations 16, however, stop short of the outer end of the strip so that the last layers is and I9 will be unperforated and will preferably be of the same piece of material, so that the radial openings are sealed and do not extend radially to the outer peripherial surface. Thus, there is provided a disc which may be of any radial extent depending upon the number of wrappings 0r layers of material and which, in effect, form a disc extending radially from the center core.
If this material is such that it will not pass the filtrate, then the filtrate will pass between the edges of the layers of the strip from the outer upper and. lower surfaces to the communicating radial openings 58 and ii to the center. If, however, the material is of a porous type to transmit the filtrate, then the outer layers of the strip will serve to filter in the form of a cross flow through this layer I B and I9 and still the filter may act as an edge type filter or the liquid may pass in the plane of a layer or axial of the coil edgewise through this strip to the radial opening and then at right angles to the axis to the center.
In some cases, the unit when intended for edge type filtration will be constructed as shown in Figs, 4-8, in which the strip 31 will be of metal, with embossed projections 32 along one surface thereof at the opposite marginal edges so that when the strip 3| is in a spiral coil, the layers will be spaced apart the amount that the projections 32 extend above the uniform thickness of the strip throughout its length, which relatively become recesses 33. These projections extend at right angles to the edge of the stripas shown in Fig. 4 or these projections may extend diagonally to the edge of the strip 38 as in Fig. 6 at 39 leaving recesses 40. The projections may extend completely across the strips between the openings It.
In some cases, instead of the strip being embossed, a strip 35 may be provided in which blocks of resin 36 may be deposited on its surface at its upper and lower edges or completely across between openings 16, such as by printing the same on the strip with an engraved roller. In this case, when a strip is coiled, one strip will be spaced from the next layer by the height of the block 36 from the strip 35 and filtration will occur through the spaces 37 between blocks permitting passage of filtrate, but will prevent passage of particles which are of a size greater than the thickness dimension of the block on the strip 35.
When the resin is used and the coil made, the resin may be cured in such a way that it will serve as a means to cement or secure the coils in helical relation and to bind the coils together to form a substantially uniform rigid disc for edge type filtration through the spaces 31 as shown in Fig. 8.
The tubular cores in may be superimposed one upon the other each with its disc designated generally 20 as shown in Fig. 1 by the cores being interfitting as shown in Fig. 3, there being six of these discs so superimposed in a stack which is secured upon a boss 21 with a soft packing 22 interposed while a soft packing '23 provides a sealed closure beneath the nut'24 threaded as at 25 on the tube 26, which is perforated as at 21 so that filtrate which passes inwardly to the center of the core It! may pass through the drainage openings 21 downwardly to the manifold 28 while the sludge or contaminant to be filtered out collects on the upper surface of each of the discs as a shelf, or on their lower surfaces or their cylindrical surfaces. Any number of these filter elements may be positioned without a shell in a tank 30 and may be replaced as desired.
1. A filter element comprising a strip of filtrate permeable material having perforations between its edges and spirally wound with the layers contiguous and locating the perforations in the several layers in juxtaposition providing a generally radial passage from a central space outwardly and with an outer non-perforated layer of the same continuous strip of material to seal said radial passage whereby the filtrate passes edgewise through said spiral coil of material to said perforations and then radially to the center open- 2. A filter element as in claim 1 wherein the entire strip of material is paper of a character to transmit filtrate whereby filtrate will also flow through the outer layer at right angles to the axis of the coil.
3. A filter element as in claim 1 wherein the strip of material is provided with spaced projections on one face at its opposite edges to space one convolution from the next convolution, said projections being of a resin material and serving to cement one convolution to the next convolution.
4. A filter element as in claim 1 wherein a perforated tubular core is provided at the center of said spiral coil with the perforations communicating with the radial communications of said coil, said cores being reduced at one end to a size for telescopically slidably receiving the end of the next core for stacking axially with the coils extending radial of the axis and in superimposed relation.
JOHN WARREN ROBINSON. MICHAEL DOBROLET.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,792,797 Armstrong Feb. 17, 1931 1,820,533 Foley Aug. 25, 1931 1,974,235 Cammen Sept. 18, 1934 2,057,498 McNeal Oct. 13, 1936 2,115,577 Goldman Apr. 26, 1938 2,278,453 Kracklauer Apr. 7, 1942 2,427,862 Judkins Sept. 23, 1947